1. CMB Online first
 Maier, Helmut; Rassias, Michael Th.

On the size of an expression in the NymanBeurlingBÃ¡ezDuarte criterion for the Riemann Hypothesis
A crucial role in the NymanBeurlingBÃ¡ezDuarte approach to
the Riemann Hypothesis is played by the distance
\[
d_N^2:=\inf_{A_N}\frac{1}{2\pi}\int_{\infty}^\infty
\left1\zeta A_N
\left(\frac{1}{2}+it
\right)
\right^2\frac{dt}{\frac{1}{4}+t^2}\:,
\]
where the infimum is over all Dirichlet polynomials
$$A_N(s)=\sum_{n=1}^{N}\frac{a_n}{n^s}$$
of length $N$.
In this paper we investigate $d_N^2$ under the assumption that
the Riemann zeta function has four nontrivial zeros off the
critical line.
Keywords:Riemann hypothesis, Riemann zeta function, NymanBeurlingBÃ¡ezDuarte criterion Categories:30C15, 11M26 

2. CMB Online first
 Lee, Hao

Irregular Weight one points with $D_{4}$ Image
Darmon, Lauder and Rotger conjectured that the relative tangent space of the eigencurve at a classical, ordinary, irregular weight one point is of dimension two. This space can be identified with the space of normalized overconvergent generalized eigenforms, whose Fourier coefficients can be conjecturally described explicitly in terms of $p$adic logarithms of algebraic numbers. This article presents the proof of this conjecture in the case where the weight one point is the intersection of two Hida families of Hecke theta series.
Keywords:weight one points, irregular, dihedral image, generalized eigenform, eigencurve, tangent space, Categories:11F33, 11F80 

3. CMB Online first
 Koskivirta, JeanStefan

Normalization of closed EkedahlOort strata
We apply our theory of partial flag spaces developed
with W. Goldring
to study a grouptheoretical generalization of the canonical
filtration of a truncated BarsottiTate group of level 1. As
an application, we determine explicitly the normalization of
the Zariski closures of EkedahlOort strata of Shimura varieties
of Hodgetype as certain closed coarse strata in the associated
partial flag spaces.
Keywords:EkedahlOort stratification, Shimura variety Categories:14K10, 20G40, 11G18 

4. CMB Online first
5. CMB 2017 (vol 60 pp. 673)
 Abtahi, Fatemeh; Azizi, Mohsen; Rejali, Ali

Character Amenability of the Intersection of Lipschitz Algebras
Let $(X,d)$ be a metric space and $J\subseteq [0,\infty)$ be
nonempty. We study the structure of the arbitrary intersections
of
Lipschitz algebras, and define a special Banach subalgebra of
$\bigcap_{\gamma\in J}\operatorname{Lip}_\gamma X$, denoted by
$\operatorname{ILip}_J X$. Mainly,
we investigate $C$character amenability of $\operatorname{ILip}_J X$, in
particular Lipschitz algebras. We address a gap in the proof
of a
recent result in this field. Then we remove this gap, and obtain
a
necessary and sufficient condition for $C$character amenability
of $\operatorname{ILip}_J X$, specially Lipschitz algebras, under an additional
assumption.
Keywords:amenability, character amenability, Lipschitz algebra, metric space Categories:46H05, 46J10, 11J83 

6. CMB Online first
 Sebbar, Abdellah; AlShbeil, Isra

Elliptic Zeta functions and equivariant functions
In this paper we establish a close connection between three
notions attached to a modular subgroup. Namely the set of weight
two meromorphic modular forms, the set of equivariant functions
on the upper halfplane commuting with the action of the modular
subgroup and the set of elliptic zeta functions generalizing
the Weierstrass zeta functions. In particular, we show that the
equivariant functions can be parameterized by modular objects
as well as by elliptic objects.
Keywords:modular form, equivariant function, elliptic zeta function Categories:11F12, 35Q15, 32L10 

7. CMB 2017 (vol 60 pp. 329)
 Le Fourn, Samuel

Nonvanishing of Central Values of $L$functions of Newforms in $S_2 (\Gamma_0 (dp^2))$ Twisted by Quadratic Characters
We prove that for $d \in \{ 2,3,5,7,13 \}$ and $K$ a quadratic
(or rational) field of discriminant $D$ and Dirichlet character
$\chi$, if a prime $p$ is large enough compared to $D$, there
is a newform $f \in S_2(\Gamma_0(dp^2))$ with sign $(+1)$ with
respect to the AtkinLehner involution $w_{p^2}$ such that $L(f
\otimes \chi,1) \neq 0$. This result is obtained through an estimate
of a weighted sum of twists of $L$functions which generalises
a result of Ellenberg. It relies on the approximate functional
equation for the $L$functions $L(f \otimes \chi, \cdot)$ and
a Petersson trace formula restricted to AtkinLehner eigenspaces.
An application of this nonvanishing theorem will be given in
terms of existence of rank zero quotients of some twisted jacobians,
which generalises a result of Darmon and Merel.
Keywords:nonvanishing of $L$functions of modular forms, Petersson trace formula, rank zero quotients of jacobians Categories:14J15, 11F67 

8. CMB 2016 (vol 60 pp. 484)
 Dobrowolski, Edward

A Note on Lawton's Theorem
We prove Lawton's conjecture about the upper bound on the measure
of the set on the unit circle on which a complex polynomial with
a bounded number of coefficients takes small values. Namely,
we prove that Lawton's bound holds for polynomials that are not
necessarily monic. We also provide an analogous bound for polynomials
in several variables. Finally, we investigate the dependence
of the bound on the multiplicity of zeros for polynomials in
one variable.
Keywords:polynomial, Mahler measure Categories:11R09, 11R06 

9. CMB 2016 (vol 60 pp. 184)
 Pathak, Siddhi

On a Conjecture of Livingston
In an attempt to resolve a folklore conjecture of ErdÃ¶s regarding
the nonvanishing at $s=1$ of the $L$series
attached to a periodic arithmetical function with period $q$
and values in $\{ 1, 1\} $, Livingston conjectured the $\bar{\mathbb{Q}}$
 linear independence of logarithms of certain algebraic numbers.
In this paper, we disprove Livingston's conjecture for composite
$q \geq 4$, highlighting that a new approach is required to settle
ErdÃ¶s's conjecture. We also prove that the conjecture is
true for prime $q \geq 3$, and indicate that more ingredients
will be needed to settle ErdÃ¶s's conjecture for prime $q$.
Keywords:nonvanishing of Lseries, linear independence of logarithms of algebraic numbers Categories:11J86, 11J72 

10. CMB 2016 (vol 59 pp. 592)
11. CMB 2016 (vol 59 pp. 528)
 Jahan, Qaiser

Characterization of Lowpass Filters on Local Fields of Positive Characteristic
In this article, we give necessary and sufficient conditions
on a function to be a lowpass filter on a local field $K$ of
positive characteristic associated to the scaling function for
multiresolution analysis of $L^2(K)$. We use probability and
martingale methods to provide such a characterization.
Keywords:multiresolution analysis, local field, lowpass filter, scaling function, probability, conditional probability and martingales Categories:42C40, 42C15, 43A70, 11S85 

12. CMB 2016 (vol 59 pp. 599)
 Liu, Zhixin

Small Prime Solutions to Cubic Diophantine Equations II
Let $a_1, \cdots, a_9$ be nonzero integers and $n$ any integer.
Suppose
that $a_1+\cdots+a_9 \equiv n( \textrm{mod}\,2)$ and $(a_i, a_j)=1$
for $1 \leq i \lt j \leq 9$.
In this paper we prove that
(i) if $a_j$ are not all of the same sign, then the cubic
equation $a_1p_1^3+\cdots +a_9p_9^3=n$ has prime solutions satisfying
$p_j \ll n^{1/3}+\textrm{max}\{a_j\}^{8+\varepsilon};$
(ii) if all $a_j$ are positive and $n \gg \textrm{max}\{a_j\}^{25+\varepsilon}$,
then
$a_1p_1^3+\cdots +a_9p_9^3=n$ is soluble in primes $p_j$.
This results improve our previous results (Canad. Math. Bull.,
56 (2013), 785794)
with the bounds $\textrm{max}\{a_j\}^{14+\varepsilon}$ and
$\textrm{max}\{a_j\}^{43+\varepsilon}$
in place of $\textrm{max}\{a_j\}^{8+\varepsilon}$ and $\textrm{max}\{a_j\}^{25+\varepsilon}$
above, respectively.
Keywords:small prime, WaringGoldbach problem, circle method Categories:11P32, 11P05, 11P55 

13. CMB 2016 (vol 59 pp. 624)
 Otsubo, Noriyuki

Homology of the Fermat Tower and Universal Measures for Jacobi Sums
We give a precise description of the homology group of the Fermat
curve as a cyclic module over a group ring.
As an application, we prove the freeness of the profinite homology
of the Fermat tower.
This allows us to define measures, an equivalent of Anderson's
adelic beta functions,
in a similar manner to Ihara's definition of $\ell$adic universal
power series for Jacobi sums.
We give a simple proof of the interpolation property using a
motivic decomposition of the Fermat curve.
Keywords:Fermat curves, IharaAnderson theory, Jacobi sums Categories:11S80, 11G15, 11R18 

14. CMB 2015 (vol 58 pp. 869)
 Wright, Thomas

Variants of Korselt's Criterion
Under sufficiently strong assumptions about the first term in
an arithmetic progression, we prove that for any integer $a$,
there are infinitely many $n\in \mathbb N$ such that for each
prime factor $pn$, we have $pana$. This can be seen as a
generalization of Carmichael numbers, which are integers $n$
such that $p1n1$ for every $pn$.
Keywords:Carmichael number, pseudoprime, Korselt's Criterion, primes in arithmetic progressions Category:11A51 

15. CMB 2015 (vol 58 pp. 704)
 Benamar, H.; Chandoul, A.; Mkaouar, M.

On the Continued Fraction Expansion of Fixed Period in Finite Fields
The Chowla conjecture
states that,
if $t$ is any given
positive integer, there are infinitely many prime positive
integers $N$ such that $\operatorname{Per} (\sqrt{N})=t$, where
$\operatorname{Per} (\sqrt{N})$
is the period length of the continued fraction expansion for
$\sqrt{N}$.
C. Friesen proved
that, for any $k\in \mathbb{N}$, there are infinitely many
squarefree integers $N$, where the continued fraction expansion
of $\sqrt{N}$ has a fixed period. In this paper, we describe all
polynomials $Q\in \mathbb{F}_q[X] $ for which the continued fraction
expansion of $\sqrt {Q}$ has a fixed period, also we give a
lower
bound of the number of monic, nonsquares polynomials $Q$ such
that $\deg Q= 2d$ and $ Per \sqrt {Q}=t$.
Keywords:continued fractions, polynomials, formal power series Categories:11A55, 13J05 

16. CMB 2015 (vol 58 pp. 774)
 Hanson, Brandon

Character Sums over Bohr Sets
We prove character sum estimates for additive Bohr subsets modulo
a prime.
These estimates are analogous to classical character sum bounds
of
PÃ³lyaVinogradov and Burgess. These estimates are applied to
obtain results on
recurrence mod $p$ by special elements.
Keywords:character sums, Bohr sets, finite fields Categories:11L40, 11T24, 11T23 

17. CMB 2015 (vol 58 pp. 858)
 Williams, Kenneth S.

Ternary Quadratic Forms and Eta Quotients
Let $\eta(z)$ $(z \in \mathbb{C},\;\operatorname{Im}(z)\gt 0)$
denote the Dedekind eta function. We use a recent producttosum
formula in conjunction with conditions for the nonrepresentability
of integers by certain ternary quadratic forms to give explicitly
10 eta quotients
\[
f(z):=\eta^{a(m_1)}(m_1 z)\cdots \eta^{{a(m_r)}}(m_r z)=\sum_{n=1}^{\infty}c(n)e^{2\pi
i nz},\quad z \in \mathbb{C},\;\operatorname{Im}(z)\gt 0,
\]
such that the Fourier coefficients $c(n)$ vanish for all positive
integers $n$ in each of infinitely many nonoverlapping arithmetic
progressions. For example, it is shown that for $f(z)=\eta^4(z)\eta^{9}(4z)\eta^{2}(8z)$
we have $c(n)=0$ for all $n$ in each of the arithmetic progressions
$\{16k+14\}_{k \geq 0}$, $\{64k+56\}_{k \geq 0}$, $\{256k+224\}_{k
\geq 0}$, $\{1024k+896\}_{k \geq 0}$, $\ldots$.
Keywords:Dedekind eta function, eta quotient, ternary quadratic forms, vanishing of Fourier coefficients, producttosum formula Categories:11F20, 11E20, 11E25 

18. CMB 2015 (vol 59 pp. 119)
19. CMB 2015 (vol 58 pp. 730)
 Efrat, Ido; Matzri, Eliyahu

Vanishing of Massey Products and Brauer Groups
Let $p$ be a prime number and $F$ a field containing a root of
unity of order $p$.
We relate recent results on vanishing of triple Massey products
in the mod$p$ Galois cohomology of $F$,
due to Hopkins, Wickelgren, MinÃ¡Ä, and TÃ¢n, to classical
results in the theory of central simple algebras.
For global fields, we prove a stronger form of the vanishing
property.
Keywords:Galois cohomology, Brauer groups, triple Massey products, global fields Categories:16K50, 11R34, 12G05, 12E30 

20. CMB 2015 (vol 58 pp. 548)
 Lü, Guangshi; Sankaranarayanan, Ayyadurai

Higher Moments of Fourier Coefficients of Cusp Forms
Let $S_{k}(\Gamma)$ be the space of holomorphic cusp
forms of even integral weight $k$ for the full modular group
$SL(2, \mathbb{Z})$. Let
$\lambda_f(n)$, $\lambda_g(n)$, $\lambda_h(n)$ be the $n$th normalized
Fourier
coefficients of three distinct holomorphic primitive cusp forms
$f(z) \in S_{k_1}(\Gamma), g(z) \in S_{k_2}(\Gamma), h(z) \in
S_{k_3}(\Gamma)$ respectively.
In this paper we study the cancellations of sums related to arithmetic
functions, such as $\lambda_f(n)^4\lambda_g(n)^2$, $\lambda_g(n)^6$,
$\lambda_g(n)^2\lambda_h(n)^4$, and $\lambda_g(n^3)^2$ twisted
by
the arithmetic function $\lambda_f(n)$.
Keywords:Fourier coefficients of automorphic forms, Dirichlet series, triple product $L$function, Perron's formula Categories:11F30, 11F66 

21. CMB 2015 (vol 58 pp. 580)
 Matringe, Nadir

A Specialisation of the BumpFriedberg $L$function
We study the restriction of the BumpFriedberg integrals to affine
lines $\{(s+\alpha,2s),s\in\mathbb{C}\}$.
It has a simple theory, very close to that of the Asai $L$function.
It is an integral representation of the product
$L(s+\alpha,\pi)L(2s,\Lambda^2,\pi)$ which we denote by $L^{lin}(s,\pi,\alpha)$
for this abstract, when $\pi$ is a cuspidal automorphic
representation of $GL(k,\mathbb{A})$ for
$\mathbb{A}$ the adeles of a number field. When $k$ is even, we show
that for a cuspidal automorphic representation $\pi$,
the partial $L$function $L^{lin,S}(s,\pi,\alpha)$ has a pole
at $1/2$, if and only if $\pi$ admits a (twisted) global
period, this gives a more direct proof of a
theorem of Jacquet and Friedberg, asserting
that $\pi$ has a twisted global period if and only if $L(\alpha+1/2,\pi)\neq
0$ and $L(1,\Lambda^2,\pi)=\infty$.
When $k$ is odd, the partial $L$function is holmorphic in a
neighbourhood of $Re(s)\geq 1/2$ when $Re(\alpha)$ is
$\geq 0$.
Keywords:automorphic L functions Categories:11F70, 11F66 

22. CMB 2015 (vol 58 pp. 620)
 Sands, Jonathan W.

$L$functions for Quadratic Characters and Annihilation of Motivic Cohomology Groups
Let $n$ be a positive even integer, and let $F$ be a totally real
number field and $L$ be an abelian Galois extension which is totally
real or CM.
Fix a finite set $S$ of primes of $F$ containing the infinite primes
and all those which ramify in
$L$, and let $S_L$ denote the primes of $L$ lying above those in
$S$. Then $\mathcal{O}_L^S$ denotes the ring of $S_L$integers of $L$.
Suppose that $\psi$ is a quadratic character of the Galois group of
$L$ over $F$. Under the assumption of the motivic Lichtenbaum
conjecture, we obtain a nontrivial annihilator of the motivic
cohomology group
$H_\mathcal{M}^2(\mathcal{O}_L^S,\mathbb{Z}(n))$ from the lead term of the Taylor series for the
$S$modified Artin $L$function $L_{L/F}^S(s,\psi)$ at $s=1n$.
Keywords:motivic cohomology, regulator, Artin Lfunctions Categories:11R42, 11R70, 14F42, 19F27 

23. CMB 2015 (vol 58 pp. 423)
 Yamagishi, Masakazu

Resultants of Chebyshev Polynomials: The First, Second, Third, and Fourth Kinds
We give an explicit formula for the resultant of Chebyshev polynomials of the
first, second, third, and fourth kinds.
We also compute the resultant of modified cyclotomic polynomials.
Keywords:resultant, Chebyshev polynomial, cyclotomic polynomial Categories:11R09, 11R18, 12E10, 33C45 

24. CMB 2014 (vol 58 pp. 115)
 MantillaSoler, Guillermo

Weak Arithmetic Equivalence
Inspired by the invariant of a number field given by its zeta
function, we define the notion of weak arithmetic equivalence and show
that under certain ramification hypotheses, this equivalence
determines the local root numbers of the number field. This is
analogous to a result of Rohrlich on the local root numbers of a
rational elliptic curve. Additionally, we prove that for tame
nontotally real number fields, the integral trace form is invariant
under arithmetic equivalence.
Keywords:arithmeticaly equivalent number fields, root numbers Categories:11R04, 11R42 

25. CMB 2014 (vol 58 pp. 160)
 Pollack, Paul; Vandehey, Joseph

Some Normal Numbers Generated by Arithmetic Functions
Let $g \geq 2$. A real number is said to be $g$normal if its base $g$ expansion contains every finite sequence of digits with the expected limiting frequency. Let $\phi$ denote Euler's totient function, let $\sigma$ be the sumofdivisors function, and let $\lambda$ be Carmichael's lambdafunction. We show that if $f$ is any function formed by composing $\phi$, $\sigma$, or $\lambda$, then the number
\[ 0. f(1) f(2) f(3) \dots \]
obtained by concatenating the base $g$ digits of successive $f$values is $g$normal. We also prove the same result if the inputs $1, 2, 3, \dots$ are replaced with the primes $2, 3, 5, \dots$. The proof is an adaptation of a method introduced by Copeland and ErdÅs in 1946 to prove the $10$normality of $0.235711131719\ldots$.
Keywords:normal number, Euler function, sumofdivisors function, Carmichael lambdafunction, Champernowne's number Categories:11K16, 11A63, 11N25, 11N37 
