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Search: MSC category 35 ( Partial differential equations )

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1. CMB Online first

Sebbar, Abdellah; Al-Shbeil, Isra
Elliptic Zeta functions and equivariant functions
In this paper we establish a close connection between three notions attached to a modular subgroup. Namely the set of weight two meromorphic modular forms, the set of equivariant functions on the upper half-plane commuting with the action of the modular subgroup and the set of elliptic zeta functions generalizing the Weierstrass zeta functions. In particular, we show that the equivariant functions can be parameterized by modular objects as well as by elliptic objects.

Keywords:modular form, equivariant function, elliptic zeta function
Categories:11F12, 35Q15, 32L10

2. CMB Online first

He, Yubo; Qin, Dongdong; Tang, Xianhua
Ground state and multiple solutions for Kirchhoff type equations with critical exponent
In this paper, we consider the following critical Kirchhoff type equation: \begin{align*} \left\{ \begin{array}{lll} - \left(a+b\int_{\Omega}|\nabla u|^2 \right)\Delta u=Q(x)|u|^4u + \lambda |u|^{q-1}u,~~\mbox{in}~~\Omega, \\ u=0,\quad \text{on}\quad \partial \Omega, \end{array} \right. \end{align*} By using variational methods that are constrained to the Nehari manifold, we prove that the above equation has a ground state solution for the case when $3\lt q\lt 5$. The relation between the number of maxima of $Q$ and the number of positive solutions for the problem is also investigated.

Keywords:Kirchhoff type equation, variational methods, critical exponent, Nehari manifold, ground state
Categories:35J20, 35J60, 35J25

3. CMB Online first

Zhang, Tao; Zhou, Chunqin
Classification of solutions for harmonic functions with Neumann boundary value
In this paper, we classify all solutions of \[ \left\{ \begin{array}{rcll} -\Delta u &=& 0 \quad &\text{ in }\mathbb{R}^{2}_{+}, \\ \dfrac{\partial u}{\partial t}&=&-c|x|^{\beta}e^{u} \quad &\text{ on }\partial \mathbb{R}^{2}_{+} \backslash \{0\}, \\ \end{array} \right. \] with the finite conditions \[ \int_{\partial \mathbb{R}^{2}_{+}}|x|^{\beta}e^{u}ds \lt C, \qquad \sup\limits_{\overline{\mathbb{R}^{2}_{+}}}{u(x)}\lt C. \] Here, $c$ is a positive number and $\beta \gt -1$.

Keywords:Neumann problem, singular coefficient, classification of solutions
Categories:35A05, 35J65

4. CMB 2017 (vol 60 pp. 536)

Kalaj, David; Vujadinović, Djordjije
The Gradient of a Solution of the Poisson Equation in the Unit Ball and Related Operators
In this paper we determine the $L^1\to L^1$ and $L^{\infty}\to L^\infty$ norms of an integral operator $\mathcal{N}$ related to the gradient of the solution of Poisson equation in the unit ball with vanishing boundary data in sense of distributions.

Keywords:Möbius transformation, Poisson equation, Newtonian potential, Cauchy transform, Bessel function
Categories:35J05, 47G10

5. CMB Online first

Li, Bao Qin
An Equivalent Form of Picard's Theorem and Beyond
This paper gives an equivalent form of Picard's theorem via entire solutions of the functional equation $f^2+g^2=1$, and then its improvements and applications to certain nonlinear (ordinary and partial) differential equations.

Keywords:entire function, Picard's Theorem, functional equation, partial differential equation
Categories:30D20, 32A15, 35F20

6. CMB 2017 (vol 60 pp. 422)

Tang, Xianhua
New Super-quadratic Conditions for Asymptotically Periodic Schrödinger Equations
This paper is dedicated to studying the semilinear Schrödinger equation $$ \left\{ \begin{array}{ll} -\triangle u+V(x)u=f(x, u), \ \ \ \ x\in {\mathbf{R}}^{N}, \\ u\in H^{1}({\mathbf{R}}^{N}), \end{array} \right. $$ where $f$ is a superlinear, subcritical nonlinearity. It focuses on the case where $V(x)=V_0(x)+V_1(x)$, $V_0\in C(\mathbf{R}^N)$, $V_0(x)$ is 1-periodic in each of $x_1, x_2, \ldots, x_N$ and $\sup[\sigma(-\triangle +V_0)\cap (-\infty, 0)]\lt 0\lt \inf[\sigma(-\triangle +V_0)\cap (0, \infty)]$, $V_1\in C(\mathbf{R}^N)$ and $\lim_{|x|\to\infty}V_1(x)=0$. A new super-quadratic condition is obtained, which is weaker than some well known results.

Keywords:Schrödinger equation, superlinear, asymptotically periodic, ground state solutions of Nehari-Pankov type
Categories:35J20, 35J60

7. CMB 2017 (vol 60 pp. 436)

Weng, Peixuan; Liu, Li
Globally Asymptotic Stability of a Delayed Integro-Differential Equation with Nonlocal Diffusion
We study a population model with nonlocal diffusion, which is a delayed integro-differential equation with double nonlinearity and two integrable kernels. By comparison method and analytical technique, we obtain globally asymptotic stability of the zero solution and the positive equilibrium. The results obtained reveal that the globally asymptotic stability only depends on the property of nonlinearity. As application, an example for a population model with age structure is discussed at the end of the article.

Keywords:integro-differential equation, nonlocal diffusion, equilibrium, globally asymptotic stability, population model with age structure
Categories:45J05, 35K57, 92D25

8. CMB 2016 (vol 59 pp. 606)

Mihăilescu, Mihai; Moroşanu, Gheorghe
Eigenvalues of $ -\Delta_p -\Delta_q $ Under Neumann Boundary Condition
The eigenvalue problem $-\Delta_p u-\Delta_q u=\lambda|u|^{q-2}u$ with $p\in(1,\infty)$, $q\in(2,\infty)$, $p\neq q$ subject to the corresponding homogeneous Neumann boundary condition is investigated on a bounded open set with smooth boundary from $\mathbb{R}^N$ with $N\geq 2$. A careful analysis of this problem leads us to a complete description of the set of eigenvalues as being a precise interval $(\lambda_1, +\infty )$ plus an isolated point $\lambda =0$. This comprehensive result is strongly related to our framework which is complementary to the well-known case $p=q\neq 2$ for which a full description of the set of eigenvalues is still unavailable.

Keywords:eigenvalue problem, Sobolev space, Nehari manifold, variational methods
Categories:35J60, 35J92, 46E30, 49R05

9. CMB 2016 (vol 59 pp. 734)

Dimassi, Mouez
Semi-classical Asymptotics for Schrödinger Operator with Oscillating Decaying Potential
We study the distribution of the discrete spectrum of the Schrödinger operator perturbed by a fast oscillating decaying potential depending on a small parameter $h$.

Keywords:periodic Schrödinger operator, semi-classical asymptotics, effective Hamiltonian, asymptotic expansion, spectral shift function
Categories:81Q10, 35P20, 47A55, 47N50, 81Q15

10. CMB 2016 (vol 59 pp. 417)

Song, Hongxue; Chen, Caisheng; Yan, Qinglun
Existence of Multiple Solutions for a $p$-Laplacian System in $\textbf{R}^{N}$ with Sign-changing Weight Functions
In this paper, we consider the quasi-linear elliptic problem \[ \left\{ \begin{aligned} & -M \left(\int_{\mathbb{R}^{N}}|x|^{-ap}|\nabla u|^{p}dx \right){\rm div} \left(|x|^{-ap}|\nabla u|^{p-2}\nabla u \right) \\ & \qquad=\frac{\alpha}{\alpha+\beta}H(x)|u|^{\alpha-2}u|v|^{\beta}+\lambda h_{1}(x)|u|^{q-2}u, \\ & -M \left(\int_{\mathbb{R}^{N}}|x|^{-ap}|\nabla v|^{p}dx \right){\rm div} \left(|x|^{-ap}|\nabla v|^{p-2}\nabla v \right) \\ & \qquad=\frac{\beta}{\alpha+\beta}H(x)|v|^{\beta-2}v|u|^{\alpha}+\mu h_{2}(x)|v|^{q-2}v, \\ &u(x)\gt 0,\quad v(x)\gt 0, \quad x\in \mathbb{R}^{N} \end{aligned} \right. \] where $\lambda, \mu\gt 0$, $1\lt p\lt N$, $1\lt q\lt p\lt p(\tau+1)\lt \alpha+\beta\lt p^{*}=\frac{Np}{N-p}$, $0\leq a\lt \frac{N-p}{p}$, $a\leq b\lt a+1$, $d=a+1-b\gt 0$, $M(s)=k+l s^{\tau}$, $k\gt 0$, $l, \tau\geq0$ and the weight $H(x), h_{1}(x), h_{2}(x)$ are continuous functions which change sign in $\mathbb{R}^{N}$. We will prove that the problem has at least two positive solutions by using the Nehari manifold and the fibering maps associated with the Euler functional for this problem.

Keywords:Nehari manifold, quasilinear elliptic system, $p$-Laplacian operator, concave and convex nonlinearities
Category:35J66

11. CMB 2016 (vol 59 pp. 553)

Kachmar, Ayman
A New Formula for the Energy of Bulk Superconductivity
The energy of a type II superconductor submitted to an external magnetic field of intensity close to the second critical field is given by the celebrated Abrikosov energy. If the external magnetic field is comparable to and below the second critical field, the energy is given by a reference function obtained as a special (thermodynamic) limit of a non-linear energy. In this note, we give a new formula for this reference energy. In particular, we obtain it as a special limit of a linear energy defined over configurations normalized in the $L^4$-norm.

Keywords:Ginzburg-Landau functional
Categories:35B40, 35P15, 35Q56

12. CMB 2016 (vol 59 pp. 542)

Jiang, Yongxin; Wang, Wei; Feng, Zhaosheng
Spatial Homogenization of Stochastic Wave Equation with Large Interaction
A dynamical approximation of a stochastic wave equation with large interaction is derived. A random invariant manifold is discussed. By a key linear transformation, the random invariant manifold is shown to be close to the random invariant manifold of a second-order stochastic ordinary differential equation.

Keywords:stochastic wave equation, homogeneous system, approximation, random invariant manifold, Neumann boundary condition
Categories:60F10, 60H15, 35Q55

13. CMB 2015 (vol 59 pp. 73)

Gasiński, Leszek; Papageorgiou, Nikolaos S.
Positive Solutions for the Generalized Nonlinear Logistic Equations
We consider a nonlinear parametric elliptic equation driven by a nonhomogeneous differential operator with a logistic reaction of the superdiffusive type. Using variational methods coupled with suitable truncation and comparison techniques, we prove a bifurcation type result describing the set of positive solutions as the parameter varies.

Keywords:positive solution, bifurcation type result, strong comparison principle, nonlinear regularity, nonlinear maximum principle
Categories:35J25, 35J92

14. CMB 2015 (vol 58 pp. 723)

Castro, Alfonso; Fischer, Emily
Infinitely Many Rotationally Symmetric Solutions to a Class of Semilinear Laplace-Beltrami Equations on Spheres
We show that a class of semilinear Laplace-Beltrami equations on the unit sphere in $\mathbb{R}^n$ has infinitely many rotationally symmetric solutions. The solutions to these equations are the solutions to a two point boundary value problem for a singular ordinary differential equation. We prove the existence of such solutions using energy and phase plane analysis. We derive a Pohozaev-type identity in order to prove that the energy to an associated initial value problem tends to infinity as the energy at the singularity tends to infinity. The nonlinearity is allowed to grow as fast as $|s|^{p-1}s$ for $|s|$ large with $1 \lt p \lt (n+5)/(n-3)$.

Keywords:Laplace-Beltrami operator, semilinear equation, rotational solution, superlinear nonlinearity, sub-super critical nonlinearity
Categories:58J05, 35A24

15. CMB 2015 (vol 58 pp. 651)

Tang, Xianhua
Ground State Solutions of Nehari-Pankov Type for a Superlinear Hamiltonian Elliptic System on ${\mathbb{R}}^{N}$
This paper is concerned with the following elliptic system of Hamiltonian type \[ \left\{ \begin{array}{ll} -\triangle u+V(x)u=W_{v}(x, u, v), \ \ \ \ x\in {\mathbb{R}}^{N}, \\ -\triangle v+V(x)v=W_{u}(x, u, v), \ \ \ \ x\in {\mathbb{R}}^{N}, \\ u, v\in H^{1}({\mathbb{R}}^{N}), \end{array} \right. \] where the potential $V$ is periodic and $0$ lies in a gap of the spectrum of $-\Delta+V$, $W(x, s, t)$ is periodic in $x$ and superlinear in $s$ and $t$ at infinity. We develop a direct approach to find ground state solutions of Nehari-Pankov type for the above system. Especially, our method is applicable for the case when \[ W(x, u, v)=\sum_{i=1}^{k}\int_{0}^{|\alpha_iu+\beta_iv|}g_i(x, t)t\mathrm{d}t +\sum_{j=1}^{l}\int_{0}^{\sqrt{u^2+2b_juv+a_jv^2}}h_j(x, t)t\mathrm{d}t, \] where $\alpha_i, \beta_i, a_j, b_j\in \mathbb{R}$ with $\alpha_i^2+\beta_i^2\ne 0$ and $a_j\gt b_j^2$, $g_i(x, t)$ and $h_j(x, t)$ are nondecreasing in $t\in \mathbb{R}^{+}$ for every $x\in \mathbb{R}^N$ and $g_i(x, 0)=h_j(x, 0)=0$.

Keywords:Hamiltonian elliptic system, superlinear, ground state solutions of Nehari-Pankov type, strongly indefinite functionals
Categories:35J50, 35J55

16. CMB 2015 (vol 58 pp. 471)

Demirbas, Seckin
Almost Sure Global Well-posedness for the Fractional Cubic Schrödinger Equation on Torus
In a previous paper, we proved that $1$-d periodic fractional Schrödinger equation with cubic nonlinearity is locally well-posed in $H^s$ for $s\gt \frac{1-\alpha}{2}$ and globally well-posed for $s\gt \frac{10\alpha-1}{12}$. In this paper we define an invariant probability measure $\mu$ on $H^s$ for $s\lt \alpha-\frac{1}{2}$, so that for any $\epsilon\gt 0$ there is a set $\Omega\subset H^s$ such that $\mu(\Omega^c)\lt \epsilon$ and the equation is globally well-posed for initial data in $\Omega$. We see that this fills the gap between the local well-posedness and the global well-posedness range in almost sure sense for $\frac{1-\alpha}{2}\lt \alpha-\frac{1}{2}$, i.e. $\alpha\gt \frac{2}{3}$ in almost sure sense.

Keywords:NLS, fractional Schrodinger equation, almost sure global wellposedness
Category:35Q55

17. CMB 2015 (vol 58 pp. 486)

Duc, Dinh Thanh; Nhan, Nguyen Du Vi; Xuan, Nguyen Tong
Inequalities for Partial Derivatives and their Applications
We present various weighted integral inequalities for partial derivatives acting on products and compositions of functions which are applied to establish some new Opial-type inequalities involving functions of several independent variables. We also demonstrate the usefulness of our results in the field of partial differential equations.

Keywords:inequality for integral, Opial-type inequality, Hölder's inequality, partial differential operator, partial differential equation
Categories:26D10, 35A23

18. CMB 2014 (vol 58 pp. 432)

Yang, Dachun; Yang, Sibei
Second-order Riesz Transforms and Maximal Inequalities Associated with Magnetic Schrödinger Operators
Let $A:=-(\nabla-i\vec{a})\cdot(\nabla-i\vec{a})+V$ be a magnetic Schrödinger operator on $\mathbb{R}^n$, where $\vec{a}:=(a_1,\dots, a_n)\in L^2_{\mathrm{loc}}(\mathbb{R}^n,\mathbb{R}^n)$ and $0\le V\in L^1_{\mathrm{loc}}(\mathbb{R}^n)$ satisfy some reverse Hölder conditions. Let $\varphi\colon \mathbb{R}^n\times[0,\infty)\to[0,\infty)$ be such that $\varphi(x,\cdot)$ for any given $x\in\mathbb{R}^n$ is an Orlicz function, $\varphi(\cdot,t)\in {\mathbb A}_{\infty}(\mathbb{R}^n)$ for all $t\in (0,\infty)$ (the class of uniformly Muckenhoupt weights) and its uniformly critical upper type index $I(\varphi)\in(0,1]$. In this article, the authors prove that second-order Riesz transforms $VA^{-1}$ and $(\nabla-i\vec{a})^2A^{-1}$ are bounded from the Musielak-Orlicz-Hardy space $H_{\varphi,\,A}(\mathbb{R}^n)$, associated with $A$, to the Musielak-Orlicz space $L^{\varphi}(\mathbb{R}^n)$. Moreover, the authors establish the boundedness of $VA^{-1}$ on $H_{\varphi, A}(\mathbb{R}^n)$. As applications, some maximal inequalities associated with $A$ in the scale of $H_{\varphi, A}(\mathbb{R}^n)$ are obtained.

Keywords:Musielak-Orlicz-Hardy space, magnetic Schrödinger operator, atom, second-order Riesz transform, maximal inequality
Categories:42B30, 42B35, 42B25, 35J10, 42B37, 46E30

19. CMB 2013 (vol 56 pp. 827)

Petridis, Yiannis N.; Raulf, Nicole; Risager, Morten S.
Erratum to ``Quantum Limits of Eisenstein Series and Scattering States''
This paper provides an erratum to Y. N. Petridis, N. Raulf, and M. S. Risager, ``Quantum Limits of Eisenstein Series and Scattering States.'' Canad. Math. Bull., published online 2012-02-03, http://dx.doi.org/10.4153/CMB-2011-200-2.

Keywords:quantum limits, Eisenstein series, scattering poles
Categories:11F72, 8G25, 35P25

20. CMB 2012 (vol 56 pp. 814)

Petridis, Yiannis N.; Raulf, Nicole; Risager, Morten S.
Quantum Limits of Eisenstein Series and Scattering States
We identify the quantum limits of scattering states for the modular surface. This is obtained through the study of quantum measures of non-holomorphic Eisenstein series away from the critical line. We provide a range of stability for the quantum unique ergodicity theorem of Luo and Sarnak.

Keywords:quantum limits, Eisenstein series, scattering poles
Categories:11F72, 58G25, 35P25

21. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 378)

Ma, Li; Wang, Jing
Sharp Threshold of the Gross-Pitaevskii Equation with Trapped Dipolar Quantum Gases
In this paper, we consider the Gross-Pitaevskii equation for the trapped dipolar quantum gases. We obtain the sharp criterion for the global existence and finite time blow up in the unstable regime by constructing a variational problem and the so-called invariant manifold of the evolution flow.

Keywords:Gross-Pitaevskii equation, sharp threshold, global existence, blow up
Categories:35Q55, 35A05, 81Q99

22. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 659)

Yu, Zhi-Xian; Mei, Ming
Asymptotics and Uniqueness of Travelling Waves for Non-Monotone Delayed Systems on 2D Lattices
We establish asymptotics and uniqueness (up to translation) of travelling waves for delayed 2D lattice equations with non-monotone birth functions. First, with the help of Ikehara's Theorem, the a priori asymptotic behavior of travelling wave is exactly derived. Then, based on the obtained asymptotic behavior, the uniqueness of the traveling waves is proved. These results complement earlier results in the literature.

Keywords:2D lattice systems, traveling waves, asymptotic behavior, uniqueness, nonmonotone nonlinearity
Category:35K57

23. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 3)

Aïssiou, Tayeb
Semiclassical Limits of Eigenfunctions on Flat $n$-Dimensional Tori
We provide a proof of a conjecture by Jakobson, Nadirashvili, and Toth stating that on an $n$-dimensional flat torus $\mathbb T^{n}$, and the Fourier transform of squares of the eigenfunctions $|\varphi_\lambda|^2$ of the Laplacian have uniform $l^n$ bounds that do not depend on the eigenvalue $\lambda$. The proof is a generalization of an argument by Jakobson, et al. for the lower dimensional cases. These results imply uniform bounds for semiclassical limits on $\mathbb T^{n+2}$. We also prove a geometric lemma that bounds the number of codimension-one simplices satisfying a certain restriction on an $n$-dimensional sphere $S^n(\lambda)$ of radius $\sqrt{\lambda}$, and we use it in the proof.

Keywords:semiclassical limits, eigenfunctions of Laplacian on a torus, quantum limits
Categories:58G25, 81Q50, 35P20, 42B05

24. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 555)

Michalowski, Nicholas; Rule, David J.; Staubach, Wolfgang
Weighted $L^p$ Boundedness of Pseudodifferential Operators and Applications
In this paper we prove weighted norm inequalities with weights in the $A_p$ classes, for pseudodifferential operators with symbols in the class ${S^{n(\rho -1)}_{\rho, \delta}}$ that fall outside the scope of Calderón-Zygmund theory. This is accomplished by controlling the sharp function of the pseudodifferential operator by Hardy-Littlewood type maximal functions. Our weighted norm inequalities also yield $L^{p}$ boundedness of commutators of functions of bounded mean oscillation with a wide class of operators in $\mathrm{OP}S^{m}_{\rho, \delta}$.

Keywords:weighted norm inequality, pseudodifferential operator, commutator estimates
Categories:42B20, 42B25, 35S05, 47G30

25. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 736)

Hernández, Eduardo; O'Regan, Donal
Existence of Solutions for Abstract Non-Autonomous Neutral Differential Equations
In this paper we discuss the existence of mild and classical solutions for a class of abstract non-autonomous neutral functional differential equations. An application to partial neutral differential equations is considered.

Keywords:neutral equations, mild solutions, classical solutions
Categories:35R10, 34K40, 34K30
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