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26. CMB 2000 (vol 43 pp. 448)

Li, Chi-Kwong; Zaharia, Alexandru
Nonconvexity of the Generalized Numerical Range Associated with the Principal Character
Suppose $m$ and $n$ are integers such that $1 \le m \le n$. For a subgroup $H$ of the symmetric group $S_m$ of degree $m$, consider the {\it generalized matrix function} on $m\times m$ matrices $B = (b_{ij})$ defined by $d^H(B) = \sum_{\sigma \in H} \prod_{j=1}^m b_{j\sigma(j)}$ and the {\it generalized numerical range} of an $n\times n$ complex matrix $A$ associated with $d^H$ defined by $$ \wmp(A) = \{d^H (X^*AX): X \text{ is } n \times m \text{ such that } X^*X = I_m\}. $$ It is known that $\wmp(A)$ is convex if $m = 1$ or if $m = n = 2$. We show that there exist normal matrices $A$ for which $\wmp(A)$ is not convex if $3 \le m \le n$. Moreover, for $m = 2 < n$, we prove that a normal matrix $A $ with eigenvalues lying on a straight line has convex $\wmp(A)$ if and only if $\nu A$ is Hermitian for some nonzero $\nu \in \IC$. These results extend those of Hu, Hurley and Tam, who studied the special case when $2 \le m \le 3 \le n$ and $H = S_m$.

Keywords:convexity, generalized numerical range, matrices
Category:15A60

27. CMB 1998 (vol 41 pp. 178)

Krupnik, Ilya; Lancaster, Peter
Minimal pencil realizations of rational matrix functions with symmetries
A theory of minimal realizations of rational matrix functions $W(\lambda)$ in the ``pencil'' form $W(\lambda)=C(\lambda A_1-A_2)^{-1}B$ is developed. In particular, properties of the pencil $\lambda A_1-A_2$ are discussed when $W(\lambda)$ is hermitian on the real line, and when $W(\lambda)$ is hermitian on the unit circle.

Categories:93Bxx, 15A23

28. CMB 1998 (vol 41 pp. 105)

So, Wasin
An explicit criterion for the convexity of quaternionic numerical range
Quaternionic numerical range is not always a convex set. In this note, an explicit criterion is given for the convexity of quaternionic numerical range.

Categories:15A33, 15A60
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