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1. CMB Online first

Reichstein, Zinovy B.
On a property of real plane curves of even degree
F. Cukierman asked whether or not for every smooth real plane curve $X \subset \mathbb{P}^2$ of even degree $d \geqslant 2$ there exists a real line $L \subset \mathbb{P}^2$ such $X \cap L$ has no real points. We show that the answer is ``yes" if $d = 2$ or $4$ and ``no" if $n \geqslant 6$.

Keywords:real algebraic geometry, plane curve, maximizer function, bitangent
Categories:14P05, 14H50

2. CMB Online first

Loeffler, David
A note on $p$-adic Rankin-Selberg $L$-functions
We prove an interpolation formula for the values of certain $p$-adic Rankin-Selberg $L$-functions associated to non-ordinary modular forms.

Keywords:$p$-adic $L$-function, Iwasawa theory
Categories:11F85, 11F67, 11G40, 14G35

3. CMB Online first

Koskivirta, Jean-Stefan
Normalization of closed Ekedahl-Oort strata
We apply our theory of partial flag spaces developed with W. Goldring to study a group-theoretical generalization of the canonical filtration of a truncated Barsotti-Tate group of level 1. As an application, we determine explicitly the normalization of the Zariski closures of Ekedahl-Oort strata of Shimura varieties of Hodge-type as certain closed coarse strata in the associated partial flag spaces.

Keywords:Ekedahl-Oort stratification, Shimura variety
Categories:14K10, 20G40, 11G18

4. CMB Online first

Maican, Mario
Moduli of space sheaves with Hilbert polynomial $4m+1$
We investigate the moduli space of sheaves supported on space curves of degree $4$ and having Euler characteristic $1$. We give an elementary proof of the fact that this moduli space consists of three irreducible components.

Keywords:moduli of sheaves, semi-stable sheaves
Categories:14D20, 14D22

5. CMB Online first

Franz, Matthias
Symmetric products of equivariantly formal spaces
Let \(X\) be a CW complex with a continuous action of a topological group \(G\). We show that if \(X\) is equivariantly formal for singular cohomology with coefficients in some field \(\Bbbk\), then so are all symmetric products of \(X\) and in fact all its \(\Gamma\)-products. In particular, symmetric products of quasi-projective M-varieties are again M-varieties. This generalizes a result by Biswas and D'Mello about symmetric products of M-curves. We also discuss several related questions.

Keywords:symmetric product, equivariant formality, maximal variety, Gamma product
Categories:55N91, 55S15, 14P25

6. CMB 2017 (vol 60 pp. 490)

Fiori, Andrew
A Riemann-Hurwitz Theorem for the Algebraic Euler Characteristic
We prove an analogue of the Riemann-Hurwitz theorem for computing Euler characteristics of pullbacks of coherent sheaves through finite maps of smooth projective varieties in arbitrary dimensions, subject only to the condition that the irreducible components of the branch and ramification locus have simple normal crossings.

Keywords:Riemann-Hurwitz, logarithmic-Chern class, Euler characteristic
Categories:14F05, 14C17

7. CMB Online first

Takahashi, Tomokuni
Projective plane bundles over an elliptic curve
We calculate the dimension of cohomology groups for the holomorphic tangent bundles of each isomorphism class of the projective plane bundle over an elliptic curve. As an application, we construct the families of projective plane bundles, and prove that the families are effectively parametrized and complete.

Keywords:projective plane bundle, vector bundle, elliptic curve, deformation, Kodaira-Spencer map
Categories:14J10, 14J30, 14D15

8. CMB 2017 (vol 60 pp. 478)

Carrell, Jim; Kaveh, Kiumars
Springer's Weyl Group Representation via Localization
Let $G$ denote a reductive algebraic group over $\mathbb{C}$ and $x$ a nilpotent element of its Lie algebra $\mathfrak{g}$. The Springer variety $\mathcal{B}_x$ is the closed subvariety of the flag variety $\mathcal{B}$ of $G$ parameterizing the Borel subalgebras of $\mathfrak{g}$ containing $x$. It has the remarkable property that the Weyl group $W$ of $G$ admits a representation on the cohomology of $\mathcal{B}_x$ even though $W$ rarely acts on $\mathcal{B}_x$ itself. Well-known constructions of this action due to Springer et al use technical machinery from algebraic geometry. The purpose of this note is to describe an elementary approach that gives this action when $x$ is what we call parabolic-surjective. The idea is to use localization to construct an action of $W$ on the equivariant cohomology algebra $H_S^*(\mathcal{B}_x)$, where $S$ is a certain algebraic subtorus of $G$. This action descends to $H^*(\mathcal{B}_x)$ via the forgetful map and gives the desired representation. The parabolic-surjective case includes all nilpotents of type $A$ and, more generally, all nilpotents for which it is known that $W$ acts on $H_S^*(\mathcal{B}_x)$ for some torus $S$. Our result is deduced from a general theorem describing when a group action on the cohomology of the fixed point set of a torus action on a space lifts to the full cohomology algebra of the space.

Keywords:Springer variety, Weyl group action, equivariant cohomology
Categories:14M15, 14F43, 55N91

9. CMB 2017 (vol 60 pp. 747)

Huang, Yanhe; Sottile, Frank; Zelenko, Igor
Injectivity of Generalized Wronski Maps
We study linear projections on Plücker space whose restriction to the Grassmannian is a non-trivial branched cover. When an automorphism of the Grassmannian preserves the fibers, we show that the Grassmannian is necessarily of $m$-dimensional linear subspaces in a symplectic vector space of dimension $2m$, and the linear map is the Lagrangian involution. The Wronski map for a self-adjoint linear differential operator and pole placement map for symmetric linear systems are natural examples.

Keywords:Wronski map, Plücker embedding, curves in Lagrangian Grassmannian, self-adjoint linear differential operator, symmetric linear control system, pole placement map
Categories:14M15, 34A30, 93B55

10. CMB 2017 (vol 60 pp. 309)

Hein, Nickolas; Sottile, Frank; Zelenko, Igor
A Congruence Modulo Four for Real Schubert Calculus with Isotropic Flags
We previously obtained a congruence modulo four for the number of real solutions to many Schubert problems on a square Grassmannian given by osculating flags. Here, we consider Schubert problems given by more general isotropic flags, and prove this congruence modulo four for the largest class of Schubert problems that could be expected to exhibit this congruence.

Keywords:Lagrangian Grassmannian, Wronski map, Shapiro Conjecture
Categories:14N15, 14P99

11. CMB 2017 (vol 60 pp. 225)

Bahmanpour, Kamal; Naghipour, Reza
Faltings' Finiteness Dimension of Local Cohomology Modules Over Local Cohen-Macaulay Rings
Let $(R, \frak m)$ denote a local Cohen-Macaulay ring and $I$ a non-nilpotent ideal of $R$. The purpose of this article is to investigate Faltings' finiteness dimension $f_I(R)$ and equidimensionalness of certain homomorphic image of $R$. As a consequence we deduce that $f_I(R)=\operatorname{max}\{1, \operatorname{ht} I\}$ and if $\operatorname{mAss}_R(R/I)$ is contained in $\operatorname{Ass}_R(R)$, then the ring $R/ I+\cup_{n\geq 1}(0:_RI^n)$ is equidimensional of dimension $\dim R-1$. Moreover, we will obtain a lower bound for injective dimension of the local cohomology module $H^{\operatorname{ht} I}_I(R)$, in the case $(R, \frak m)$ is a complete equidimensional local ring.

Keywords:Cohen Macaulay ring, equidimensional ring, finiteness dimension, local cohomology
Categories:13D45, 14B15

12. CMB Online first

Miranda-Neto, Cleto Brasileiro
A module-theoretic characterization of algebraic hypersurfaces
In this note we prove the following surprising characterization: if $X\subset {\mathbb A}^n$ is an (embedded, non-empty, proper) algebraic variety defined over a field $k$ of characteristic zero, then $X$ is a hypersurface if and only if the module $T_{{\mathcal O}_{{\mathbb A}^n}/k}(X)$ of logarithmic vector fields of $X$ is a reflexive ${\mathcal O}_{{\mathbb A}^n}$-module. As a consequence of this result, we derive that if $T_{{\mathcal O}_{{\mathbb A}^n}/k}(X)$ is a free ${\mathcal O}_{{\mathbb A}^n}$-module, which is shown to be equivalent to the freeness of the $t$th exterior power of $T_{{\mathcal O}_{{\mathbb A}^n}/k}(X)$ for some (in fact, any) $t\leq n$, then necessarily $X$ is a Saito free divisor.

Keywords:hypersurface, logarithmic vector field, logarithmic derivation, free divisor
Categories:14J70, 13N15, 32S22, 13C05, 13C10, 14N20, , , , , 14C20, 32M25

13. CMB 2017 (vol 60 pp. 329)

Le Fourn, Samuel
Nonvanishing of Central Values of $L$-functions of Newforms in $S_2 (\Gamma_0 (dp^2))$ Twisted by Quadratic Characters
We prove that for $d \in \{ 2,3,5,7,13 \}$ and $K$ a quadratic (or rational) field of discriminant $D$ and Dirichlet character $\chi$, if a prime $p$ is large enough compared to $D$, there is a newform $f \in S_2(\Gamma_0(dp^2))$ with sign $(+1)$ with respect to the Atkin-Lehner involution $w_{p^2}$ such that $L(f \otimes \chi,1) \neq 0$. This result is obtained through an estimate of a weighted sum of twists of $L$-functions which generalises a result of Ellenberg. It relies on the approximate functional equation for the $L$-functions $L(f \otimes \chi, \cdot)$ and a Petersson trace formula restricted to Atkin-Lehner eigenspaces. An application of this nonvanishing theorem will be given in terms of existence of rank zero quotients of some twisted jacobians, which generalises a result of Darmon and Merel.

Keywords:nonvanishing of $L$-functions of modular forms, Petersson trace formula, rank zero quotients of jacobians
Categories:14J15, 11F67

14. CMB 2016 (vol 60 pp. 510)

Haase, Christian; Hofmann, Jan
Convex-normal (Pairs of) Polytopes
In 2012 Gubeladze (Adv. Math. 2012) introduced the notion of $k$-convex-normal polytopes to show that integral polytopes all of whose edges are longer than $4d(d+1)$ have the integer decomposition property. In the first part of this paper we show that for lattice polytopes there is no difference between $k$- and $(k+1)$-convex-normality (for $k\geq 3 $) and improve the bound to $2d(d+1)$. In the second part we extend the definition to pairs of polytopes. Given two rational polytopes $P$ and $Q$, where the normal fan of $P$ is a refinement of the normal fan of $Q$. If every edge $e_P$ of $P$ is at least $d$ times as long as the corresponding face (edge or vertex) $e_Q$ of $Q$, then $(P+Q)\cap \mathbb{Z}^d = (P\cap \mathbb{Z}^d ) + (Q \cap \mathbb{Z}^d)$.

Keywords:integer decomposition property, integrally closed, projectively normal, lattice polytopes
Categories:52B20, 14M25, 90C10

15. CMB 2016 (vol 60 pp. 613)

Reichstein, Zinovy; Vistoli, Angelo
On the Dimension of the Locus of Determinantal Hypersurfaces
The characteristic polynomial $P_A(x_0, \dots, x_r)$ of an $r$-tuple $A := (A_1, \dots, A_r)$ of $n \times n$-matrices is defined as \[ P_A(x_0, \dots, x_r) := \det(x_0 I + x_1 A_1 + \dots + x_r A_r) \, . \] We show that if $r \geqslant 3$ and $A := (A_1, \dots, A_r)$ is an $r$-tuple of $n \times n$-matrices in general position, then up to conjugacy, there are only finitely many $r$-tuples $A' := (A_1', \dots, A_r')$ such that $p_A = p_{A'}$. Equivalently, the locus of determinantal hypersurfaces of degree $n$ in $\mathbf{P}^r$ is irreducible of dimension $(r-1)n^2 + 1$.

Keywords:determinantal hypersurface, matrix invariant, $q$-binomial coefficient
Categories:14M12, 15A22, 05A10

16. CMB 2016 (vol 59 pp. 865)

Pal, Sarbeswar
Moduli of Rank 2 Stable Bundles and Hecke Curves
Let $X$ be smooth projective curve of arbitrary genus $g \gt 3$ over complex numbers. In this short note we will show that the moduli space of rank $2$ stable vector bundles with determinant isomorphic to $L_x$, where $L_x$ denote the line bundle corresponding to a point $x \in X$ is isomorphic to certain lines in the moduli space of S-equivalence classes of semistable bundles of rank 2 with trivial determinant.

Keywords:Hecke curve, (0,1) stable bundle
Category:14D21

17. CMB 2016 (vol 60 pp. 522)

Iena, Oleksandr; Leytem, Alain
On the Singular Sheaves in the Fine Simpson Moduli Spaces of $1$-dimensional Sheaves
In the Simpson moduli space $M$ of semi-stable sheaves with Hilbert polynomial $dm-1$ on a projective plane we study the closed subvariety $M'$ of sheaves that are not locally free on their support. We show that for $d\ge 4$ it is a singular subvariety of codimension $2$ in $M$. The blow up of $M$ along $M'$ is interpreted as a (partial) modification of $M\setminus M'$ by line bundles (on support).

Keywords:Simpson moduli spaces, coherent sheaves, vector bundles on curves, singular sheaves
Category:14D20

18. CMB 2016 (vol 60 pp. 546)

Karzhemanov, Ilya
On Polarized K3 Surfaces of Genus 33
We prove that the moduli space of smooth primitively polarized $\mathrm{K3}$ surfaces of genus $33$ is unirational.

Keywords:K3 surface, moduli space, unirationality
Categories:14J28, 14J15, 14M20

19. CMB 2016 (vol 59 pp. 760)

Fichou, Goulwen; Quarez, Ronan; Shiota, Masahiro
Artin Approximation Compatible with a Change of Variables
We propose a version of the classical Artin approximation which allows to perturb the variables of the approximated solution. Namely, it is possible to approximate a formal solution of a Nash equation by a Nash solution in a compatible way with a given Nash change of variables. This result is closely related to the so-called nested Artin approximation and becomes false in the analytic setting. We provide local and global versions of this approximation in real and complex geometry together with an application to the Right-Left equivalence of Nash maps.

Keywords:Artin approximation, global case, Nash functions
Categories:14P20, 58A07

20. CMB 2016 (vol 59 pp. 824)

Karpenko, Nikita A.
Incompressibility of Products of Pseudo-homogeneous Varieties
We show that the conjectural criterion of $p$-incompressibility for products of projective homogeneous varieties in terms of the factors, previously known in a few special cases only, holds in general. Actually, the proof goes through for a wider class of varieties which includes the norm varieties associated to symbols in Galois cohomology of arbitrary degree.

Keywords:algebraic groups, projective homogeneous varieties, Chow groups and motives, canonical dimension and incompressibility
Categories:20G15, 14C25

21. CMB 2016 (vol 59 pp. 449)

Abdallah, Nancy
On Hodge Theory of Singular Plane Curves
The dimensions of the graded quotients of the cohomology of a plane curve complement $U=\mathbb P^2 \setminus C$ with respect to the Hodge filtration are described in terms of simple geometrical invariants. The case of curves with ordinary singularities is discussed in detail. We also give a precise numerical estimate for the difference between the Hodge filtration and the pole order filtration on $H^2(U,\mathbb C)$.

Keywords:plane curves, Hodge and pole order filtrations
Categories:32S35, 32S22, 14H50

22. CMB 2016 (vol 59 pp. 858)

Osserman, Brian
Stability of Vector Bundles on Curves and Degenerations
We introduce a weaker notion of (semi)stability for vector bundles on reducible curves which does not depend on a choice of polarization, and which suffices for many applications of degeneration techniques. We explore the basic properties of this alternate notion of (semi)stability. In a complementary direction, we record a proof of the existence of semistable extensions of vector bundles in suitable degenerations.

Keywords:vector bundle, stability, degeneration
Categories:14D06, 14H60

23. CMB 2016 (vol 59 pp. 311)

Ilten, Nathan; Teitler, Zach
Product Ranks of the $3\times 3$ Determinant and Permanent
We show that the product rank of the $3 \times 3$ determinant $\det_3$ is $5$, and the product rank of the $3 \times 3$ permanent $\operatorname{perm}_3$ is $4$. As a corollary, we obtain that the tensor rank of $\det_3$ is $5$ and the tensor rank of $\operatorname{perm}_3$ is $4$. We show moreover that the border product rank of $\operatorname{perm}_n$ is larger than $n$ for any $n\geq 3$.

Keywords:product rank, tensor rank, determinant, permanent, Fano schemes
Categories:15A21, 15A69, 14M12, 14N15

24. CMB 2015 (vol 58 pp. 673)

Achter, Jeffrey; Williams, Cassandra
Local Heuristics and an Exact Formula for Abelian Surfaces Over Finite Fields
Consider a quartic $q$-Weil polynomial $f$. Motivated by equidistribution considerations, we define, for each prime $\ell$, a local factor that measures the relative frequency with which $f\bmod \ell$ occurs as the characteristic polynomial of a symplectic similitude over $\mathbb{F}_\ell$. For a certain class of polynomials, we show that the resulting infinite product calculates the number of principally polarized abelian surfaces over $\mathbb{F}_q$ with Weil polynomial $f$.

Keywords:abelian surfaces, finite fields, random matrices
Category:14K02

25. CMB 2015 (vol 59 pp. 144)

Laterveer, Robert
A Brief Note Concerning Hard Lefschetz for Chow Groups
We formulate a conjectural hard Lefschetz property for Chow groups, and prove this in some special cases: roughly speaking, for varieties with finite-dimensional motive, and for varieties whose self-product has vanishing middle-dimensional Griffiths group. An appendix includes related statements that follow from results of Vial.

Keywords:algebraic cycles, Chow groups, finite-dimensional motives
Categories:14C15, 14C25, 14C30
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