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Search: MSC category 52 ( Convex and discrete geometry )

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26. CMB 2009 (vol 52 pp. 366)

Gévay, Gábor
A Class of Cellulated Spheres with Non-Polytopal Symmetries
We construct, for all $d\geq 4$, a cellulation of $\mathbb S^{d-1}$. We prove that these cellulations cannot be polytopal with maximal combinatorial symmetry. Such non-realizability phenomenon was first described in dimension 4 by Bokowski, Ewald and Kleinschmidt, and, to the knowledge of the author, until now there have not been any known examples in higher dimensions. As a starting point for the construction, we introduce a new class of (Wythoffian) uniform polytopes, which we call duplexes. In proving our main result, we use some tools that we developed earlier while studying perfect polytopes. In particular, we prove perfectness of the duplexes; furthermore, we prove and make use of the perfectness of another new class of polytopes which we obtain by a variant of the so-called $E$-construction introduced by Eppstein, Kuperberg and Ziegler.

Keywords:CW sphere, polytopality, automorphism group, symmetry group, uniform polytope
Categories:52B11, 52B15, 52B70

27. CMB 2009 (vol 52 pp. 380)

Henk, Martin; Cifre, Mar\'\i a A. Hernández
Successive Minima and Radii
In this note we present inequalities relating the successive minima of an $o$-symmetric convex body and the successive inner and outer radii of the body. These inequalities join known inequalities involving only either the successive minima or the successive radii.

Keywords:successive minima, inner and outer radii
Categories:52A20, 52C07, 52A40, 52A39

28. CMB 2009 (vol 52 pp. 403)

Jerónimo-Castro, J.; Montejano, L.; Morales-Amaya, E.
Shaken Rogers's Theorem for Homothetic Sections
We shall prove the following shaken Rogers's theorem for homothetic sections: Let $K$ and $L$ be strictly convex bodies and suppose that for every plane $H$ through the origin we can choose continuously sections of $K $ and $L$, parallel to $H$, which are directly homothetic. Then $K$ and $L$ are directly homothetic.

Keywords:convex bodies, homothetic bodies, sections and projections, Rogers's Theorem
Category:52A15

29. CMB 2009 (vol 52 pp. 407)

Lángi, Zsolt; Naszódi, Márton
On the Bezdek--Pach Conjecture for Centrally Symmetric Convex Bodies
The Bezdek--Pach conjecture asserts that the maximum number of pairwise touching positive homothetic copies of a convex body in $\Re^d$ is $2^d$. Nasz\'odi proved that the quantity in question is not larger than $2^{d+1}$. We present an improvement to this result by proving the upper bound $3\cdot2^{d-1}$ for centrally symmetric bodies. Bezdek and Brass introduced the one-sided Hadwiger number of a convex body. We extend this definition, prove an upper bound on the resulting quantity, and show a connection with the problem of touching homothetic bodies.

Keywords:Bezdek--Pach Conjecture, homothets, packing, Hadwiger number, antipodality
Categories:52C17, 51N20, 51K05, 52A21, 52A37

30. CMB 2009 (vol 52 pp. 424)

Martini, Horst; Spirova, Margarita
Covering Discs in Minkowski Planes
We investigate the following version of the circle covering problem in strictly convex (normed or) Minkowski planes: to cover a circle of largest possible diameter by $k$ unit circles. In particular, we study the cases $k=3$, $k=4$, and $k=7$. For $k=3$ and $k=4$, the diameters under consideration are described in terms of side-lengths and circumradii of certain inscribed regular triangles or quadrangles. This yields also simple explanations of geometric meanings that the corresponding homothety ratios have. It turns out that basic notions from Minkowski geometry play an essential role in our proofs, namely Minkowskian bisectors, $d$-segments, and the monotonicity lemma.

Keywords:affine regular polygon, bisector, circle covering problem, circumradius, $d$-segment, Minkowski plane, (strictly convex) normed plane
Categories:46B20, 52A21, 52C15

31. CMB 2009 (vol 52 pp. 464)

Stancu, Alina
Two Volume Product Inequalities and Their Applications
Let $K \subset {\mathbb{R}}^{n+1}$ be a convex body of class $C^2$ with everywhere positive Gauss curvature. We show that there exists a positive number $\delta (K)$ such that for any $\delta \in (0, \delta(K))$ we have $\Volu(K_{\delta})\cdot \Volu((K_{\delta})^{\sstar}) \geq \Volu(K)\cdot \Volu(K^{\sstar}) \geq \Volu(K^{\delta})\cdot \Volu((K^{\delta})^{\sstar})$, where $K_{\delta}$, $K^{\delta}$ and $K^{\sstar}$ stand for the convex floating body, the illumination body, and the polar of $K$, respectively. We derive a few consequences of these inequalities.

Keywords:affine invariants, convex floating bodies, illumination bodies
Categories:52A40, 52A38, 52A20

32. CMB 2009 (vol 40 pp. 158)

Coxeter, H. S. M.
The trigonometry of hyperbolic tessellations
For positive integers $p$ and $q$ with $(p-2)(q-2) > 4$ there is, in the hyperbolic plane, a group $[p,q]$ generated by reflections in the three sides of a triangle $ABC$ with angles $\pi /p$, $\pi/q$, $\pi/2$. Hyperbolic trigonometry shows that the side $AC$ has length $\psi$, where $\cosh \psi = c/s$, $c = \cos \pi/q$, $s = \sin\pi/p$. For a conformal drawing inside the unit circle with centre $A$, we may take the sides $AB$ and $AC$ to run straight along radii while $BC$ appears as an arc of a circle orthogonal to the unit circle. The circle containing this arc is found to have radius $1/\sinh \psi = s/z$, where $z = \sqrt{c^2-s^2}$, while its centre is at distance $1/\tanh \psi = c/z$ from $A$. In the hyperbolic triangle $ABC$, the altitude from $AB$ to the right-angled vertex $C$ is $\zeta$, where $\sinh\zeta = z$.

Categories:51F15, 51N30, 52A55

33. CMB 2009 (vol 40 pp. 471)

Lawrence, Jim
A short proof of Euler's relation for convex polytopes*
The purposen of this paper is to present a short, self-contained proof of Euler's relation. The ingredients of this proof are (i) the principle of inclusion and exclusion of combinatorics and (ii) the Euler characteristic; a development of the Euler characteristic is included.

Category:52A25

34. CMB 2009 (vol 40 pp. 356)

Mazet, Pierre
Principe du maximum et lemme de Schwarz, a valeurs vectorielles
Nous {\'e}tablissons un th{\'e}or{\`e}me pour les fonctions holomorphes {\`a} valeurs dans une partie convexe ferm{\'e}e. Ce th{\'e}or{\`e}me pr{\'e}cise la position des coefficients de Taylor de telles fonctions et peut {\^e}tre consid{\'e}r{\'e} comme une g{\'e}n{\'e}ralisation des in{\'e}galit{\'e}s de Cauchy. Nous montrons alors comment ce th{\'e}or{\`e}me permet de retrouver des versions connues du principe du maximum et d'obtenir de nouveaux r{\'e}sultats sur les applications holomorphes {\`a} valeurs vectorielles.

Keywords:Principe du maximum, lemme de Schwarz, points extr{émaux.
Categories:30C80, 32A30, 46G20, 52A07

35. CMB 2009 (vol 40 pp. 10)

Borwein, Jon; Vanderwerff, Jon
Convex functions on Banach spaces not containing $\ell_1$
There is a sizeable class of results precisely relating boundedness, convergence and differentiability properties of continuous convex functions on Banach spaces to whether or not the space contains an isomorphic copy of $\ell_1$. In this note, we provide constructions showing that the main such results do not extend to natural broader classes of functions.

Categories:46A55, 46B20, 52A41

36. CMB 2007 (vol 50 pp. 474)

Zhou, Jiazu
On Willmore's Inequality for Submanifolds
Let $M$ be an $m$ dimensional submanifold in the Euclidean space ${\mathbf R}^n$ and $H$ be the mean curvature of $M$. We obtain some low geometric estimates of the total square mean curvature $\int_M H^2 d\sigma$. The low bounds are geometric invariants involving the volume of $M$, the total scalar curvature of $M$, the Euler characteristic and the circumscribed ball of $M$.

Keywords:submanifold, mean curvature, kinematic formul, scalar curvature
Categories:52A22, 53C65, 51C16

37. CMB 2006 (vol 49 pp. 536)

Dostál, Petr; Lukeš, Jaroslav; Spurný, Jiří
Measure Convex and Measure Extremal Sets
We prove that convex sets are measure convex and extremal sets are measure extremal provided they are of low Borel complexity. We also present examples showing that the positive results cannot be strengthened.

Keywords:measure convex set, measure extremal set, face
Categories:46A55, 52A07

38. CMB 2006 (vol 49 pp. 185)

Averkov, Gennadiy
On the Inequality for Volume and Minkowskian Thickness
Given a centrally symmetric convex body $B$ in $\E^d,$ we denote by $\M^d(B)$ the Minkowski space ({\em i.e.,} finite dimensional Banach space) with unit ball $B.$ Let $K$ be an arbitrary convex body in $\M^d(B).$ The relationship between volume $V(K)$ and the Minkowskian thickness ($=$ minimal width) $\thns_B(K)$ of $K$ can naturally be given by the sharp geometric inequality $V(K) \ge \alpha(B) \cdot \thns_B(K)^d,$ where $\alpha(B)>0.$ As a simple corollary of the Rogers--Shephard inequality we obtain that $\binom{2d}{d}{}^{-1} \le \alpha(B)/V(B) \le 2^{-d}$ with equality on the left attained if and only if $B$ is the difference body of a simplex and on the right if $B$ is a cross-polytope. The main result of this paper is that for $d=2$ the equality on the right implies that $B$ is a parallelogram. The obtained results yield the sharp upper bound for the modified Banach--Mazur distance to the regular hexagon.

Keywords:convex body, geometric inequality, thickness, Minkowski space, Banach space, normed space, reduced body, Banach-Mazur compactum, (modified) Banach-Mazur distance, volume ratio
Categories:52A40, 46B20

39. CMB 2006 (vol 49 pp. 161)

Agapito, José
Weighted Brianchon-Gram Decomposition
We give in this note a weighted version of Brianchon and Gram's decomposition for a simple polytope. We can derive from this decomposition the weighted polar formula of Agapito and a weighted version of Brion's theorem, in a manner similar to Haase, where the unweighted case is worked out. This weighted version of Brianchon and Gram' decomposition is a direct consequence of the ordinary Brianchon--Gram formula.

Category:52B

40. CMB 2005 (vol 48 pp. 523)

Düvelmeyer, Nico
Angle Measures and Bisectors in Minkowski Planes
\begin{abstract} We prove that a Minkowski plane is Euclidean if and only if Busemann's or Glogovskij's definitions of angular bisectors coincide with a bisector defined by an angular measure in the sense of Brass. In addition, bisectors defined by the area measure coincide with bisectors defined by the circumference (arc length) measure if and only if the unit circle is an equiframed curve.

Keywords:Radon curves, Minkowski geometry, Minkowski planes,, angular bisector, angular measure, equiframed curves
Categories:52A10, 52A21

41. CMB 2005 (vol 48 pp. 414)

Kaveh, Kiumars
Vector Fields and the Cohomology Ring of Toric Varieties
Let $X$ be a smooth complex projective variety with a holomorphic vector field with isolated zero set $Z$. From the results of Carrell and Lieberman there exists a filtration $F_0 \subset F_1 \subset \cdots$ of $A(Z)$, the ring of $\c$-valued functions on $Z$, such that $\Gr A(Z) \cong H^*(X, \c)$ as graded algebras. In this note, for a smooth projective toric variety and a vector field generated by the action of a $1$-parameter subgroup of the torus, we work out this filtration. Our main result is an explicit connection between this filtration and the polytope algebra of $X$.

Keywords:Toric variety, torus action, cohomology ring, simple polytope,, polytope algebra
Categories:14M25, 52B20

42. CMB 2005 (vol 48 pp. 302)

Yokonuma, Takeo
Discrete Sets and Associated Dynamical\\ Systems in a Non-Commutative Setting
We define a uniform structure on the set of discrete sets of a locally compact topological space on which a locally compact topological group acts continuously. Then we investigate the completeness of these uniform spaces and study these spaces by means of topological dynamical systems.

Categories:52C23, 37B50

43. CMB 2004 (vol 47 pp. 481)

Bekjan, Turdebek N.
A New Characterization of Hardy Martingale Cotype Space
We give a new characterization of Hardy martingale cotype property of complex quasi-Banach space by using the existence of a kind of plurisubharmonic functions. We also characterize the best constants of Hardy martingale inequalities with values in the complex quasi-Banach space.

Keywords:Hardy martingale, Hardy martingale cotype,, plurisubharmonic function
Categories:46B20, 52A07, 60G44

44. CMB 2004 (vol 47 pp. 246)

Makai, Endre; Martini, Horst
On Maximal $k$-Sections and Related Common Transversals of Convex Bodies
Generalizing results from [MM1] referring to the intersection body $IK$ and the cross-section body $CK$ of a convex body $K \subset \sR^d, \, d \ge 2$, we prove theorems about maximal $k$-sections of convex bodies, $k \in \{1, \dots, d-1\}$, and, simultaneously, statements about common maximal $(d-1)$- and $1$-transversals of families of convex bodies.

Categories:52A20, 55Mxx

45. CMB 2004 (vol 47 pp. 168)

Baake, Michael; Sing, Bernd
Kolakoski-$(3,1)$ Is a (Deformed) Model Set
Unlike the (classical) Kolakoski sequence on the alphabet $\{1,2\}$, its analogue on $\{1,3\}$ can be related to a primitive substitution rule. Using this connection, we prove that the corresponding bi-infinite fixed point is a regular generic model set and thus has a pure point diffraction spectrum. The Kolakoski-$(3,1)$ sequence is then obtained as a deformation, without losing the pure point diffraction property.

Categories:52C23, 37B10, 28A80, 43A25

46. CMB 2003 (vol 46 pp. 373)

Laugesen, Richard S.; Pritsker, Igor E.
Potential Theory of the Farthest-Point Distance Function
We study the farthest-point distance function, which measures the distance from $z \in \mathbb{C}$ to the farthest point or points of a given compact set $E$ in the plane. The logarithm of this distance is subharmonic as a function of $z$, and equals the logarithmic potential of a unique probability measure with unbounded support. This measure $\sigma_E$ has many interesting properties that reflect the topology and geometry of the compact set $E$. We prove $\sigma_E(E) \leq \frac12$ for polygons inscribed in a circle, with equality if and only if $E$ is a regular $n$-gon for some odd $n$. Also we show $\sigma_E(E) = \frac12$ for smooth convex sets of constant width. We conjecture $\sigma_E(E) \leq \frac12$ for all~$E$.

Keywords:distance function, farthest points, subharmonic function, representing measure, convex bodies of constant width
Categories:31A05, 52A10, 52A40

47. CMB 2003 (vol 46 pp. 242)

Litvak, A. E.; Milman, V. D.
Euclidean Sections of Direct Sums of Normed Spaces
We study the dimension of ``random'' Euclidean sections of direct sums of normed spaces. We compare the obtained results with results from \cite{LMS}, to show that for the direct sums the standard randomness with respect to the Haar measure on Grassmanian coincides with a much ``weaker'' randomness of ``diagonal'' subspaces (Corollary~\ref{sle} and explanation after). We also add some relative information on ``phase transition''.

Keywords:Dvoretzky theorem, ``random'' Euclidean section, phase transition in asymptotic convexity
Categories:46B07, 46B09, 46B20, 52A21

48. CMB 2002 (vol 45 pp. 483)

Baake, Michael
Diffraction of Weighted Lattice Subsets
A Dirac comb of point measures in Euclidean space with bounded complex weights that is supported on a lattice $\varGamma$ inherits certain general properties from the lattice structure. In particular, its autocorrelation admits a factorization into a continuous function and the uniform lattice Dirac comb, and its diffraction measure is periodic, with the dual lattice $\varGamma^*$ as lattice of periods. This statement remains true in the setting of a locally compact Abelian group whose topology has a countable base.

Keywords:diffraction, Dirac combs, lattice subsets, homometric sets
Categories:52C07, 43A25, 52C23, 43A05

49. CMB 2002 (vol 45 pp. 697)

Sirvent, V. F.; Solomyak, B.
Pure Discrete Spectrum for One-dimensional Substitution Systems of Pisot Type
We consider two dynamical systems associated with a substitution of Pisot type: the usual $\mathbb{Z}$-action on a sequence space, and the $\mathbb{R}$-action, which can be defined as a tiling dynamical system or as a suspension flow. We describe procedures for checking when these systems have pure discrete spectrum (the ``balanced pairs algorithm'' and the ``overlap algorithm'') and study the relation between them. In particular, we show that pure discrete spectrum for the $\mathbb{R}$-action implies pure discrete spectrum for the $\mathbb{Z}$-action, and obtain a partial result in the other direction. As a corollary, we prove pure discrete spectrum for every $\mathbb{R}$-action associated with a two-symbol substitution of Pisot type (this is conjectured for an arbitrary number of symbols).

Categories:37A30, 52C23, 37B10

50. CMB 2002 (vol 45 pp. 634)

Lagarias, Jeffrey C.; Pleasants, Peter A. B.
Local Complexity of Delone Sets and Crystallinity
This paper characterizes when a Delone set $X$ in $\mathbb{R}^n$ is an ideal crystal in terms of restrictions on the number of its local patches of a given size or on the heterogeneity of their distribution. For a Delone set $X$, let $N_X (T)$ count the number of translation-inequivalent patches of radius $T$ in $X$ and let $M_X(T)$ be the minimum radius such that every closed ball of radius $M_X(T)$ contains the center of a patch of every one of these kinds. We show that for each of these functions there is a ``gap in the spectrum'' of possible growth rates between being bounded and having linear growth, and that having sufficiently slow linear growth is equivalent to $X$ being an ideal crystal. Explicitly, for $N_X(T)$, if $R$ is the covering radius of $X$ then either $N_X(T)$ is bounded or $N_X (T) \ge T/2R$ for all $T>0$. The constant $1/2R$ in this bound is best possible in all dimensions. For $M_X(T)$, either $M_X(T)$ is bounded or $M_X(T)\ge T/3$ for all $T>0$. Examples show that the constant $1/3$ in this bound cannot be replaced by any number exceeding $1/2$. We also show that every aperiodic Delone set $X$ has $M_X(T)\ge c(n) T$ for all $T>0$, for a certain constant $c(n)$ which depends on the dimension $n$ of $X$ and is $>1/3$ when $n>1$.

Keywords:aperiodic set, Delone set, packing-covering constant, sphere packing
Categories:52C23, 52C17
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