1. CMB Online first
 Gu, Miao; Martin, Gregory George

Factorization tests and algorithms arising from counting modular forms and automorphic representations
A theorem of Gekeler compares the number of nonisomorphic automorphic
representations associated with the space of cusp forms of weight
$k$ on $\Gamma_0(N)$ to a simpler function of $k$ and $N$, showing
that the two are equal whenever $N$ is squarefree. We prove the
converse of this theorem (with one small exception), thus providing
a characterization of squarefree integers. We also establish
a similar characterization of prime numbers in terms of the number
of Hecke newforms of weight $k$ on $\Gamma_0(N)$.
It follows that a hypothetical fast algorithm for computing the
number of such automorphic representations for even a single
weight $k$ would yield a fast test for whether $N$ is squarefree.
We also show how to obtain bounds on the possible square divisors
of a number $N$ that has been found to not be squarefree via
this test, and we show how to probabilistically obtain
the complete factorization of the squarefull part of $N$ from
the number of such automorphic representations for two different
weights. If in addition we have the number of such Hecke newforms
for even a single weight $k$, then we show how to probabilistically
factor $N$ entirely.
All of these computations could be performed quickly in practice,
given the number(s) of automorphic representations and modular
forms as input.
Keywords:modular form, automorphic representation, squarefree number, primality testing, factorization algorithm Categories:11F70, 11N25, 11N60, 11Y05, 11Y16 

2. CMB Online first
 Leandro, Cagliero; Szechtman, Fernando

JordanChevalley decomposition in Lie algebras
We prove that if $\mathfrak{s}$ is a solvable Lie algebra of matrices
over a field of characteristic 0,
and $A\in\mathfrak{s}$,
then the semisimple and nilpotent summands of the JordanChevalley
decomposition of $A$ belong to $\mathfrak{s}$
if and only if there exist $S,N\in\mathfrak{s}$, $S$ is semisimple, $N$
is nilpotent (not necessarily $[S,N]=0$)
such that $A=S+N$.
Keywords:solvable Lie algebra, JordanChevalley decomposition, representation Categories:1708, 17B05, 20C40, 15A21 

3. CMB 2018 (vol 61 pp. 553)
 Karimianpour, Camelia

Branching Rules for $n$fold Covering Groups of $\mathrm{SL}_2$ over a NonArchimedean Local Field
Let $\mathtt{G}$ be the $n$fold covering group of the special
linear group of degree two, over a nonArchimedean local field.
We determine the decomposition into irreducibles of the restriction
of the principal series representations of $\mathtt{G}$ to a maximal
compact subgroup. Moreover, we analyse those features that distinguish
this decomposition from the linear case.
Keywords:local field, covering group, representation, Hilbert symbol, $\mathsf{K}$type Category:20G05 

4. CMB 2017 (vol 61 pp. 174)
 Roche, Alan; Vinroot, C. Ryan

A factorization result for classical and similitude groups
For most classical and similitude groups, we show that each element
can be written as a product of two transformations that
a) preserve or almost preserve the underlying form and b) whose
squares are certain scalar maps. This generalizes work of Wonenburger
and Vinroot.
As an application, we reprove and slightly extend a well known
result of MÅglin, VignÃ©ras and Waldspurger on the existence
of automorphisms of $p$adic classical groups that take each
irreducible smooth representation to its dual.
Keywords:classical group, similitude group, involution, $p$adic group, dual of representation Categories:20G15, 22E50 

5. CMB 2016 (vol 60 pp. 154)
 Liu, Ye

On Chromatic Functors and Stable Partitions of Graphs
The chromatic functor of a simple graph is a functorization of
the chromatic polynomial. M. Yoshinaga showed
that two finite graphs have isomorphic chromatic functors if
and only if they have the same chromatic polynomial. The key
ingredient in the proof is the use of stable partitions of graphs.
The latter is shown to be closely related to chromatic functors.
In this note, we further investigate some interesting properties
of chromatic functors associated to simple graphs using stable
partitions. Our first result is the determination of the group
of natural automorphisms of the chromatic functor, which is in
general a larger group than the automorphism group of the graph.
The second result is that the composition of the chromatic functor
associated to a finite graph restricted to the category $\mathrm{FI}$
of finite sets and injections with the free functor into the
category of complex vector spaces yields a consistent sequence
of representations of symmetric groups which is representation
stable in the sense of ChurchFarb.
Keywords:chromatic functor, stable partition, representation stability Categories:05C15, 20C30 

6. CMB 2015 (vol 58 pp. 824)
 Luo, XiuHua

Exact Morphism Category and Gorensteinprojective Representations
Let $Q$ be a finite acyclic quiver, $J$ be an ideal of $kQ$ generated
by all arrows in $Q$, $A$ be a finitedimensional $k$algebra. The
category of all finitedimensional representations of $(Q, J^2)$ over
$A$ is denoted by $\operatorname{rep}(Q, J^2, A)$. In this paper, we
introduce the category $\operatorname{exa}(Q,J^2,A)$, which is a
subcategory of
$\operatorname{rep}{}(Q,J^2,A)$ of all exact representations.
The main result of this paper explicitly describes the Gorensteinprojective representations in $\operatorname{rep}{}(Q,J^2,A)$,
via the exact representations plus an extra condition.
As a corollary, $A$ is a selfinjective algebra, if
and only if the Gorensteinprojective representations are exactly the
exact representations of $(Q, J^2)$ over $A$.
Keywords:representations of a quiver over an algebra, exact representations, Gorensteinprojective modules Category:18G25 

7. CMB 2015 (vol 59 pp. 95)
 Gonçalves, Daniel; Li, Hui; Royer, Danilo

Faithful Representations of Graph Algebras via Branching Systems
We continue to investigate branching systems of directed graphs
and their connections with graph algebras. We give a sufficient
condition under which the representation induced from a branching
system of a directed graph is faithful and construct a large
class of branching systems that satisfy this condition. We finish
the paper by providing a proof of the converse of the CuntzKrieger
uniqueness theorem for graph algebras by means of branching systems.
Keywords:C*algebra, graph algebra, Leavitt path algebra, branching system, representation Categories:46L05, 37A55 

8. CMB 2014 (vol 58 pp. 9)
 Chavan, Sameer

Irreducible Tuples Without the Boundary Property
We examine spectral behavior of irreducible tuples which do not
admit boundary property. In particular, we prove under some mild
assumption that the spectral radius of such an $m$tuple $(T_1,
\dots, T_m)$ must be the operator norm of $T^*_1T_1 + \cdots +
T^*_mT_m$. We use this simple observation to ensure boundary
property for an irreducible, essentially normal joint $q$isometry provided it
is not a joint isometry.
We further exhibit a family of
reproducing Hilbert $\mathbb{C}[z_1, \dots, z_m]$modules (of which
the DruryArveson Hilbert module is a prototype) with the property that any
two nested unitarily equivalent submodules are indeed equal.
Keywords:boundary representations, subnormal, joint pisometry Categories:47A13, 46E22 

9. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 439)
 Yang, YanHong

The Fixed Point Locus of the Verschiebung on $\mathcal{M}_X(2, 0)$ for Genus2 Curves $X$ in Charateristic $2$
We prove that for every ordinary genus$2$ curve $X$ over a finite
field $\kappa$ of characteristic $2$ with
$\textrm{Aut}(X/\kappa)=\mathbb{Z}/2\mathbb{Z} \times S_3$, there exist
$\textrm{SL}(2,\kappa[\![s]\!])$representations of $\pi_1(X)$ such
that the image of $\pi_1(\overline{X})$ is infinite. This result
produces a family of examples similar to Laszlo's counterexample
to de Jong's question regarding the finiteness of the geometric
monodromy of representations of the fundamental group.
Keywords:vector bundle, Frobenius pullback, representation, etale fundamental group Categories:14H60, 14D05, 14G15 

10. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 357)
 Lauret, Emilio A.

Representation Equivalent Bieberbach Groups and Strongly Isospectral Flat Manifolds
Let $\Gamma_1$ and $\Gamma_2$ be Bieberbach groups contained in the
full isometry group $G$ of $\mathbb{R}^n$.
We prove that if the compact flat manifolds $\Gamma_1\backslash\mathbb{R}^n$ and
$\Gamma_2\backslash\mathbb{R}^n$ are strongly isospectral then the Bieberbach groups
$\Gamma_1$ and $\Gamma_2$ are representation equivalent, that is, the
right regular representations $L^2(\Gamma_1\backslash G)$ and
$L^2(\Gamma_2\backslash G)$ are unitarily equivalent.
Keywords:representation equivalent, strongly isospectrality, compact flat manifolds Categories:58J53, 22D10 

11. CMB 2012 (vol 56 pp. 647)
 Valverde, Cesar

On Induced Representations Distinguished by Orthogonal Groups
Let $F$ be a local nonarchimedean field of characteristic zero. We
prove that a representation of $GL(n,F)$ obtained from irreducible
parabolic induction of supercuspidal representations is distinguished
by an orthogonal group only if the inducing data is distinguished by
appropriate orthogonal groups. As a corollary, we get that an
irreducible representation induced from supercuspidals that is
distinguished by an orthogonal group is metic.
Keywords:distinguished representation, parabolic induction Category:22E50 

12. CMB 2012 (vol 56 pp. 534)
 Filali, M.; Monfared, M. Sangani

A Cohomological Property of $\pi$invariant Elements
Let $A$ be a Banach algebra and $\pi \colon A \longrightarrow \mathscr L(H)$
be a continuous representation of $A$ on a separable Hilbert space $H$
with $\dim H =\frak m$. Let $\pi_{ij}$ be the coordinate functions of
$\pi$ with respect to an orthonormal basis and suppose that for each
$1\le j \le \frak m$, $C_j=\sum_{i=1}^{\frak m}
\\pi_{ij}\_{A^*}\lt \infty$ and $\sup_j C_j\lt \infty$. Under these
conditions, we call an element $\overline\Phi \in l^\infty (\frak m , A^{**})$
left $\pi$invariant if $a\cdot \overline\Phi ={}^t\pi (a) \overline\Phi$ for all
$a\in A$. In this paper we prove a link between the existence
of left $\pi$invariant elements and the vanishing of certain
Hochschild cohomology groups of $A$. Our results extend an earlier
result by Lau on $F$algebras and recent results of KaniuthLauPym
and the second named author in the special case that $\pi \colon A
\longrightarrow \mathbf C$ is a nonzero character on $A$.
Keywords:Banach algebras, $\pi$invariance, derivations, representations Categories:46H15, 46H25, 13N15 

13. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 272)
 Cheng, Lixin; Luo, Zhenghua; Zhou, Yu

On Super Weakly Compact Convex Sets and Representation of the Dual of the Normed Semigroup They Generate
In this note, we first give a characterization of super weakly
compact convex sets of a Banach space $X$:
a closed bounded convex set $K\subset X$ is
super weakly compact if and only if there exists a $w^*$ lower
semicontinuous seminorm $p$ with $p\geq\sigma_K\equiv\sup_{x\in
K}\langle\,\cdot\,,x\rangle$ such that $p^2$ is uniformly FrÃ©chet
differentiable on each bounded set of $X^*$. Then we present a
representation theorem for the dual of the semigroup $\textrm{swcc}(X)$
consisting of all the nonempty super weakly compact convex sets of the
space $X$.
Keywords:super weakly compact set, dual of normed semigroup, uniform FrÃ©chet differentiability, representation Categories:20M30, 46B10, 46B20, 46E15, 46J10, 49J50 

14. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 13)
 Alon, Gil; Kozma, Gady

Ordering the Representations of $S_n$ Using the Interchange Process
Inspired by Aldous' conjecture for
the spectral gap of the interchange process and its recent
resolution by Caputo, Liggett, and Richthammer, we define
an associated order $\prec$ on the irreducible representations of $S_n$. Aldous'
conjecture is equivalent to certain representations being comparable
in this order, and hence determining the ``Aldous order'' completely is a
generalized question. We show a few additional entries for this order.
Keywords:Aldous' conjecture, interchange process, symmetric group, representations Categories:82C22, 60B15, 43A65, 20B30, 60J27, 60K35 

15. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 218)
 Yang, Dilian

Functional Equations and Fourier Analysis
By exploring the relations among functional equations, harmonic analysis and representation theory,
we give a unified and very accessible approach to solve three important functional equations 
the d'Alembert equation, the Wilson equation, and the d'Alembert long equation 
on compact groups.
Keywords:functional equations, Fourier analysis, representation of compact groups Categories:39B52, 22C05, 43A30 

16. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 26)
 Bertin, Marie José

A Mahler Measure of a $K3$ Surface Expressed as a Dirichlet $L$Series
We present another example of a $3$variable polynomial defining a $K3$hypersurface
and having a logarithmic Mahler measure expressed in terms of a Dirichlet
$L$series.
Keywords:modular Mahler measure, EisensteinKronecker series, $L$series of $K3$surfaces, $l$adic representations, LivnÃ© criterion, RankinCohen brackets Categories:11, 14D, 14J 

17. CMB 2009 (vol 52 pp. 9)
 Chassé, Dominique; SaintAubin, Yvan

On the Spectrum of an $n!\times n!$ Matrix Originating from Statistical Mechanics
Let $R_n(\alpha)$ be the $n!\times n!$ matrix whose matrix elements
$[R_n(\alpha)]_{\sigma\rho}$, with $\sigma$ and $\rho$ in the
symmetric group $\sn$, are $\alpha^{\ell(\sigma\rho^{1})}$ with
$0<\alpha<1$, where $\ell(\pi)$ denotes the number of cycles in $\pi\in
\sn$. We give the spectrum of $R_n$ and show that the ratio of the
largest eigenvalue $\lambda_0$ to the second largest one (in absolute
value) increases as a positive power of $n$ as $n\rightarrow \infty$.
Keywords:symmetric group, representation theory, eigenvalue, statistical physics Categories:20B30, 20C30, 15A18, 82B20, 82B28 

18. CMB 2009 (vol 52 pp. 39)
 Cimpri\v{c}, Jakob

A Representation Theorem for Archimedean Quadratic Modules on $*$Rings
We present a new approach to noncommutative real algebraic geometry
based on the representation theory of $C^\ast$algebras.
An important result in commutative real algebraic geometry is
Jacobi's representation theorem for archimedean quadratic modules
on commutative rings.
We show that this theorem is a consequence of the
GelfandNaimark representation theorem for commutative $C^\ast$algebras.
A noncommutative version of GelfandNaimark theory was studied by
I. Fujimoto. We use his results to generalize
Jacobi's theorem to associative rings with involution.
Keywords:Ordered rings with involution, $C^\ast$algebras and their representations, noncommutative convexity theory, real algebraic geometry Categories:16W80, 46L05, 46L89, 14P99 

19. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 584)
 Purbhoo, Kevin; Willigenburg, Stephanie van

On Tensor Products of Polynomial Representations
We determine the necessary and sufficient combinatorial
conditions for which the tensor product of two irreducible polynomial
representations of $\GL(n,\mathbb{C})$ is isomorphic to another.
As a consequence we discover families of LittlewoodRichardson
coefficients that are nonzero, and a condition on Schur nonnegativity.
Keywords:polynomial representation, symmetric function, LittlewoodRichardson coefficient, Schur nonnegative Categories:05E05, 05E10, 20C30 

20. CMB 2007 (vol 50 pp. 85)
 Han, Deguang

Classification of Finite GroupFrames and SuperFrames
Given a finite group $G$, we examine the classification of all
frame representations of $G$ and the classification of all
$G$frames, \emph{i.e.,} frames induced by group representations of $G$.
We show that the exact number of equivalence classes of $G$frames
and the exact number of frame representations can be explicitly
calculated. We also discuss how to calculate the largest number
$L$ such that there exists an $L$tuple of strongly disjoint
$G$frames.
Keywords:frames, groupframes, frame representations, disjoint frames Categories:42C15, 46C05, 47B10 

21. CMB 2006 (vol 49 pp. 55)
 Dubois, Jérôme

Non Abelian Twisted Reidemeister Torsion for Fibered Knots
In this article, we give an explicit formula to compute the
non abelian twisted signdeter\mined Reidemeister torsion of the
exterior of a fibered knot in terms of its monodromy. As an
application, we give explicit formulae for the non abelian
Reidemeister torsion of torus knots and of the figure eight knot.
Keywords:Reidemeister torsion, Fibered knots, Knot groups, Representation space, $\SU$, $\SL$, Adjoint representation, Monodromy Categories:57Q10, 57M27, 57M25 

22. CMB 2002 (vol 45 pp. 337)
 Chen, Imin

Surjectivity of $\mod\ell$ Representations Attached to Elliptic Curves and Congruence Primes
For a modular elliptic curve $E/\mathbb{Q}$, we show a number of
links between the primes $\ell$ for which the mod $\ell$
representation of $E/\mathbb{Q}$ has projective dihedral image and
congruence primes for the newform associated to $E/\mathbb{Q}$.
Keywords:torsion points of elliptic curves, Galois representations, congruence primes, Serre tori, grossencharacters, nonsplit Cartan Categories:11G05, 11F80 

23. CMB 2002 (vol 45 pp. 272)
 Neusel, Mara D.

The Transfer in the Invariant Theory of Modular Permutation Representations II
In this note we show that the image of the transfer for permutation
representations of finite groups is generated by the transfers of
special monomials. This leads to a description of the image of the
transfer of the alternating groups. We also determine the height of
these ideals.
Keywords:polynomial invariants of finite groups, permutation representation, transfer Category:13A50 

24. CMB 2001 (vol 44 pp. 313)
 Reverter, Amadeu; Vila, Núria

Images of mod $p$ Galois Representations Associated to Elliptic Curves
We give an explicit recipe for the determination of the images
associated to the Galois action on $p$torsion points of elliptic
curves. We present a table listing the image for all the elliptic
curves defined over $\QQ$ without complex multiplication with
conductor less than 200 and for each prime number~$p$.
Keywords:Galois groups, elliptic curves, Galois representation, isogeny Categories:11R32, 11G05, 12F10, 14K02 
