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1. CMB Online first
Countable dense homogeneity in powers of zero-dimensional definable spaces We show that, for a coanalytic subspace $X$ of $2^\omega$, the
countable dense homogeneity of $X^\omega$ is equivalent to $X$
being Polish. This strengthens a result of HruÅ¡Ã¡k and Zamora
AvilÃ©s. Then, inspired by results of HernÃ¡ndez-GutiÃ©rrez,
HruÅ¡Ã¡k and van Mill, using a technique of Medvedev, we
construct a non-Polish subspace $X$ of $2^\omega$ such that $X^\omega$
is countable dense homogeneous. This gives the first $\mathsf{ZFC}$ answer
to a question of HruÅ¡Ã¡k and Zamora AvilÃ©s. Furthermore,
since our example is consistently analytic, the equivalence result
mentioned above is sharp. Our results also answer a question
of Medini and Milovich. Finally, we show that if every countable
subset of a zero-dimensional separable metrizable space $X$ is
included in a Polish subspace of $X$ then $X^\omega$ is countable
dense homogeneous.
Keywords:countable dense homogeneous, infinite power, coanalytic, Polish, $\lambda'$-set Categories:54H05, 54G20, 54E52 |
2. CMB 2014 (vol 58 pp. 7)
Characters on $C(X)$ The precise condition on a completely regular space $X$ for every character on
$C(X) $ to be an evaluation at some point in $X$ is that $X$ be
realcompact. Usually, this classical result is obtained relying heavily on
involved (and even nonconstructive) extension arguments. This note provides a
direct proof that is accessible to a large audience.
Keywords:characters, realcompact, evaluation, real-valued continuous functions Categories:54C30, 46E25 |
3. CMB 2014 (vol 57 pp. 579)
On the Hereditary Paracompactness of Locally Compact, Hereditarily Normal Spaces We establish that if it is consistent that there is a
supercompact cardinal, then it is consistent that every locally
compact, hereditarily normal space which does not include a perfect
pre-image of $\omega_1$ is hereditarily paracompact.
Keywords:locally compact, hereditarily normal, paracompact, Axiom R, PFA$^{++}$ Categories:54D35, 54D15, 54D20, 54D45, 03E65, 03E35 |
4. CMB 2014 (vol 57 pp. 803)
Free Locally Convex Spaces and the $k$-space Property Let $L(X)$ be the free locally convex space over a Tychonoff space $X$. Then $L(X)$ is a $k$-space if and only if $X$ is a countable discrete space. We prove also that $L(D)$ has uncountable tightness for every uncountable discrete space $D$.
Keywords:free locally convex space, $k$-space, countable tightness Categories:46A03, 54D50, 54A25 |
5. CMB 2014 (vol 57 pp. 683)
Topological Games and Alster Spaces In this paper we study connections between topological games
such
as Rothberger, Menger and compact-open, and relate these games
to
properties involving covers by $G_\delta$ subsets. The results
include:
(1) If Two has a winning strategy in the Menger
game on a regular space $X$, then $X$ is an Alster space.
(2) If Two has a winning strategy in the Rothberger game on a
topological space $X$, then the $G_\delta$-topology on $X$ is
LindelÃ¶f.
(3) The Menger game and the compact-open game are (consistently)
not
dual.
Keywords:topological games, selection principles, Alster spaces, Menger spaces, Rothberger spaces, Menger game, Rothberger game, compact-open game, $G_\delta$-topology Categories:54D20, 54G99, 54A10 |
6. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 631)
Indicators, Chains, Antichains, Ramsey Property We introduce two Ramsey classes of finite relational structures. The first
class contains finite structures of the form $(A,(I_{i})_{i=1}^{n},\leq
,(\preceq _{i})_{i=1}^{n})$ where $\leq $ is a total ordering on $A$ and $%
\preceq _{i}$ is a linear ordering on the set $\{a\in A:I_{i}(a)\}$. The
second class contains structures of the form $(A,\leq
,(I_{i})_{i=1}^{n},\preceq )$ where $(A,\leq )$ is a weak ordering and $%
\preceq $ is a linear ordering on $A$ such that $A$ is partitioned by $%
\{a\in A:I_{i}(a)\}$ into maximal chains in the partial ordering $\leq $ and
each $\{a\in A:I_{i}(a)\}$ is an interval with respect to $\preceq $.
Keywords:Ramsey property, linear orderings Categories:05C55, 03C15, 54H20 |
7. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 245)
Assouad-Nagata Dimension of Wreath Products of Groups Consider the wreath product $H\wr G$, where $H\ne 1$ is finite and $G$ is finitely generated.
We show that the Assouad-Nagata dimension $\dim_{AN}(H\wr G)$ of $H\wr G$
depends on the growth of $G$ as follows:
\par If the growth of $G$ is not bounded by a linear function, then $\dim_{AN}(H\wr G)=\infty$,
otherwise $\dim_{AN}(H\wr G)=\dim_{AN}(G)\leq 1$.
Keywords:Assouad-Nagata dimension, asymptotic dimension, wreath product, growth of groups Categories:54F45, 55M10, 54C65 |
8. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 364)
How Lipschitz Functions Characterize the Underlying Metric Spaces Let $X, Y$ be metric spaces and $E, F$ be Banach spaces. Suppose that
both $X,Y$ are realcompact, or both $E,F$ are realcompact.
The zero set of a vector-valued function $f$ is denoted by $z(f)$.
A linear bijection $T$ between local or generalized Lipschitz vector-valued function spaces
is said to preserve zero-set containments or nonvanishing functions
if
\[z(f)\subseteq z(g)\quad\Longleftrightarrow\quad z(Tf)\subseteq z(Tg),\]
or
\[z(f) = \emptyset\quad \Longleftrightarrow\quad z(Tf)=\emptyset,\]
respectively.
Every zero-set containment preserver, and every nonvanishing function preserver when
$\dim E =\dim F\lt +\infty$, is a weighted composition operator
$(Tf)(y)=J_y(f(\tau(y)))$.
We show that the map $\tau\colon Y\to X$ is a locally (little) Lipschitz homeomorphism.
Keywords:(generalized, locally, little) Lipschitz functions, zero-set containment preservers, biseparating maps Categories:46E40, 54D60, 46E15 |
9. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 335)
Alexandroff Manifolds and Homogeneous Continua ny homogeneous,
metric $ANR$-continuum is a $V^n_G$-continuum provided $\dim_GX=n\geq
1$ and $\check{H}^n(X;G)\neq 0$, where $G$ is a principal ideal
domain.
This implies that any homogeneous $n$-dimensional metric $ANR$-continuum is a $V^n$-continuum in the sense of Alexandroff.
We also prove that any finite-dimensional homogeneous metric continuum
$X$, satisfying $\check{H}^n(X;G)\neq 0$ for some group $G$ and $n\geq
1$, cannot be separated by
a compactum $K$ with $\check{H}^{n-1}(K;G)=0$ and $\dim_G K\leq
n-1$. This provides a partial answer to a question of
Kallipoliti-Papasoglu
whether any two-dimensional homogeneous Peano continuum cannot be separated by arcs.
Keywords:Cantor manifold, cohomological dimension, cohomology groups, homogeneous compactum, separator, $V^n$-continuum Categories:54F45, 54F15 |
10. CMB 2012 (vol 57 pp. 240)
Addendum to ``Limit Sets of Typical Homeomorphisms'' Given an integer $n \geq 3$,
a metrizable compact topological $n$-manifold $X$ with boundary,
and a finite positive Borel measure $\mu$ on $X$,
we prove that for the typical homeomorphism $f : X \to X$,
it is true that for $\mu$-almost every point $x$ in $X$ the restriction of
$f$ (respectively of $f^{-1}$) to the omega limit set $\omega(f,x)$
(respectively to the alpha limit set $\alpha(f,x)$) is topologically
conjugate to the universal odometer.
Keywords:topological manifolds, homeomorphisms, measures, Baire category, limit sets Categories:37B20, 54H20, 28C15, 54C35, 54E52 |
11. CMB 2012 (vol 56 pp. 709)
Universal Minimal Flows of Groups of Automorphisms of Uncountable Structures It is a well-known fact, that the greatest ambit for
a topological group $G$ is the Samuel compactification of $G$ with
respect to the right uniformity on $G.$ We apply the original
description by Samuel from 1948 to give a simple computation of the
universal minimal flow for groups of automorphisms of uncountable
structures using FraÃ¯ssÃ© theory and Ramsey theory. This work
generalizes some of the known results about countable structures.
Keywords:universal minimal flows, ultrafilter flows, Ramsey theory Categories:37B05, 03E02, 05D10, 22F50, 54H20 |
12. CMB 2012 (vol 56 pp. 860)
On Countable Dense and $n$-homogeneity We prove that a connected, countable dense homogeneous space is
$n$-homogeneous for every $n$, and strongly 2-homogeneous provided it
is locally connected. We also present an example of a connected and
countable dense homogeneous space which is not strongly
2-homogeneous. This answers Problem 136 of Watson in the Open Problems
in Topology Book in the negative.
Keywords:countable dense homogeneous, connected, $n$-homogeneous, strongly $n$-homogeneous, counterexample Categories:54H15, 54C10, 54F05 |
13. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 292)
Quasisymmetrically Minimal Moran Sets M. Hu and S. Wen considered quasisymmetrically minimal uniform Cantor
sets of Hausdorff dimension $1$, where at the $k$-th set one removes
from each interval $I$ a certain number $n_{k}$ of open subintervals
of length $c_{k}|I|$, leaving $(n_{k}+1)$ closed subintervals of
equal length. Quasisymmetrically Moran sets of Hausdorff dimension $1$
considered in the paper are more general than uniform Cantor sets in
that neither the open subintervals nor the closed subintervals are
required to be of equal length.
Keywords:quasisymmetric, Moran set, Hausdorff dimension Categories:28A80, 54C30 |
14. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 442)
Closed Left Ideal Decompositions of $U(G)$ Let $G$ be an infinite discrete group and let $\beta G$ be the
Stone--Äech compactification of $G$. We take the points of $Äta
G$ to be the ultrafilters on $G$, identifying the principal
ultrafilters with the points of $G$. The set $U(G)$ of uniform
ultrafilters on $G$ is a closed two-sided ideal of $\beta G$. For
every $p\in U(G)$, define $I_p\subseteq\beta G$ by $I_p=\bigcap_{A\in
p}\operatorname{cl} (GU(A))$, where $U(A)=\{p\in U(G):A\in p\}$. We show
that if $|G|$ is a regular cardinal, then $\{I_p:p\in U(G)\}$ is the
finest decomposition of $U(G)$ into closed left ideals of $\beta G$
such that the corresponding quotient space of $U(G)$ is Hausdorff.
Keywords:Stone--Äech compactification, uniform ultrafilter, closed left ideal, decomposition Categories:22A15, 54H20, 22A30, 54D80 |
15. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 92)
On Perturbations of Continuous Maps We give sufficient conditions for the following problem: given a
topological space $X$, a metric space $Y$, a subspace $Z$ of $Y$, and
a continuous map $f$ from $X$ to $Y$, is it possible, by applying to
$f$ an arbitrarily small perturbation, to ensure that $f(X)$ does not
meet $Z$? We also give a relative variant: if $f(X')$ does not meet
$Z$ for a certain subset $X'\subset X$, then we may keep $f$ unchanged
on $X'$. We also develop a variant for continuous sections of
fibrations and discuss some applications to matrix perturbation
theory.
Keywords:perturbation theory, general topology, applications to operator algebras / matrix perturbation theory Category:54F45 |
16. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 424)
Convergent Sequences in Discrete Groups We prove that a finitely generated group contains a
sequence of non-trivial elements that converge to the identity in
every compact homomorphic image if and only if the group is not
virtually abelian. As a consequence of the methods used, we show that a finitely generated
group satisfies Chu duality if and only if it is virtually abelian.
Keywords:Chu duality, Bohr topology Category:54H11 |
17. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 203)
Productively LindelÃ¶f Spaces May All Be $D$ We give easy proofs that (a) the Continuum Hypothesis implies that if
the product of $X$ with every LindelÃ¶f space is LindelÃ¶f, then $X$ is
a $D$-space, and (b) Borel's Conjecture implies every Rothberger space
is Hurewicz.
Keywords:productively LindelÃ¶f, $D$-space, projectively $\sigma$-compact, Menger, Hurewicz Categories:54D20, 54B10, 54D55, 54A20, 03F50 |
18. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 55)
Cliquishness and Quasicontinuity of Two-Variable Maps We study the existence of continuity points for mappings
$f\colon X\times Y\to Z$ whose $x$-sections $Y\ni y\to f(x,y)\in Z$ are
fragmentable and $y$-sections $X\ni x\to f(x,y)\in Z$ are
quasicontinuous, where $X$ is a Baire space and $Z$
is a metric space. For the factor $Y$, we consider two
infinite ``point-picking'' games $G_1(y)$ and $G_2(y)$ defined respectively
for each $y\in Y$ as follows: in the $n$-th
inning, Player I gives a dense set $D_n\subset Y$, respectively, a dense open set $D_n\subset Y$. Then
Player II picks a point $y_n\in D_n$;
II wins if $y$ is in the closure of ${\{y_n:n\in\mathbb N\}}$, otherwise
I wins. It is shown that
(i) $f$ is
cliquish
if II has a winning strategy in $G_1(y)$ for every $y\in Y$, and (ii) $
f$ is quasicontinuous if
the $x$-sections of $f$ are continuous and the set of $y\in Y$
such that II has a winning strategy in $G_2(y)$ is dense in $Y$. Item (i) extends substantially
a result of Debs and item (ii) indicates that
the problem of Talagrand on separately continuous maps has a positive answer for a wide
class of ``small'' compact spaces.
Keywords:cliquishness, fragmentability, joint continuity, point-picking game, quasicontinuity, separate continuity, two variable maps Categories:54C05, 54C08, 54B10, 91A05 |
19. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 297)
The Group $\operatorname{Aut}(\mu)$ is Roelcke Precompact Following a similar result of Uspenskij on the unitary group of a
separable Hilbert space, we show that, with respect to the lower (or
Roelcke) uniform structure, the Polish group $G=
\operatorname{Aut}(\mu)$ of automorphisms of an atomless standard
Borel probability space $(X,\mu)$ is precompact. We identify the
corresponding compactification as the space of Markov operators on
$L_2(\mu)$ and deduce that the algebra of right and left uniformly
continuous functions, the algebra of weakly almost periodic functions,
and the algebra of Hilbert functions on $G$, i.e., functions on
$G$ arising from unitary representations, all coincide. Again
following Uspenskij, we also conclude that $G$ is totally minimal.
Keywords:Roelcke precompact, unitary group, measure preserving transformations, Markov operators, weakly almost periodic functions Categories:54H11, 22A05, 37B05, 54H20 |
20. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 225)
Limit Sets of Typical Homeomorphisms Given an integer $n \geq 3$, a metrizable compact
topological $n$-manifold $X$ with boundary, and a finite positive Borel
measure $\mu$ on $X$, we prove that for the typical homeomorphism
$f \colon X \to X$, it is true that for $\mu$-almost every point $x$ in $X$
the limit set $\omega(f,x)$ is a Cantor set of Hausdorff dimension zero,
each point of $\omega(f,x)$ has a dense orbit in $\omega(f,x)$, $f$ is
non-sensitive at each point of $\omega(f,x)$, and the function
$a \to \omega(f,a)$ is continuous at $x$.
Keywords:topological manifolds, homeomorphisms, measures, Baire category, limit sets Categories:37B20, 54H20, 28C15, 54C35, 54E52 |
21. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 607)
Lightness of Induced Maps and Homeomorphisms An example is given of a map $f$ defined between arcwise connected continua such that $C(f)$ is light and
$2^{f}$ is not light, giving a negative answer to a question of Charatonik and Charatonik. Furthermore, given a positive
integer $n$, we study when the lightness of the induced map $2^{f}$ or $C_n(f)$ implies that $f$ is a
homeomorphism. Finally, we show a result in relation with the lightness of $C(C(f))$.
Keywords:light maps, induced maps, continua, hyperspaces Categories:54B20, 54E40 |
22. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 244)
Homogeneous Suslinian Continua A continuum is said to be Suslinian if it does not
contain uncountably many
mutually exclusive non-degenerate subcontinua. Fitzpatrick and
Lelek have shown that a metric Suslinian continuum $X$ has the
property that the set of points at which $X$ is connected im
kleinen is dense in $X$. We extend their result to Hausdorff Suslinian continua
and obtain a number of corollaries. In particular, we prove that a homogeneous,
non-degenerate, Suslinian continuum is a simple closed curve and that each separable,
non-degenerate, homogenous, Suslinian continuum is metrizable.
Keywords:connected im kleinen, homogeneity, Suslinian, locally connected continuum Categories:54F15, 54C05, 54F05, 54F50 |
23. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 302)
Structure of the Set of Norm-attaining Functionals on Strictly Convex Spaces Let $X$ be a separable non-reflexive Banach space. We show that there
is no Borel class which contains the set of norm-attaining functionals
for every strictly convex renorming of $X$.
Keywords:separable non-reflexive space, set of norm-attaining functionals, strictly convex norm, Borel class Categories:46B20, 54H05, 46B10 |
24. CMB 2010 (vol 54 pp. 193)
Measurements and $G_\delta$-Subsets of Domains
In this paper we study domains, Scott
domains, and the existence of measurements. We
use a space created by D.~K. Burke to show that
there is a Scott domain $P$ for which $\max(P)$ is
a $G_\delta$-subset of $P$ and yet no measurement
$\mu$ on $P$ has $\ker(\mu) = \max(P)$. We also
correct a mistake in the literature asserting that
$[0, \omega_1)$ is a space of this type. We show
that if $P$ is a Scott domain and $X \subseteq
\max(P)$ is a $G_\delta$-subset of $P$, then $X$
has a $G_\delta$-diagonal and is weakly
developable. We show that if $X \subseteq
\max(P)$ is a $G_\delta$-subset of $P$, where
$P$ is a domain but perhaps not a Scott domain,
then $X$ is domain-representable,
first-countable, and is the union of dense,
completely metrizable subspaces. We also
show that there is a domain $P$ such that
$\max(P)$ is the usual space of countable
ordinals and is a $G_\delta$-subset of $P$ in
the Scott topology. Finally we show that the
kernel of a measurement on a Scott domain can
consistently be a normal, separable,
non-metrizable Moore space.
Keywords:domain-representable, Scott-domain-representable, measurement, Burke's space, developable spaces, weakly developable spaces, $G_\delta$-diagonal, Äech-complete space, Moore space, $\omega_1$, weakly developable space, sharp base, AF-complete Categories:54D35, 54E30, 54E52, 54E99, 06B35, 06F99 |
25. CMB 2010 (vol 54 pp. 270)
Sequential Order Under PFA It is shown that it follows from PFA
that there is no
compact scattered space of height greater than $\omega$
in which the sequential order and the scattering heights coincide.
Keywords:sequential order, scattered spaces, PFA Categories:54D55, 03E05, 03E35, 54A20 |