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26. CMB 2015 (vol 59 pp. 13)

Aulaskari, Rauno; Chen, Huaihui
On classes $Q_p^\#$ for Hyperbolic Riemann surfaces
The $Q_p$ spaces of holomorphic functions on the disk, hyperbolic Riemann surfaces or complex unit ball have been studied deeply. Meanwhile, there are a lot of papers devoted to the $Q^\#_p$ classes of meromorphic functions on the disk or hyperbolic Riemann surfaces. In this paper, we prove the nesting property (inclusion relations) of $Q^\#_p$ classes on hyperbolic Riemann surfaces. The same property for $Q_p$ spaces was also established systematically and precisely in earlier work by the authors of this paper.

Keywords:$Q_p^\#$ class, hyperbolic Riemann surface, spherical Dirichlet function,
Categories:30D50, 30F35

27. CMB 2015 (vol 58 pp. 787)

Kitabeppu, Yu; Lakzian, Sajjad
Non-branching RCD$(0,N)$ Geodesic Spaces with Small Linear Diameter Growth have Finitely Generated Fundamental Groups
In this paper, we generalize the finite generation result of Sormani to non-branching $RCD(0,N)$ geodesic spaces (and in particular, Alexandrov spaces) with full support measures. This is a special case of the Milnor's Conjecture for complete non-compact $RCD(0,N)$ spaces. One of the key tools we use is the Abresch-Gromoll type excess estimates for non-smooth spaces obtained by Gigli-Mosconi.

Keywords:Milnor conjecture, non negative Ricci curvature, curvature dimension condition, finitely generated, fundamental group, infinitesimally Hilbertian
Categories:53C23, 30L99

28. CMB 2015 (vol 59 pp. 119)

Hu, Pei-Chu; Li, Bao Qin
A Simple Proof and Strengthening of a Uniqueness Theorem for L-functions
We give a simple proof and strengthening of a uniqueness theorem for functions in the extended Selberg class.

Keywords:meromorphic function, Dirichlet series, L-function, zero, order, uniqueness
Categories:30B50, 11M41

29. CMB 2015 (vol 58 pp. 350)

Merino-Cruz, Héctor; Wawrzynczyk, Antoni
On Closed Ideals in a Certain Class of Algebras of Holomorphic Functions
We recently introduced a weighted Banach algebra $\mathfrak{A}_G^n$ of functions which are holomorphic on the unit disc $\mathbb{D}$, continuous up to the boundary and of the class $C^{(n)}$ at all points where the function $G$ does not vanish. Here, $G$ refers to a function of the disc algebra without zeros on $\mathbb{D}$. Then we proved that all closed ideals in $\mathfrak{A}_G^n$ with at most countable hull are standard. In the present paper, on the assumption that $G$ is an outer function in $C^{(n)}(\overline{\mathbb{D}})$ having infinite roots in $\mathfrak{A}_G^n$ and countable zero set $h(G)$, we show that all the closed ideals $I$ with hull containing $h(G)$ are standard.

Keywords:Banach algebra, disc algebra, holomorphic spaces, standard ideal
Categories:46J15, 46J20, 30H50

30. CMB 2015 (vol 58 pp. 381)

Tang, Xiaomin; Liu, Taishun
The Schwarz Lemma at the Boundary of the Egg Domain $B_{p_1, p_2}$ in $\mathbb{C}^n$
Let $B_{p_1, p_2}=\{z\in\mathbb{C}^n: |z_1|^{p_1}+|z_2|^{p_2}+\cdots+|z_n|^{p_2}\lt 1\}$ be an egg domain in $\mathbb{C}^n$. In this paper, we first characterize the Kobayashi metric on $B_{p_1, p_2}\,(p_1\geq 1, p_2\geq 1)$, and then establish a new type of the classical boundary Schwarz lemma at $z_0\in\partial{B_{p_1, p_2}}$ for holomorphic self-mappings of $B_{p_1, p_2}(p_1\geq 1, p_2\gt 1)$, where $z_0=(e^{i\theta}, 0, \dots, 0)'$ and $\theta\in \mathbb{R}$.

Keywords:holomorphic mapping, Schwarz lemma, Kobayashi metric, egg domain
Categories:32H02, 30C80, 32A30

31. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 870)

Parlier, Hugo
A Short Note on Short Pants
It is a theorem of Bers that any closed hyperbolic surface admits a pants decomposition consisting of curves of bounded length where the bound only depends on the topology of the surface. The question of the quantification of the optimal constants has been well studied and the best upper bounds to date are linear in genus, a theorem of Buser and Seppälä. The goal of this note is to give a short proof of a linear upper bound which slightly improve the best known bound.

Keywords:hyperbolic surfaces, geodesics, pants decompositions
Categories:30F10, 32G15, 53C22

32. CMB 2012 (vol 56 pp. 881)

Xie, BaoHua; Wang, JieYan; Jiang, YuePing
Free Groups Generated by Two Heisenberg Translations
In this paper, we will discuss the groups generated by two Heisenberg translations of $\mathbf{PU}(2,1)$ and determine when they are free.

Keywords:free group, Heisenberg group, complex triangle group
Categories:30F40, 22E40, 20H10

33. CMB 2012 (vol 57 pp. 80)

Khemphet, Anchalee; Peters, Justin R.
Semicrossed Products of the Disk Algebra and the Jacobson Radical
We consider semicrossed products of the disk algebra with respect to endomorphisms defined by finite Blaschke products. We characterize the Jacobson radical of these operator algebras. Furthermore, in the case the finite Blaschke product is elliptic, we show that the semicrossed product contains no nonzero quasinilpotent elements. However, if the finite Blaschke product is hyperbolic or parabolic with positive hyperbolic step, the Jacobson radical is nonzero and a proper subset of the set of quasinilpotent elements.

Keywords:semicrossed product, disk algebra, Jacobson radical
Categories:47L65, 47L20, 30J10, 30H50

34. CMB 2012 (vol 56 pp. 466)

Aulaskari, Rauno; Rättyä, Jouni
Inclusion Relations for New Function Spaces on Riemann Surfaces
We introduce and study some new function spaces on Riemann surfaces. For certain parameter values these spaces coincide with the classical Dirichlet space, BMOA or the recently defined $Q_p$ space. We establish inclusion relations that generalize earlier known inclusions between the above-mentioned spaces.

Keywords:Bloch space, BMOA, $Q_p$, Green's function, hyperbolic Riemann surface
Categories:30F35, 30H25, 30H30

35. CMB 2012 (vol 56 pp. 769)

Lahiri, Indrajit; Kaish, Imrul
A Non-zero Value Shared by an Entire Function and its Linear Differential Polynomials
In this paper we study uniqueness of entire functions sharing a non-zero finite value with linear differential polynomials and address a result of W. Wang and P. Li.

Keywords:entire function, linear differential polynomial, value sharing
Category:30D35

36. CMB 2012 (vol 56 pp. 544)

Gauthier, P. M.
Universally Overconvergent Power Series via the Riemann Zeta-function
The Riemann zeta-function is employed to generate universally overconvergent power series.

Keywords:overconvergence, zeta-function
Categories:30K05, 11M06

37. CMB 2012 (vol 56 pp. 241)

Betsakos, Dimitrios; Pouliasis, Stamatis
Versions of Schwarz's Lemma for Condenser Capacity and Inner Radius
We prove variants of Schwarz's lemma involving monotonicity properties of condenser capacity and inner radius. Also, we examine when a similar monotonicity property holds for the hyperbolic metric.

Keywords:condenser capacity, inner radius, hyperbolic metric, Schwarz's lemma
Categories:30C80, 30F45, 31A15

38. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 229)

Arvanitidis, Athanasios G.; Siskakis, Aristomenis G.
Cesàro Operators on the Hardy Spaces of the Half-Plane
In this article we study the Cesàro operator $$ \mathcal{C}(f)(z)=\frac{1}{z}\int_{0}^{z}f(\zeta)\,d\zeta, $$ and its companion operator $\mathcal{T}$ on Hardy spaces of the upper half plane. We identify $\mathcal{C}$ and $\mathcal{T}$ as resolvents for appropriate semigroups of composition operators and we find the norm and the spectrum in each case. The relation of $\mathcal{C}$ and $\mathcal{T}$ with the corresponding Ces\`{a}ro operators on Lebesgue spaces $L^p(\mathbb R)$ of the boundary line is also discussed.

Keywords:Cesàro operators, Hardy spaces, semigroups, composition operators
Categories:47B38, 30H10, 47D03

39. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 194)

Stefánsson, Úlfar F.
On the Smallest and Largest Zeros of Müntz-Legendre Polynomials
Müntz-Legendre polynomials $L_n(\Lambda;x)$ associated with a sequence $\Lambda=\{\lambda_k\}$ are obtained by orthogonalizing the system $(x^{\lambda_0}, x^{\lambda_1}, x^{\lambda_2}, \dots)$ in $L_2[0,1]$ with respect to the Legendre weight. If the $\lambda_k$'s are distinct, it is well known that $L_n(\Lambda;x)$ has exactly $n$ zeros $l_{n,n}\lt l_{n-1,n}\lt \cdots \lt l_{2,n}\lt l_{1,n}$ on $(0,1)$. First we prove the following global bound for the smallest zero, $$ \exp\biggl(-4\sum_{j=0}^n \frac{1}{2\lambda_j+1}\biggr) \lt l_{n,n}. $$ An important consequence is that if the associated Müntz space is non-dense in $L_2[0,1]$, then $$ \inf_{n}x_{n,n}\geq \exp\biggl({-4\sum_{j=0}^{\infty} \frac{1}{2\lambda_j+1}}\biggr)\gt 0, $$ so the elements $L_n(\Lambda;x)$ have no zeros close to 0. Furthermore, we determine the asymptotic behavior of the largest zeros; for $k$ fixed, $$ \lim_{n\rightarrow\infty} \vert \log l_{k,n}\vert \sum_{j=0}^n (2\lambda_j+1)= \Bigl(\frac{j_k}{2}\Bigr)^2, $$ where $j_k$ denotes the $k$-th zero of the Bessel function $J_0$.

Keywords:Müntz polynomials, Müntz-Legendre polynomials
Categories:42C05, 42C99, 41A60, 30B50

40. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 509)

Gauthier, P. M.; Nestoridis, V.
Domains of Injective Holomorphy
A domain $\Omega$ is called a domain of injective holomorphy if there exists an injective holomorphic function $f\colon \Omega\rightarrow\mathbb{C}$ that is non-extendable. We give examples of domains that are domains of injective holomorphy and others that are not. In particular, every regular domain $(\overline\Omega^o=\Omega)$ is a domain of injective holomorphy, and every simply connected domain is a domain of injective holomorphy as well.

Keywords:domains of holomorphy
Category:30Exx

41. CMB 2009 (vol 53 pp. 23)

Chen, Huaihui; Zhang, Minzhu
Boundedness From Below of Multiplication Operators Between $\alpha$-Bloch Spaces
In this paper, the boundedness from below of multiplication operators between $\alpha$-Bloch spaces $\mathcal B^\alpha$, $\alpha\gt 0$, on the unit disk $D$ is studied completely. For a bounded multiplication operator $M_u\colon \mathcal B^\alpha\to\mathcal B^\beta$, defined by $M_uf=uf$ for $f\in\mathcal B^\alpha$, we prove the following result: (i) If $0\lt \beta\lt \alpha$, or $0\lt \alpha\le1$ and $\alpha\lt \beta$, $M_u$ is not bounded below; (ii) if $0\lt \alpha=\beta\le1$, $M_u$ is bounded below if and only if $\liminf_{z\to\partial D}|u(z)|\gt 0$; (iii) if $1\lt \alpha\le\beta$, $M_u$ is bounded below if and only if there exist a $\delta\gt 0$ and a positive $r\lt 1$ such that for every point $z\in D$ there is a point $z'\in D$ with the property $d(z',z)\lt r$ and $(1-|z'|^2)^{\beta-\alpha}|u(z')|\ge\delta$, where $d(\cdot,\cdot)$ denotes the pseudo-distance on $D$.

Keywords:$\alpha$-Bloch function, multiplication operator
Categories:32A18, 30H05

42. CMB 2009 (vol 52 pp. 481)

Alaca, Ay\c{s}e; Alaca, \c{S}aban; Williams, Kenneth S.
Some Infinite Products of Ramanujan Type
In his ``lost'' notebook, Ramanujan stated two results, which are equivalent to the identities \[ \prod_{n=1}^{\infty} \frac{(1-q^n)^5}{(1-q^{5n})} =1-5\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}\Big( \sum_{d \mid n} \qu{5}{d} d \Big) q^n \] and \[ q\prod_{n=1}^{\infty} \frac{(1-q^{5n})^5}{(1-q^{n})} =\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}\Big( \sum_{d \mid n} \qu{5}{n/d} d \Big) q^n. \] We give several more identities of this type.

Keywords:Power series expansions of certain infinite products
Categories:11E25, 11F11, 11F27, 30B10

43. CMB 2009 (vol 40 pp. 271)

Bergweiler, Walter
Non-real periodic points of entire functions
It is shown that if $f$ is an entire transcendental function, $l$ a straight line in the complex plane, and $n\geq 2$, then $f$ has infinitely many repelling periodic points of period $n$ that do not lie on $l$.

Categories:30D05, 58F23

44. CMB 2009 (vol 40 pp. 475)

Lou, Zengjian
Coefficient multipliers of Bergman spaces $A^p$, II
We show that the multiplier space $(A^1,X)=\{g:M_\infty(r,g'') =O(1-r)^{-1}\}$, where $X$ is $\BMOA$, $\VMOA$, $B$, $B_0$ or disk algebra $A$. We give the multipliers from $A^1$ to $A^q(H^q)(1\le q\le \infty)$, we also give the multipliers from $l^p(1\le p\le 2), C_0, \BMOA$, and $H^p(2\le p<\infty)$ into $A^q(1\le q\le 2)$.

Keywords:Multiplier, Bergman space, Hardy space, Bloch space, $\BMOA$.
Categories:30H05, 30B10

45. CMB 2009 (vol 40 pp. 356)

Mazet, Pierre
Principe du maximum et lemme de Schwarz, a valeurs vectorielles
Nous {\'e}tablissons un th{\'e}or{\`e}me pour les fonctions holomorphes {\`a} valeurs dans une partie convexe ferm{\'e}e. Ce th{\'e}or{\`e}me pr{\'e}cise la position des coefficients de Taylor de telles fonctions et peut {\^e}tre consid{\'e}r{\'e} comme une g{\'e}n{\'e}ralisation des in{\'e}galit{\'e}s de Cauchy. Nous montrons alors comment ce th{\'e}or{\`e}me permet de retrouver des versions connues du principe du maximum et d'obtenir de nouveaux r{\'e}sultats sur les applications holomorphes {\`a} valeurs vectorielles.

Keywords:Principe du maximum, lemme de Schwarz, points extr{émaux.
Categories:30C80, 32A30, 46G20, 52A07

46. CMB 2009 (vol 52 pp. 53)

Cummins, C. J.
Cusp Forms Like $\Delta$
Let $f$ be a square-free integer and denote by $\Gamma_0(f)^+$ the normalizer of $\Gamma_0(f)$ in $\SL(2,\R)$. We find the analogues of the cusp form $\Delta$ for the groups $\Gamma_0(f)^+$.

Categories:11F03, 11F22, 30F35

47. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 481)

Bayart, Frédéric
Universal Inner Functions on the Ball
It is shown that given any sequence of automorphisms $(\phi_k)_k$ of the unit ball $\bn$ of $\cn$ such that $\|\phi_k(0)\|$ tends to $1$, there exists an inner function $I$ such that the family of ``non-Euclidean translates" $(I\circ\phi_k)_k$ is locally uniformly dense in the unit ball of $H^\infty(\bn)$.

Keywords:inner functions, automorphisms of the ball, universality
Categories:32A35, 30D50, 47B38

48. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 497)

Borwein, Peter; Choi, Kwok-Kwong Stephen; Mercer, Idris
Expected Norms of Zero-One Polynomials
Let $\cA_n = \big\{ a_0 + a_1 z + \cdots + a_{n-1}z^{n-1} : a_j \in \{0, 1 \ } \big\}$, whose elements are called \emf{zero-one polynomials} and correspond naturally to the $2^n$ subsets of $[n] := \{ 0, 1, \ldots, n-1 \}$. We also let $\cA_{n,m} = \{ \alf(z) \in \cA_n : \alf(1) = m \}$, whose elements correspond to the ${n \choose m}$ subsets of~$[n]$ of size~$m$, and let $\cB_n = \cA_{n+1} \setminus \cA_n$, whose elements are the zero-one polynomials of degree exactly~$n$. Many researchers have studied norms of polynomials with restricted coefficients. Using $\norm{\alf}_p$ to denote the usual $L_p$ norm of~$\alf$ on the unit circle, one easily sees that $\alf(z) = a_0 + a_1 z + \cdots + a_N z^N \in \bR[z]$ satisfies $\norm{\alf}_2^2 = c_0$ and $\norm{\alf}_4^4 = c_0^2 + 2(c_1^2 + \cdots + c_N^2)$, where $c_k := \sum_{j=0}^{N-k} a_j a_{j+k}$ for $0 \le k \le N$. If $\alf(z) \in \cA_{n,m}$, say $\alf(z) = z^{\beta_1} + \cdots + z^{\beta_m}$ where $\beta_1 < \cdots < \beta_m$, then $c_k$ is the number of times $k$ appears as a difference $\beta_i - \beta_j$. The condition that $\alf \in \cA_{n,m}$ satisfies $c_k \in \{0,1\}$ for $1 \le k \le n-1$ is thus equivalent to the condition that $\{ \beta_1, \ldots, \beta_m \}$ is a \emf{Sidon set} (meaning all differences of pairs of elements are distinct). In this paper, we find the average of~$\|\alf\|_4^4$ over $\alf \in \cA_n$, $\alf \in \cB_n$, and $\alf \in \cA_{n,m}$. We further show that our expression for the average of~$\|\alf\|_4^4$ over~$\cA_{n,m}$ yields a new proof of the known result: if $m = o(n^{1/4})$ and $B(n,m)$ denotes the number of Sidon sets of size~$m$ in~$[n]$, then almost all subsets of~$[n]$ of size~$m$ are Sidon, in the sense that $\lim_{n \to \infty} B(n,m)/\binom{n}{m} = 1$.

Categories:11B83, 11C08, 30C10

49. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 334)

Ascah-Coallier, I.; Gauthier, P. M.
Value Distribution of the Riemann Zeta Function
In this note, we give a new short proof of the fact, recently discovered by Ye, that all (finite) values are equidistributed by the Riemann zeta function.

Keywords:Nevanlinna theory, deficiency, Riemann zeta function
Category:30D35

50. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 195)

Chen, Huaihui; Gauthier, Paul
Boundedness from Below of Composition Operators on $\alpha$-Bloch Spaces
We give a necessary and sufficient condition for a composition operator on an $\alpha$-Bloch space with $\alpha\ge 1$ to be bounded below. This extends a known result for the Bloch space due to P. Ghatage, J. Yan, D. Zheng, and H. Chen.

Keywords:Bloch functions, composition operators
Categories:32A18, 30H05
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