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1. CMB Online first

Awonusika, Richard; Taheri, Ali
A spectral identity on Jacobi polynomials and its analytic implications
The Jacobi coefficients $c^{\ell}_{j}(\alpha,\beta)$ ($1\leq j\leq \ell$, $\alpha,\beta\gt -1$) are linked to the Maclaurin spectral expansion of the Schwartz kernel of functions of the Laplacian on a compact rank one symmetric space. It is proved that these coefficients can be computed by transforming the even derivatives of the the Jacobi polynomials $P_{k}^{(\alpha,\beta)}$ ($k\geq 0, \alpha,\beta\gt -1$) into a spectral sum associated with the Jacobi operator. The first few coefficients are explicitly computed and a direct trace interpretation of the Maclaurin coefficients is presented.

Keywords:Jacobi coefficient, Laplace-Beltrami operator, symmetric space, Maclaurin expansion, Jacobi polynomial
Categories:33C05, 33C45, 35A08, 35C05, 35C10, 35C15

2. CMB 2015 (vol 58 pp. 877)

Zaatra, Mohamed
Generating Some Symmetric Semi-classical Orthogonal Polynomials
We show that if $v$ is a regular semi-classical form (linear functional), then the symmetric form $u$ defined by the relation $x^{2}\sigma u = -\lambda v$, where $(\sigma f)(x)=f(x^{2})$ and the odd moments of $u$ are $0$, is also regular and semi-classical form for every complex $\lambda $ except for a discrete set of numbers depending on $v$. We give explicitly the three-term recurrence relation and the structure relation coefficients of the orthogonal polynomials sequence associated with $u$ and the class of the form $u$ knowing that of $v$. We conclude with an illustrative example.

Keywords:orthogonal polynomials, quadratic decomposition, semi-classical forms, structure relation
Categories:33C45, 42C05

3. CMB 2015 (vol 59 pp. 136)

Kajihara, Yasushi
Transformation Formulas for Bilinear Sums of Basic Hypergeometric Series
A master formula of transformation formulas for bilinear sums of basic hypergeometric series is proposed. It is obtained from the author's previous results on a transformation formula for Milne's multivariate generalization of basic hypergeometric series of type $A$ with different dimensions and it can be considered as a generalization of the Whipple-Sears transformation formula for terminating balanced ${}_4 \phi_3$ series. As an application of the master formula, the one variable cases of some transformation formulas for bilinear sums of basic hypergeometric series are given as examples. The bilinear transformation formulas seem to be new in the literature, even in one variable case.

Keywords:bilinear sums, basic hypergeometric series

4. CMB 2015 (vol 58 pp. 423)

Yamagishi, Masakazu
Resultants of Chebyshev Polynomials: The First, Second, Third, and Fourth Kinds
We give an explicit formula for the resultant of Chebyshev polynomials of the first, second, third, and fourth kinds. We also compute the resultant of modified cyclotomic polynomials.

Keywords:resultant, Chebyshev polynomial, cyclotomic polynomial
Categories:11R09, 11R18, 12E10, 33C45

5. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 571)

Miller, A. R.; Paris, R. B.
A Generalised Kummer-Type Transformation for the ${}_pF_p(x)$ Hypergeometric Function
In a recent paper, Miller derived a Kummer-type transformation for the generalised hypergeometric function ${}_pF_p(x)$ when pairs of parameters differ by unity, by means of a reduction formula for a certain Kampé de Fériet function. An alternative and simpler derivation of this transformation is obtained here by application of the well-known Kummer transformation for the confluent hypergeometric function corresponding to $p=1$.

Keywords:generalised hypergeometric series, Kummer transformation
Categories:33C15, 33C20

6. CMB 2010 (vol 54 pp. 538)

Srinivasan, Gopala Krishna; Zvengrowski, P.
On the Horizontal Monotonicity of $|\Gamma(s)|$
Writing $s = \sigma + it$ for a complex variable, it is proved that the modulus of the gamma function, $|\Gamma(s)|$, is strictly monotone increasing with respect to $\sigma$ whenever $|t| > 5/4$. It is also shown that this result is false for $|t| \leq 1$.

Keywords:Gamma function, modulus, monotonicity

7. CMB 2009 (vol 52 pp. 583)

Konstantinou, Elisavet; Kontogeorgis, Aristides
Computing Polynomials of the Ramanujan $t_n$ Class Invariants
We compute the minimal polynomials of the Ramanujan values $t_n$, where $n\equiv 11 \mod 24$, using the Shimura reciprocity law. These polynomials can be used for defining the Hilbert class field of the imaginary quadratic field $\mathbb{Q}(\sqrt{-n})$ and have much smaller coefficients than the Hilbert polynomials.

Categories:11R29, 33E05, 11R20

8. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 627)

Vidanovi\'{c}, Mirjana V.; Tri\v{c}kovi\'{c}, Slobodan B.; Stankovi\'{c}, Miomir S.
Summation of Series over Bourget Functions
In this paper we derive formulas for summation of series involving J.~Bourget's generalization of Bessel functions of integer order, as well as the analogous generalizations by H.~M.~Srivastava. These series are expressed in terms of the Riemann $\z$ function and Dirichlet functions $\eta$, $\la$, $\b$, and can be brought into closed form in certain cases, which means that the infinite series are represented by finite sums.

Keywords:Riemann zeta function, Bessel functions, Bourget functions, Dirichlet functions
Categories:33C10, 11M06, 65B10

9. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 561)

Kuznetsov, Alexey
Expansion of the Riemann $\Xi$ Function in Meixner--Pollaczek Polynomials
In this article we study in detail the expansion of the Riemann $\Xi$ function in Meixner--Pollaczek polynomials. We obtain explicit formulas, recurrence relation and asymptotic expansion for the coefficients and investigate the zeros of the partial sums.

Categories:41A10, 11M26, 33C45

10. CMB 2007 (vol 50 pp. 547)

Iakovlev, Serguei
Inverse Laplace Transforms Encountered in Hyperbolic Problems of Non-Stationary Fluid-Structure Interaction
The paper offers a study of the inverse Laplace transforms of the functions $I_n(rs)\{sI_n^{'}(s)\}^{-1}$ where $I_n$ is the modified Bessel function of the first kind and $r$ is a parameter. The present study is a continuation of the author's previous work %[\textit{Canadian Mathematical Bulletin} 45] on the singular behavior of the special case of the functions in question, $r$=1. The general case of $r \in [0,1]$ is addressed, and it is shown that the inverse Laplace transforms for such $r$ exhibit significantly more complex behavior than their predecessors, even though they still only have two different types of points of discontinuity: singularities and finite discontinuities. The functions studied originate from non-stationary fluid-structure interaction, and as such are of interest to researchers working in the area.

Categories:44A10, 44A20, 33C10, 40A30, 74F10, 76Q05

11. CMB 2007 (vol 50 pp. 284)

McIntosh, Richard J.
Second Order Mock Theta Functions
In his last letter to Hardy, Ramanujan defined 17 functions $F(q)$, where $|q|<1$. He called them mock theta functions, because as $q$ radially approaches any point $e^{2\pi ir}$ ($r$ rational), there is a theta function $F_r(q)$ with $F(q)-F_r(q)=O(1)$. In this paper we establish the relationship between two families of mock theta functions.

Keywords:$q$-series, mock theta function, Mordell integral
Categories:11B65, 33D15

12. CMB 2005 (vol 48 pp. 382)

De Carli, Laura
Uniform Estimates of Ultraspherical Polynomials of Large Order
In this paper we prove the sharp inequality $$ |P_n^{(s)}(x)|\leq P_n^{(s)}(1)\bigl(|x|^n +\frac{n-1}{2 s+1}(1-|x|^n)\bigr),$$ where $P_n^{(s)}(x)$ is the classical ultraspherical polynomial of degree $n$ and order $s\ge n\frac{1+\sqrt 5}{4}$. This inequality can be refined in $[0,z_n^s]$ and $[z_n^s,1]$, where $z_n^s$ denotes the largest zero of $P_n^{(s)}(x)$.

Categories:42C05, 33C47

13. CMB 2005 (vol 48 pp. 147)

Väänänen, Keijo; Zudilin, Wadim
Baker-Type Estimates for Linear Forms in the Values of $q$-Series
We obtain lower estimates for the absolute values of linear forms of the values of generalized Heine series at non-zero points of an imaginary quadratic field~$\II$, in particular of the values of $q$-exponential function. These estimates depend on the individual coefficients, not only on the maximum of their absolute values. The proof uses a variant of classical Siegel's method applied to a system of functional Poincar\'e-type equations and the connection between the solutions of these functional equations and the generalized Heine series.

Keywords:measure of linear independence, $q$-series
Categories:11J82, 33D15

14. CMB 2002 (vol 45 pp. 567)

De Sole, Alberto; Kac, Victor G.
Subalgebras of $\gc_N$ and Jacobi Polynomials
We classify the subalgebras of the general Lie conformal algebra $\gc_N$ that act irreducibly on $\mathbb{C} [\partial]^N$ and that are normalized by the sl$_2$-part of a Virasoro element. The problem turns out to be closely related to classical Jacobi polynomials $P_n^{(-\sigma,\sigma)}$, $\sigma \in \mathbb{C}$. The connection goes both ways---we use in our classification some classical properties of Jacobi polynomials, and we derive from the theory of conformal algebras some apparently new properties of Jacobi polynomials.

Categories:17B65, 17B68, 17B69, 33C45

15. CMB 2002 (vol 45 pp. 436)

Sawyer, P.
The Spherical Functions Related to the Root System $B_2$
In this paper, we give an integral formula for the eigenfunctions of the ring of differential operators related to the root system $B_2$.

Categories:43A90, 22E30, 33C80

16. CMB 2002 (vol 45 pp. 257)

Lee, Min Ho
Modular Forms Associated to Theta Functions
We use the theory of Jacobi-like forms to construct modular forms for a congruence subgroup of $\SL(2,\mathbb{R})$ which can be expressed as linear combinations of products of certain theta functions.

Categories:11F11, 11F27, 33D10

17. CMB 2001 (vol 44 pp. 337)

Vinet, Luc; Zhedanov, Alexei
Spectral Transformations of the Laurent Biorthogonal Polynomials, II. Pastro Polynomials
We continue to study the simplest closure conditions for chains of spectral transformations of the Laurent biorthogonal polynomials ($\LBP$). It is shown that the 1-1-periodic $q$-closure condition leads to the $\LBP$ introduced by Pastro. We introduce classes of semi-classical and Laguerre-Hahn $\LBP$ associated to generic closure conditions of the chain of spectral transformations.

Keywords:Laurent orthogonal polynomials, Pastro polynomials, spectral transformations

18. CMB 2000 (vol 43 pp. 496)

Xu, Yuan
Harmonic Polynomials Associated With Reflection Groups
We extend Maxwell's representation of harmonic polynomials to $h$-harmonics associated to a reflection invariant weight function $h_k$. Let $\CD_i$, $1\le i \le d$, be Dunkl's operators associated with a reflection group. For any homogeneous polynomial $P$ of degree $n$, we prove the polynomial $|\xb|^{2 \gamma +d-2+2n}P(\CD)\{1/|\xb|^{2 \gamma +d-2}\}$ is a $h$-harmonic polynomial of degree $n$, where $\gamma = \sum k_i$ and $\CD=(\CD_1,\ldots,\CD_d)$. The construction yields a basis for $h$-harmonics. We also discuss self-adjoint operators acting on the space of $h$-harmonics.

Keywords:$h$-harmonics, reflection group, Dunkl's operators
Categories:33C50, 33C45

19. CMB 1999 (vol 42 pp. 427)

Berndt, Bruce C.; Chan, Heng Huat
Ramanujan and the Modular $j$-Invariant
A new infinite product $t_n$ was introduced by S.~Ramanujan on the last page of his third notebook. In this paper, we prove Ramanujan's assertions about $t_n$ by establishing new connections between the modular $j$-invariant and Ramanujan's cubic theory of elliptic functions to alternative bases. We also show that for certain integers $n$, $t_n$ generates the Hilbert class field of $\mathbb{Q} (\sqrt{-n})$. This shows that $t_n$ is a new class invariant according to H.~Weber's definition of class invariants.

Keywords:modular functions, the Borweins' cubic theta-functions, Hilbert class fields
Categories:33C05, 33E05, 11R20, 11R29

20. CMB 1999 (vol 42 pp. 486)

Sawyer, P.
Spherical Functions on $\SO_0(p,q)/\SO(p)\times \SO(q)$
An integral formula is derived for the spherical functions on the symmetric space $G/K=\break \SO_0(p,q)/\SO(p)\times \SO(q)$. This formula allows us to state some results about the analytic continuation of the spherical functions to a tubular neighbourhood of the subalgebra $\a$ of the abelian part in the decomposition $G=KAK$. The corresponding result is then obtained for the heat kernel of the symmetric space $\SO_0(p,q)/\SO (p)\times\SO (q)$ using the Plancherel formula. In the Conclusion, we discuss how this analytic continuation can be a helpful tool to study the growth of the heat kernel.

Categories:33C55, 17B20, 53C35

21. CMB 1999 (vol 42 pp. 56)

Elbert, Árpád; Siafarikas, Panayiotis D.
On the Square of the First Zero of the Bessel Function $J_\nu(z)$
Let $j_{\nu,1}$ be the smallest (first) positive zero of the Bessel function $J_{\nu}(z)$, $\nu>-1$, which becomes zero when $\nu$ approaches $-1$. Then $j_{\nu,1}^{2}$ can be continued analytically to $-2<\nu<-1$, where it takes on negative values. We show that $j_{\nu,1}^{2}$ is a convex function of $\nu$ in the interval $-2<\nu\leq 0$, as an addition to an old result [\'A.~Elbert and A.~Laforgia, SIAM J. Math. Anal. {\bf 15}(1984), 206--212], stating this convexity for $\nu>0$. Also the monotonicity properties of the functions $\frac{j_{\nu,1}^{2}}{4 (\nu+1)}$, $\frac{j_{\nu,1}^{2}}{4(\nu+1)\sqrt{\nu+2}}$ are determined. Our approach is based on the series expansion of Bessel function $J_{\nu}(z)$ and it turned out to be effective, especially when $-2<\nu<-1$.


22. CMB 1998 (vol 41 pp. 86)

Lubinsky, D. S.
On \lowercase{$q$}-exponential functions for \lowercase{$|q| =1$}
We discuss the $q$-exponential functions $e_q$, $E_q$ for $q$ on the unit circle, especially their continuity in $q$, and analogues of the limit relation $ \lim_{q\rightarrow 1}e_q((1-q)z)=e^z$.

Keywords:$q$-series, $q$-exponentials
Categories:33D05, 11A55, 11K70

23. CMB 1997 (vol 40 pp. 276)

Chouikha, Raouf
Fonctions elliptiques et équations différentielles ordinaires
In this paper, we detail some results of a previous note concerning a trigonometric expansion of the Weierstrass elliptic function $\{\wp(z);\, 2\omega, 2\omega'\}$. In particular, this implies its classical Fourier expansion. We use a direct integration method of the ODE $$(E)\left\{\matrix{{d^2u \over dt^2} = P(u, \lambda)\hfill \cr u(0) = \sigma\hfill \cr {du \over dt}(0) = \tau\hfill \cr}\right.$$ where $P(u)$ is a polynomial of degree $n = 2$ or $3$. In this case, the bifurcations of $(E)$ depend on one parameter only. Moreover, this global method seems not to apply to the cases $n > 3$.

Categories:33E05, 34A05, 33E20, 33E30, 34A20, 34C23

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