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1. CMB Online first

Abtahi, Fatemeh; Azizi, Mohsen; Rejali, Ali
Character amenability of the intersection of Lipschitz algebras
Let $(X,d)$ be a metric space and $J\subseteq [0,\infty)$ be nonempty. We study the structure of the arbitrary intersections of Lipschitz algebras, and define a special Banach subalgebra of $\bigcap_{\gamma\in J}\operatorname{Lip}_\gamma X$, denoted by $\operatorname{ILip}_J X$. Mainly, we investigate $C$-character amenability of $\operatorname{ILip}_J X$, in particular Lipschitz algebras. We address a gap in the proof of a recent result in this field. Then we remove this gap, and obtain a necessary and sufficient condition for $C$-character amenability of $\operatorname{ILip}_J X$, specially Lipschitz algebras, under an additional assumption.

Keywords:amenability, character amenability, Lipschitz algebra, metric space
Categories:46H05, 46J10, 11J83

2. CMB Online first

Figiel, Tadeusz; Johnson, William
Quotients of Essentially Euclidean Spaces
A precise quantitative version of the following qualitative statement is proved: If a finite dimensional normed space contains approximately Euclidean subspaces of all proportional dimensions, then every proportional dimensional quotient space has the same property.

Keywords:essentially euclidean space
Categories:46B20, 46B07, 46B99

3. CMB Online first

Li, Ji; Wick, Brett D.
Weak Factorizations of the Hardy space $H^1(\mathbb{R}^n)$ in terms of Multilinear Riesz Transforms
This paper provides a constructive proof of the weak factorization of the classical Hardy space $H^1(\mathbb{R}^n)$ in terms of multilinear Riesz transforms. As a direct application, we obtain a new proof of the characterization of ${\rm BMO}(\mathbb{R}^n)$ (the dual of $H^1(\mathbb{R}^n)$) via commutators of the multilinear Riesz transforms.

Keywords:Hardy space, BMO space, multilinear Riesz transform, weak factorization
Categories:42B35, 42B20

4. CMB Online first

Wang, Li-an Daniel
A Multiplier Theorem on Anisotropic Hardy Spaces
We present a multiplier theorem on anisotropic Hardy spaces. When $m$ satisfies the anisotropic, pointwise Mihlin condition, we obtain boundedness of the multiplier operator $T_m : H_A^p (\mathbb R^n) \rightarrow H_A^p (\mathbb R^n)$, for the range of $p$ that depends on the eccentricities of the dilation $A$ and the level of regularity of a multiplier symbol $m$. This extends the classical multiplier theorem of Taibleson and Weiss.

Keywords:anisotropic Hardy space, multiplier, Fourier transform
Categories:42B30, 42B25, 42B35

5. CMB Online first

Bu, Shangquan; Cai, Gang
Hölder continuous solutions of degenerate differential equations with finite delay
Using known operator-valued Fourier multiplier results on vector-valued Hölder continuous function spaces $C^\alpha (\mathbb R; X)$, we completely characterize the $C^\alpha$-well-posedness of the first order degenerate differential equations with finite delay $(Mu)'(t) = Au(t) + Fu_t + f(t)$ for $t\in\mathbb R$ by the boundedness of the $(M, F)$-resolvent of $A$ under suitable assumption on the delay operator $F$, where $A, M$ are closed linear operators on a Banach space $X$ satisfying $D(A)\cap D(M) \not=\{0\}$, the delay operator $F$ is a bounded linear operator from $C([-r, 0]; X)$ to $X$ and $r \gt 0$ is fixed.

Keywords:well-posedness, degenerate differential equation, $\dot{C}^\alpha$-multiplier, Hölder continuous function space
Categories:34N05, 34G10, 47D06, 47A10, 34K30

6. CMB Online first

Bao, Guanlong; Göğüş, Nıhat Gökhan; Pouliasis, Stamatis
$\mathcal{Q}_p$ spaces and Dirichlet type spaces
In this paper, we show that the Möbius invariant function space $\mathcal {Q}_p$ can be generated by variant Dirichlet type spaces $\mathcal{D}_{\mu, p}$ induced by finite positive Borel measures $\mu$ on the open unit disk. A criterion for the equality between the space $\mathcal{D}_{\mu, p}$ and the usual Dirichlet type space $\mathcal {D}_p$ is given. We obtain a sufficient condition to construct different $\mathcal{D}_{\mu, p}$ spaces and we provide examples. We establish decomposition theorems for $\mathcal{D}_{\mu, p}$ spaces, and prove that the non-Hilbert space $\mathcal {Q}_p$ is equal to the intersection of Hilbert spaces $\mathcal{D}_{\mu, p}$. As an application of the relation between $\mathcal {Q}_p$ and $\mathcal{D}_{\mu, p}$ spaces, we also obtain that there exist different $\mathcal{D}_{\mu, p}$ spaces; this is a trick to prove the existence without constructing examples.

Keywords:$\mathcal {Q}_p$ space, Dirichlet type space, Möbius invariant function space
Categories:30H25, 31C25, 46E15

7. CMB Online first

Chen, Chung-Chuan
Disjoint hypercyclicity and weighted translations on discrete groups
Let $1\leq p\lt \infty$, and let $G$ be a discrete group. We give a sufficient and necessary condition for weighted translation operators on the Lebesgue space $\ell^p(G)$ to be densely disjoint hypercyclic. The characterization for the dual of a weighted translation to be densely disjoint hypercyclic is also obtained.

Keywords:disjoint hypercyclicity, topological transitivity, weighted translation, $\ell^p$-space
Categories:47A16, 47B38, 43A15

8. CMB Online first

Sickel, Winfried; Yang, Dachun; Yuan, Wen; Zhuo, Ciqiang
Characterizations of Besov-Type and Triebel-Lizorkin-Type Spaces via Averages on Balls
Let $\ell\in\mathbb N$ and $\alpha\in (0,2\ell)$. In this article, the authors establish equivalent characterizations of Besov-type spaces, Triebel-Lizorkin-type spaces and Besov-Morrey spaces via the sequence $\{f-B_{\ell,2^{-k}}f\}_{k}$ consisting of the difference between $f$ and the ball average $B_{\ell,2^{-k}}f$. These results give a way to introduce Besov-type spaces, Triebel-Lizorkin-type spaces and Besov-Morrey spaces with any smoothness order on metric measure spaces. As special cases, the authors obtain a new characterization of Morrey-Sobolev spaces and $Q_\alpha$ spaces with $\alpha\in(0,1)$, which are of independent interest.

Keywords:Besov space, Triebel-Lizorkin space, ball average, Calderón reproducing formula
Categories:42B25, 46E35, 42B35

9. CMB 2016 (vol 60 pp. 131)

Gürbüz, Ferit
Some Estimates for Generalized Commutators of Rough Fractional Maximal and Integral Operators on Generalized Weighted Morrey Spaces
In this paper, we establish $BMO$ estimates for generalized commutators of rough fractional maximal and integral operators on generalized weighted Morrey spaces, respectively.

Keywords:fractional integral operator, fractional maximal operator, rough kernel, generalized commutator, $A(p,q)$ weight, generalized weighted Morrey space
Categories:42B20, 42B25

10. CMB 2016 (vol 60 pp. 217)

Wang, Yuanyi
Condition $C'_{\wedge}$ of Operator Spaces
In this paper, we study condition $C'_{\wedge}$ which is a projective tensor product analogue of condition $C'$. We show that the finite-dimensional OLLP operator spaces have condition $C'_{\wedge}$ and $M_{n}$ $(n\gt 2)$ does not have that property.

Keywords:operator space, local theory, tensor product

11. CMB 2016 (vol 60 pp. 104)

Diestel, Geoff
An Extension of Nikishin's Factorization Theorem
A Nikishin-Maurey characterization is given for bounded subsets of weak-type Lebesgue spaces. New factorizations for linear and multilinear operators are shown to follow.

Keywords:factorization, type, cotype, Banach spaces
Categories:46E30, 28A25

12. CMB Online first

Iena, Oleksandr; Leytem, Alain
On the singular sheaves in the fine Simpson moduli spaces of $1$-dimensional sheaves
In the Simpson moduli space $M$ of semi-stable sheaves with Hilbert polynomial $dm-1$ on a projective plane we study the closed subvariety $M'$ of sheaves that are not locally free on their support. We show that for $d\ge 4$ it is a singular subvariety of codimension $2$ in $M$. The blow up of $M$ along $M'$ is interpreted as a (partial) modification of $M\setminus M'$ by line bundles (on support).

Keywords:Simpson moduli spaces, coherent sheaves, vector bundles on curves, singular sheaves

13. CMB Online first

Liu, Feng; Wu, Huoxiong
Endpoint Regularity of Multisublinear Fractional Maximal Functions
In this paper we investigate the endpoint regularity properties of the multisublinear fractional maximal operators, which include the multisublinear Hardy-Littlewood maximal operator. We obtain some new bounds for the derivative of the one-dimensional multisublinear fractional maximal operators acting on vector-valued function $\vec{f}=(f_1,\dots,f_m)$ with all $f_j$ being $BV$-functions.

Keywords:multisublinear fractional maximal operators, Sobolev spaces, bounded variation
Categories:42B25, 46E35

14. CMB 2016 (vol 59 pp. 813)

Kaimakamis, George; Panagiotidou, Konstantina; Pérez, Juan de Dios
A Classification of Three-dimensional Real Hypersurfaces in Non-flat Complex Space Forms in Terms of Their generalized Tanaka-Webster Lie Derivative
On a real hypersurface $M$ in a non-flat complex space form there exist the Levi-Civita and the k-th generalized Tanaka-Webster connections. The aim of the present paper is to study three dimensional real hypersurfaces in non-flat complex space forms, whose Lie derivative of the structure Jacobi operator with respect to the Levi-Civita connections coincides with the Lie derivative of it with respect to the k-th generalized Tanaka-Webster connection. The Lie derivatives are considered in direction of the structure vector field and in directions of any vecro field orthogonal to the structure vector field.

Keywords:$k$-th generalized Tanaka-Webster connection, non-flat complex space form, real hypersurface, Lie derivative, structure Jacobi operator
Categories:53C15, 53B25

15. CMB Online first

Karzhemanov, Ilya
On polarized K3 surfaces of genus 33
We prove that the moduli space of smooth primitively polarized $\mathrm{K3}$ surfaces of genus $33$ is unirational.

Keywords:K3 surface, moduli space, unirationality
Categories:14J28, 14J15, 14M20

16. CMB 2016 (vol 60 pp. 77)

Christ, Michael; Rieffel, Marc A.
Nilpotent Group C*-algebras as Compact Quantum Metric Spaces
Let $\mathbb{L}$ be a length function on a group $G$, and let $M_\mathbb{L}$ denote the operator of pointwise multiplication by $\mathbb{L}$ on $\lt(G)$. Following Connes, $M_\mathbb{L}$ can be used as a ``Dirac'' operator for the reduced group C*-algebra $C_r^*(G)$. It defines a Lipschitz seminorm on $C_r^*(G)$, which defines a metric on the state space of $C_r^*(G)$. We show that for any length function satisfying a strong form of polynomial growth on a discrete group, the topology from this metric coincides with the weak-$*$ topology (a key property for the definition of a ``compact quantum metric space''). In particular, this holds for all word-length functions on finitely generated nilpotent-by-finite groups.

Keywords:group C*-algebra, Dirac operator, quantum metric space, discrete nilpotent group, polynomial growth
Categories:46L87, 20F65, 22D15, 53C23, 58B34

17. CMB 2016 (vol 59 pp. 834)

Liao, Fanghui; Liu, Zongguang
Some Properties of Triebel-Lizorkin and Besov Spaces Associated with Zygmund Dilations
In this paper, using Calderón's reproducing formula and almost orthogonality estimates, we prove the lifting property and the embedding theorem of the Triebel-Lizorkin and Besov spaces associated with Zygmund dilations.

Keywords:Triebel-Lizorkin and Besov spaces, Riesz potential, Calderón's reproducing formula, almost orthogonality estimate, Zygmund dilation, embedding theorem
Categories:42B20, 42B35

18. CMB 2016 (vol 60 pp. 111)

Ghaani Farashahi, Arash
Abstract Plancherel (Trace) Formulas over Homogeneous Spaces of Compact Groups
This paper introduces a unified operator theory approach to the abstract Plancherel (trace) formulas over homogeneous spaces of compact groups. Let $G$ be a compact group and $H$ be a closed subgroup of $G$. Let $G/H$ be the left coset space of $H$ in $G$ and $\mu$ be the normalized $G$-invariant measure on $G/H$ associated to the Weil's formula. Then, we present a generalized abstract notion of Plancherel (trace) formula for the Hilbert space $L^2(G/H,\mu)$.

Keywords:compact group, homogeneous space, dual space, Plancherel (trace) formula
Categories:20G05, 43A85, 43A32, 43A40

19. CMB 2016 (vol 59 pp. 673)

Bačák, Miroslav; Kovalev, Leonid V.
Lipschitz Retractions in Hadamard Spaces Via Gradient Flow Semigroups
Let $X(n),$ for $n\in\mathbb{N},$ be the set of all subsets of a metric space $(X,d)$ of cardinality at most $n.$ The set $X(n)$ equipped with the Hausdorff metric is called a finite subset space. In this paper we are concerned with the existence of Lipschitz retractions $r\colon X(n)\to X(n-1)$ for $n\ge2.$ It is known that such retractions do not exist if $X$ is the one-dimensional sphere. On the other hand L. Kovalev has recently established their existence in case $X$ is a Hilbert space and he also posed a question as to whether or not such Lipschitz retractions exist for $X$ being a Hadamard space. In the present paper we answer this question in the positive.

Keywords:finite subset space, gradient flow, Hadamard space, Lie-Trotter-Kato formula, Lipschitz retraction
Categories:53C23, 47H20, 54E40, 58D07

20. CMB 2016 (vol 59 pp. 769)

García-Pacheco, Francisco Javier; Hill, Justin R.
Geometric Characterizations of Hilbert Spaces
We study some geometric properties related to the set $\Pi_X:= \{ (x,x^* )\in\mathsf{S}_X\times \mathsf{S}_{X^*}:x^* (x )=1 \}$ obtaining two characterizations of Hilbert spaces in the category of Banach spaces. We also compute the distance of a generic element $ (h,k )\in H\oplus_2 H$ to $\Pi_H$ for $H$ a Hilbert space.

Keywords:Hilbert space, extreme point, smooth, $\mathsf{L}^2$-summands
Categories:46B20, 46C05

21. CMB 2016 (vol 59 pp. 606)

Mihăilescu, Mihai; Moroşanu, Gheorghe
Eigenvalues of $ -\Delta_p -\Delta_q $ Under Neumann Boundary Condition
The eigenvalue problem $-\Delta_p u-\Delta_q u=\lambda|u|^{q-2}u$ with $p\in(1,\infty)$, $q\in(2,\infty)$, $p\neq q$ subject to the corresponding homogeneous Neumann boundary condition is investigated on a bounded open set with smooth boundary from $\mathbb{R}^N$ with $N\geq 2$. A careful analysis of this problem leads us to a complete description of the set of eigenvalues as being a precise interval $(\lambda_1, +\infty )$ plus an isolated point $\lambda =0$. This comprehensive result is strongly related to our framework which is complementary to the well-known case $p=q\neq 2$ for which a full description of the set of eigenvalues is still unavailable.

Keywords:eigenvalue problem, Sobolev space, Nehari manifold, variational methods
Categories:35J60, 35J92, 46E30, 49R05

22. CMB 2016 (vol 59 pp. 878)

Wang, Jianfei
The Carleson Measure Problem Between Analytic Morrey Spaces
The purpose of this paper is to characterize positive measure $\mu$ on the unit disk such that the analytic Morrey space $\mathcal{AL}_{p,\eta}$ is boundedly and compactly embedded to the tent space $\mathcal{T}_{q,1-\frac{q}{p}(1-\eta)}^{\infty}(\mu)$ for the case $1\leq q\leq p\lt \infty$ respectively. As an application, these results are used to establish the boundedness and compactness of integral operators and multipliers between analytic Morrey spaces.

Keywords:Morrey space, Carleson measure problem, boundedness, compactness
Categories:30H35, 28A12, 47B38, 46E15

23. CMB 2015 (vol 58 pp. 692)

Anona, F. M.; Randriambololondrantomalala, Princy; Ravelonirina, H. S. G.
Sur les algèbres de Lie associées à une connexion
Let $\Gamma$ be a connection on a smooth manifold $M$, in this paper we give some properties of $\Gamma$ by studying the corresponding Lie algebras. In particular, we compute the first Chevalley-Eilenberg cohomology space of the horizontal vector fields Lie algebra on the tangent bundle of $M$, whose the corresponding Lie derivative of $\Gamma$ is null, and of the horizontal nullity curvature space.

Keywords:algèbre de Lie, connexion, cohomologie de Chevalley-Eilenberg, champs dont la dérivée de Lie correspondante à une connexion est nulle, espace de nullité de la courbure
Categories:17B66, 53B15

24. CMB 2015 (vol 59 pp. 104)

He, Ziyi; Yang, Dachun; Yuan, Wen
Littlewood-Paley Characterizations of Second-Order Sobolev Spaces via Averages on Balls
In this paper, the authors characterize second-order Sobolev spaces $W^{2,p}({\mathbb R}^n)$, with $p\in [2,\infty)$ and $n\in\mathbb N$ or $p\in (1,2)$ and $n\in\{1,2,3\}$, via the Lusin area function and the Littlewood-Paley $g_\lambda^\ast$-function in terms of ball means.

Keywords:Sobolev space, ball means, Lusin-area function, $g_\lambda^*$-function
Categories:46E35, 42B25, 42B20, 42B35

25. CMB 2015 (vol 59 pp. 3)

Alfuraidan, Monther Rashed
The Contraction Principle for Multivalued Mappings on a Modular Metric Space with a Graph
We study the existence of fixed points for contraction multivalued mappings in modular metric spaces endowed with a graph. The notion of a modular metric on an arbitrary set and the corresponding modular spaces, generalizing classical modulars over linear spaces like Orlicz spaces, were recently introduced. This paper can be seen as a generalization of Nadler's and Edelstein's fixed point theorems to modular metric spaces endowed with a graph.

Keywords:fixed point theory, modular metric spaces, multivalued contraction mapping, connected digraph.
Categories:47H09, 46B20, 47H10, 47E10
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