1. CMB Online first
 Koşan, Tamer; Sahinkaya, Serap; Zhou, Yiqiang

Additive maps on units of rings
Let $R$ be a ring. A map $f: R\rightarrow R$
is additive if $f(a+b)=f(a)+f(b)$ for all elements $a$ and $b$
of $R$.
Here a map $f: R\rightarrow R$ is called unitadditive if $f(u+v)=f(u)+f(v)$
for all units $u$ and $v$ of $R$. Motivated by a recent result
of Xu, Pei and Yi
showing that, for any field $F$, every
unitadditive map of ${\mathbb M}_n(F)$ is additive for all $n\ge
2$, this paper is about the question when every unitadditive
map of a ring is additive. It is proved that every unitadditive
map of a semilocal ring $R$ is additive if and only if either
$R$ has no homomorphic image isomorphic to $\mathbb Z_2$ or $R/J(R)\cong
\mathbb Z_2$ with $2=0$ in $R$. Consequently, for any semilocal
ring $R$, every unitadditive map of ${\mathbb M}_n(R)$ is additive
for all $n\ge 2$. These results are further extended to rings
$R$ such that $R/J(R)$ is a direct product of exchange rings
with primitive factors Artinian. A unitadditive map $f$ of a
ring $R$ is called unithomomorphic if $f(uv)=f(u)f(v)$ for all
units $u,v$ of $R$. As an application, the question of when every
unithomomorphic map of a ring is an endomorphism is addressed.
Keywords:additive map, unit, 2sum property, semilocal ring, exchange ring with primitive factors Artinian Categories:15A99, 16U60, 16L30 

2. CMB Online first
 Bavula, V. V.; Lu, T.

Classification of simple weight modules over the SchrÃ¶dinger algebra
A classification of simple weight modules over the SchrÃ¶dinger
algebra is given. The Krull and the global dimensions are found
for the centralizer $C_{\mathcal{S}}(H)$ (and some of its prime factor
algebras) of the Cartan element $H$ in the universal enveloping
algebra $\mathcal{S}$ of the SchrÃ¶dinger (Lie) algebra. The simple
$C_{\mathcal{S}}(H)$modules are classified. The Krull and the global
dimensions are found for some (prime) factor algebras of the
algebra $\mathcal{S}$ (over the centre). It is proved that some (prime)
factor algebras of $\mathcal{S}$ and $C_{\mathcal{S}}(H)$ are tensor homological/Krull
minimal.
Keywords:weight module, simple module, centralizer, Krull dimension, global dimension, tensor homological minimal algebra, tensor Krull minimal algebra Categories:17B10, 17B20, 17B35, 16E10, 16P90, 16P40, 16P50 

3. CMB Online first
 Buijs, Urtzi; Félix, Yves; Murillo, Aniceto; Tanré, Daniel

MaurerCartan elements in the Lie models of finite simplicial complexes
In a previous work, we have associated a complete differential
graded Lie algebra
to any finite simplicial complex in a functorial way.
Similarly, we have also a realization functor from the category
of complete differential graded Lie algebras
to the category of simplicial sets.
We have already interpreted the homology of a Lie algebra
in terms of homotopy groups of its realization.
In this paper, we begin a dictionary between models
and simplicial complexes by establishing a correspondence
between the Deligne groupoid of the model and the connected components
of the finite simplicial complex.
Keywords:complete differential graded Lie algebra, MaurerCartan element, rational homotopy theory Category:16E45 

4. CMB Online first
 Lee, TsiuKwen

Adnilpotent elements of semiprime rings with involution
Let $R$ be an $n!$torsion free semiprime ring with
involution $*$ and with extended centroid $C$, where $n\gt 1$ is
a positive integer. We characterize $a\in K$, the Lie algebra
of skew elements in $R$, satisfying $(\operatorname{ad}_a)^n=0$ on $K$. This
generalizes both Martindale and Miers' theorem
and the theorem of Brox et al.
To prove it we
first prove that if $a, b\in R$ satisfy
$(\operatorname{ad}_a)^n=\operatorname{ad}_b$ on
$R$, where either $n$ is even or $b=0$, then
$\big(a\lambda\big)^{[\frac{n+1}{2}]}=0$
for some $\lambda\in C$.
Keywords:Semiprime ring, Lie algebra, Jordan algebra, faithful $f$free, involution, skew (symmetric) element, adnilpotent element, Jordan element Categories:16N60, 16W10, 17B60 

5. CMB Online first
 Khojasteh, Sohiela; Nikmehr, Mohammad Javad

The Weakly Nilpotent Graph of a Commutative Ring
Let $R$ be a commutative ring with nonzero identity. In this
paper, we introduced the weakly nilpotent graph of a commutative
ring. The weakly nilpotent graph of $R$ is denoted by $\Gamma_w(R)$
is a graph with the vertex set $R^{*}$ and two vertices $x$ and
$y$ are adjacent if and only if $xy\in N(R)^{*}$, where $R^{*}=R\setminus\{0\}$
and $N(R)^{*}$ is the set of all nonzero nilpotent elements
of $R$. In this article, we determine the diameter of weakly
nilpotent graph of an Artinian ring. We prove that if $\Gamma_w(R)$
is a forest, then $\Gamma_w(R)$ is a union of a star and some
isolated vertices. We study the clique number, the chromatic
number and the independence number of $\Gamma_w(R)$. Among other
results, we show that for an Artinian ring $R$, $\Gamma_w(R)$
is not a disjoint union of cycles or a unicyclic graph. For Artinan
ring, we determine $\operatorname{diam}(\overline{\Gamma_w(R)})$. Finally, we
characterize all commutative rings $R$ for which $\overline{\Gamma_w(R)}$
is a cycle, where $\overline{\Gamma_w(R)}$ is the complement
of the weakly nilpotent graph of $R$.
Keywords:weakly nilpotent graph, zerodivisor graph, diameter, girth Categories:05C15, 16N40, 16P20 

6. CMB Online first
 Wang, Long; CastroGonzalez, Nieves; Chen, Jianlong

Characterizations of outer generalized inverses
Let $R$
be a ring and $b, c\in R$.
In this paper, we give some characterizations of the $(b,c)$inverse,
in terms of the direct sum decomposition, the annihilator and
the invertible elements.
Moreover, elements with equal $(b,c)$idempotents related to
their $(b, c)$inverses are characterized, and the reverse order
rule for the $(b,c)$inverse is considered.
Keywords:$(b, c)$inverse, $(b, c)$idempotent, regularity, imagekernel $(p, q)$inverse, ring Categories:15A09, 16U99 

7. CMB Online first
 Eroǧlu, Münevver Pınar; Argaç, Nurcan

On Identities with Composition of Generalized Derivations
Let $R$ be a prime ring with extended
centroid $C$, $Q$ maximal right ring of quotients of $R$, $RC$
central closure of $R$ such that $dim_{C}(RC)
\gt 4$, $f(X_{1},\dots,X_{n})$
a multilinear polynomial over $C$ which is not centralvalued
on $R$ and $f(R)$ the set of all evaluations of the multilinear
polynomial $f\big(X_{1},\dots,X_{n}\big)$ in $R$. Suppose that
$G$ is a nonzero generalized derivation of $R$ such that $G^2\big(u\big)u
\in C$ for all $u\in f(R)$ then one of the following conditions
holds:
(I) there exists $a\in Q$ such that $a^2=0$ and
either $G(x)=ax$ for all $x\in R$ or $G(x)=xa$ for all $x\in
R$;
(II) there exists $a\in Q$ such that $0\neq a^2\in
C$ and either $G(x)=ax$ for all $x\in R$ or $G(x)=xa$ for all
$x\in R$ and $f(X_{1},\dots,X_{n})^{2}$ is centralvalued on
$R$;
(III) $char(R)=2$ and one of the following holds:
(i) there exist $a, b\in Q$ such that $G(x)=ax+xb$ for all
$x\in R$ and $a^{2}=b^{2}\in C$;
(ii) there exist $a, b\in Q$ such that $G(x)=ax+xb$ for all
$x\in R$, $a^{2}, b^{2}\in C$ and $f(X_{1},\ldots,X_{n})^{2}$
is centralvalued on $R$;
(iii) there exist $a \in Q$ and an $X$outer derivation $d$
of $R$ such that $G(x)=ax+d(x)$ for all $x\in R$, $d^2=0$ and
$a^2+d(a)=0$;
(iv) there exist $a \in Q$ and an $X$outer derivation $d$
of $R$ such that $G(x)=ax+d(x)$ for all $x\in R$, $d^2=0$,
$a^2+d(a)\in C$ and $f(X_{1},\dots,X_{n})^{2}$ is centralvalued
on $R$.
Moreover, we characterize the form of nonzero generalized derivations
$G$ of $R$ satisfying $G^2(x)=\lambda x$ for all $x\in R$, where
$\lambda \in C$.
Keywords:prime ring, generalized derivation, composition, extended centroid, multilinear polynomial, maximal right ring of quotients Categories:16N60, 16N25 

8. CMB 2016 (vol 60 pp. 3)
 Akbari, Saeeid; Alilou, Abbas; Amjadi, Jafar; Sheikholeslami, Seyed Mahmoud

The Coannihilatingideal Graphs of Commutative Rings
Let $R$ be a commutative ring with identity. The
coannihilatingideal graph of $R$, denoted by $\mathcal{A}_R$,
is
a graph whose vertex set is the set of all nonzero proper ideals
of $R$ and two distinct vertices $I$ and $J$ are adjacent
whenever ${\operatorname {Ann}}(I)\cap {\operatorname {Ann}}(J)=\{0\}$. In this paper we
initiate the study of the coannihilating ideal graph of a
commutative ring and we investigate its properties.
Keywords:commutative ring, coannihilating ideal graph Categories:13A15, 16N40 

9. CMB 2016 (vol 59 pp. 794)
 Hashemi, Ebrahim; Amirjan, R.

Zerodivisor Graphs of Ore Extensions over Reversible Rings
Let $R$ be an associative ring with identity.
First we prove some results about zerodivisor graphs of reversible
rings. Then we study the zerodivisors of the skew power series
ring $R[[x;\alpha]]$, whenever $R$ is reversible and $\alpha$compatible. Moreover, we compare the diameter and girth of the zerodivisor
graphs of $\Gamma(R)$, $\Gamma(R[x;\alpha,\delta])$ and $\Gamma(R[[x;\alpha]])$,
when
$R$ is reversible and $(\alpha,\delta)$compatible.
Keywords:zerodivisor graphs, reversible rings, McCoy rings, polynomial rings, power series rings Categories:13B25, 05C12, 16S36 

10. CMB 2016 (vol 59 pp. 652)
 Su, Huadong

On the Diameter of Unitary Cayley Graphs of Rings
The unitary Cayley graph of a ring $R$, denoted
$\Gamma(R)$, is the simple graph
defined on all elements of $R$, and where two vertices $x$ and
$y$
are adjacent if and only if $xy$ is a unit in $R$. The largest
distance between all pairs of vertices of a graph $G$ is called
the
diameter of $G$, and is denoted by ${\rm diam}(G)$. It is proved
that for each integer $n\geq1$, there exists a ring $R$ such
that
${\rm diam}(\Gamma(R))=n$. We also show that ${\rm
diam}(\Gamma(R))\in \{1,2,3,\infty\}$ for a ring $R$ with $R/J(R)$
selfinjective and classify all those rings with ${\rm
diam}(\Gamma(R))=1$, 2, 3 and $\infty$, respectively.
Keywords:unitary Cayley graph, diameter, $k$good, unit sum number, selfinjective ring Categories:05C25, 16U60, 05C12 

11. CMB 2016 (vol 59 pp. 461)
 Ara, Pere; O'Meara, Kevin C.

The Nilpotent Regular Element Problem
We use George Bergman's recent normal form for universally adjoining
an inner inverse to show that, for general rings, a nilpotent
regular element $x$ need not be unitregular.
This contrasts sharply with the situation for nilpotent regular
elements in exchange rings (a large class of rings), and for
general rings when all powers of the nilpotent element $x$ are
regular.
Keywords:nilpotent element, von Neumann regular element, unitregular, Bergman's normal form Categories:16E50, 16U99, 16S10, 16S15 

12. CMB 2016 (vol 59 pp. 661)
 Ying, Zhiling; Koşan, Tamer; Zhou, Yiqiang

Rings in Which Every Element is a Sum of Two Tripotents
Let $R$ be a ring. The following results are proved: $(1)$ every
element of $R$ is a sum of an idempotent and a tripotent that
commute iff $R$ has the identity $x^6=x^4$ iff $R\cong R_1\times
R_2$, where $R_1/J(R_1)$ is Boolean with $U(R_1)$ a group of
exponent $2$ and $R_2$ is zero or a subdirect product of $\mathbb
Z_3$'s; $(2)$ every element of $R$ is either a sum or a difference
of two commuting idempotents iff $R\cong R_1\times R_2$, where
$R_1/J(R_1)$ is Boolean with $J(R_1)=0$ or $J(R_1)=\{0,2\}$,
and $R_2$ is zero or a subdirect product of $\mathbb Z_3$'s;
$(3)$ every element of $R$ is a sum of two commuting tripotents
iff $R\cong R_1\times R_2\times R_3$, where $R_1/J(R_1)$ is Boolean
with $U(R_1)$ a group of exponent $2$, $R_2$ is zero or a subdirect
product of $\mathbb Z_3$'s, and $R_3$ is zero or a subdirect
product of $\mathbb Z_5$'s.
Keywords:idempotent, tripotent, Boolean ring, polynomial identity $x^3=x$, polynomial identity $x^6=x^4$, polynomial identity $x^8=x^4$ Categories:16S50, 16U60, 16U90 

13. CMB 2016 (vol 59 pp. 340)
 Kȩpczyk, Marek

A Note on Algebras that are Sums of Two Subalgebras
We study an associative algebra $A$ over an arbitrary field,
that is
a sum of two subalgebras $B$ and $C$ (i.e. $A=B+C$). We show
that if $B$ is a right or left Artinian $PI$ algebra and $C$
is a $PI$ algebra, then $A$ is a $PI$ algebra. Additionally we
generalize this result for semiprime algebras $A$.
Consider the class of
all semisimple finite dimensional algebras $A=B+C$ for some
subalgebras $B$ and $C$ which satisfy given polynomial identities
$f=0$ and $g=0$, respectively.
We prove that all algebras in this class satisfy a common polynomial
identity.
Keywords:rings with polynomial identities, prime rings Categories:16N40, 16R10, , 16S36, 16W60, 16R20 

14. CMB 2016 (vol 59 pp. 271)
 DehghaniZadeh, Fatemeh

Artinianness of Composed Graded Local Cohomology Modules
Let $R=\bigoplus_{n\geq0}R_{n}$ be a graded Noetherian ring with
local base ring $(R_{0}, \mathfrak{m}_{0})$ and let
$R_{+}=\bigoplus_{n\gt 0}R_{n}$, $M$ and $N$ be finitely generated
graded $R$modules and $\mathfrak{a}=\mathfrak{a}_{0}+R_{+}$ an ideal of $R$. We
show that $H^{j}_{\mathfrak{b}_{0}}(H^{i}_{\mathfrak{a}}(M,N))$ and $H^{i}_{\mathfrak{a}}(M,
N)/\mathfrak{b}_{0}H^{i}_{\mathfrak{a}}(M,N)$ are Artinian for some $i^{,}s$ and
$j^{,}s$ with a specified property, where $\mathfrak{b}_{o}$ is an ideal
of
$R_{0}$ such that $\mathfrak{a}_{0}+\mathfrak{b}_{0}$ is an $\mathfrak{m}_{0}$primary ideal.
Keywords:generalized local cohomology, Artinian, graded module Categories:13D45, 13E10, 16W50 

15. CMB 2016 (vol 59 pp. 258)
 De Filippis, Vincenzo

Annihilators and Power Values of Generalized Skew Derivations on Lie Ideals
Let $R$ be a prime ring of characteristic different from
$2$, $Q_r$ be its right Martindale quotient ring and
$C$ be its extended centroid. Suppose that $F$ is
a generalized skew derivation of $R$, $L$ a noncentral Lie ideal
of $R$, $0 \neq a\in R$,
$m\geq 0$ and $n,s\geq 1$ fixed integers. If
\[
a\biggl(u^mF(u)u^n\biggr)^s=0
\]
for all $u\in L$, then either $R\subseteq M_2(C)$, the ring of
$2\times 2$ matrices over $C$, or $m=0$ and there exists $b\in
Q_r$ such that
$F(x)=bx$, for any $x\in R$, with $ab=0$.
Keywords:generalized skew derivation, prime ring Categories:16W25, 16N60 

16. CMB 2015 (vol 58 pp. 741)
 Gao, Zenghui

Homological Properties Relative to Injectively Resolving Subcategories
Let $\mathcal{E}$ be an injectively resolving subcategory of
left $R$modules. A left $R$module $M$
(resp. right $R$module $N$) is called $\mathcal{E}$injective
(resp. $\mathcal{E}$flat)
if $\operatorname{Ext}_R^1(G,M)=0$ (resp. $\operatorname{Tor}_1^R(N,G)=0$)
for any $G\in\mathcal{E}$.
Let $\mathcal{E}$ be a covering subcategory.
We prove that a left $R$module $M$ is $\mathcal{E}$injective
if and only if $M$ is a direct sum
of an injective left $R$module and a reduced $\mathcal{E}$injective
left $R$module.
Suppose $\mathcal{F}$ is a preenveloping subcategory of right
$R$modules such that
$\mathcal{E}^+\subseteq\mathcal{F}$ and $\mathcal{F}^+\subseteq\mathcal{E}$.
It is shown that a finitely presented right $R$module $M$ is
$\mathcal{E}$flat if and only if
$M$ is a cokernel of an $\mathcal{F}$preenvelope of a right
$R$module.
In addition, we introduce and investigate the
$\mathcal{E}$injective and $\mathcal{E}$flat dimensions of
modules and rings. We also introduce $\mathcal{E}$(semi)hereditary
rings and $\mathcal{E}$von Neumann regular rings and characterize
them in terms of $\mathcal{E}$injective and $\mathcal{E}$flat
modules.
Keywords:injectively resolving subcategory, \mathcal{E}injective module (dimension), \mathcal{E}flat module (dimension), cover, preenvelope, \mathcal{E}(semi)hereditary ring Categories:16E30, 16E10, 16E60 

17. CMB 2015 (vol 58 pp. 730)
 Efrat, Ido; Matzri, Eliyahu

Vanishing of Massey Products and Brauer Groups
Let $p$ be a prime number and $F$ a field containing a root of
unity of order $p$.
We relate recent results on vanishing of triple Massey products
in the mod$p$ Galois cohomology of $F$,
due to Hopkins, Wickelgren, MinÃ¡Ä, and TÃ¢n, to classical
results in the theory of central simple algebras.
For global fields, we prove a stronger form of the vanishing
property.
Keywords:Galois cohomology, Brauer groups, triple Massey products, global fields Categories:16K50, 11R34, 12G05, 12E30 

18. CMB 2015 (vol 58 pp. 233)
 Bergen, Jeffrey

Affine Actions of $U_q(sl(2))$ on Polynomial Rings
We classify the affine actions of $U_q(sl(2))$ on commutative
polynomial rings in $m \ge 1$ variables.
We show that, up to scalar multiplication, there are two possible
actions.
In addition, for each action, the subring of invariants is a
polynomial ring in either $m$ or $m1$ variables,
depending upon whether $q$ is or is not a root of $1$.
Keywords:skew derivation, quantum group, invariants Categories:16T20, 17B37, 20G42 

19. CMB 2015 (vol 58 pp. 263)
 De Filippis, Vincenzo; Mamouni, Abdellah; Oukhtite, Lahcen

Generalized Jordan Semiderivations in Prime Rings
Let $R$ be a ring, $g$ an endomorphism of $R$.
The additive mapping $d\colon R\rightarrow R$ is called Jordan semiderivation of $R$, associated with $g$, if
$$d(x^2)=d(x)x+g(x)d(x)=d(x)g(x)+xd(x)\quad \text{and}\quad d(g(x))=g(d(x))$$
for all $x\in R$.
The additive mapping $F\colon R\rightarrow R$ is called generalized Jordan semiderivation of $R$, related to the Jordan semiderivation $d$ and endomorphism $g$, if
$$F(x^2)=F(x)x+g(x)d(x)=F(x)g(x)+xd(x)\quad \text{and}\quad F(g(x))=g(F(x))$$
for all $x\in R$.
In the present paper we prove that
if $R$ is a prime ring of characteristic different from $2$, $g$ an endomorphism of $R$, $d$ a Jordan semiderivation associated with $g$, $F$ a generalized Jordan semiderivation associated with $d$ and $g$,
then $F$ is a generalized semiderivation of $R$ and $d$ is a semiderivation of $R.$ Moreover, if $R$ is commutative then $F=d$.
Keywords:semiderivation, generalized semiderivation, Jordan semiderivation, prime ring Category:16W25 

20. CMB 2014 (vol 58 pp. 134)
21. CMB Online first
22. CMB 2014 (vol 57 pp. 814)
 Hou, Ruchen

On Global Dimensions of Tree Type Finite Dimensional Algebras
A formula is provided to
explicitly describe global dimensions of all kinds of tree type
finite dimensional $k$algebras for $k$ an algebraic closed field.
In particular, it is pointed out that if the underlying tree type
quiver has $n$ vertices, then the maximum of possible global
dimensions is $n1$.
Keywords:global dimension, tree type finite dimensional $k$algebra, quiver Categories:16D40, 16E10, , 16G20 

23. CMB 2014 (vol 57 pp. 609)
 NasrIsfahani, Alireza

Jacobson Radicals of Skew Polynomial Rings of Derivation Type
We provide necessary and sufficient conditions for a skew polynomial ring of derivation type to be semiprimitive, when the base ring has no nonzero nil ideals. This extends existing results on the Jacobson radical of skew polynomial rings of derivation
type.
Keywords:skew polynomial rings, Jacobson radical, derivation Categories:16S36, 16N20 

24. CMB 2014 (vol 57 pp. 511)
 Gonçalves, Daniel

Simplicity of Partial Skew Group Rings of Abelian Groups
Let $A$ be a ring with local units, $E$ a set of local units for $A$,
$G$ an abelian group and $\alpha$ a partial action of $G$ by ideals of
$A$ that contain local units.
We show that $A\star_{\alpha} G$ is simple if and only if $A$ is
$G$simple and the center of the corner $e\delta_0 (A\star_{\alpha} G)
e \delta_0$ is a field for all $e\in E$. We apply the result to
characterize simplicity of partial skew group rings in two cases,
namely for partial skew group rings arising from partial actions by
clopen subsets of a compact set and partial actions on the set level.
Keywords:partial skew group rings, simple rings, partial actions, abelian groups Categories:16S35, 37B05 

25. CMB 2014 (vol 57 pp. 264)
 Dai, Li; Dong, Jingcheng

On Semisimple Hopf Algebras of Dimension $pq^n$
Let $p,q$ be prime numbers with $p^2\lt q$, $n\in \mathbb{N}$, and $H$ a
semisimple Hopf algebra of dimension $pq^n$ over an algebraically
closed field of characteristic $0$. This paper proves that $H$ must
possess one of the following structures: (1) $H$ is semisolvable;
(2) $H$ is a Radford biproduct $R\# kG$, where $kG$ is the group
algebra of group $G$ of order $p$, and $R$ is a semisimple YetterDrinfeld
Hopf algebra in ${}^{kG}_{kG}\mathcal{YD}$ of dimension $q^n$.
Keywords:semisimple Hopf algebra, semisolvability, Radford biproduct, Drinfeld double Category:16W30 
