1. CMB Online first
 Motegi, Kimihiko; Teragaito, Masakazu

Generalized torsion elements and biorderability of 3manifold groups
It is known that a biorderable group has no generalized torsion
element,
but the converse does not hold in general.
We conjecture that the converse holds for the fundamental groups
of $3$manifolds,
and verify the conjecture for nonhyperbolic, geometric $3$manifolds.
We also confirm the conjecture for some infinite families of
closed hyperbolic $3$manifolds.
In the course of the proof,
we prove that each standard generator of the Fibonacci group
$F(2, m)$ ($m \gt 2$) is a generalized torsion element.
Keywords:generalized torsion element, biordering, 3manifold group Categories:57M25, 57M05, 06F15, 20F05 

2. CMB Online first
 Ding, Fan; Geiges, Hansjörg; Zhang, Guangjian

On subcritically Stein fillable 5manifolds
We make some elementary observations concerning subcritically
Stein
fillable contact structures on $5$manifolds.
Specifically, we determine the diffeomorphism type of such
contact manifolds in the case the fundamental group is finite
cyclic,
and we show that on the $5$sphere the standard contact structure
is the unique subcritically fillable one. More generally,
it is shown that subcritically fillable contact structures
on simply connected $5$manifolds are determined by their
underlying almost contact structure. Along the way, we discuss
the
homotopy classification of almost contact structures.
Keywords:subcritically Stein fillable, 5manifold, almost contact structure, thickening Categories:53D35, 32Q28, 57M20, 57Q10, 57R17 

3. CMB Online first
 Basu, Samik; Subhash, B

Topology of certain quotient spaces of Stiefel manifolds
We compute the cohomology of the right generalised projective
Stiefel manifolds. Following this, we discuss some easy applications
of the computations to the ranks of complementary bundles, and
bounds on the span and immersibility.
Keywords:projective Stiefel manifold, span, spectral sequence Categories:55R20, 55R25, 57R20 

4. CMB Online first
 Gilligan, Bruce

Levi's problem for pseudoconvex homogeneous manifolds
Suppose $G$ is a connected complex Lie group and $H$ is a closed
complex subgroup.
Then there exists a closed complex subgroup $J$ of $G$ containing
$H$ such that
the fibration $\pi:G/H \to G/J$ is the holomorphic reduction
of $G/H$, i.e., $G/J$ is holomorphically
separable and ${\mathcal O}(G/H) \cong \pi^*{\mathcal O}(G/J)$.
In this paper we prove that if $G/H$ is pseudoconvex, i.e.,
if
$G/H$ admits a continuous plurisubharmonic exhaustion function,
then $G/J$ is Stein and $J/H$ has no nonconstant holomorphic
functions.
Keywords:complex homogeneous manifold, plurisubharmonic exhaustion function, holomorphic reduction, Stein manifold, Remmert reduction, Hirschowitz annihilator Categories:32M10, 32U10, 32A10, 32Q28 

5. CMB 2016 (vol 59 pp. 606)
 Mihăilescu, Mihai; Moroşanu, Gheorghe

Eigenvalues of $ \Delta_p \Delta_q $ Under Neumann Boundary Condition
The
eigenvalue problem $\Delta_p u\Delta_q u=\lambdau^{q2}u$
with $p\in(1,\infty)$, $q\in(2,\infty)$, $p\neq q$ subject to
the
corresponding homogeneous Neumann boundary condition is
investigated on a bounded open set with smooth boundary from
$\mathbb{R}^N$ with $N\geq 2$. A careful analysis of this problem leads
us to a complete description of the set of eigenvalues as being
a
precise interval $(\lambda_1, +\infty )$ plus an isolated point
$\lambda =0$. This comprehensive result is strongly related to
our
framework which is complementary to the wellknown case $p=q\neq
2$ for which a full description of the set of eigenvalues is
still
unavailable.
Keywords:eigenvalue problem, Sobolev space, Nehari manifold, variational methods Categories:35J60, 35J92, 46E30, 49R05 

6. CMB 2016 (vol 59 pp. 417)
 Song, Hongxue; Chen, Caisheng; Yan, Qinglun

Existence of Multiple Solutions for a $p$Laplacian System in $\textbf{R}^{N}$ with Signchanging Weight Functions
In this paper, we consider the quasilinear elliptic
problem
\[
\left\{
\begin{aligned}
&
M
\left(\int_{\mathbb{R}^{N}}x^{ap}\nabla u^{p}dx
\right){\rm
div}
\left(x^{ap}\nabla u^{p2}\nabla u
\right)
\\
&
\qquad=\frac{\alpha}{\alpha+\beta}H(x)u^{\alpha2}uv^{\beta}+\lambda
h_{1}(x)u^{q2}u,
\\
&
M
\left(\int_{\mathbb{R}^{N}}x^{ap}\nabla v^{p}dx
\right){\rm
div}
\left(x^{ap}\nabla v^{p2}\nabla v
\right)
\\
&
\qquad=\frac{\beta}{\alpha+\beta}H(x)v^{\beta2}vu^{\alpha}+\mu
h_{2}(x)v^{q2}v,
\\
&u(x)\gt 0,\quad v(x)\gt 0, \quad x\in \mathbb{R}^{N}
\end{aligned}
\right.
\]
where $\lambda, \mu\gt 0$, $1\lt p\lt N$,
$1\lt q\lt p\lt p(\tau+1)\lt \alpha+\beta\lt p^{*}=\frac{Np}{Np}$, $0\leq
a\lt \frac{Np}{p}$, $a\leq b\lt a+1$, $d=a+1b\gt 0$, $M(s)=k+l s^{\tau}$,
$k\gt 0$, $l, \tau\geq0$ and the weight $H(x), h_{1}(x), h_{2}(x)$
are
continuous functions which change sign in $\mathbb{R}^{N}$. We
will prove that the problem has at least two positive solutions
by
using the Nehari manifold and the fibering maps associated with
the Euler functional for this problem.
Keywords:Nehari manifold, quasilinear elliptic system, $p$Laplacian operator, concave and convex nonlinearities Category:35J66 

7. CMB 2016 (vol 59 pp. 508)
 De Nicola, Antonio; Yudin, Ivan

Generalized Goldberg Formula
In this paper we prove a useful formula for the graded commutator
of the Hodge
codifferential with the left wedge multiplication by a fixed
$p$form acting on
the de Rham algebra of a Riemannian manifold. Our formula generalizes
a formula
stated by Samuel I. Goldberg for the case of 1forms. As first
examples of
application we obtain new identities on locally conformally KÃ¤hler
manifolds
and quasiSasakian manifolds. Moreover, we prove that under suitable
conditions
a certain subalgebra of differential forms in a compact manifold
is quasiisomorphic as a CDGA to the full de Rham algebra.
Keywords:graded commutator, Hodge codifferential, Hodge laplacian, de Rham cohomology, locally conformal Kaehler manifold, quasiSasakian manifold Categories:53C25, 53D35 

8. CMB 2016 (vol 59 pp. 542)
 Jiang, Yongxin; Wang, Wei; Feng, Zhaosheng

Spatial Homogenization of Stochastic Wave Equation with Large Interaction
A dynamical approximation of a stochastic wave
equation with large interaction is derived.
A random invariant manifold is discussed. By a key linear transformation,
the random invariant manifold is shown to be close to the random
invariant manifold
of a secondorder stochastic ordinary differential equation.
Keywords:stochastic wave equation, homogeneous system, approximation, random invariant manifold, Neumann boundary condition Categories:60F10, 60H15, 35Q55 

9. CMB 2015 (vol 58 pp. 713)
 Brendle, Simon; Chodosh, Otis

On the Maximum Curvature of Closed Curves in Negatively Curved Manifolds
Motivated by Almgren's work on the isoperimetric inequality,
we prove a sharp inequality relating the length and maximum curvature
of a closed curve in a complete, simply connected manifold of
sectional curvature at most $1$. Moreover, if equality holds,
then the norm of the geodesic curvature is constant and the torsion
vanishes. The proof involves an application of the maximum principle
to a function defined on pairs of points.
Keywords:manifold, curvature Category:53C20 

10. CMB 2014 (vol 57 pp. 673)
 Ahmadi, S. Ruhallah; Gilligan, Bruce

Complexifying Lie Group Actions on Homogeneous Manifolds of Noncompact Dimension Two
If $X$ is a connected complex manifold with $d_X = 2$ that admits a (connected) Lie group $G$
acting transitively as a group of holomorphic transformations, then the action extends to an action of the
complexification $\widehat{G}$ of $G$ on $X$ except when
either the unit disk in the complex plane
or a strictly pseudoconcave homogeneous complex manifold is
the base or fiber of some homogeneous fibration of $X$.
Keywords:homogeneous complex manifold, noncompact dimension two, complexification Category:32M10 

11. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 526)
 Heil, Wolfgang; Wang, Dongxu

On $3$manifolds with Torus or Klein Bottle Category Two
A subset $W$ of a closed manifold $M$ is $K$contractible, where $K$
is a torus or Kleinbottle, if the inclusion $W\rightarrow M$ factors
homotopically through a map to $K$. The image of $\pi_1 (W)$ (for any
base point) is a subgroup of $\pi_1 (M)$ that is isomorphic to a
subgroup of a quotient group of $\pi_1 (K)$. Subsets of $M$ with this
latter property are called $\mathcal{G}_K$contractible. We obtain a
list of the closed $3$manifolds that can be covered by two open
$\mathcal{G}_K$contractible subsets. This is applied to obtain a list
of the possible closed prime $3$manifolds that can be covered by two
open $K$contractible subsets.
Keywords:LusternikSchnirelmann category, coverings of $3$manifolds by open $K$contractible sets Categories:57N10, 55M30, 57M27, 57N16 

12. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 401)
 Perrone, Domenico

Curvature of $K$contact SemiRiemannian Manifolds
In this paper we characterize $K$contact semiRiemannian manifolds
and Sasakian semiRiemannian manifolds in terms of
curvature. Moreover, we show that any conformally flat $K$contact
semiRiemannian manifold is Sasakian and of constant sectional
curvature $\kappa=\varepsilon$, where $\varepsilon =\pm 1$ denotes
the causal character of the Reeb vector field. Finally, we give some
results about the curvature of a $K$contact Lorentzian manifold.
Keywords:contact semiRiemannian structures, $K$contact structures, conformally flat manifolds, Einstein LorentzianSasaki manifolds Categories:53C50, 53C25, 53B30 

13. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 335)
 Karassev, A.; Todorov, V.; Valov, V.

Alexandroff Manifolds and Homogeneous Continua
ny homogeneous,
metric $ANR$continuum is a $V^n_G$continuum provided $\dim_GX=n\geq
1$ and $\check{H}^n(X;G)\neq 0$, where $G$ is a principal ideal
domain.
This implies that any homogeneous $n$dimensional metric $ANR$continuum is a $V^n$continuum in the sense of Alexandroff.
We also prove that any finitedimensional homogeneous metric continuum
$X$, satisfying $\check{H}^n(X;G)\neq 0$ for some group $G$ and $n\geq
1$, cannot be separated by
a compactum $K$ with $\check{H}^{n1}(K;G)=0$ and $\dim_G K\leq
n1$. This provides a partial answer to a question of
KallipolitiPapasoglu
whether any twodimensional homogeneous Peano continuum cannot be separated by arcs.
Keywords:Cantor manifold, cohomological dimension, cohomology groups, homogeneous compactum, separator, $V^n$continuum Categories:54F45, 54F15 

14. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 357)
 Lauret, Emilio A.

Representation Equivalent Bieberbach Groups and Strongly Isospectral Flat Manifolds
Let $\Gamma_1$ and $\Gamma_2$ be Bieberbach groups contained in the
full isometry group $G$ of $\mathbb{R}^n$.
We prove that if the compact flat manifolds $\Gamma_1\backslash\mathbb{R}^n$ and
$\Gamma_2\backslash\mathbb{R}^n$ are strongly isospectral then the Bieberbach groups
$\Gamma_1$ and $\Gamma_2$ are representation equivalent, that is, the
right regular representations $L^2(\Gamma_1\backslash G)$ and
$L^2(\Gamma_2\backslash G)$ are unitarily equivalent.
Keywords:representation equivalent, strongly isospectrality, compact flat manifolds Categories:58J53, 22D10 

15. CMB 2012 (vol 57 pp. 209)
16. CMB 2012 (vol 57 pp. 240)
 Bernardes, Nilson C.

Addendum to ``Limit Sets of Typical Homeomorphisms''
Given an integer $n \geq 3$,
a metrizable compact topological $n$manifold $X$ with boundary,
and a finite positive Borel measure $\mu$ on $X$,
we prove that for the typical homeomorphism $f : X \to X$,
it is true that for $\mu$almost every point $x$ in $X$ the restriction of
$f$ (respectively of $f^{1}$) to the omega limit set $\omega(f,x)$
(respectively to the alpha limit set $\alpha(f,x)$) is topologically
conjugate to the universal odometer.
Keywords:topological manifolds, homeomorphisms, measures, Baire category, limit sets Categories:37B20, 54H20, 28C15, 54C35, 54E52 

17. CMB 2012 (vol 57 pp. 194)
18. CMB 2012 (vol 57 pp. 12)
19. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 173)
 Sahin, Bayram

Semiinvariant Submersions from Almost Hermitian Manifolds
We introduce semiinvariant Riemannian submersions from almost
Hermitian manifolds onto Riemannian manifolds. We give examples,
investigate the geometry of foliations that arise from the
definition of a Riemannian submersion, and find necessary sufficient
conditions for total manifold to be a locally product Riemannian
manifold. We also find necessary and sufficient conditions for a
semiinvariant submersion to be totally geodesic. Moreover, we
obtain a classification for semiinvariant submersions with totally
umbilical fibers and show that such submersions put some
restrictions on total manifolds.
Keywords:Riemannian submersion, Hermitian manifold, antiinvariant Riemannian submersion, semiinvariant submersion Categories:53B20, 53C43 

20. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 632)
 Pigola, S.; Rimoldi, M.

Characterizations of Model Manifolds by Means of Certain Differential Systems
We prove metric rigidity for complete manifolds supporting solutions of
certain second order differential systems, thus extending classical works on a
characterization of spaceforms. Along the way, we also discover
new characterizations of spaceforms. We next generalize results concerning metric
rigidity via equations involving vector fields.
Keywords:metric rigidity, model manifolds, Obata's type theorems Category:53C20 

21. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 225)
 Bernardes, Nilson C.

Limit Sets of Typical Homeomorphisms
Given an integer $n \geq 3$, a metrizable compact
topological $n$manifold $X$ with boundary, and a finite positive Borel
measure $\mu$ on $X$, we prove that for the typical homeomorphism
$f \colon X \to X$, it is true that for $\mu$almost every point $x$ in $X$
the limit set $\omega(f,x)$ is a Cantor set of Hausdorff dimension zero,
each point of $\omega(f,x)$ has a dense orbit in $\omega(f,x)$, $f$ is
nonsensitive at each point of $\omega(f,x)$, and the function
$a \to \omega(f,a)$ is continuous at $x$.
Keywords:topological manifolds, homeomorphisms, measures, Baire category, limit sets Categories:37B20, 54H20, 28C15, 54C35, 54E52 

22. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 164)
 Pergher, Pedro L. Q.

Involutions Fixing $F^n \cup \{\text{Indecomposable}\}$
Let $M^m$ be an $m$dimensional, closed and smooth manifold, equipped with a smooth involution $T\colon M^m \to M^m$ whose fixed point set has the form $F^n \cup F^j$, where $F^n$ and $F^j$ are submanifolds with dimensions $n$ and $j$, $F^j$ is indecomposable and $ n >j$. Write $nj=2^pq$, where $q \ge 1$ is odd and $p \geq 0$, and set $m(nj) = 2n+pq+1$ if $p \leq q + 1$
and $m(nj)= 2n + 2^{pq}$ if $p \geq q$. In this paper we show that $m \le m(nj) + 2j+1$. Further, we show that this bound is \emph{almost} best possible, by exhibiting examples $(M^{m(nj) +2j},T)$ where the fixed point set of
$T$ has the form $F^n \cup F^j$ described above, for every $2 \le j
Keywords:involution, projective space bundle, indecomposable manifold, splitting principle, StiefelWhitney class, characteristic number Category:57R85 

23. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 396)
24. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 716)
 Okassa, Eugène

Symplectic LieRinehartJacobi Algebras and Contact Manifolds
We give a characterization of contact manifolds in terms of symplectic
LieRinehartJacobi algebras. We also give a sufficient condition for a Jacobi
manifold to be a contact manifold.
Keywords:LieRinehart algebras, differential operators, Jacobi manifolds, symplectic manifolds, contact manifolds Categories:13N05, 53D05, 53D10 

25. CMB 2010 (vol 53 pp. 684)
 Proctor, Emily; Stanhope, Elizabeth

An Isospectral Deformation on an InfranilOrbifold
We construct a Laplace isospectral deformation of metrics on an
orbifold quotient of a nilmanifold. Each orbifold in the deformation
contains singular points with order two isotropy. Isospectrality is
obtained by modifying a generalization of Sunada's theorem due to
DeTurck and Gordon.
Keywords:spectral geometry, global Riemannian geometry, orbifold, nilmanifold Categories:58J53, 53C20 
