1. CMB Online first
2. CMB Online first
 Gauthier, Paul M; Sharifi, Fatemeh

Luzintype holomorphic approximation on closed subsets of open Riemann surfaces
It is known that if $E$ is a closed subset of an open Riemann
surface $R$ and $f$ is a holomorphic function on a neighbourhood
of $E,$ then it is ``usually" not possible to approximate $f$
uniformly by functions holomorphic on all of $R.$ We show, however,
that for every open Riemann surface $R$ and every closed subset
$E\subset R,$ there is closed subset $F\subset E,$ which approximates
$E$ extremely well, such that every function holomorphic on $F$
can be approximated much better than uniformly by functions holomorphic
on $R$.
Keywords:Carleman approximation, tangential approximation, Myrberg surface Categories:30E15, 30F99 

3. CMB Online first
 wang, jianfei

The Carleson measure problem between analytic Morrey spaces
The purpose of this paper is to characterize positive measure
$\mu$ on the unit disk such that the analytic
Morrey space $\mathcal{AL}_{p,\eta}$ is boundedly and compactly
embedded to the tent space
$\mathcal{T}_{q,1\frac{q}{p}(1\eta)}^{\infty}(\mu)$ for the
case $1\leq q\leq p\lt \infty$
respectively. As an application, these results are used to
establish the boundedness and compactness of integral operators
and multipliers between analytic Morrey spaces.
Keywords:Morrey space, Carleson measure problem, boundedness, compactness Categories:30H35, 28A12, 47B38, 46E15 

4. CMB 2016 (vol 59 pp. 244)
 Cao, Wensheng; Huang, Xiaolin

A Note on Quaternionic Hyperbolic Ideal Triangle Groups
In this paper, the quaternionic hyperbolic
ideal triangle groups are parameterized by a real oneparameter
family $\{\phi_s: s\in \mathbb{R}\}$. The indexing parameter $s$ is
the tangent of the quaternionic angular invariant of a triple
of points in $\partial \mathbf{H}_{\mathbb{h}}^2 $ forming this ideal
triangle. We show that if $s \gt \sqrt{125/3}$ then $\phi_s$ is
not a discrete embedding, and if $s \leq \sqrt{35}$
then $\phi_s$ is a discrete embedding.
Keywords:quaternionic inversion, ideal triangle group, quaternionic Cartan angular invariant Categories:20F67, 22E40, 30F40 

5. CMB 2016 (vol 59 pp. 346)
 Krantz, Steven

On a Theorem of Bers, with Applications to the Study of Automorphism Groups of Domains
We study and generalize a classical theorem of L. Bers that classifies
domains up to biholomorphic equivalence in terms of the algebras
of
holomorphic functions on those domains. Then we develop applications
of these results to the study of domains with noncompact automorphism
group.
Keywords:Bers's theorem, algebras of holomorphic functions, noncompact automorphism group, biholomorphic equivalence Categories:32A38, 30H50, 32A10, 32M99 

6. CMB 2015 (vol 59 pp. 87)
 Gauthier, Paul M.; Kienzle, Julie

Approximation of a Function and its Derivatives by Entire Functions
A simple proof is given for the fact that, for $m$ a nonnegative
integer, a function $f\in C^{(m)}(\mathbb{R}),$ and an arbitrary positive
continuous function $\epsilon,$ there is an entire function $g,$
such that $g^{(i)}(x)f^{(i)}(x)\lt \epsilon(x),$ for all $x\in\mathbb{R}$
and for each $i=0,1\dots,m.$ We also consider the situation,
where $\mathbb{R}$ is replaced by an open interval.
Keywords:Carleman theorem Category:30E10 

7. CMB 2015 (vol 59 pp. 30)
 Cleanthous, Galatia

A Geometric Extension of Schwarz's Lemma and Applications
Let $f$ be a holomorphic function of the unit
disc $\mathbb{D},$ preserving the origin. According to Schwarz's
Lemma, $f'(0)\leq1,$ provided that $f(\mathbb{D})\subset\mathbb{D}.$
We prove that this bound still holds, assuming only that $f(\mathbb{D})$
does not contain any closed rectilinear segment
$[0,e^{i\phi}],\;\phi\in[0,2\pi],$ i.e. does not contain any
entire radius of the closed unit disc. Furthermore, we apply
this result to the hyperbolic density and we give a covering
theorem.
Keywords:Schwarz's Lemma, polarization, hyperbolic density, covering theorems Categories:30C80, 30C25, 30C99 

8. CMB 2015 (vol 59 pp. 211)
 Totik, Vilmos

Universality Under SzegÅ's Condition
This paper presents a
theorem on universality on orthogonal polynomials/random matrices
under a weak local condition on the weight function $w$.
With a new inequality for
polynomials and with the use of fast decreasing polynomials,
it is shown that an approach of
D. S. Lubinsky is applicable. The proof works
at all points which are Lebesguepoints both
for the weight function $w$ and for $\log w$.
Keywords:universality, random matrices, Christoffel functions, asymptotics, potential theory Categories:42C05, 60B20, 30C85, 31A15 

9. CMB 2015 (vol 59 pp. 13)
 Aulaskari, Rauno; Chen, Huaihui

On classes $Q_p^\#$ for Hyperbolic Riemann surfaces
The $Q_p$ spaces of holomorphic functions on
the disk, hyperbolic Riemann surfaces or complex unit ball have
been studied deeply.
Meanwhile, there are a lot of papers devoted to the $Q^\#_p$
classes of meromorphic functions on the disk or hyperbolic Riemann
surfaces. In this paper, we prove the nesting property (inclusion
relations) of $Q^\#_p$ classes on hyperbolic Riemann surfaces.
The same property for $Q_p$ spaces was also established systematically
and precisely in
earlier work
by the authors of this paper.
Keywords:$Q_p^\#$ class, hyperbolic Riemann surface, spherical Dirichlet function, Categories:30D50, 30F35 

10. CMB 2015 (vol 58 pp. 787)
 Kitabeppu, Yu; Lakzian, Sajjad

Nonbranching RCD$(0,N)$ Geodesic Spaces with Small Linear Diameter Growth have Finitely Generated Fundamental Groups
In this paper, we generalize the finite generation result of
Sormani
to nonbranching $RCD(0,N)$
geodesic spaces (and in particular, Alexandrov spaces) with full
support measures. This is a special case of the Milnor's Conjecture
for complete noncompact $RCD(0,N)$ spaces. One of the key tools
we use is the AbreschGromoll type excess estimates for nonsmooth
spaces obtained by GigliMosconi.
Keywords:Milnor conjecture, non negative Ricci curvature, curvature dimension condition, finitely generated, fundamental group, infinitesimally Hilbertian Categories:53C23, 30L99 

11. CMB 2015 (vol 59 pp. 119)
12. CMB 2015 (vol 58 pp. 350)
 MerinoCruz, Héctor; Wawrzynczyk, Antoni

On Closed Ideals in a Certain Class of Algebras of Holomorphic Functions
We recently introduced a weighted Banach algebra $\mathfrak{A}_G^n$ of
functions which are holomorphic on the unit disc $\mathbb{D}$, continuous
up to the boundary and of the class $C^{(n)}$ at all points where
the function $G$ does not vanish. Here, $G$ refers to a function
of the disc algebra without zeros on $\mathbb{D}$. Then we proved that
all closed ideals in $\mathfrak{A}_G^n$ with at most countable hull are
standard. In the present paper, on the assumption that $G$ is
an outer function in $C^{(n)}(\overline{\mathbb{D}})$ having infinite roots
in $\mathfrak{A}_G^n$ and countable zero set $h(G)$, we show that all the
closed ideals $I$ with hull containing $h(G)$ are standard.
Keywords:Banach algebra, disc algebra, holomorphic spaces, standard ideal Categories:46J15, 46J20, 30H50 

13. CMB 2015 (vol 58 pp. 381)
 Tang, Xiaomin; Liu, Taishun

The Schwarz Lemma at the Boundary of the Egg Domain $B_{p_1, p_2}$ in $\mathbb{C}^n$
Let $B_{p_1, p_2}=\{z\in\mathbb{C}^n:
z_1^{p_1}+z_2^{p_2}+\cdots+z_n^{p_2}\lt 1\}$
be an egg domain in $\mathbb{C}^n$. In this paper, we first
characterize the Kobayashi metric on $B_{p_1, p_2}\,(p_1\geq
1, p_2\geq 1)$,
and then establish a new type of the classical boundary Schwarz
lemma at $z_0\in\partial{B_{p_1, p_2}}$ for holomorphic selfmappings
of $B_{p_1, p_2}(p_1\geq 1, p_2\gt 1)$, where $z_0=(e^{i\theta},
0, \dots, 0)'$ and $\theta\in \mathbb{R}$.
Keywords:holomorphic mapping, Schwarz lemma, Kobayashi metric, egg domain Categories:32H02, 30C80, 32A30 

14. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 870)
 Parlier, Hugo

A Short Note on Short Pants
It is a theorem of Bers that any closed hyperbolic surface admits a pants decomposition consisting of curves of bounded length where the bound only depends on the topology of the surface. The question of the quantification of the optimal constants has been well studied and the best upper bounds to date are linear in genus, a theorem of Buser and SeppÃ¤lÃ¤. The goal of this note is to give a short proof of a linear upper bound which slightly improve the best known bound.
Keywords:hyperbolic surfaces, geodesics, pants decompositions Categories:30F10, 32G15, 53C22 

15. CMB 2012 (vol 56 pp. 881)
16. CMB 2012 (vol 57 pp. 80)
 Khemphet, Anchalee; Peters, Justin R.

Semicrossed Products of the Disk Algebra and the Jacobson Radical
We consider semicrossed products of the disk algebra with respect to
endomorphisms defined by finite Blaschke products. We characterize the Jacobson radical
of these operator algebras. Furthermore, in the case the finite Blaschke product is elliptic,
we show that the semicrossed product contains no nonzero quasinilpotent
elements. However, if the finite Blaschke product is hyperbolic or parabolic with positive hyperbolic step,
the Jacobson radical is nonzero and a proper subset of the set of quasinilpotent elements.
Keywords:semicrossed product, disk algebra, Jacobson radical Categories:47L65, 47L20, 30J10, 30H50 

17. CMB 2012 (vol 56 pp. 466)
 Aulaskari, Rauno; Rättyä, Jouni

Inclusion Relations for New Function Spaces on Riemann Surfaces
We introduce and study some new function spaces on Riemann
surfaces. For certain parameter values these spaces coincide with
the classical Dirichlet space, BMOA or the recently
defined $Q_p$ space. We establish inclusion relations that
generalize earlier known inclusions between the abovementioned
spaces.
Keywords:Bloch space, BMOA, $Q_p$, Green's function, hyperbolic Riemann surface Categories:30F35, 30H25, 30H30 

18. CMB 2012 (vol 56 pp. 769)
19. CMB 2012 (vol 56 pp. 544)
20. CMB 2012 (vol 56 pp. 241)
21. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 229)
 Arvanitidis, Athanasios G.; Siskakis, Aristomenis G.

CesÃ ro Operators on the Hardy Spaces of the HalfPlane
In this article we study the CesÃ ro
operator
$$
\mathcal{C}(f)(z)=\frac{1}{z}\int_{0}^{z}f(\zeta)\,d\zeta,
$$
and its companion operator $\mathcal{T}$ on Hardy spaces of the
upper half plane. We identify $\mathcal{C}$ and $\mathcal{T}$ as
resolvents for appropriate semigroups of composition operators and we
find the norm and the spectrum in each case. The relation of
$\mathcal{C}$ and $\mathcal{T}$ with the corresponding Ces\`{a}ro
operators on Lebesgue spaces $L^p(\mathbb R)$ of the boundary line is also
discussed.
Keywords:CesÃ ro operators, Hardy spaces, semigroups, composition operators Categories:47B38, 30H10, 47D03 

22. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 194)
 Stefánsson, Úlfar F.

On the Smallest and Largest Zeros of MÃ¼ntzLegendre Polynomials
MÃ¼ntzLegendre
polynomials $L_n(\Lambda;x)$ associated with a
sequence $\Lambda=\{\lambda_k\}$ are obtained by orthogonalizing the
system $(x^{\lambda_0}, x^{\lambda_1}, x^{\lambda_2}, \dots)$ in
$L_2[0,1]$ with respect to the Legendre weight. If the $\lambda_k$'s
are distinct, it is well known that $L_n(\Lambda;x)$ has exactly $n$
zeros $l_{n,n}\lt l_{n1,n}\lt \cdots \lt l_{2,n}\lt l_{1,n}$ on $(0,1)$.
First we prove the following global bound for the smallest zero,
$$
\exp\biggl(4\sum_{j=0}^n \frac{1}{2\lambda_j+1}\biggr) \lt l_{n,n}.
$$
An important consequence is that if the associated MÃ¼ntz space is
nondense in $L_2[0,1]$, then
$$
\inf_{n}x_{n,n}\geq
\exp\biggl({4\sum_{j=0}^{\infty} \frac{1}{2\lambda_j+1}}\biggr)\gt 0,
$$
so
the elements $L_n(\Lambda;x)$ have no zeros close to 0.
Furthermore, we determine the asymptotic behavior of the largest zeros; for $k$ fixed,
$$
\lim_{n\rightarrow\infty} \vert \log l_{k,n}\vert \sum_{j=0}^n
(2\lambda_j+1)= \Bigl(\frac{j_k}{2}\Bigr)^2,
$$
where $j_k$ denotes the $k$th zero of the Bessel function $J_0$.
Keywords:MÃ¼ntz polynomials, MÃ¼ntzLegendre polynomials Categories:42C05, 42C99, 41A60, 30B50 

23. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 509)
 Gauthier, P. M.; Nestoridis, V.

Domains of Injective Holomorphy
A domain $\Omega$ is called a domain of injective holomorphy if
there exists an injective holomorphic function
$f\colon \Omega\rightarrow\mathbb{C}$ that is nonextendable. We give examples of
domains that are domains of injective holomorphy and others that
are not. In particular, every regular domain
$(\overline\Omega^o=\Omega)$ is a domain of injective holomorphy, and
every simply connected domain is a domain of injective holomorphy
as well.
Keywords:domains of holomorphy Category:30Exx 

24. CMB 2009 (vol 53 pp. 23)
 Chen, Huaihui; Zhang, Minzhu

Boundedness From Below of Multiplication Operators Between $\alpha$Bloch Spaces
In this paper, the boundedness from below of multiplication
operators between $\alpha$Bloch spaces $\mathcal B^\alpha$, $\alpha\gt 0$, on the
unit disk $D$ is studied completely. For a bounded multiplication
operator $M_u\colon \mathcal B^\alpha\to\mathcal B^\beta$, defined by $M_uf=uf$ for
$f\in\mathcal B^\alpha$, we prove the following result:
(i) If $0\lt \beta\lt \alpha$, or
$0\lt \alpha\le1$ and $\alpha\lt \beta$, $M_u$ is not bounded below;
(ii) if $0\lt \alpha=\beta\le1$, $M_u$ is bounded below if and only if
$\liminf_{z\to\partial D}u(z)\gt 0$;
(iii) if $1\lt \alpha\le\beta$, $M_u$ is
bounded below if and only if there exist a $\delta\gt 0$ and a positive
$r\lt 1$ such that for every point $z\in D$ there is a point $z'\in
D$ with the property $d(z',z)\lt r$ and
$(1z'^2)^{\beta\alpha}u(z')\ge\delta$, where $d(\cdot,\cdot)$ denotes
the pseudodistance on $D$.
Keywords:$\alpha$Bloch function, multiplication operator Categories:32A18, 30H05 

25. CMB 2009 (vol 52 pp. 481)
 Alaca, Ay\c{s}e; Alaca, \c{S}aban; Williams, Kenneth S.

Some Infinite Products of Ramanujan Type
In his ``lost'' notebook, Ramanujan stated two results, which are equivalent to the identities
\[
\prod_{n=1}^{\infty} \frac{(1q^n)^5}{(1q^{5n})}
=15\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}\Big( \sum_{d \mid n} \qu{5}{d} d \Big) q^n
\]
and
\[
q\prod_{n=1}^{\infty} \frac{(1q^{5n})^5}{(1q^{n})}
=\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}\Big( \sum_{d \mid n} \qu{5}{n/d} d \Big) q^n.
\]
We give several more identities of this type.
Keywords:Power series expansions of certain infinite products Categories:11E25, 11F11, 11F27, 30B10 
