1. CMB Online first
 Lang, Honglei; Sheng, Yunhe; Wade, Aissa

$\mathsf{VB}$Courant algebroids, $\mathsf{E}$Courant algebroids and generalized geometry
In this paper, we first discuss the relation between $\mathsf{VB}$Courant
algebroids and $\mathsf{E}$Courant algebroids and construct some examples
of $\mathsf{E}$Courant algebroids. Then we introduce the notion of
a generalized complex
structure on an $\mathsf{E}$Courant algebroid, unifying the usual
generalized complex structures on evendimensional manifolds
and
generalized contact structures on odddimensional manifolds.
Moreover, we study generalized complex structures on an omniLie
algebroid in detail. In particular, we show that generalized
complex structures on an omniLie algebra $\operatorname{gl}(V)\oplus V$
correspond
to complex Lie algebra structures on $V$.
Keywords:$\mathsf{VB}$Courant algebroid, $\mathsf{E}$Courant algebroid, omniLie algebroid, generalized complex structure, algebroidNijenhuis structure Categories:53D17, 18B40, 58H05 

2. CMB Online first
 Liu, Huaifu; Mo, Xiaohuan

Finsler warped product metrics of Douglas type
In this paper, we study the warped structures of Finsler metrics.
We obtain the differential equation that characterizes the Finsler
warped product metrics with vanishing Douglas curvature. By solving
this equation, we obtain all Finsler warped product Douglas metrics.
Some new Douglas Finsler metrics of this type are produced by
using known spherically symmetric Douglas metrics.
Keywords:Finsler metric, warped product, Douglas metric, spherically symmetric metric Categories:22E46, 53C30 

3. CMB Online first
 Jeong, Imsoon; de Dios Pérez, Juan; Suh, Young Jin; Woo, Changhwa

Lie derivatives and Ricci tensor on real hypersurfaces in complex twoplane Grassmannians
On a real hypersurface $M$ in a complex twoplane Grassmannian
$G_2({\mathbb C}^{m+2})$ we have the Lie derivation ${\mathcal
L}$ and a differential operator of order one associated to the
generalized TanakaWebster connection $\widehat {\mathcal L}
^{(k)}$. We give a classification of real hypersurfaces $M$ on
$G_2({\mathbb C}^{m+2})$ satisfying
$\widehat {\mathcal L} ^{(k)}_{\xi}S={\mathcal L}_{\xi}S$, where
$\xi$ is the Reeb vector field on $M$ and $S$ the Ricci tensor
of $M$.
Keywords:real hypersurface, complex twoplane Grassmannian, Hopf hypersurface, shape operator, Ricci tensor, Lie derivation Categories:53C40, 53C15 

4. CMB 2017 (vol 61 pp. 289)
 Gupta, Purvi

A Realanalytic Nonpolynomially Convex Isotropic Torus with No Attached Discs
We show by means of an example in $\mathbb C^3$ that Gromov's
theorem on the presence of attached holomorphic discs for compact
Lagrangian manifolds is not true in the subcritical
realanalytic case, even in the absence of an obvious obstruction,
i.e, polynomial convexity.
Keywords:polynomial hull, isotropic submanifold, holomorphic disc Categories:32V40, 32E20, 53D12 

5. CMB 2017 (vol 61 pp. 85)
 Ding, Fan; Geiges, Hansjörg; Zhang, Guangjian

On subcritically Stein fillable 5manifolds
We make some elementary observations concerning subcritically
Stein
fillable contact structures on $5$manifolds.
Specifically, we determine the diffeomorphism type of such
contact manifolds in the case the fundamental group is finite
cyclic,
and we show that on the $5$sphere the standard contact structure
is the unique subcritically fillable one. More generally,
it is shown that subcritically fillable contact structures
on simply connected $5$manifolds are determined by their
underlying almost contact structure. Along the way, we discuss
the
homotopy classification of almost contact structures.
Keywords:subcritically Stein fillable, 5manifold, almost contact structure, thickening Categories:53D35, 32Q28, 57M20, 57Q10, 57R17 

6. CMB 2017 (vol 61 pp. 292)
7. CMB 2017 (vol 60 pp. 253)
 Chen, Bin; Zhao, Lili

On a Yamabe Type Problem in Finsler Geometry
In this paper, a new notion of scalar curvature for a Finsler
metric $F$ is introduced, and two conformal invariants $Y(M,F)$
and $C(M,F)$ are defined. We prove that there exists a Finsler
metric with constant scalar curvature in the conformal class
of $F$ if the Cartan torsion of $F$ is sufficiently small and
$Y(M,F)C(M,F)\lt Y(\mathbb{S}^n)$ where $Y(\mathbb{S}^n)$ is the
Yamabe constant of the standard sphere.
Keywords:Finsler metric, scalar curvature, Yamabe problem Categories:53C60, 58B20 

8. CMB 2016 (vol 59 pp. 813)
9. CMB 2016 (vol 60 pp. 77)
 Christ, Michael; Rieffel, Marc A.

Nilpotent Group C*algebras as Compact Quantum Metric Spaces
Let $\mathbb{L}$ be a length function on a group $G$, and let $M_\mathbb{L}$
denote the
operator of pointwise multiplication by $\mathbb{L}$ on $\lt(G)$.
Following Connes,
$M_\mathbb{L}$ can be used as a ``Dirac'' operator for the reduced
group C*algebra $C_r^*(G)$. It defines a
Lipschitz seminorm on $C_r^*(G)$, which defines a metric on the
state space of
$C_r^*(G)$. We show that
for any length function satisfying a strong form of polynomial
growth on a discrete group,
the topology from this metric
coincides with the
weak$*$ topology (a key property for the
definition of a ``compact quantum metric
space''). In particular, this holds for all wordlength functions
on finitely generated nilpotentbyfinite groups.
Keywords:group C*algebra, Dirac operator, quantum metric space, discrete nilpotent group, polynomial growth Categories:46L87, 20F65, 22D15, 53C23, 58B34 

10. CMB 2016 (vol 59 pp. 673)
 Bačák, Miroslav; Kovalev, Leonid V.

Lipschitz Retractions in Hadamard Spaces Via Gradient Flow Semigroups
Let $X(n),$ for $n\in\mathbb{N},$ be the set of all subsets of a metric
space $(X,d)$ of cardinality at most $n.$ The set $X(n)$ equipped
with the Hausdorff metric is called a finite subset space. In
this paper we are concerned with the existence of Lipschitz retractions
$r\colon X(n)\to X(n1)$ for $n\ge2.$ It is known that such retractions
do not exist if $X$ is the onedimensional sphere. On the other
hand L. Kovalev has recently established their existence in case $X$
is a Hilbert space and he also posed a question as to whether
or not such Lipschitz retractions exist for $X$ being a Hadamard
space. In the present paper we answer this question in the positive.
Keywords:finite subset space, gradient flow, Hadamard space, LieTrotterKato formula, Lipschitz retraction Categories:53C23, 47H20, 54E40, 58D07 

11. CMB 2016 (vol 59 pp. 721)
 Pérez, Juan de Dios; Lee, Hyunjin; Suh, Young Jin; Woo, Changhwa

Real Hypersurfaces in Complex Twoplane Grassmannians with Reeb Parallel Ricci Tensor in the GTW Connection
There are several kinds of classification problems for real hypersurfaces
in complex twoplane Grassmannians $G_2({\mathbb C}^{m+2})$.
Among them, Suh classified Hopf hypersurfaces $M$ in $G_2({\mathbb
C}^{m+2})$ with Reeb parallel Ricci tensor in LeviCivita connection.
In this paper, we introduce the notion of generalized TanakaWebster
(in shortly, GTW) Reeb parallel Ricci tensor for Hopf hypersurface
$M$ in $G_2({\mathbb C}^{m+2})$. Next, we give a complete classification
of Hopf hypersurfaces in $G_2({\mathbb C}^{m+2})$ with GTW Reeb
parallel Ricci tensor.
Keywords:Complex twoplane Grassmannian, real hypersurface, Hopf hypersurface, generalized TanakaWebster connection, parallelism, Reeb parallelism, Ricci tensor Categories:53C40, 53C15 

12. CMB 2016 (vol 59 pp. 575)
 Li, Jifu; Hu, Zhiguang; Deng, Shaoqiang

Cohomogeneity One Randers Metrics
An action of a Lie group $G$ on a smooth manifold $M$ is called
cohomogeneity one if the orbit space $M/G$ is of dimension $1$.
A Finsler metric $F$ on $M$ is called invariant if $F$ is
invariant under the action of $G$. In this paper,
we study invariant
Randers metrics on cohomogeneity one manifolds. We first give a
sufficient and necessary condition for the existence of invariant
Randers metrics on cohomogeneity one manifolds. Then we obtain
some results on invariant Killing vector fields on the
cohomogeneity one manifolds and use that to deduce some
sufficient and necessary condition for a cohomogeneity one
Randers metric to be Einstein.
Keywords:cohomogeneity one actions, normal geodesics, invariant vector fields, Randers metrics Categories:53C30, 53C60 

13. CMB 2016 (vol 59 pp. 508)
 De Nicola, Antonio; Yudin, Ivan

Generalized Goldberg Formula
In this paper we prove a useful formula for the graded commutator
of the Hodge
codifferential with the left wedge multiplication by a fixed
$p$form acting on
the de Rham algebra of a Riemannian manifold. Our formula generalizes
a formula
stated by Samuel I. Goldberg for the case of 1forms. As first
examples of
application we obtain new identities on locally conformally KÃ¤hler
manifolds
and quasiSasakian manifolds. Moreover, we prove that under suitable
conditions
a certain subalgebra of differential forms in a compact manifold
is quasiisomorphic as a CDGA to the full de Rham algebra.
Keywords:graded commutator, Hodge codifferential, Hodge laplacian, de Rham cohomology, locally conformal Kaehler manifold, quasiSasakian manifold Categories:53C25, 53D35 

14. CMB 2015 (vol 59 pp. 50)
15. CMB 2015 (vol 58 pp. 692)
 Anona, F. M.; Randriambololondrantomalala, Princy; Ravelonirina, H. S. G.

Sur les algÃ¨bres de Lie associÃ©es Ã une connexion
Let $\Gamma$ be a connection on a smooth manifold
$M$, in this paper we give some properties of $\Gamma$ by studying
the corresponding Lie algebras. In particular, we compute the
first ChevalleyEilenberg cohomology space of the horizontal
vector fields Lie algebra on the tangent bundle of $M$, whose
the corresponding Lie derivative of $\Gamma$ is null, and of
the horizontal nullity curvature space.
Keywords:algÃ¨bre de Lie, connexion, cohomologie de ChevalleyEilenberg, champs dont la dÃ©rivÃ©e de Lie correspondante Ã une connexion est nulle, espace de nullitÃ© de la courbure Categories:17B66, 53B15 

16. CMB 2015 (vol 58 pp. 835)
17. CMB 2015 (vol 58 pp. 787)
 Kitabeppu, Yu; Lakzian, Sajjad

Nonbranching RCD$(0,N)$ Geodesic Spaces with Small Linear Diameter Growth have Finitely Generated Fundamental Groups
In this paper, we generalize the finite generation result of
Sormani
to nonbranching $RCD(0,N)$
geodesic spaces (and in particular, Alexandrov spaces) with full
support measures. This is a special case of the Milnor's Conjecture
for complete noncompact $RCD(0,N)$ spaces. One of the key tools
we use is the AbreschGromoll type excess estimates for nonsmooth
spaces obtained by GigliMosconi.
Keywords:Milnor conjecture, non negative Ricci curvature, curvature dimension condition, finitely generated, fundamental group, infinitesimally Hilbertian Categories:53C23, 30L99 

18. CMB 2015 (vol 58 pp. 530)
 Li, Benling; Shen, Zhongmin

Ricci Curvature Tensor and NonRiemannian Quantities
There are several notions of Ricci curvature tensor
in Finsler geometry and spray geometry. One of them is defined by the
Hessian of the wellknown Ricci curvature.
In this paper we will introduce a new notion of Ricci curvature
tensor and discuss its relationship with the Ricci curvature and some
nonRiemannian quantities. By this Ricci curvature tensor, we shall
have a better understanding on these nonRiemannian quantities.
Keywords:Finsler metrics, sprays, Ricci curvature, nonRiemanian quantity Categories:53B40, 53C60 

19. CMB 2015 (vol 58 pp. 575)
 MartinezTorres, David

The Diffeomorphism Type of Canonical Integrations Of Poisson Tensors on Surfaces
A surface $\Sigma$ endowed with a Poisson tensor
$\pi$ is known to admit
canonical integration, $\mathcal{G}(\pi)$,
which is a 4dimensional manifold with a (symplectic) Lie groupoid
structure.
In this short note we show that if $\pi$ is not an area
form on the 2sphere, then $\mathcal{G}(\pi)$ is diffeomorphic
to the cotangent bundle $T^*\Sigma$. This extends
results by the author and by Bonechi, Ciccoli, Staffolani, and Tarlini.
Keywords:Poisson tensor, Lie groupoid, cotangent bundle Categories:58H05, 55R10, 53D17 

20. CMB 2015 (vol 58 pp. 713)
 Brendle, Simon; Chodosh, Otis

On the Maximum Curvature of Closed Curves in Negatively Curved Manifolds
Motivated by Almgren's work on the isoperimetric inequality,
we prove a sharp inequality relating the length and maximum curvature
of a closed curve in a complete, simply connected manifold of
sectional curvature at most $1$. Moreover, if equality holds,
then the norm of the geodesic curvature is constant and the torsion
vanishes. The proof involves an application of the maximum principle
to a function defined on pairs of points.
Keywords:manifold, curvature Category:53C20 

21. CMB 2014 (vol 58 pp. 561)
 MartinezMaure, Yves

Plane Lorentzian and Fuchsian Hedgehogs
Parts of the BrunnMinkowski theory can be extended to hedgehogs, which are
envelopes of families of affine hyperplanes parametrized by their Gauss map.
F. Fillastre introduced Fuchsian convex bodies, which are the
closed convex sets of LorentzMinkowski space that are globally invariant
under the action of a Fuchsian group. In this paper, we undertake a study of
plane Lorentzian and Fuchsian hedgehogs. In particular, we prove the
Fuchsian analogues of classical geometrical inequalities (analogues which
are reversed as compared to classical ones).
Keywords:Fuchsian and Lorentzian hedgehogs, evolute, duality, convolution, reversed isoperimetric inequality, reversed Bonnesen inequality Categories:52A40, 52A55, 53A04, 53B30 

22. CMB 2014 (vol 58 pp. 158)
23. CMB 2014 (vol 57 pp. 765)
 da Silva, Rosângela Maria; Tenenblat, Keti

Helicoidal Minimal Surfaces in a Finsler Space of Randers Type
We consider the Finsler space $(\bar{M}^3, \bar{F})$ obtained by
perturbing the Euclidean metric of $\mathbb{R}^3$ by a rotation. It
is the open region of $\mathbb{R}^3$ bounded by a cylinder with a
Randers metric. Using the BusemannHausdorff volume form, we
obtain the differential equation that characterizes the helicoidal
minimal surfaces in $\bar{M}^3$. We prove that the helicoid is a
minimal surface in $\bar{M}^3$, only if the axis of the helicoid
is the axis of the cylinder. Moreover, we prove that, in the
Randers space $(\bar{M}^3, \bar{F})$, the only minimal
surfaces in the Bonnet family, with fixed axis $O\bar{x}^3$, are the catenoids
and the helicoids.
Keywords:minimal surfaces, helicoidal surfaces, Finsler space, Randers space Categories:53A10, 53B40 

24. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 870)
 Parlier, Hugo

A Short Note on Short Pants
It is a theorem of Bers that any closed hyperbolic surface admits a pants decomposition consisting of curves of bounded length where the bound only depends on the topology of the surface. The question of the quantification of the optimal constants has been well studied and the best upper bounds to date are linear in genus, a theorem of Buser and SeppÃ¤lÃ¤. The goal of this note is to give a short proof of a linear upper bound which slightly improve the best known bound.
Keywords:hyperbolic surfaces, geodesics, pants decompositions Categories:30F10, 32G15, 53C22 

25. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 821)
 Jeong, Imsoon; Kim, Seonhui; Suh, Young Jin

Real Hypersurfaces in Complex TwoPlane Grassmannians with Reeb Parallel Structure Jacobi Operator
In this paper we give a characterization of a real hypersurface of
Type~$(A)$ in complex twoplane Grassmannians ${ { {G_2({\mathbb
C}^{m+2})} } }$, which means a
tube over a totally geodesic $G_{2}(\mathbb C^{m+1})$ in
${G_2({\mathbb C}^{m+2})}$, by
the Reeb parallel structure Jacobi operator ${\nabla}_{\xi}R_{\xi}=0$.
Keywords:real hypersurfaces, complex twoplane Grassmannians, Hopf hypersurface, Reeb parallel, structure Jacobi operator Categories:53C40, 53C15 
