1. CMB 2016 (vol 59 pp. 354)
 Li, ChiKwong; Tsai, MingCheng

Factoring a Quadratic Operator as a Product of Two Positive Contractions
Let $T$ be a quadratic operator on a complex Hilbert space $H$.
We show that $T$ can be written as a product of two positive
contractions if and only if $T$ is of the form
\begin{equation*}
aI \oplus bI \oplus
\begin{pmatrix} aI & P \cr 0 & bI \cr
\end{pmatrix} \quad \text{on} \quad H_1\oplus H_2\oplus (H_3\oplus
H_3)
\end{equation*}
for some $a, b\in [0,1]$ and strictly positive operator $P$ with
$\P\ \le \sqrt{a}  \sqrt{b}\sqrt{(1a)(1b)}.$ Also, we
give a necessary condition for a bounded linear operator $T$
with operator matrix
$
\big(
\begin{smallmatrix} T_1 & T_3
\\ 0 & T_2\cr
\end{smallmatrix}
\big)
$ on $H\oplus K$ that can be written as a product
of two positive contractions.
Keywords:quadratic operator, positive contraction, spectral theorem Categories:47A60, 47A68, 47A63 

2. CMB 2012 (vol 57 pp. 145)
 Mustafayev, H. S.

The Essential Spectrum of the Essentially Isometric Operator
Let $T$ be a contraction on a complex, separable, infinite dimensional
Hilbert space and let $\sigma \left( T\right) $ (resp. $\sigma _{e}\left(
T\right) )$ be its spectrum (resp. essential spectrum). We assume that $T$
is an essentially isometric operator, that is $I_{H}T^{\ast }T$ is compact.
We show that if $D\diagdown \sigma \left( T\right) \neq \emptyset ,$ then
for every $f$ from the discalgebra,
\begin{equation*}
\sigma _{e}\left( f\left( T\right) \right) =f\left( \sigma _{e}\left(
T\right) \right) ,
\end{equation*}
where $D$ is the open unit disc. In addition, if $T$ lies in the class
$ C_{0\cdot }\cup C_{\cdot 0},$ then
\begin{equation*}
\sigma _{e}\left( f\left( T\right) \right) =f\left( \sigma \left( T\right)
\cap \Gamma \right) ,
\end{equation*}
where $\Gamma $ is the unit circle. Some related problems are also discussed.
Keywords:Hilbert space, contraction, essentially isometric operator, (essential) spectrum, functional calculus Categories:47A10, 47A53, 47A60, 47B07 

3. CMB 1997 (vol 40 pp. 193)