26. CMB 2010 (vol 53 pp. 475)
 Jankowski, Tadeusz

Nonlinear Multipoint Boundary Value Problems for Second Order Differential Equations
In this paper we shall discuss nonlinear multipoint boundary value problems for second order differential equations when deviating arguments depend on the unknown solution. Sufficient conditions under which such problems have extremal and quasisolutions are given. The problem of when a unique solution exists is also investigated. To obtain existence results, a monotone iterative technique is used. Two examples are added to verify theoretical results.
Keywords:second order differential equations, deviated arguments, nonlinear boundary conditions, extremal solutions, quasisolutions, unique solution Categories:34A45, 34K10 

27. CMB 2010 (vol 53 pp. 367)
28. CMB 2009 (vol 53 pp. 193)
29. CMB 2009 (vol 53 pp. 347)
30. CMB 2009 (vol 52 pp. 315)
 Yi, Taishan; Zou, Xingfu

Generic QuasiConvergence for Essentially Strongly OrderPreserving Semiflows
By employing the limit set
dichotomy for essentially strongly orderpreserving semiflows and
the assumption that limit sets have infima and suprema in the
state space, we prove a generic quasiconvergence principle
implying the existence of an open and dense set of stable
quasiconvergent points. We also apply this generic quasiconvergence principle
to a model for biochemical feedback in protein
synthesis and obtain some results about the model which are of theoretical
and realistic significance.
Keywords:Essentially strongly orderpreserving semiflow, compactness, quasiconvergence Categories:34C12, 34K25 

31. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 386)
 Lan, K. Q.; Yang, G. C.

Positive Solutions of the FalknerSkan Equation Arising in the Boundary Layer Theory
The wellknown FalknerSkan equation is one of the most important
equations in laminar boundary layer theory and is used to describe
the steady twodimensional flow of a slightly viscous
incompressible fluid past wedge shaped bodies of angles related to
$\lambda\pi/2$, where $\lambda\in \mathbb R$ is a parameter
involved in the equation. It is known that there exists
$\lambda^{*}<0$ such that the equation with suitable boundary
conditions has at least one positive solution for each $\lambda\ge
\lambda^{*}$ and has no positive solutions for
$\lambda<\lambda^{*}$. The known numerical result shows
$\lambda^{*}=0.1988$. In this paper, $\lambda^{*}\in
[0.4,0.12]$ is proved analytically by establishing a singular
integral equation which is equivalent to the FalknerSkan
equation. The equivalence result
provides new techniques to study properties and existence of solutions of
the FalknerSkan equation.
Keywords:FalknerSkan equation, boundary layer problems, singular integral equation, positive solutions Categories:34B16, 34B18, 34B40, 76D10 

32. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 217)
 Filippakis, Michael E.; Papageorgiou, Nikolaos S.

A Multivalued Nonlinear System with the Vector $p$Laplacian on the SemiInfinity Interval
We study a second order nonlinear system driven by the vector
$p$Laplacian, with a multivalued nonlinearity and defined on
the positive time semiaxis $\mathbb{R}_+.$ Using degree
theoretic techniques we solve an auxiliary mixed boundary value
problem defined on the finite interval $[0,n]$ and then via a
diagonalization method we produce a solution for the original
infinite timehorizon system.
Keywords:semiinfinity interval, vector $p$Laplacian, multivalued nonlinear, fixed point index, Hartman condition, completely continuous map Category:34A60 

33. CMB 2007 (vol 50 pp. 377)
 Gutierrez, C.; Jarque, X.; Llibre, J.; Teixeira, M. A.

Global Injectivity of $C^1$ Maps of the Real Plane, Inseparable Leaves and the PalaisSmale Condition
We study two sufficient conditions that imply global injectivity
for a $C^1$ map $X\colon \R^2\to \R^2$ such that its Jacobian at any
point of $\R^2$ is not zero. One is based on the notion of
halfReeb component and the other on the PalaisSmale condition.
We improve the first condition using the notion of inseparable
leaves. We provide a new proof of the sufficiency of the second
condition. We prove that both conditions are not equivalent, more
precisely we show that the PalaisSmale condition implies the
nonexistence of inseparable leaves, but the converse is not true.
Finally, we show that the PalaisSmale condition it is not a
necessary condition for the global injectivity of the map $X$.
Categories:34C35, 34H05 

34. CMB 2006 (vol 49 pp. 170)
 Atkins, Richard

The Geometry of $ d^{2}y^{1}/dt^{2} = f(y, \dot{y},t) \; \text{and} \; d^{2}y^{2}/dt^{2} = g(y,\dot{y},t)$, and Euclidean Spaces
This paper investigates the relationship between a system of
differential equations and the underlying geometry associated with
it. The geometry of a surface determines shortest paths, or
geodesics connecting nearby points, which are defined as the
solutions to a pair of secondorder differential equations: the
EulerLagrange equations of the metric. We ask when the converse
holds, that is, when solutions to a system of differential
equations reveals an underlying geometry. Specifically, when may
the solutions to a given pair of second order ordinary
differential equations $d^{2}y^{1}/dt^{2} = f(y,\dot{y},t)$ and
$d^{2}y^{2}/dt^{2} = g(y,\dot{y},t)$ be reparameterized by
$t\rightarrow T(y,t)$ so as to give locally the geodesics of a
Euclidean space? Our approach is based upon Cartan's method of
equivalence. In the second part of the paper, the equivalence
problem is solved for a generic pair of second order ordinary
differential equations of the above form revealing the existence
of 24 invariant functions.
Category:34A26 

35. CMB 2005 (vol 48 pp. 405)
36. CMB 2002 (vol 45 pp. 355)
 Cresson, Jacky

Obstruction Ã la linÃ©arisation des champs de vecteurs polynomiaux
On explicite une classe de champ de vecteurs polynomiaux non analytiquement
lin\'earisables \`a l'aide de la correction introduite par \'EcalleVallet.
Notamment, on \'etend des r\'esultats de Schuman sur la trivialit\'e des
hamiltoniens homog\`enes isochrones.
We characterize a class of polynomial vector fields which are not
analytically linearizable using the correction introduced by
\'EcalleVallet. Then, we extend Schuman's result about non
existence of isochronous homogenous Hamiltonian systems.
Keywords:linÃ©arisationproblÃ¨me du centrehamiltoniendarbouxchamps polynomiaux Categories:34D10, 34D30 

37. CMB 2001 (vol 44 pp. 323)
 Schuman, Bertrand

Une classe d'hamiltoniens polynomiaux isochrones
Soit $H_0 = \frac{x^2+y^2}{2}$ un hamiltonien isochrone du plan
$\Rset^2$. On met en \'evidence une classe d'hamiltoniens isochrones
qui sont des perturbations polynomiales de $H_0$. On obtient alors
une condition n\'ecessaire d'isochronisme, et un crit\`ere de choix
pour les hamiltoniens isochrones. On voit ce r\'esultat comme \'etant
une g\'en\'eralisation du caract\`ere isochrone des perturbations
hamiltoniennes homog\`enes consid\'er\'ees dans [L], [P], [S].
Let $H_0 = \frac{x^2+y^2}{2}$ be an isochronous Hamiltonian of the
plane $\Rset^2$. We obtain a necessary condition for a system to be
isochronous. We can think of this result as a generalization of the
isochronous behaviour of the homogeneous polynomial perturbation of
the Hamiltonian $H_0$ considered in [L], [P], [S].
Keywords:Hamiltonian system, normal forms, resonance, linearization Categories:34C20, 58F05, 58F22, 58F30 

38. CMB 1998 (vol 41 pp. 207)
 Philos, Ch. G.; Sficas, Y. G.

An oscillation criterion for first order linear delay differential equations
A new oscillation criterion is given for the delay differential
equation $x'(t)+p(t)x \left(t\tau(t)\right)=0$, where $p$, $\tau
\in \C \left([0,\infty),[0,\infty)\right)$ and the function
$T$ defined by $T(t)=t\tau(t)$, $t\ge 0$ is increasing and such
that $\lim_{t\to\infty}T(t)=\infty$. This criterion concerns the
case where $\liminf_{t\to\infty} \int_{T(t)}^{t}p(s)\,ds\le
\frac{1}{e}$.
Keywords:Delay differential equation, oscillation Category:34K15 

39. CMB 1998 (vol 41 pp. 214)
40. CMB 1998 (vol 41 pp. 23)
 Clemence, Dominic P.

Subordinacy analysis and absolutely continuous spectra for SturmLiouville equations with two singular endpoints
The GilbertPearson characterization of the spectrum is established
for a generalized SturmLiouville equation with two singular
endpoints. It is also shown that strong absolute continuity for the
one singular endpoint problem guarantees absolute continuity for the
two singular endpoint problem. As a consequence, we obtain the result
that strong nonsubordinacy, at one singular endpoint, of a particular
solution guarantees the nonexistence of subordinate solutions at both
singular endpoints.
Categories:34L05, 34B20, 34B24 

41. CMB 1997 (vol 40 pp. 416)
42. CMB 1997 (vol 40 pp. 448)
 Kaczynski, Tomasz; Mrozek, Marian

Stable index pairs for discrete dynamical systems
A new shorter proof of the existence of index pairs for discrete
dynamical systems is given. Moreover, the index pairs defined in
that proof are stable with respect to small perturbations of the
generating map. The existence of stable index pairs was previously
known in the case of diffeomorphisms and flows generated by smooth
vector fields but it was an open question in the general discrete
case.
Categories:54H20, 54C60, 34C35 

43. CMB 1997 (vol 40 pp. 276)
 Chouikha, Raouf

Fonctions elliptiques et Ã©quations diffÃ©rentielles ordinaires
In this paper, we detail some results of a previous note concerning
a trigonometric expansion of the Weierstrass elliptic function
$\{\wp(z);\, 2\omega, 2\omega'\}$. In particular, this implies its
classical Fourier expansion. We use a direct integration method of
the ODE $$(E)\left\{\matrix{{d^2u \over dt^2} = P(u, \lambda)\hfill \cr
u(0) = \sigma\hfill \cr {du \over dt}(0) = \tau\hfill \cr}\right.$$
where $P(u)$ is a polynomial of degree $n = 2$ or $3$. In this case,
the bifurcations of $(E)$ depend on one parameter only. Moreover, this
global method seems not to apply to the cases $n > 3$.
Categories:33E05, 34A05, 33E20, 33E30, 34A20, 34C23 
