1. CMB Online first
 Liu, Huaifu; Mo, Xiaohuan

Finsler warped product metrics of Douglas type
In this paper, we study the warped structures of Finsler metrics.
We obtain the differential equation that characterizes the Finsler
warped product metrics with vanishing Douglas curvature. By solving
this equation, we obtain all Finsler warped product Douglas metrics.
Some new Douglas Finsler metrics of this type are produced by
using known spherically symmetric Douglas metrics.
Keywords:Finsler metric, warped product, Douglas metric, spherically symmetric metric Categories:22E46, 53C30 

2. CMB Online first
 Boutonnet, Remi; Roydor, Jean

A note on uniformly bounded cocycles into finite von Neumann algebras
We give a short proof of a result of T. Bates
and T. Giordano stating that any uniformly bounded Borel cocycle
into a finite von Neumann algebra is cohomologous to a unitary
cocycle. We also point out a separability issue in
their proof. Our approach is based on the existence of a nonpositive
curvature metric on the positive cone of a finite von Neumann
algebra.
Keywords:Borel cocycle, von Neumann algebra Categories:46L55, 46L40, 22D40 

3. CMB 2017 (vol 61 pp. 174)
 Roche, Alan; Vinroot, C. Ryan

A factorization result for classical and similitude groups
For most classical and similitude groups, we show that each element
can be written as a product of two transformations that
a) preserve or almost preserve the underlying form and b) whose
squares are certain scalar maps. This generalizes work of Wonenburger
and Vinroot.
As an application, we reprove and slightly extend a well known
result of MÅglin, VignÃ©ras and Waldspurger on the existence
of automorphisms of $p$adic classical groups that take each
irreducible smooth representation to its dual.
Keywords:classical group, similitude group, involution, $p$adic group, dual of representation Categories:20G15, 22E50 

4. CMB 2017 (vol 60 pp. 774)
 Jensen, Gerd; Pommerenke, Christian

On the Structure of the Schild Group in Relativity Theory
Alfred Schild has established conditions
that Lorentz transformations map worldvectors $(ct,x,y,z)$ with
integer coordinates onto vectors of the same kind. These transformations
are called integral Lorentz transformations.
The present paper contains supplements to
our earlier work
with a new focus on group theory. To relate the results to the
familiar matrix group nomenclature we associate Lorentz transformations
with matrices in $\mathrm{SL}(2,\mathbb{C})$. We consider the
lattice of subgroups of the group originated in Schild's paper
and obtain generating sets for the full group and its subgroups.
Keywords:Lorentz transformation, integer lattice, Gaussian integers, Schild group, subgroup Categories:22E43, 20H99, 83A05 

5. CMB 2017 (vol 60 pp. 845)
 Pachl, Jan; Steprāns, Juris

Continuity of Convolution and SIN Groups
Let the measure algebra of a topological group $G$ be equipped
with
the topology of uniform convergence on bounded right uniformly
equicontinuous sets of functions.
Convolution is separately continuous on the measure algebra,
and it is jointly continuous if and only if $G$ has the SIN property.
On the larger space $\mathsf{LUC}(G)^\ast$ which includes the measure
algebra,
convolution is also jointly continuous if and only if the group
has the SIN property,
but not separately continuous for many nonSIN groups.
Keywords:topological group, SIN property, measure algebra, convolution Categories:43A10, 22A10 

6. CMB 2016 (vol 60 pp. 77)
 Christ, Michael; Rieffel, Marc A.

Nilpotent Group C*algebras as Compact Quantum Metric Spaces
Let $\mathbb{L}$ be a length function on a group $G$, and let $M_\mathbb{L}$
denote the
operator of pointwise multiplication by $\mathbb{L}$ on $\lt(G)$.
Following Connes,
$M_\mathbb{L}$ can be used as a ``Dirac'' operator for the reduced
group C*algebra $C_r^*(G)$. It defines a
Lipschitz seminorm on $C_r^*(G)$, which defines a metric on the
state space of
$C_r^*(G)$. We show that
for any length function satisfying a strong form of polynomial
growth on a discrete group,
the topology from this metric
coincides with the
weak$*$ topology (a key property for the
definition of a ``compact quantum metric
space''). In particular, this holds for all wordlength functions
on finitely generated nilpotentbyfinite groups.
Keywords:group C*algebra, Dirac operator, quantum metric space, discrete nilpotent group, polynomial growth Categories:46L87, 20F65, 22D15, 53C23, 58B34 

7. CMB 2016 (vol 59 pp. 244)
 Cao, Wensheng; Huang, Xiaolin

A Note on Quaternionic Hyperbolic Ideal Triangle Groups
In this paper, the quaternionic hyperbolic
ideal triangle groups are parameterized by a real oneparameter
family $\{\phi_s: s\in \mathbb{R}\}$. The indexing parameter $s$ is
the tangent of the quaternionic angular invariant of a triple
of points in $\partial \mathbf{H}_{\mathbb{h}}^2 $ forming this ideal
triangle. We show that if $s \gt \sqrt{125/3}$ then $\phi_s$ is
not a discrete embedding, and if $s \leq \sqrt{35}$
then $\phi_s$ is a discrete embedding.
Keywords:quaternionic inversion, ideal triangle group, quaternionic Cartan angular invariant Categories:20F67, 22E40, 30F40 

8. CMB 2015 (vol 59 pp. 123)
 Jensen, Gerd; Pommerenke, Christian

Discrete Spacetime and Lorentz Transformations
Alfred Schild has established conditions
that Lorentz transformations map worldvectors $(ct,x,y,z)$ with
integer coordinates onto vectors of the same kind. The problem
was dealt with in the context of tensor and spinor calculus.
Due to Schild's numbertheoretic arguments, the subject is also
interesting when isolated from its physical background.
The paper of Schild is not easy to understand. Therefore we first
present a streamlined version of his proof which is based on
the use of null vectors. Then we present a purely algebraic proof
that is somewhat shorter. Both proofs rely on the properties
of Gaussian integers.
Keywords:Lorentz transformation, integer lattice, Gaussian integers Categories:22E43, 20H99, 83A05 

9. CMB 2015 (vol 58 pp. 632)
 Silberman, Lior

Quantum Unique Ergodicity on Locally Symmetric Spaces: the Degenerate Lift
Given a measure $\bar\mu_\infty$ on a locally symmetric space $Y=\Gamma\backslash
G/K$,
obtained as a weak{*} limit of probability measures associated
to
eigenfunctions of the ring of invariant differential operators,
we
construct a measure $\bar\mu_\infty$ on the homogeneous space $X=\Gamma\backslash
G$
which lifts $\bar\mu_\infty$ and which is invariant by a connected subgroup
$A_{1}\subset A$ of positive dimension, where $G=NAK$ is an Iwasawa
decomposition. If the functions are, in addition, eigenfunctions
of
the Hecke operators, then $\bar\mu_\infty$ is also the limit of measures
associated
to Hecke eigenfunctions on $X$. This generalizes results of the
author
with A. Venkatesh in the case where the spectral parameters
stay
away from the walls of the Weyl chamber.
Keywords:quantum unique ergodicity, microlocal lift, spherical dual Categories:22E50, 43A85 

10. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 357)
 Lauret, Emilio A.

Representation Equivalent Bieberbach Groups and Strongly Isospectral Flat Manifolds
Let $\Gamma_1$ and $\Gamma_2$ be Bieberbach groups contained in the
full isometry group $G$ of $\mathbb{R}^n$.
We prove that if the compact flat manifolds $\Gamma_1\backslash\mathbb{R}^n$ and
$\Gamma_2\backslash\mathbb{R}^n$ are strongly isospectral then the Bieberbach groups
$\Gamma_1$ and $\Gamma_2$ are representation equivalent, that is, the
right regular representations $L^2(\Gamma_1\backslash G)$ and
$L^2(\Gamma_2\backslash G)$ are unitarily equivalent.
Keywords:representation equivalent, strongly isospectrality, compact flat manifolds Categories:58J53, 22D10 

11. CMB 2012 (vol 56 pp. 881)
12. CMB 2012 (vol 57 pp. 424)
 Sołtan, Piotr M.; Viselter, Ami

A Note on Amenability of Locally Compact Quantum Groups
In this short note we introduce a notion called ``quantum injectivity''
of locally compact quantum groups, and prove that it is equivalent
to amenability of the dual. Particularly, this provides a new characterization
of amenability of locally compact groups.
Keywords:amenability, conditional expectation, injectivity, locally compact quantum group, quantum injectivity Categories:20G42, 22D25, 46L89 

13. CMB 2012 (vol 56 pp. 709)
 Bartošová, Dana

Universal Minimal Flows of Groups of Automorphisms of Uncountable Structures
It is a wellknown fact, that the greatest ambit for
a topological group $G$ is the Samuel compactification of $G$ with
respect to the right uniformity on $G.$ We apply the original
description by Samuel from 1948 to give a simple computation of the
universal minimal flow for groups of automorphisms of uncountable
structures using FraÃ¯ssÃ© theory and Ramsey theory. This work
generalizes some of the known results about countable structures.
Keywords:universal minimal flows, ultrafilter flows, Ramsey theory Categories:37B05, 03E02, 05D10, 22F50, 54H20 

14. CMB 2012 (vol 56 pp. 647)
 Valverde, Cesar

On Induced Representations Distinguished by Orthogonal Groups
Let $F$ be a local nonarchimedean field of characteristic zero. We
prove that a representation of $GL(n,F)$ obtained from irreducible
parabolic induction of supercuspidal representations is distinguished
by an orthogonal group only if the inducing data is distinguished by
appropriate orthogonal groups. As a corollary, we get that an
irreducible representation induced from supercuspidals that is
distinguished by an orthogonal group is metic.
Keywords:distinguished representation, parabolic induction Category:22E50 

15. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 442)
 Zelenyuk, Yevhen

Closed Left Ideal Decompositions of $U(G)$
Let $G$ be an infinite discrete group and let $\beta G$ be the
StoneÄech compactification of $G$. We take the points of $Äta
G$ to be the ultrafilters on $G$, identifying the principal
ultrafilters with the points of $G$. The set $U(G)$ of uniform
ultrafilters on $G$ is a closed twosided ideal of $\beta G$. For
every $p\in U(G)$, define $I_p\subseteq\beta G$ by $I_p=\bigcap_{A\in
p}\operatorname{cl} (GU(A))$, where $U(A)=\{p\in U(G):A\in p\}$. We show
that if $G$ is a regular cardinal, then $\{I_p:p\in U(G)\}$ is the
finest decomposition of $U(G)$ into closed left ideals of $\beta G$
such that the corresponding quotient space of $U(G)$ is Hausdorff.
Keywords:StoneÄech compactification, uniform ultrafilter, closed left ideal, decomposition Categories:22A15, 54H20, 22A30, 54D80 

16. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 213)
 Tausk, Daniel V.

A Locally Compact Non Divisible Abelian Group Whose Character Group Is Torsion Free and Divisible
It was claimed by Halmos in 1944 that if $G$ is a
Hausdorff locally compact topological abelian
group and if the character group of $G$ is torsion
free, then $G$ is divisible.
We prove that such a claim is false by
presenting a family of counterexamples.
While other counterexamples are known,
we also present a family of stronger counterexamples,
showing that even if one assumes that the character
group of $G$ is both torsion free and divisible,
it does not follow that $G$ is divisible.
Category:22B05 

17. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 870)
 Wang, Hui; Deng, Shaoqiang

Left Invariant EinsteinRanders Metrics on Compact Lie Groups
In this paper we study left invariant EinsteinRanders metrics on compact Lie
groups. First, we give a method to construct left invariant nonRiemannian EinsteinRanders metrics
on a compact Lie group, using the Zermelo navigation data.
Then we prove that this gives a complete classification of left invariant EinsteinRanders metrics on compact simple
Lie groups with the underlying Riemannian metric naturally reductive.
Further, we completely determine the identity component of the group of
isometries for this type of metrics on simple groups. Finally, we study some
geometric properties of such metrics. In particular, we give the formulae of geodesics and flag curvature
of such metrics.
Keywords:EinsteinRanders metric, compact Lie groups, geodesic, flag curvature Categories:17B20, 22E46, 53C12 

18. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 218)
 Yang, Dilian

Functional Equations and Fourier Analysis
By exploring the relations among functional equations, harmonic analysis and representation theory,
we give a unified and very accessible approach to solve three important functional equations 
the d'Alembert equation, the Wilson equation, and the d'Alembert long equation 
on compact groups.
Keywords:functional equations, Fourier analysis, representation of compact groups Categories:39B52, 22C05, 43A30 

19. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 116)
 Krepski, Derek

Central Extensions of Loop Groups and Obstruction to PreQuantization
An explicit construction of a prequantum line bundle for the moduli
space of flat $G$bundles over a Riemann surface is given, where $G$
is any nonsimply connected compact simple Lie group. This work helps
to explain a curious coincidence previously observed between
Toledano Laredo's work classifying central extensions of loop groups
$LG$ and the author's previous work on the obstruction to
prequantization of the moduli space of flat $G$bundles.
Keywords:loop group, central extension, prequantization Categories:53D, 22E 

20. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 297)
 Glasner, Eli

The Group $\operatorname{Aut}(\mu)$ is Roelcke Precompact
Following a similar result of Uspenskij on the unitary group of a
separable Hilbert space, we show that, with respect to the lower (or
Roelcke) uniform structure, the Polish group $G=
\operatorname{Aut}(\mu)$ of automorphisms of an atomless standard
Borel probability space $(X,\mu)$ is precompact. We identify the
corresponding compactification as the space of Markov operators on
$L_2(\mu)$ and deduce that the algebra of right and left uniformly
continuous functions, the algebra of weakly almost periodic functions,
and the algebra of Hilbert functions on $G$, i.e., functions on
$G$ arising from unitary representations, all coincide. Again
following Uspenskij, we also conclude that $G$ is totally minimal.
Keywords:Roelcke precompact, unitary group, measure preserving transformations, Markov operators, weakly almost periodic functions Categories:54H11, 22A05, 37B05, 54H20 

21. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 663)
 Haas, Ruth; G. Helminck, Aloysius

Admissible Sequences for Twisted Involutions in Weyl Groups
Let $W$ be a Weyl group, $\Sigma$ a set of simple reflections in $W$
related to a basis $\Delta$ for the root system $\Phi$ associated with
$W$ and $\theta$ an involution such that $\theta(\Delta) = \Delta$. We
show that the set of $\theta$twisted involutions in $W$,
$\mathcal{I}_{\theta} = \{w\in W \mid \theta(w) = w^{1}\}$ is in one
to one correspondence with the set of regular involutions
$\mathcal{I}_{\operatorname{Id}}$. The elements of $\mathcal{I}_{\theta}$ are
characterized by sequences in $\Sigma$ which induce an ordering called
the RichardsonSpringer Poset. In particular, for $\Phi$ irreducible,
the ascending RichardsonSpringer Poset of $\mathcal{I}_{\theta}$,
for nontrivial $\theta$ is identical to the descending
RichardsonSpringer Poset of $\mathcal{I}_{\operatorname{Id}}$.
Categories:20G15, 20G20, 22E15, 22E46, 43A85 

22. CMB 2010 (vol 54 pp. 44)
 Cheung, WaiShun; Tam, TinYau

StarShapedness and $K$Orbits in Complex Semisimple Lie Algebras
Given a complex semisimple Lie algebra
$\mathfrak{g}=\mathfrak{k}+i\mathfrak{k}$ ($\mathfrak{k}$ is a compact
real form of $\mathfrak{g}$), let $\pi\colon\mathfrak{g}\to
\mathfrak{h}$ be the orthogonal projection (with respect to the
Killing form) onto the Cartan subalgebra
$\mathfrak{h}:=\mathfrak{t}+i\mathfrak{t}$, where $\mathfrak{t}$ is a
maximal abelian subalgebra of $\mathfrak{k}$. Given $x\in
\mathfrak{g}$, we consider $\pi(\mathop{\textrm{Ad}}(K) x)$, where $K$ is
the analytic subgroup $G$ corresponding to $\mathfrak{k}$, and show
that it is starshaped. The result extends a result of Tsing. We also
consider the generalized numerical range $f(\mathop{\textrm{Ad}}(K)x)$,
where $f$ is a linear functional on $\mathfrak{g}$. We establish the
starshapedness of $f(\mathop{\textrm{Ad}}(K)x)$ for simple Lie algebras
of type $B$.
Categories:22E10, 17B20 

23. CMB 2010 (vol 54 pp. 126)
24. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 60)
 Janzen, David

F{\o}lner Nets for Semidirect Products of Amenable Groups
For unimodular semidirect products of locally compact amenable
groups $N$ and $H$, we show that one can always construct a
F{\o}lner net of the form $(A_\alpha \times B_\beta)$ for $G$, where
$(A_\alpha)$ is a strong form of F{\o}lner net for $N$ and
$(B_\beta)$ is any F{\o}lner net for $H$. Applications to the
Heisenberg and Euclidean motion groups are provided.
Categories:22D05, 43A07, 22D15, 43A20 

25. CMB 2007 (vol 50 pp. 632)
 Zelenyuk, Yevhen; Zelenyuk, Yuliya

Transformations and Colorings of Groups
Let $G$ be a compact topological group and let $f\colon G\to G$ be a
continuous transformation of $G$. Define $f^*\colon G\to G$ by
$f^*(x)=f(x^{1})x$ and let $\mu=\mu_G$ be Haar measure on $G$. Assume
that $H=\Imag f^*$ is a subgroup of $G$ and for every
measurable $C\subseteq H$,
$\mu_G((f^*)^{1}(C))=\mu_H(C)$. Then for every measurable
$C\subseteq G$, there exist $S\subseteq C$ and $g\in G$ such that
$f(Sg^{1})\subseteq Cg^{1}$ and $\mu(S)\ge(\mu(C))^2$.
Keywords:compact topological group, continuous transformation, endomorphism, Ramsey theoryinversion, Categories:05D10, 20D60, 22A10 
