26. CMB 2014 (vol 58 pp. 207)
 Moslehian, Mohammad Sal; Zamani, Ali

Exact and Approximate Operator Parallelism
Extending the notion of parallelism we introduce the concept of
approximate parallelism in normed spaces and then substantially
restrict ourselves to the setting of Hilbert space operators endowed
with the operator norm. We present several characterizations of the
exact and approximate operator parallelism in the algebra
$\mathbb{B}(\mathscr{H})$ of bounded linear operators acting on a
Hilbert space $\mathscr{H}$. Among other things, we investigate the
relationship between approximate parallelism and norm of inner
derivations on $\mathbb{B}(\mathscr{H})$. We also characterize the
parallel elements of a $C^*$algebra by using states. Finally we
utilize the linking algebra to give some equivalence assertions
regarding parallel elements in a Hilbert $C^*$module.
Keywords:$C^*$algebra, approximate parallelism, operator parallelism, Hilbert $C^*$module Categories:47A30, 46L05, 46L08, 47B47, 15A60 

27. CMB 2014 (vol 58 pp. 7)
 Boulabiar, Karim

Characters on $C(X)$
The precise condition on a completely regular space $X$ for every character on
$C(X) $ to be an evaluation at some point in $X$ is that $X$ be
realcompact. Usually, this classical result is obtained relying heavily on
involved (and even nonconstructive) extension arguments. This note provides a
direct proof that is accessible to a large audience.
Keywords:characters, realcompact, evaluation, realvalued continuous functions Categories:54C30, 46E25 

28. CMB 2014 (vol 57 pp. 708)
 Brannan, Michael

Strong Asymptotic Freeness for Free Orthogonal Quantum Groups
It is known that the normalized standard generators of the free
orthogonal quantum group $O_N^+$ converge in distribution to a free
semicircular system as $N \to \infty$. In this note, we
substantially improve this convergence result by proving that, in
addition to distributional convergence, the operator norm of any
noncommutative polynomial in the normalized standard generators of
$O_N^+$ converges as $N \to \infty$ to the operator norm of the
corresponding noncommutative polynomial in a standard free
semicircular system. Analogous strong convergence results are obtained
for the generators of free unitary quantum groups. As applications of
these results, we obtain a matrixcoefficient version of our strong
convergence theorem, and we recover a well known $L^2$$L^\infty$ norm
equivalence for noncommutative polynomials in free semicircular
systems.
Keywords:quantum groups, free probability, asymptotic free independence, strong convergence, property of rapid decay Categories:46L54, 20G42, 46L65 

29. CMB 2014 (vol 58 pp. 297)
 Khamsi, M. A.

Approximate Fixed Point Sequences of Nonlinear Semigroup in Metric Spaces
In this paper, we investigate the common
approximate fixed point sequences of nonexpansive semigroups of
nonlinear mappings $\{T_t\}_{t \geq 0}$, i.e., a family such that
$T_0(x)=x$, $T_{s+t}=T_s(T_t(x))$, where the domain is a metric space
$(M,d)$. In particular we prove that under suitable conditions, the
common approximate fixed point sequences set is the same as the common
approximate fixed point sequences set of two mappings from the family.
Then we use the Ishikawa iteration to construct a common approximate
fixed point sequence of nonexpansive semigroups of nonlinear
mappings.
Keywords:approximate fixed point, fixed point, hyperbolic metric space, Ishikawa iterations, nonexpansive mapping, semigroup of mappings, uniformly convex hyperbolic space Categories:47H09, 46B20, 47H10, 47E10 

30. CMB 2014 (vol 57 pp. 803)
 Gabriyelyan, S. S.

Free Locally Convex Spaces and the $k$space Property
Let $L(X)$ be the free locally convex space over a Tychonoff space $X$. Then $L(X)$ is a $k$space if and only if $X$ is a countable discrete space. We prove also that $L(D)$ has uncountable tightness for every uncountable discrete space $D$.
Keywords:free locally convex space, $k$space, countable tightness Categories:46A03, 54D50, 54A25 

31. CMB 2014 (vol 58 pp. 30)
 Chung, Jaeyoung

On an Exponential Functional Inequality and its Distributional Version
Let $G$ be a group and $\mathbb K=\mathbb C$ or $\mathbb
R$.
In this article, as a generalization of the result of Albert
and Baker,
we investigate the behavior of bounded
and unbounded functions $f\colon G\to \mathbb K$ satisfying the inequality
$
\Biglf
\Bigl(\sum_{k=1}^n x_k
\Bigr)\prod_{k=1}^n f(x_k)
\Bigr\le \phi(x_2, \dots, x_n),\quad \forall\, x_1, \dots,
x_n\in G,
$
where $\phi\colon G^{n1}\to [0, \infty)$. Also, as a distributional
version of the above inequality we consider the stability of
the functional equation
\begin{equation*}
u\circ S  \overbrace{u\otimes \cdots \otimes u}^{n\text {times}}=0,
\end{equation*}
where $u$ is a Schwartz distribution or Gelfand hyperfunction,
$\circ$ and $\otimes$ are the pullback and tensor product of
distributions, respectively, and $S(x_1, \dots, x_n)=x_1+ \dots
+x_n$.
Keywords:distribution, exponential functional equation, Gelfand hyperfunction, stability Categories:46F99, 39B82 

32. CMB 2014 (vol 57 pp. 780)
 Erzakova, Nina A.

Measures of Noncompactness in Regular Spaces
Previous results by the author on the connection
between three of measures
of noncompactness obtained for $L_p$, are extended
to regular spaces of measurable
functions.
An example of advantage
in some cases one of them in comparison with another is given.
Geometric characteristics of regular spaces are determined.
New theorems for $(k,\beta)$boundedness of partially additive
operators are proved.
Keywords:measure of noncompactness, condensing map, partially additive operator, regular space, ideal space Categories:47H08, 46E30, 47H99, 47G10 

33. CMB 2014 (vol 58 pp. 71)
 Ghenciu, Ioana

Limited Sets and Bibasic Sequences
Bibasic sequences are used to study relative weak compactness
and relative norm compactness of limited sets.
Keywords:limited sets, $L$sets, bibasic sequences, the DunfordPettis property Categories:46B20, 46B28, 28B05 

34. CMB 2014 (vol 58 pp. 110)
 Kamalov, F.

Property T and Amenable Transformation Group $C^*$algebras
It is well known that a discrete group which is both amenable and
has Kazhdan's Property T must be finite. In this note we generalize
the above statement to the case of transformation groups. We show
that if $G$ is a discrete amenable group acting on a compact
Hausdorff space $X$, then the transformation group $C^*$algebra
$C^*(X, G)$ has Property T if and only if both $X$ and $G$ are finite. Our
approach does not rely on the use of tracial states on $C^*(X, G)$.
Keywords:Property T, $C^*$algebras, transformation group, amenable Categories:46L55, 46L05 

35. CMB 2014 (vol 57 pp. 810)
 Godefroy, G.

Uniqueness of Preduals in Spaces of Operators
We show that if $E$ is a separable reflexive space, and $L$ is a weakstar closed linear subspace of
$L(E)$ such that $L\cap K(E)$ is weakstar dense in $L$, then $L$ has a unique isometric predual. The proof relies on basic topological arguments.
Categories:46B20, 46B04 

36. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 640)
 Swanepoel, Konrad J.

Equilateral Sets and a SchÃ¼tte Theorem for the $4$norm
A wellknown theorem of SchÃ¼tte (1963) gives a sharp lower bound for
the ratio of the maximum and minimum distances between $n+2$ points in
$n$dimensional Euclidean space.
In this note we adapt BÃ¡rÃ¡ny's elegant proof (1994) of this theorem to the space $\ell_4^n$.
This gives a new proof that the largest cardinality of an equilateral
set in $\ell_4^n$ is $n+1$, and gives a constructive bound for an
interval $(4\varepsilon_n,4+\varepsilon_n)$ of values of $p$ close to $4$ for which it is known that the largest cardinality of an equilateral set in $\ell_p^n$ is $n+1$.
Categories:46B20, 52A21, 52C17 

37. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 463)
 Bownik, Marcin; Jasper, John

Constructive Proof of Carpenter's Theorem
We give a constructive proof of Carpenter's Theorem due to Kadison.
Unlike the original proof our approach also yields the
real case of this theorem.
Keywords:diagonals of projections, the SchurHorn theorem, the Pythagorean theorem, the Carpenter theorem, spectral theory Categories:42C15, 47B15, 46C05 

38. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 598)
 Lu, Yufeng; Yang, Dachun; Yuan, Wen

Interpolation of Morrey Spaces on Metric Measure Spaces
In this article, via the classical complex interpolation method
and some interpolation methods traced to Gagliardo,
the authors obtain an interpolation theorem for
Morrey spaces on quasimetric measure spaces, which generalizes
some known results on ${\mathbb R}^n$.
Keywords:complex interpolation, Morrey space, Gagliardo interpolation, CalderÃ³n product, quasimetric measure space Categories:46B70, 46E30 

39. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 364)
 Li, Lei; Wang, YaShu

How Lipschitz Functions Characterize the Underlying Metric Spaces
Let $X, Y$ be metric spaces and $E, F$ be Banach spaces. Suppose that
both $X,Y$ are realcompact, or both $E,F$ are realcompact.
The zero set of a vectorvalued function $f$ is denoted by $z(f)$.
A linear bijection $T$ between local or generalized Lipschitz vectorvalued function spaces
is said to preserve zeroset containments or nonvanishing functions
if
\[z(f)\subseteq z(g)\quad\Longleftrightarrow\quad z(Tf)\subseteq z(Tg),\]
or
\[z(f) = \emptyset\quad \Longleftrightarrow\quad z(Tf)=\emptyset,\]
respectively.
Every zeroset containment preserver, and every nonvanishing function preserver when
$\dim E =\dim F\lt +\infty$, is a weighted composition operator
$(Tf)(y)=J_y(f(\tau(y)))$.
We show that the map $\tau\colon Y\to X$ is a locally (little) Lipschitz homeomorphism.
Keywords:(generalized, locally, little) Lipschitz functions, zeroset containment preservers, biseparating maps Categories:46E40, 54D60, 46E15 

40. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 546)
 Kalantar, Mehrdad

Compact Operators in Regular LCQ Groups
We show that a regular locally compact quantum group $\mathbb{G}$ is discrete
if and only if $\mathcal{L}^{\infty}(\mathbb{G})$ contains nonzero compact operators on
$\mathcal{L}^{2}(\mathbb{G})$.
As a corollary we classify all discrete quantum groups among
regular locally compact quantum groups $\mathbb{G}$ where
$\mathcal{L}^{1}(\mathbb{G})$ has the RadonNikodym property.
Keywords:locally compact quantum groups, regularity, compact operators Category:46L89 

41. CMB 2012 (vol 57 pp. 424)
 Sołtan, Piotr M.; Viselter, Ami

A Note on Amenability of Locally Compact Quantum Groups
In this short note we introduce a notion called ``quantum injectivity''
of locally compact quantum groups, and prove that it is equivalent
to amenability of the dual. Particularly, this provides a new characterization
of amenability of locally compact groups.
Keywords:amenability, conditional expectation, injectivity, locally compact quantum group, quantum injectivity Categories:20G42, 22D25, 46L89 

42. CMB 2012 (vol 57 pp. 90)
 Lazar, Aldo J.

Compact Subsets of the Glimm Space of a $C^*$algebra
If $A$ is a $\sigma$unital $C^*$algebra and $a$ is a strictly positive element of $A$ then for every compact subset $K$ of the complete
regularization $\mathrm{Glimm}(A)$ of $\mathrm{Prim}(A)$ there exists
$\alpha \gt 0$ such that $K\subset \{G\in \mathrm{Glimm}(A) \mid \Vert a + G\Vert \geq
\alpha\}$. This extends
a result of J. Dauns
to all $\sigma$unital $C^*$algebras. However, there are a $C^*$algebra $A$
and a compact subset of $\mathrm{Glimm}(A)$ that is not contained in any set of the form $\{G\in \mathrm{Glimm}(A) \mid \Vert a + G\Vert \geq
\alpha\}$, $a\in A$ and $\alpha \gt 0$.
Keywords:primitive ideal space, complete regularization Category:46L05 

43. CMB 2012 (vol 57 pp. 42)
 Fonf, Vladimir P.; Zanco, Clemente

Covering the Unit Sphere of Certain Banach Spaces by Sequences of Slices and Balls
e prove that, given any covering of any infinitedimensional Hilbert space $H$ by countably many closed balls, some point exists in $H$ which belongs to infinitely many balls. We do that by characterizing isomorphically polyhedral separable Banach spaces as those whose unit sphere admits a pointfinite covering by the union of countably many slices of the unit ball.
Keywords:point finite coverings, slices, polyhedral spaces, Hilbert spaces Categories:46B20, 46C05, 52C17 

44. CMB 2012 (vol 57 pp. 166)
45. CMB 2012 (vol 57 pp. 3)
 Adamczak, Radosław; Latała, Rafał; Litvak, Alexander E.; Oleszkiewicz, Krzysztof; Pajor, Alain; TomczakJaegermann, Nicole

A Short Proof of Paouris' Inequality
We give a short proof of a result of G.~Paouris on
the tail behaviour of the Euclidean norm $X$ of an isotropic
logconcave random vector $X\in\mathbb{R}^n,$
stating that for every $t\geq 1$,
\[\mathbb{P} \big( X\geq ct\sqrt n\big)\leq \exp(t\sqrt n).\]
More precisely we show that for any logconcave random vector $X$
and any $p\geq 1$,
\[(\mathbb{E}X^p)^{1/p}\sim \mathbb{E} X+\sup_{z\in
S^{n1}}(\mathbb{E} \langle
z,X\rangle^p)^{1/p}.\]
Keywords:logconcave random vectors, deviation inequalities Categories:46B06, 46B09, 52A23 

46. CMB 2012 (vol 57 pp. 37)
 Dashti, Mahshid; NasrIsfahani, Rasoul; Renani, Sima Soltani

Character Amenability of Lipschitz Algebras
Let ${\mathcal X}$ be a locally compact metric space and let
${\mathcal A}$ be any of the Lipschitz algebras
${\operatorname{Lip}_{\alpha}{\mathcal X}}$, ${\operatorname{lip}_{\alpha}{\mathcal X}}$ or
${\operatorname{lip}_{\alpha}^0{\mathcal X}}$. In this paper, we show, as a
consequence of rather more general results on Banach algebras,
that ${\mathcal A}$ is $C$character amenable if and only if
${\mathcal X}$ is uniformly discrete.
Keywords:character amenable, character contractible, Lipschitz algebras, spectrum Categories:43A07, 46H05, 46J10 

47. CMB 2012 (vol 56 pp. 551)
 Handelman, David

Real Dimension Groups
Dimension groups (not countable) that are also real ordered vector
spaces can be obtained as direct limits (over directed sets) of
simplicial real vector spaces (finite dimensional vector spaces with
the coordinatewise ordering), but the directed set is not as
interesting as one would like, i.e., it is not true that a
countabledimensional real vector space that has interpolation can be
represented as such a direct limit over the a countable directed
set. It turns out this is the case when the group is additionally
simple, and it is shown that the latter have an ordered tensor product
decomposition. In the Appendix, we provide a huge class of polynomial
rings that, with a pointwise ordering, are shown to satisfy
interpolation, extending a result outlined by Fuchs.
Keywords:dimension group, simplicial vector space, direct limit, Riesz interpolation Categories:46A40, 06F20, 13J25, 19K14 

48. CMB 2012 (vol 56 pp. 503)
 Bu, Qingying

Weak Sequential Completeness of $\mathcal K(X,Y)$
For Banach spaces $X$ and $Y$, we show that if $X^\ast$ and $Y$ are
weakly sequentially complete and every weakly compact operator from
$X$ to $Y$ is compact then the space of all compact operators from $X$
to $Y$ is weakly sequentially complete. The converse is also true if,
in addition, either $X^\ast$ or $Y$ has the bounded compact
approximation property.
Keywords:weak sequential completeness, reflexivity, compact operator space Categories:46B25, 46B28 

49. CMB 2012 (vol 56 pp. 870)
 Wei, Changguo

Note on Kasparov Product of $C^*$algebra Extensions
Using the Dadarlat isomorphism, we give a characterization for the
Kasparov product of $C^*$algebra extensions. A certain relation
between $KK(A, \mathcal q(B))$ and $KK(A, \mathcal q(\mathcal k B))$ is also considered when
$B$ is not stable and it is proved that $KK(A, \mathcal q(B))$ and
$KK(A, \mathcal q(\mathcal k B))$ are not isomorphic in general.
Keywords:extension, Kasparov product, $KK$group Category:46L80 

50. CMB 2012 (vol 56 pp. 534)
 Filali, M.; Monfared, M. Sangani

A Cohomological Property of $\pi$invariant Elements
Let $A$ be a Banach algebra and $\pi \colon A \longrightarrow \mathscr L(H)$
be a continuous representation of $A$ on a separable Hilbert space $H$
with $\dim H =\frak m$. Let $\pi_{ij}$ be the coordinate functions of
$\pi$ with respect to an orthonormal basis and suppose that for each
$1\le j \le \frak m$, $C_j=\sum_{i=1}^{\frak m}
\\pi_{ij}\_{A^*}\lt \infty$ and $\sup_j C_j\lt \infty$. Under these
conditions, we call an element $\overline\Phi \in l^\infty (\frak m , A^{**})$
left $\pi$invariant if $a\cdot \overline\Phi ={}^t\pi (a) \overline\Phi$ for all
$a\in A$. In this paper we prove a link between the existence
of left $\pi$invariant elements and the vanishing of certain
Hochschild cohomology groups of $A$. Our results extend an earlier
result by Lau on $F$algebras and recent results of KaniuthLauPym
and the second named author in the special case that $\pi \colon A
\longrightarrow \mathbf C$ is a nonzero character on $A$.
Keywords:Banach algebras, $\pi$invariance, derivations, representations Categories:46H15, 46H25, 13N15 
