51. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 249)
 Mangoubi, Dan

On the Inner Radius of a Nodal Domain
Let $M$ be a closed Riemannian manifold.
We consider the inner radius of a nodal domain for a large eigenvalue $\lambda$.
We give upper and lower bounds on the inner radius of the type
$C/\lambda^\alpha(\log\lambda)^\beta$. Our proof is based on
a local behavior of eigenfunctions discovered by Donnelly and
Fefferman and a Poincar\'{e} type inequality proved by Maz'ya.
Sharp lower bounds are known
only in dimension two. We give an account of this case too.
Categories:58J50, 35P15, 35P20 

52. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 140)
 Rossi, Julio D.

First Variations of the Best Sobolev Trace Constant with Respect to the Domain
In this paper we study the best constant of the Sobolev trace
embedding $H^{1}(\Omega)\to L^{2}(\partial\Omega)$, where $\Omega$
is a bounded smooth domain in $\RR^N$. We find a formula for the
first variation of the best constant with respect to the domain.
As a consequence, we prove that the ball is a critical domain when
we consider deformations that preserve volume.
Keywords:nonlinear boundary conditions, Sobolev trace embedding Categories:35J65, 35B33 

53. CMB 2007 (vol 50 pp. 356)
 Filippakis, Michael E.; Papageorgiou, Nikolaos S.

Existence of Positive Solutions for Nonlinear Noncoercive Hemivariational Inequalities
In this paper we investigate the existence of positive solutions
for nonlinear elliptic problems driven by the $p$Laplacian with a
nonsmooth potential (hemivariational inequality). Under asymptotic
conditions that make the Euler functional indefinite and
incorporate in our framework the asymptotically linear problems,
using a variational approach based on nonsmooth critical point
theory, we obtain positive smooth solutions. Our analysis also
leads naturally to multiplicity results.
Keywords:$p$Laplacian, locally Lipschitz potential, nonsmooth critical point theory, principal eigenvalue, positive solutions, nonsmooth Mountain Pass Theorem Categories:35J20, 35J60, 35J85 

54. CMB 2007 (vol 50 pp. 35)
 Duyckaerts, Thomas

A Singular Critical Potential for the SchrÃ¶dinger Operator
Consider a real potential $V$ on
$\RR^d$, $d\geq 2$, and the Schr\"odinger equation:
\begin{equation}
\tag{LS} \label{LS1} i\partial_t u +\Delta u Vu=0,\quad
u_{\restriction t=0}=u_0\in L^2.
\end{equation}
In this paper, we investigate the minimal local regularity of $V$
needed to get local in time dispersive estimates (such as local in
time Strichartz estimates or local smoothing effect with gain of
$1/2$ derivative) on solutions of \eqref{LS1}. Prior works
show some dispersive properties when $V$ (small at infinity) is in
$L^{d/2}$ or in spaces just a little larger but with a smallness
condition on $V$ (or at least on its negative part).
In this work, we prove the critical character of these results by
constructing a positive potential $V$ which has compact support,
bounded outside $0$ and of the order $(\logx)^2/x^2$ near $0$.
The lack of dispersiveness comes from the existence of a sequence
of quasimodes for the operator $P:=\Delta+V$.
The elementary construction of $V$ consists in sticking together
concentrated, truncated potential wells near $0$. This yields a
potential oscillating with infinite speed and amplitude at $0$,
such that the operator $P$ admits a sequence of quasimodes of
polynomial order whose support concentrates on the pole.
Categories:35B65, 35L05, 35Q40, 35Q55 

55. CMB 2006 (vol 49 pp. 358)
 Khalil, Abdelouahed El; Manouni, Said El; Ouanan, Mohammed

On the Principal Eigencurve of the $p$Laplacian: Stability Phenomena
We show that each point of the principal eigencurve of the
nonlinear problem
$$
\Delta_{p}u\lambda m(x)u^{p2}u=\muu^{p2}u \quad
\text{in } \Omega,
$$
is stable (continuous) with respect to the exponent $p$ varying in
$(1,\infty)$; we also prove some convergence results
of the principal eigenfunctions corresponding.
Keywords:$p$Laplacian with indefinite weight, principal eigencurve, principal eigenvalue, principal eigenfunction, stability Categories:35P30, 35P60, 35J70 

56. CMB 2006 (vol 49 pp. 226)
 Engman, Martin

The Spectrum and Isometric Embeddings of Surfaces of Revolution
A sharp upper bound on the first $S^{1}$ invariant eigenvalue of the Laplacian
for $S^1$ invariant metrics on $S^2$ is used to find obstructions to the existence
of $S^1$ equivariant isometric embeddings of such metrics in $(\R^3,\can)$. As a
corollary we prove: If the first four distinct eigenvalues have even multiplicities
then the metric cannot be equivariantly, isometrically embedded in $(\R^3,\can)$. This
leads to generalizations of some classical results in the theory of surfaces.
Categories:58J50, 58J53, 53C20, 35P15 

57. CMB 2006 (vol 49 pp. 144)
58. CMB 2005 (vol 48 pp. 405)
59. CMB 2005 (vol 48 pp. 3)
 Burq, N.

Quantum Ergodicity of Boundary Values of Eigenfunctions: A Control Theory Approach
Consider $M$, a bounded domain in ${\mathbb R}^d$, which is a
Riemanian manifold with piecewise smooth boundary and suppose that the
billiard associated to the geodesic flow reflecting on the boundary
according to the laws of geometric optics is ergodic.
We prove that the boundary value of the eigenfunctions of the Laplace
operator with reasonable boundary conditions are asymptotically
equidistributed in the boundary, extending previous results by
G\'erard and Leichtnam as well as Hassell and Zelditch,
obtained under the additional assumption of the convexity of~$M$.
Categories:35Q55, 35BXX, 37K05, 37L50, 81Q20 

60. CMB 2004 (vol 47 pp. 515)
 Frigon, M.

Remarques sur l'enlacement en thÃ©orie des points critiques pour des fonctionnelles continues
Dans cet article, \`a partir de la notion d'enlacement introduite
dans ~\cite{F} entre des paires d'ensembles $(B,A)$ et $(Q,P)$,
nous \'etablissons l'existence d'un point critique d'une
fonctionnelle continue sur un espace m\'etrique lorsqu'une de ces
paires enlace l'autre. Des renseignements sur la localisation du
point critique sont aussi obtenus. Ces r\'esultats conduisent \`a
une g\'en\'eralisation du th\'eor\`eme des trois points critiques.
Finalement, des applications \`a des probl\`emes aux limites pour
une \'equation quasilin\'eaire elliptique sont pr\'esent\'ees.
Categories:58E05, 35J20 

61. CMB 2004 (vol 47 pp. 504)
62. CMB 2004 (vol 47 pp. 417)
63. CMB 2004 (vol 47 pp. 407)
64. CMB 2003 (vol 46 pp. 323)
 Chamberland, Marc

Characterizing TwoDimensional Maps Whose Jacobians Have Constant Eigenvalues
Recent papers have shown that $C^1$ maps $F\colon \mathbb{R}^2
\rightarrow \mathbb{R}^2$
whose Jacobians have constant eigenvalues can be completely
characterized if either the eigenvalues are equal or $F$ is a
polynomial. Specifically, $F=(u,v)$ must take the form
\begin{gather*}
u = ax + by + \beta \phi(\alpha x + \beta y) + e \\
v = cx + dy  \alpha \phi(\alpha x + \beta y) + f
\end{gather*}
for some constants $a$, $b$, $c$, $d$, $e$, $f$, $\alpha$, $\beta$ and
a $C^1$ function $\phi$ in one variable. If, in addition, the function
$\phi$ is not affine, then
\begin{equation}
\alpha\beta (da) + b\alpha^2  c\beta^2 = 0.
\end{equation}
This paper shows how these theorems cannot be extended by constructing
a realanalytic map whose Jacobian eigenvalues are $\pm 1/2$ and does
not fit the previous form. This example is also used to construct
nonobvious solutions to nonlinear PDEs, including the MongeAmp\`ere
equation.
Keywords:Jacobian Conjecture, injectivity, MongeAmpÃ¨re equation Categories:26B10, 14R15, 35L70 

65. CMB 2001 (vol 44 pp. 346)
66. CMB 2001 (vol 44 pp. 210)
 Leung, Man Chun

Growth Estimates on Positive Solutions of the Equation $\Delta u+K u^{\frac{n+2}{n2}}=0$ in $\R^n$
We construct unbounded positive $C^2$solutions of the equation
$\Delta u + K u^{(n + 2)/(n  2)} = 0$ in $\R^n$ (equipped
with Euclidean metric $g_o$) such that $K$ is bounded between two
positive numbers in $\R^n$, the conformal metric $g=u^{4/(n2)}g_o$
is complete, and the volume growth of $g$ can be arbitrarily fast
or reasonably slow according to the constructions. By imposing natural
conditions on $u$, we obtain growth estimate on the $L^{2n/(n2)}$norm
of the solution and show that it has slow decay.
Keywords:positive solution, conformal scalar curvature equation, growth estimate Categories:35J60, 58G03 

67. CMB 2000 (vol 43 pp. 477)
 Ward, Michael J.

The Dynamics of Localized Solutions of Nonlocal ReactionDiffusion Equations
Many classes of singularly perturbed reactiondiffusion equations
possess localized solutions where the gradient of the solution is
large only in the vicinity of certain points or interfaces in the
domain. The problems of this type that are considered are an
interface propagation model from materials science and an
activatorinhibitor model of morphogenesis. These two models are
formulated as nonlocal partial differential equations. Results
concerning the existence of equilibria, their stability, and the
dynamical behavior of localized structures in the interior and on
the boundary of the domain are surveyed for these two models. By
examining the spectrum associated with the linearization of these
problems around certain canonical solutions, it is shown that the
nonlocal term can lead to the existence of an exponentially small
principal eigenvalue for the linearized problem. This eigenvalue
is then responsible for an exponentially slow, or metastable,
motion of the localized structure.
Categories:35Q35, 35C20, 35K60 

68. CMB 2000 (vol 43 pp. 51)
 Edward, Julian

Eigenfunction Decay For the Neumann Laplacian on HornLike Domains
The growth properties at infinity for eigenfunctions corresponding to
embedded eigenvalues of the Neumann Laplacian on hornlike domains
are studied. For domains that pinch at polynomial rate, it is shown
that the eigenfunctions vanish at infinity faster than the reciprocal
of any polynomial. For a class of domains that pinch at an exponential
rate, weaker, $L^2$ bounds are proven. A corollary is that eigenvalues
can accumulate only at zero or infinity.
Keywords:Neumann Laplacian, hornlike domain, spectrum Categories:35P25, 58G25 

69. CMB 1999 (vol 42 pp. 169)
 Ding, Hongming

Heat Kernels of Lorentz Cones
We obtain an explicit formula for heat kernels of Lorentz cones, a
family of classical symmetric cones. By this formula, the heat
kernel of a Lorentz cone is expressed by a function of time $t$ and
two eigenvalues of an element in the cone. We obtain also upper and
lower bounds for the heat kernels of Lorentz cones.
Keywords:Lorentz cone, symmetric cone, Jordan algebra, heat kernel, heat equation, LaplaceBeltrami operator, eigenvalues Categories:35K05, 43A85, 35K15, 80A20 
