CMS/SMC
Canadian Mathematical Society
www.cms.math.ca
Canadian Mathematical Society
  location:  Publicationsjournals
Publications        
Search results

Search: MSC category 46L ( Selfadjoint operator algebras ($C^$-algebras, von Neumann ($W^*$-) algebras, etc.) [See also 22D25, 47Lxx] *$-algebras, von Neumann ($W^*$-) algebras, etc.) [See also 22D25, 47Lxx] * )

  Expand all        Collapse all Results 1 - 25 of 83

1. CMB Online first

Bichon, Julien; Kyed, David; Raum, Sven
Higher $\ell^2$-Betti numbers of universal quantum groups
We calculate all $\ell^2$-Betti numbers of the universal discrete Kac quantum groups $\hat{\mathrm U}^+_n$ as well as their half-liberated counterparts $\hat{\mathrm U}^*_n$.

Keywords:$\ell^2$-Betti number, free unitary quantum group, half-liberated unitary quantum group, free product formula, extension
Categories:16T05, 46L65, 20G42

2. CMB Online first

Józiak, Paweł
Remarks on Hopf images and quantum permutation groups $S_n^+$
Motivated by a question of A. Skalski and P.M. Sołtan (2016) about inner faithfulness of the S. Curran's map of extending a quantum increasing sequence to a quantum permutation, we revisit the results and techniques of T. Banica and J. Bichon (2009) and study some group-theoretic properties of the quantum permutation group on $4$ points. This enables us not only to answer the aforementioned question in positive in case $n=4, k=2$, but also to classify the automorphisms of $S_4^+$, describe all the embeddings $O_{-1}(2)\subset S_4^+$ and show that all the copies of $O_{-1}(2)$ inside $S_4^+$ are conjugate. We then use these results to show that the converse to the criterion we applied to answer the aforementioned question is not valid.

Keywords:Hopf image, quantum permutation group, compact quantum group
Categories:20G42, 81R50, 46L89, 16W35

3. CMB 2017 (vol 60 pp. 791)

Jiang, Chunlan
Reduction to Dimension Two of Local Spectrum for $AH$ Algebra with Ideal Property
A $C^{*}$-algebra $A$ has the ideal property if any ideal $I$ of $A$ is generated as a closed two sided ideal by the projections inside the ideal. Suppose that the limit $C^{*}$-algebra $A$ of inductive limit of direct sums of matrix algebras over spaces with uniformly bounded dimension has ideal property. In this paper we will prove that $A$ can be written as an inductive limit of certain very special subhomogeneous algebras, namely, direct sum of dimension drop interval algebras and matrix algebras over 2-dimensional spaces with torsion $H^{2}$ groups.

Keywords:AH algebra, reduction, local spectrum, ideal property
Category:46L35

4. CMB 2017 (vol 60 pp. 816)

Moslehian, Mohammad Sal; Zamani, Ali
Characterizations of Operator Birkhoff--James Orthogonality
In this paper, we obtain some characterizations of the (strong) Birkhoff--James orthogonality for elements of Hilbert $C^*$-modules and certain elements of $\mathbb{B}(\mathscr{H})$. Moreover, we obtain a kind of Pythagorean relation for bounded linear operators. In addition, for $T\in \mathbb{B}(\mathscr{H})$ we prove that if the norm attaining set $\mathbb{M}_T$ is a unit sphere of some finite dimensional subspace $\mathscr{H}_0$ of $\mathscr{H}$ and $\|T\|_{{{\mathscr{H}}_0}^\perp} \lt \|T\|$, then for every $S\in\mathbb{B}(\mathscr{H})$, $T$ is the strong Birkhoff--James orthogonal to $S$ if and only if there exists a unit vector $\xi\in {\mathscr{H}}_0$ such that $\|T\|\xi = |T|\xi$ and $S^*T\xi = 0$. Finally, we introduce a new type of approximate orthogonality and investigate this notion in the setting of inner product $C^*$-modules.

Keywords:Hilbert $C^*$-module, Birkhoff--James orthogonality, strong Birkhoff--James orthogonality, approximate orthogonality
Categories:46L05, 46L08, 46B20

5. CMB 2016 (vol 60 pp. 217)

Wang, Yuanyi
Condition $C'_{\wedge}$ of Operator Spaces
In this paper, we study condition $C'_{\wedge}$ which is a projective tensor product analogue of condition $C'$. We show that the finite-dimensional OLLP operator spaces have condition $C'_{\wedge}$ and $M_{n}$ $(n\gt 2)$ does not have that property.

Keywords:operator space, local theory, tensor product
Category:46L07

6. CMB 2016 (vol 60 pp. 122)

Ghanei, Mohammad Reza; Nasr-Isfahani, Rasoul; Nemati, Mehdi
A Homological Property and Arens Regularity of Locally Compact Quantum Groups
We characterize two important notions of amenability and compactness of a locally compact quantum group ${\mathbb G}$ in terms of certain homological properties. For this, we show that ${\mathbb G}$ is character amenable if and only if it is both amenable and co-amenable. We finally apply our results to Arens regularity problems of the quantum group algebra $L^1({\mathbb G})$; in particular, we improve an interesting result by Hu, Neufang and Ruan.

Keywords:amenability, Arens regularity, co-amenability, locally compact quantum group, homological property
Categories:46L89, 43A07, 46H20, 46M10, 58B32

7. CMB 2016 (vol 60 pp. 77)

Christ, Michael; Rieffel, Marc A.
Nilpotent Group C*-algebras as Compact Quantum Metric Spaces
Let $\mathbb{L}$ be a length function on a group $G$, and let $M_\mathbb{L}$ denote the operator of pointwise multiplication by $\mathbb{L}$ on $\lt(G)$. Following Connes, $M_\mathbb{L}$ can be used as a ``Dirac'' operator for the reduced group C*-algebra $C_r^*(G)$. It defines a Lipschitz seminorm on $C_r^*(G)$, which defines a metric on the state space of $C_r^*(G)$. We show that for any length function satisfying a strong form of polynomial growth on a discrete group, the topology from this metric coincides with the weak-$*$ topology (a key property for the definition of a ``compact quantum metric space''). In particular, this holds for all word-length functions on finitely generated nilpotent-by-finite groups.

Keywords:group C*-algebra, Dirac operator, quantum metric space, discrete nilpotent group, polynomial growth
Categories:46L87, 20F65, 22D15, 53C23, 58B34

8. CMB 2016 (vol 59 pp. 320)

Ino, Shoji
Perturbations of Von Neumann Subalgebras with Finite Index
In this paper, we study uniform perturbations of von Neumann subalgebras of a von Neumann algebra. Let $M$ and $N$ be von Neumann subalgebras of a von Neumann algebra with finite probabilistic index in the sense of Pimsner-Popa. If $M$ and $N$ are sufficiently close, then $M$ and $N$ are unitarily equivalent. The implementing unitary can be chosen as being close to the identity.

Keywords:von Neumann algebras, perturbations
Categories:46L10, 46L37

9. CMB 2015 (vol 59 pp. 435)

Yao, Hongliang
On Extensions of Stably Finite C*-algebras (II)
For any $C^*$-algebra $A$ with an approximate unit of projections, there is a smallest ideal $I$ of $A$ such that the quotient $A/I$ is stably finite. In this paper, a sufficient and necessary condition is obtained for an ideal of a $C^*$-algebra with real rank zero is this smallest ideal by $K$-theory.

Keywords:extension, stably finite C*-algebra, index map
Categories:46L05, 46L80

10. CMB 2015 (vol 58 pp. 846)

Sundar, S.
A Computation with the Connes-Thom Isomorphism
Let $A \in M_{n}(\mathbb{R})$ be an invertible matrix. Consider the semi-direct product $\mathbb{R}^{n} \rtimes \mathbb{Z}$ where the action of $\mathbb{Z}$ on $\mathbb{R}^{n}$ is induced by the left multiplication by $A$. Let $(\alpha,\tau)$ be a strongly continuous action of $\mathbb{R}^{n} \rtimes \mathbb{Z}$ on a $C^{*}$-algebra $B$ where $\alpha$ is a strongly continuous action of $\mathbb{R}^{n}$ and $\tau$ is an automorphism. The map $\tau$ induces a map $\widetilde{\tau}$ on $B \rtimes_{\alpha} \mathbb{R}^{n}$. We show that, at the $K$-theory level, $\tau$ commutes with the Connes-Thom map if $\det(A)\gt 0$ and anticommutes if $\det(A)\lt 0$. As an application, we recompute the $K$-groups of the Cuntz-Li algebra associated to an integer dilation matrix.

Keywords:K-theory, Connes-Thom isomorphism, Cuntz-Li algebras
Categories:46L80, 58B34

11. CMB 2015 (vol 59 pp. 95)

Gonçalves, Daniel; Li, Hui; Royer, Danilo
Faithful Representations of Graph Algebras via Branching Systems
We continue to investigate branching systems of directed graphs and their connections with graph algebras. We give a sufficient condition under which the representation induced from a branching system of a directed graph is faithful and construct a large class of branching systems that satisfy this condition. We finish the paper by providing a proof of the converse of the Cuntz-Krieger uniqueness theorem for graph algebras by means of branching systems.

Keywords:C*-algebra, graph algebra, Leavitt path algebra, branching system, representation
Categories:46L05, 37A55

12. CMB 2015 (vol 58 pp. 402)

Tikuisis, Aaron Peter; Toms, Andrew
On the Structure of Cuntz Semigroups in (Possibly) Nonunital C*-algebras
We examine the ranks of operators in semi-finite $\mathrm{C}^*$-algebras as measured by their densely defined lower semicontinuous traces. We first prove that a unital simple $\mathrm{C}^*$-algebra whose extreme tracial boundary is nonempty and finite contains positive operators of every possible rank, independent of the property of strict comparison. We then turn to nonunital simple algebras and establish criteria that imply that the Cuntz semigroup is recovered functorially from the Murray-von Neumann semigroup and the space of densely defined lower semicontinuous traces. Finally, we prove that these criteria are satisfied by not-necessarily-unital approximately subhomogeneous algebras of slow dimension growth. Combined with results of the first-named author, this shows that slow dimension growth coincides with $\mathcal Z$-stability, for approximately subhomogeneous algebras.

Keywords:nuclear C*-algebras, Cuntz semigroup, dimension functions, stably projectionless C*-algebras, approximately subhomogeneous C*-algebras, slow dimension growth
Categories:46L35, 46L05, 46L80, 47L40, 46L85

13. CMB 2015 (vol 58 pp. 374)

Szabó, Gábor
A Short Note on the Continuous Rokhlin Property and the Universal Coefficient Theorem in $E$-Theory
Let $G$ be a metrizable compact group, $A$ a separable $\mathrm{C}^*$-algebra and $\alpha\colon G\to\operatorname{Aut}(A)$ a strongly continuous action. Provided that $\alpha$ satisfies the continuous Rokhlin property, we show that the property of satisfying the UCT in $E$-theory passes from $A$ to the crossed product $\mathrm{C}^*$-algebra $A\rtimes_\alpha G$ and the fixed point algebra $A^\alpha$. This extends a similar result by Gardella for $KK$-theory in the case of unital $\mathrm{C}^*$-algebras, but with a shorter and less technical proof. For circle actions on separable, unital $\mathrm{C}^*$-algebras with the continuous Rokhlin property, we establish a connection between the $E$-theory equivalence class of $A$ and that of its fixed point algebra $A^\alpha$.

Keywords:Rokhlin property, UCT, KK-theory, E-theory, circle actions
Categories:46L55, 19K35

14. CMB 2014 (vol 58 pp. 51)

De Nitties, Giuseppe; Schulz-Baldes, Hermann
Spectral Flows of Dilations of Fredholm Operators
Given an essentially unitary contraction and an arbitrary unitary dilation of it, there is a naturally associated spectral flow which is shown to be equal to the index of the operator. This result is interpreted in terms of the $K$-theory of an associated mapping cone. It is then extended to connect $\mathbb{Z}_2$ indices of odd symmetric Fredholm operators to a $\mathbb{Z}_2$-valued spectral flow.

Keywords:spectral flow, Fredholm operators, Z2 indices
Categories:19K56, 46L80

15. CMB 2014 (vol 57 pp. 853)

Pan, Qingfei; Wang, Kun
On the Bound of the $\mathrm{C}^*$ Exponential Length
Let $X$ be a compact Hausdorff space. In this paper, we give an example to show that there is $u\in \mathrm{C}(X)\otimes \mathrm{M}_n$ with $\det (u(x))=1$ for all $x\in X$ and $u\sim_h 1$ such that the $\mathrm{C}^*$ exponential length of $u$ (denoted by $cel(u)$) can not be controlled by $\pi$. Moreover, in simple inductive limit $\mathrm{C}^*$-algebras, similar examples also exist.

Keywords:exponential length
Category:46L05

16. CMB 2014 (vol 58 pp. 207)

Moslehian, Mohammad Sal; Zamani, Ali
Exact and Approximate Operator Parallelism
Extending the notion of parallelism we introduce the concept of approximate parallelism in normed spaces and then substantially restrict ourselves to the setting of Hilbert space operators endowed with the operator norm. We present several characterizations of the exact and approximate operator parallelism in the algebra $\mathbb{B}(\mathscr{H})$ of bounded linear operators acting on a Hilbert space $\mathscr{H}$. Among other things, we investigate the relationship between approximate parallelism and norm of inner derivations on $\mathbb{B}(\mathscr{H})$. We also characterize the parallel elements of a $C^*$-algebra by using states. Finally we utilize the linking algebra to give some equivalence assertions regarding parallel elements in a Hilbert $C^*$-module.

Keywords:$C^*$-algebra, approximate parallelism, operator parallelism, Hilbert $C^*$-module
Categories:47A30, 46L05, 46L08, 47B47, 15A60

17. CMB 2014 (vol 57 pp. 708)

Brannan, Michael
Strong Asymptotic Freeness for Free Orthogonal Quantum Groups
It is known that the normalized standard generators of the free orthogonal quantum group $O_N^+$ converge in distribution to a free semicircular system as $N \to \infty$. In this note, we substantially improve this convergence result by proving that, in addition to distributional convergence, the operator norm of any non-commutative polynomial in the normalized standard generators of $O_N^+$ converges as $N \to \infty$ to the operator norm of the corresponding non-commutative polynomial in a standard free semicircular system. Analogous strong convergence results are obtained for the generators of free unitary quantum groups. As applications of these results, we obtain a matrix-coefficient version of our strong convergence theorem, and we recover a well known $L^2$-$L^\infty$ norm equivalence for non-commutative polynomials in free semicircular systems.

Keywords:quantum groups, free probability, asymptotic free independence, strong convergence, property of rapid decay
Categories:46L54, 20G42, 46L65

18. CMB 2014 (vol 58 pp. 110)

Kamalov, F.
Property T and Amenable Transformation Group $C^*$-algebras
It is well known that a discrete group which is both amenable and has Kazhdan's Property T must be finite. In this note we generalize the above statement to the case of transformation groups. We show that if $G$ is a discrete amenable group acting on a compact Hausdorff space $X$, then the transformation group $C^*$-algebra $C^*(X, G)$ has Property T if and only if both $X$ and $G$ are finite. Our approach does not rely on the use of tracial states on $C^*(X, G)$.

Keywords:Property T, $C^*$-algebras, transformation group, amenable
Categories:46L55, 46L05

19. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 546)

Kalantar, Mehrdad
Compact Operators in Regular LCQ Groups
We show that a regular locally compact quantum group $\mathbb{G}$ is discrete if and only if $\mathcal{L}^{\infty}(\mathbb{G})$ contains non-zero compact operators on $\mathcal{L}^{2}(\mathbb{G})$. As a corollary we classify all discrete quantum groups among regular locally compact quantum groups $\mathbb{G}$ where $\mathcal{L}^{1}(\mathbb{G})$ has the Radon--Nikodym property.

Keywords:locally compact quantum groups, regularity, compact operators
Category:46L89

20. CMB 2012 (vol 57 pp. 424)

Sołtan, Piotr M.; Viselter, Ami
A Note on Amenability of Locally Compact Quantum Groups
In this short note we introduce a notion called ``quantum injectivity'' of locally compact quantum groups, and prove that it is equivalent to amenability of the dual. Particularly, this provides a new characterization of amenability of locally compact groups.

Keywords:amenability, conditional expectation, injectivity, locally compact quantum group, quantum injectivity
Categories:20G42, 22D25, 46L89

21. CMB 2012 (vol 57 pp. 90)

Lazar, Aldo J.
Compact Subsets of the Glimm Space of a $C^*$-algebra
If $A$ is a $\sigma$-unital $C^*$-algebra and $a$ is a strictly positive element of $A$ then for every compact subset $K$ of the complete regularization $\mathrm{Glimm}(A)$ of $\mathrm{Prim}(A)$ there exists $\alpha \gt 0$ such that $K\subset \{G\in \mathrm{Glimm}(A) \mid \Vert a + G\Vert \geq \alpha\}$. This extends a result of J. Dauns to all $\sigma$-unital $C^*$-algebras. However, there are a $C^*$-algebra $A$ and a compact subset of $\mathrm{Glimm}(A)$ that is not contained in any set of the form $\{G\in \mathrm{Glimm}(A) \mid \Vert a + G\Vert \geq \alpha\}$, $a\in A$ and $\alpha \gt 0$.

Keywords:primitive ideal space, complete regularization
Category:46L05

22. CMB 2012 (vol 57 pp. 166)

Öztop, Serap; Spronk, Nico
On Minimal and Maximal $p$-operator Space Structures
We show that for $p$-operator spaces, there are natural notions of minimal and maximal structures. These are useful for dealing with tensor products.

Keywords:$p$-operator space, min space, max space
Categories:46L07, 47L25, 46G10

23. CMB 2012 (vol 56 pp. 870)

Wei, Changguo
Note on Kasparov Product of $C^*$-algebra Extensions
Using the Dadarlat isomorphism, we give a characterization for the Kasparov product of $C^*$-algebra extensions. A certain relation between $KK(A, \mathcal q(B))$ and $KK(A, \mathcal q(\mathcal k B))$ is also considered when $B$ is not stable and it is proved that $KK(A, \mathcal q(B))$ and $KK(A, \mathcal q(\mathcal k B))$ are not isomorphic in general.

Keywords:extension, Kasparov product, $KK$-group
Category:46L80

24. CMB 2012 (vol 56 pp. 630)

Sundar, S.
Inverse Semigroups and Sheu's Groupoid for the Odd Dimensional Quantum Spheres
In this paper, we give a different proof of the fact that the odd dimensional quantum spheres are groupoid $C^{*}$-algebras. We show that the $C^{*}$-algebra $C(S_{q}^{2\ell+1})$ is generated by an inverse semigroup $T$ of partial isometries. We show that the groupoid $\mathcal{G}_{tight}$ associated with the inverse semigroup $T$ by Exel is exactly the same as the groupoid considered by Sheu.

Keywords:inverse semigroups, groupoids, odd dimensional quantum spheres
Categories:46L99, 20M18

25. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 337)

Fan, Qingzhai
Certain Properties of $K_0$-monoids Preserved by Tracial Approximation
We show that the following $K_0$-monoid properties of $C^*$-algebras in the class $\Omega$ are inherited by simple unital $C^*$-algebras in the class $TA\Omega$: (1) weak comparability, (2) strictly unperforated, (3) strictly cancellative.

Keywords:$C^*$-algebra, tracial approximation, $K_0$-monoid
Categories:46L05, 46L80, 46L35
Page
   1 2 3 4    

© Canadian Mathematical Society, 2017 : https://cms.math.ca/