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26. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 244)

Daniel, D. ; Nikiel, J.; Treybig, L. B.; Tuncali, H. M.; Tymchatyn, E. D.
Homogeneous Suslinian Continua
A continuum is said to be Suslinian if it does not contain uncountably many mutually exclusive non-degenerate subcontinua. Fitzpatrick and Lelek have shown that a metric Suslinian continuum $X$ has the property that the set of points at which $X$ is connected im kleinen is dense in $X$. We extend their result to Hausdorff Suslinian continua and obtain a number of corollaries. In particular, we prove that a homogeneous, non-degenerate, Suslinian continuum is a simple closed curve and that each separable, non-degenerate, homogenous, Suslinian continuum is metrizable.

Keywords:connected im kleinen, homogeneity, Suslinian, locally connected continuum
Categories:54F15, 54C05, 54F05, 54F50

27. CMB 2010 (vol 54 pp. 193)

Bennett, Harold; Lutzer, David
Measurements and $G_\delta$-Subsets of Domains
In this paper we study domains, Scott domains, and the existence of measurements. We use a space created by D.~K. Burke to show that there is a Scott domain $P$ for which $\max(P)$ is a $G_\delta$-subset of $P$ and yet no measurement $\mu$ on $P$ has $\ker(\mu) = \max(P)$. We also correct a mistake in the literature asserting that $[0, \omega_1)$ is a space of this type. We show that if $P$ is a Scott domain and $X \subseteq \max(P)$ is a $G_\delta$-subset of $P$, then $X$ has a $G_\delta$-diagonal and is weakly developable. We show that if $X \subseteq \max(P)$ is a $G_\delta$-subset of $P$, where $P$ is a domain but perhaps not a Scott domain, then $X$ is domain-representable, first-countable, and is the union of dense, completely metrizable subspaces. We also show that there is a domain $P$ such that $\max(P)$ is the usual space of countable ordinals and is a $G_\delta$-subset of $P$ in the Scott topology. Finally we show that the kernel of a measurement on a Scott domain can consistently be a normal, separable, non-metrizable Moore space.

Keywords:domain-representable, Scott-domain-representable, measurement, Burke's space, developable spaces, weakly developable spaces, $G_\delta$-diagonal, Čech-complete space, Moore space, $\omega_1$, weakly developable space, sharp base, AF-complete
Categories:54D35, 54E30, 54E52, 54E99, 06B35, 06F99

28. CMB 2010 (vol 54 pp. 270)

Dow, Alan
Sequential Order Under PFA
It is shown that it follows from PFA that there is no compact scattered space of height greater than $\omega$ in which the sequential order and the scattering heights coincide.

Keywords:sequential order, scattered spaces, PFA
Categories:54D55, 03E05, 03E35, 54A20

29. CMB 2010 (vol 54 pp. 180)

Spurný, J.; Zelený, M.
Additive Families of Low Borel Classes and Borel Measurable Selectors
An important conjecture in the theory of Borel sets in non-separable metric spaces is whether any point-countable Borel-additive family in a complete metric space has a $\sigma$-discrete refinement. We confirm the conjecture for point-countable $\mathbf\Pi_3^0$-additive families, thus generalizing results of R. W. Hansell and the first author. We apply this result to the existence of Borel measurable selectors for multivalued mappings of low Borel complexity, thus answering in the affirmative a particular version of a question of J. Kaniewski and R. Pol.

Keywords:$\sigma$-discrete refinement, Borel-additive family, measurable selection
Categories:54H05, 54E35

30. CMB 2010 (vol 53 pp. 719)

Stasyuk, I.; Tymchatyn, E. D.
A Continuous Extension Operator for Convex Metrics
We consider the problem of simultaneous extension of continuous convex metrics defined on subcontinua of a Peano continuum. We prove that there is an extension operator for convex metrics that is continuous with respect to the uniform topology.

Categories:54E35, 54C20, 54E40

31. CMB 2010 (vol 53 pp. 629)

Chinen, Naotsugu; Hosaka, Tetsuya
Asymptotic Dimension of Proper CAT(0) Spaces that are Homeomorphic to the Plane
In this paper, we investigate a proper CAT(0) space $(X,d)$ that is homeomorphic to $\mathbb R^2$ and we show that the asymptotic dimension $\operatorname{asdim} (X,d)$ is equal to $2$.

Keywords:asymptotic dimension, CAT(0) space, plane
Categories:20F69, 54F45, 20F65

32. CMB 2010 (vol 53 pp. 438)

Chigogidze, A.; Nagórko, A.
Near-Homeomorphisms of Nöbeling Manifolds
We characterize maps between $n$-dimensional Nöbeling manifolds that can be approximated by homeomorphisms.

Keywords:n-dimensional Nöbeling manifold, Z-set unknotting, near-homeomorphism
Categories:55M10, 54F45

33. CMB 2010 (vol 53 pp. 286)

Gorelic, Isaac
Orders of π-Bases
We extend the scope of B. Shapirovskii's results on the order of $\pi$-bases in compact spaces and answer some questions of V. Tkachuk.

Keywords:Shapirovskii π-base, point-countable π-base, free sequences, canonical form for ordinals
Categories:54A25, 03E10, 03E75, 54A35

34. CMB 2010 (vol 53 pp. 360)

Porter, Jack; Tikoo, Mohan
Separating H-sets by Open Sets
In an H-closed, Urysohn space, disjoint H-sets can be separated by disjoint open sets. This is not true for an arbitrary H-closed space even if one of the H-sets is a point. In this paper, we provide a systematic study of those spaces in which disjoint H-sets can be separated by disjoint open sets.

Keywords:H-set, H-closed, θ-continuous
Categories:54C08, 54D10, 54D15

35. CMB 2009 (vol 52 pp. 544)

Hanafy, I. M.
Intuitionistic Fuzzy $\gamma$-Continuity
This paper introduces the concepts of fuzzy $\gamma$-open sets and fuzzy $\gamma$-continuity in intuitionistic fuzzy topological spaces. After defining the fundamental concepts of intuitionistic fuzzy sets and intuitionistic fuzzy topological spaces, we present intuitionistic fuzzy $\gamma$-open sets and intuitionistic fuzzy $\gamma$-continuity and other results related topological concepts.

Keywords:intuitionistic fuzzy set, intuitionistic fuzzy point, intuitionistic fuzzy topological space, intuitionistic fuzzy $\gamma$-open set, intuitionistic fuzzy $\gamma$-\continuity, intuitionistic fuzzy $\gamma$-closure ($\gamma$-interior)
Categories:54A40, 54A20, 54F99

36. CMB 2009 (vol 52 pp. 295)

P{\l}otka, Krzysztof
On Functions Whose Graph is a Hamel Basis, II
We say that a function $h \from \real \to \real$ is a Hamel function ($h \in \ham$) if $h$, considered as a subset of $\real^2$, is a Hamel basis for $\real^2$. We show that $\A(\ham)\geq\omega$, \emph{i.e.,} for every finite $F \subseteq \real^\real$ there exists $f\in\real^\real$ such that $f+F \subseteq \ham$. From the previous work of the author it then follows that $\A(\ham)=\omega$.

Keywords:Hamel basis, additive, Hamel functions
Categories:26A21, 54C40, 15A03, 54C30

37. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 570)

Lutzer, D. J.; Mill, J. van; Tkachuk, V. V.
Amsterdam Properties of $C_p(X)$ Imply Discreteness of $X$
We prove, among other things, that if $C_p(X)$ is subcompact in the sense of de Groot, then the space $X$ is discrete. This generalizes a series of previous results on completeness properties of function spaces.

Keywords:regular filterbase, subcompact space, function space, discrete space
Categories:54B10, 54C05, 54D30

38. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 413)

Thé, L. Nguyen Van
Big Ramsey Degrees and Divisibility in Classes of Ultrametric Spaces
Given a countable set $S$ of positive reals, we study finite-dimensional Ramsey-theoretic properties of the countable ultrametric Urysohn space $\textbf{Q} _S$ with distances in $S$.

Keywords:Ramsey theory, Urysohn metric spaces, ultrametric spaces
Categories:05C50, 54E35

39. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 310)

Witbooi, P. J.
Relative Homotopy in Relational Structures
The homotopy groups of a finite partially ordered set (poset) can be described entirely in the context of posets, as shown in a paper by B. Larose and C. Tardif. In this paper we describe the relative version of such a homotopy theory, for pairs $(X,A)$ where $X$ is a poset and $A$ is a subposet of $X$. We also prove some theorems on the relevant version of the notion of weak homotopy equivalences for maps of pairs of such objects. We work in the category of reflexive binary relational structures which contains the posets as in the work of Larose and Tardif.

Keywords:binary reflexive relational structure, relative homotopy group, exact sequence, locally finite space, weak homotopy equivalence
Categories:55Q05, 54A05;, 18B30

40. CMB 2005 (vol 48 pp. 614)

Tuncali, H. Murat; Valov, Vesko
On Finite-to-One Maps
Let $f\colon X\to Y$ be a $\sigma$-perfect $k$-dimensional surjective map of metrizable spaces such that $\dim Y\leq m$. It is shown that for every positive integer $p$ with $ p\leq m+k+1$ there exists a dense $G_{\delta}$-subset ${\mathcal H}(k,m,p)$ of $C(X,\uin^{k+p})$ with the source limitation topology such that each fiber of $f\triangle g$, $g\in{\mathcal H}(k,m,p)$, contains at most $\max\{k+m-p+2,1\}$ points. This result provides a proof the following conjectures of S. Bogatyi, V. Fedorchuk and J. van Mill. Let $f\colon X\to Y$ be a $k$-dimensional map between compact metric spaces with $\dim Y\leq m$. Then: \begin{inparaenum}[\rm(1)] \item there exists a map $h\colon X\to\uin^{m+2k}$ such that $f\triangle h\colon X\to Y\times\uin^{m+2k}$ is 2-to-one provided $k\geq 1$; \item there exists a map $h\colon X\to\uin^{m+k+1}$ such that $f\triangle h\colon X\to Y\times\uin^{m+k+1}$ is $(k+1)$-to-one. \end{inparaenum}

Keywords:finite-to-one maps, dimension, set-valued maps
Categories:54F45, 55M10, 54C65

41. CMB 2005 (vol 48 pp. 195)

Daniel, D.; Nikiel, J.; Treybig, L. B.; Tuncali, H. M.; Tymchatyn, E. D.
On Suslinian Continua
A continuum is said to be Suslinian if it does not contain uncountably many mutually exclusive nondegenerate subcontinua. We prove that Suslinian continua are perfectly normal and rim-metrizable. Locally connected Suslinian continua have weight at most $\omega_1$ and under appropriate set-theoretic conditions are metrizable. Non-separable locally connected Suslinian continua are rim-finite on some open set.

Keywords:Suslinian continuum, Souslin line, locally connected, rim-metrizable,, perfectly normal, rim-finite
Categories:54F15, 54D15, 54F50

42. CMB 2003 (vol 46 pp. 291)

Sankaran, Parameswaran
A Coincidence Theorem for Holomorphic Maps to $G/P$
The purpose of this note is to extend to an arbitrary generalized Hopf and Calabi-Eckmann manifold the following result of Kalyan Mukherjea: Let $V_n = \mathbb{S}^{2n+1} \times \mathbb{S}^{2n+1}$ denote a Calabi-Eckmann manifold. If $f,g \colon V_n \longrightarrow \mathbb{P}^n$ are any two holomorphic maps, at least one of them being non-constant, then there exists a coincidence: $f(x)=g(x)$ for some $x\in V_n$. Our proof involves a coincidence theorem for holomorphic maps to complex projective varieties of the form $G/P$ where $G$ is complex simple algebraic group and $P\subset G$ is a maximal parabolic subgroup, where one of the maps is dominant.

Categories:32H02, 54M20

43. CMB 2001 (vol 44 pp. 266)

Cencelj, M.; Dranishnikov, A. N.
Extension of Maps to Nilpotent Spaces
We show that every compactum has cohomological dimension $1$ with respect to a finitely generated nilpotent group $G$ whenever it has cohomological dimension $1$ with respect to the abelianization of $G$. This is applied to the extension theory to obtain a cohomological dimension theory condition for a finite-dimensional compactum $X$ for extendability of every map from a closed subset of $X$ into a nilpotent $\CW$-complex $M$ with finitely generated homotopy groups over all of $X$.

Keywords:cohomological dimension, extension of maps, nilpotent group, nilpotent space
Categories:55M10, 55S36, 54C20, 54F45

44. CMB 2001 (vol 44 pp. 80)

Levin, Michael
Constructing Compacta of Different Extensional Dimensions
Applying the Sullivan conjecture we construct compacta of certain cohomological and extensional dimensions.

Keywords:cohomological dimension, Eilenberg-MacLane complexes, Sullivan conjecture
Categories:55M10, 54F45, 55U20

45. CMB 2000 (vol 43 pp. 208)

Matoušková, Eva
Extensions of Continuous and Lipschitz Functions
We show a result slightly more general than the following. Let $K$ be a compact Hausdorff space, $F$ a closed subset of $K$, and $d$ a lower semi-continuous metric on $K$. Then each continuous function $f$ on $F$ which is Lipschitz in $d$ admits a continuous extension on $K$ which is Lipschitz in $d$. The extension has the same supremum norm and the same Lipschitz constant. As a corollary we get that a Banach space $X$ is reflexive if and only if each bounded, weakly continuous and norm Lipschitz function defined on a weakly closed subset of $X$ admits a weakly continuous, norm Lipschitz extension defined on the entire space $X$.

Keywords:extension, continous, Lipschitz, Banach space
Categories:54C20, 46B10

46. CMB 1999 (vol 42 pp. 190)

Gilmer, Patrick M.
Topological Quantum Field Theory and Strong Shift Equivalence
Given a TQFT in dimension $d+1,$ and an infinite cyclic covering of a closed $(d+1)$-dimensional manifold $M$, we define an invariant taking values in a strong shift equivalence class of matrices. The notion of strong shift equivalence originated in R.~Williams' work in symbolic dynamics. The Turaev-Viro module associated to a TQFT and an infinite cyclic covering is then given by the Jordan form of this matrix away from zero. This invariant is also defined if the boundary of $M$ has an $S^1$ factor and the infinite cyclic cover of the boundary is standard. We define a variant of a TQFT associated to a finite group $G$ which has been studied by Quinn. In this way, we recover a link invariant due to D.~Silver and S.~Williams. We also obtain a variation on the Silver-Williams invariant, by using the TQFT associated to $G$ in its unmodified form.

Keywords:knot, link, TQFT, symbolic dynamics, shift equivalence
Categories:57R99, 57M99, 54H20

47. CMB 1999 (vol 42 pp. 13)

Brendle, Jörg
Dow's Principle and $Q$-Sets
A $Q$-set is a set of reals every subset of which is a relative $G_\delta$. We investigate the combinatorics of $Q$-sets and discuss a question of Miller and Zhou on the size $\qq$ of the smallest set of reals which is not a $Q$-set. We show in particular that various natural lower bounds for $\qq$ are consistently strictly smaller than $\qq$.

Keywords:$Q$-set, cardinal invariants of the continuum, pseudointersection number, $\MA$($\sigma$-centered), Dow's principle, almost disjoint family, almost disjointness principle, iterated forcing
Categories:03E05, 03E35, 54A35

48. CMB 1998 (vol 41 pp. 348)

Tymchatyn, E. D.; Yang, Chang-Cheng
Characterizing continua by disconnection properties
We study Hausdorff continua in which every set of certain cardinality contains a subset which disconnects the space. We show that such continua are rim-finite. We give characterizations of this class among metric continua. As an application of our methods, we show that continua in which each countably infinite set disconnects are generalized graphs. This extends a result of Nadler for metric continua.

Keywords:disconnection properties, rim-finite continua, graphs
Categories:54D05, 54F20, 54F50

49. CMB 1998 (vol 41 pp. 245)

Yang, Lecheng
The normality in products with a countably compact factor
It is known that the product $\omega_1 \times X$ of $\omega_1$ with an $M_1$-space may be nonnormal. In this paper we prove that the product $\kappa \times X$ of an uncountable regular cardinal $\kappa$ with a paracompact semi-stratifiable space is normal if{f} it is countably paracompact. We also give a sufficient condition under which the product of a normal space with a paracompact space is normal, from which many theorems involving such a product with a countably compact factor can be derived.

Categories:54B19, 54D15, 54D20

50. CMB 1997 (vol 40 pp. 395)

Boudhraa, Zineddine
$D$-spaces and resolution
A space $X$ is a $D$-space if, for every neighborhood assignment $f$ there is a closed discrete set $D$ such that $\bigcup{f(D)}=X$. In this paper we give some necessary conditions and some sufficient conditions for a resolution of a topological space to be a $D$-space. In particular, if a space $X$ is resolved at each $x\in X$ into a $D$-space $Y_x$ by continuous mappings $f_x\colon X-\{{x}\} \rightarrow Y_x$, then the resolution is a $D$-space if and only if $\bigcup{\{{x}\}}\times \Bd(Y_x)$ is a $D$-space.

Keywords:$D$-space, neighborhood assignment, resolution, boundary
Categories:54D20, 54B99, 54D10, 54D30
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