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Search: All articles in the CMB digital archive with keyword integral

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1. CMB Online first

Reijonen, Atte
Remark on integral means of derivatives of Blaschke products
If $B$ is the Blachke product with zeros $\{z_n\}$, then $|B'(z)|\le \Psi_B(z)$, where $$\Psi_B(z)=\sum_n \frac{1-|z_n|^2}{|1-\overline{z}_nz|^2}.$$ Moreover, it is a well-known fact that, for $0\lt p\lt \infty$, $$M_p(r,B')= \left(\frac{1}{2\pi}\int_{0}^{2\pi} |B'(re^{i\t})|^p\,d\t \right)^{1/p}, \quad 0\le r\lt 1,$$ is bounded if and only if $M_p(r,\Psi_B)$ is bounded. We find a Blaschke product $B_0$ such that $M_p(r,B_0')$ and $M_p(r,\Psi_{B_0})$ are not comparable for any $\frac12\lt p\lt \infty$. In addition, it is shown that, if $0\lt p\lt \infty$, $B$ is a Carleson-Newman Blaschke product and a weight $\omega$ satisfies a certain regularity condition, then $$ \int_\mathbb{D} |B'(z)|^p\omega(z)\,dA(z)\asymp \int_\mathbb{D} \Psi_B(z)^p\omega(z)\,dA(z), $$ where $dA(z)$ is the Lebesgue area measure on the unit disc.

Keywords:Bergman space, Blaschke product, Hardy space, integral mean
Categories:30J10, 30H10, 30H20

2. CMB Online first

Rocha, Pablo Alejandro
A remark on certain integral operators of fractional type
For $m, n \in \mathbb{N}$, $1\lt m \leq n$, we write $n = n_1 + \dots + n_m$ where $\{ n_1, \dots, n_m \} \subset \mathbb{N}$. Let $A_1, \dots, A_m$ be $n \times n$ singular real matrices such that $\bigoplus_{i=1}^{m} \bigcap_{1\leq j \neq i \leq m} \mathcal{N}_j = \mathbb{R}^{n},$ where $\mathcal{N}_j = \{ x : A_j x = 0 \}$, $dim(\mathcal{N}_j)=n-n_j$ and $A_1+ \dots+ A_m$ is invertible. In this paper we study integral operators of the form $T_{r}f(x)= \int_{\mathbb{R}^{n}} \, |x-A_1 y|^{-n_1 + \alpha_1} \cdots |x-A_m y|^{-n_m + \alpha_m} f(y) \, dy,$ $n_1 + \dots + n_m = n$, $\frac{\alpha_1}{n_1} = \dots = \frac{\alpha_m}{n_m}=r$, $0 \lt r \lt 1$, and the matrices $A_i$'s are as above. We obtain the $H^{p}(\mathbb{R}^{n})-L^{q}(\mathbb{R}^{n})$ boundedness of $T_r$ for $0\lt p\lt \frac{1}{r}$ and $\frac{1}{q}=\frac{1}{p} - r$.

Keywords:integral operator, Hardy space
Categories:42B20, 42B30

3. CMB Online first

Cui, Xiaohui; Wang, Chunjie; Zhu, Kehe
Area Integral Means of Analytic Functions in the Unit Disk
For an analytic function $f$ on the unit disk $\mathbb D$ we show that the $L^2$ integral mean of $f$ on $c\lt |z|\lt r$ with respect to the weighted area measure $(1-|z|^2)^\alpha\,dA(z)$ is a logarithmically convex function of $r$ on $(c,1)$, where $-3\le\alpha\le0$ and $c\in[0,1)$. Moreover, the range $[-3,0]$ for $\alpha$ is best possible. When $c=0$, our arguments here also simplify the proof for several results we obtained in earlier papers.

Keywords:logarithmic convexity, area integral mean, Bergman space, Hardy space
Categories:30H10, 30H20

4. CMB 2016 (vol 60 pp. 510)

Haase, Christian; Hofmann, Jan
Convex-normal (Pairs of) Polytopes
In 2012 Gubeladze (Adv. Math. 2012) introduced the notion of $k$-convex-normal polytopes to show that integral polytopes all of whose edges are longer than $4d(d+1)$ have the integer decomposition property. In the first part of this paper we show that for lattice polytopes there is no difference between $k$- and $(k+1)$-convex-normality (for $k\geq 3 $) and improve the bound to $2d(d+1)$. In the second part we extend the definition to pairs of polytopes. Given two rational polytopes $P$ and $Q$, where the normal fan of $P$ is a refinement of the normal fan of $Q$. If every edge $e_P$ of $P$ is at least $d$ times as long as the corresponding face (edge or vertex) $e_Q$ of $Q$, then $(P+Q)\cap \mathbb{Z}^d = (P\cap \mathbb{Z}^d ) + (Q \cap \mathbb{Z}^d)$.

Keywords:integer decomposition property, integrally closed, projectively normal, lattice polytopes
Categories:52B20, 14M25, 90C10

5. CMB 2016 (vol 60 pp. 131)

Gürbüz, Ferit
Some Estimates for Generalized Commutators of Rough Fractional Maximal and Integral Operators on Generalized Weighted Morrey Spaces
In this paper, we establish $BMO$ estimates for generalized commutators of rough fractional maximal and integral operators on generalized weighted Morrey spaces, respectively.

Keywords:fractional integral operator, fractional maximal operator, rough kernel, generalized commutator, $A(p,q)$ weight, generalized weighted Morrey space
Categories:42B20, 42B25

6. CMB Online first

Xu, Xu; Zhu, Laiyi
Rational function operators from Poisson integrals
In this paper, we construct two classes of rational function operators by using the Poisson integrals of the function on the whole real axis. The convergence rates of the uniform and mean approximation of such rational function operators on the whole real axis are studied.

Keywords:rational function operators, Poisson integrals, convergence rate, uniform approximation, mean approximation
Categories:41A20, 41A25, 41A35

7. CMB 2015 (vol 58 pp. 486)

Duc, Dinh Thanh; Nhan, Nguyen Du Vi; Xuan, Nguyen Tong
Inequalities for Partial Derivatives and their Applications
We present various weighted integral inequalities for partial derivatives acting on products and compositions of functions which are applied to establish some new Opial-type inequalities involving functions of several independent variables. We also demonstrate the usefulness of our results in the field of partial differential equations.

Keywords:inequality for integral, Opial-type inequality, Hölder's inequality, partial differential operator, partial differential equation
Categories:26D10, 35A23

8. CMB 2014 (vol 58 pp. 196)

Yang, Qingjie; Zhong, Weiting
Dihedral Groups of order $2p$ of Automorphisms of Compact Riemann Surfaces of Genus $p-1$
In this paper we prove that there is only one conjugacy class of dihedral group of order $2p$ in the $2(p-1)\times 2(p-1)$ integral symplectic group can be realized by an analytic automorphism group of compact connected Riemann surfaces of genus $p-1$. A pair of representative generators of the realizable class is also given.

Keywords:dihedral group, automorphism group, Riemann surface, integral symplectic matrix, fundamental domain
Categories:20H25, 57M60

9. CMB 2014 (vol 58 pp. 19)

Chen, Jiecheng; Hu, Guoen
Compact Commutators of Rough Singular Integral Operators
Let $b\in \mathrm{BMO}(\mathbb{R}^n)$ and $T_{\Omega}$ be the singular integral operator with kernel $\frac{\Omega(x)}{|x|^n}$, where $\Omega$ is homogeneous of degree zero, integrable and has mean value zero on the unit sphere $S^{n-1}$. In this paper, by Fourier transform estimates and approximation to the operator $T_{\Omega}$ by integral operators with smooth kernels, it is proved that if $b\in \mathrm{CMO}(\mathbb{R}^n)$ and $\Omega$ satisfies a certain minimal size condition, then the commutator generated by $b$ and $T_{\Omega}$ is a compact operator on $L^p(\mathbb{R}^n)$ for appropriate index $p$. The associated maximal operator is also considered.

Keywords:commutator,singular integral operator, compact operator, maximal operator

10. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 9)

Alperin, Roger C.; Peterson, Brian L.
Integral Sets and the Center of a Finite Group
We give a description of the atoms in the Boolean algebra generated by the integral subsets of a finite group.

Keywords:integral set, characters, Boolean algebra

11. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 593)

Liu, Congwen; Zhou, Lifang
On the $p$-norm of an Integral Operator in the Half Plane
We give a partial answer to a conjecture of Dostanić on the determination of the norm of a class of integral operators induced by the weighted Bergman projection in the upper half plane.

Keywords:Bergman projection, integral operator, $L^p$-norm, the upper half plane
Categories:47B38, 47G10, 32A36

12. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 646)

Zhou, Jiang; Ma, Bolin
Marcinkiewicz Commutators with Lipschitz Functions in Non-homogeneous Spaces
Under the assumption that $\mu$ is a nondoubling measure, we study certain commutators generated by the Lipschitz function and the Marcinkiewicz integral whose kernel satisfies a Hörmander-type condition. We establish the boundedness of these commutators on the Lebesgue spaces, Lipschitz spaces, and Hardy spaces. Our results are extensions of known theorems in the doubling case.

Keywords:non doubling measure, Marcinkiewicz integral, commutator, ${\rm Lip}_{\beta}(\mu)$, $H^1(\mu)$
Categories:42B25, 47B47, 42B20, 47A30

13. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 80)

Islam, Muhammad N.
Three Fixed Point Theorems: Periodic Solutions of a Volterra Type Integral Equation with Infinite Heredity
In this paper we study the existence of periodic solutions of a Volterra type integral equation with infinite heredity. Banach fixed point theorem, Krasnosel'skii's fixed point theorem, and a combination of Krasnosel'skii's and Schaefer's fixed point theorems are employed in the analysis. The combination theorem of Krasnosel'skii and Schaefer requires an a priori bound on all solutions. We employ Liapunov's direct method to obtain such an a priori bound. In the process, we compare these theorems in terms of assumptions and outcomes.

Keywords:Volterra integral equation, periodic solutions, Liapunov's method, Krasnosel'skii's fixed point theorem, Schaefer's fixed point theorem
Categories:45D05, 45J05

14. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 176)

Spirn, Daniel; Wright, J. Douglas
Linear Dispersive Decay Estimates for the 3+1 Dimensional Water Wave Equation with Surface Tension
We consider the linearization of the three-dimensional water waves equation with surface tension about a flat interface. Using oscillatory integral methods, we prove that solutions of this equation demonstrate dispersive decay at the somewhat surprising rate of $t^{-5/6}$. This rate is due to competition between surface tension and gravitation at $O(1)$ wave numbers and is connected to the fact that, in the presence of surface tension, there is a so-called "slowest wave". Additionally, we combine our dispersive estimates with $L^2$ type energy bounds to prove a family of Strichartz estimates.

Keywords:oscillatory integrals, water waves, surface tension, Strichartz estimates
Categories:76B07, 76B15, 76B45

15. CMB 2010 (vol 54 pp. 207)

Chen, Jiecheng; Fan, Dashan
A Bilinear Fractional Integral on Compact Lie Groups
As an analog of a well-known theorem on the bilinear fractional integral on $\mathbb{R}^{n}$ by Kenig and Stein, we establish the similar boundedness property for a bilinear fractional integral on a compact Lie group. Our result is also a generalization of our recent theorem about the bilinear fractional integral on torus.

Keywords:bilinear fractional integral, $L^p$ spaces, Heat kernel
Categories:43A22, 43A32, 43B25

16. CMB 2010 (vol 54 pp. 100)

Fan, Dashan; Wu, Huoxiong
On the Generalized Marcinkiewicz Integral Operators with Rough Kernels
A class of generalized Marcinkiewicz integral operators is introduced, and, under rather weak conditions on the integral kernels, the boundedness of such operators on $L^p$ and Triebel--Lizorkin spaces is established.

Keywords: Marcinkiewicz integral, Littlewood--Paley theory, Triebel--Lizorkin space, rough kernel, product domain
Categories:42B20, , , , , 42B25, 42B30, 42B99

17. CMB 2010 (vol 53 pp. 639)

Coykendall, Jim; Dutta, Tridib
A Generalization of Integrality
In this paper, we explore a generalization of the notion of integrality. In particular, we study a near-integrality condition that is intermediate between the concepts of integral and almost integral. This property (referred to as the $\Omega$-almost integral property) is a representative independent specialization of the standard notion of almost integrality. Some of the properties of this generalization are explored in this paper, and these properties are compared with the notion of pseudo-integrality introduced by Anderson, Houston, and Zafrullah. Additionally, it is shown that the $\Omega$-almost integral property serves to characterize the survival/lying over pairs of Dobbs and Coykendall

Keywords:integral closure, complete integral closure
Categories:13B22, 13G05, 13B21

18. CMB 2010 (vol 53 pp. 503)

Kurenok, V. P.
The Time Change Method and SDEs with Nonnegative Drift
Using the time change method we show how to construct a solution to the stochastic equation $dX_t=b(X_{t-})dZ_t+a(X_t)dt$ with a nonnegative drift $a$ provided there exists a solution to the auxililary equation $dL_t=[a^{-1/\alpha}b](L_{t-})d\bar Z_t+dt$ where $Z, \bar Z$ are two symmetric stable processes of the same index $\alpha\in(0,2]$. This approach allows us to prove the existence of solutions for both stochastic equations for the values $0<\alpha<1$ and only measurable coefficients $a$ and $b$ satisfying some conditions of boundedness. The existence proof for the auxililary equation uses the method of integral estimates in the sense of Krylov.

Keywords:One-dimensional SDEs, symmetric stable processes, nonnegative drift, time change, integral estimates, weak convergence
Categories:60H10, 60J60, 60J65, 60G44

19. CMB 2010 (vol 53 pp. 526)

Milian, Anna
On Some Stochastic Perturbations of Semilinear Evolution Equations
We consider semilinear evolution equations with some locally Lipschitz nonlinearities, perturbed by Banach space valued, continuous, and adapted stochastic process. We show that under some assumptions there exists a solution to the equation. Using the result we show that there exists a mild, continuous, global solution to a semilinear Itô equation with locally Lipschitz nonlinearites. An example of the equation is given.

Keywords:evolution equation, mild solution, non-Lipschitz drift, Ito integral

20. CMB 2009 (vol 53 pp. 263)

Feuto, Justin; Fofana, Ibrahim; Koua, Konin
Weighted Norm Inequalities for a Maximal Operator in Some Subspace of Amalgams
We give weighted norm inequalities for the maximal fractional operator $ \mathcal M_{q,\beta }$ of Hardy–Littlewood and the fractional integral $I_{\gamma}$. These inequalities are established between $(L^{q},L^{p}) ^{\alpha }(X,d,\mu )$ spaces (which are superspaces of Lebesgue spaces $L^{\alpha}(X,d,\mu)$ and subspaces of amalgams $(L^{q},L^{p})(X,d,\mu)$) and in the setting of space of homogeneous type $(X,d,\mu)$. The conditions on the weights are stated in terms of Orlicz norm.

Keywords:fractional maximal operator, fractional integral, space of homogeneous type
Categories:42B35, 42B20, 42B25

21. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 618)

Valmorin, V.
Vanishing Theorems in Colombeau Algebras of Generalized Functions
Using a canonical linear embedding of the algebra ${\mathcal G}^{\infty}(\Omega)$ of Colombeau generalized functions in the space of $\overline{\C}$-valued $\C$-linear maps on the space ${\mathcal D}(\Omega)$ of smooth functions with compact support, we give vanishing conditions for functions and linear integral operators of class ${\mathcal G}^\infty$. These results are then applied to the zeros of holomorphic generalized functions in dimension greater than one.

Keywords:Colombeau generalized functions, linear integral operators, generalized holomorphic functions
Categories:32A60, 45P05, 46F30

22. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 386)

Lan, K. Q.; Yang, G. C.
Positive Solutions of the Falkner--Skan Equation Arising in the Boundary Layer Theory
The well-known Falkner--Skan equation is one of the most important equations in laminar boundary layer theory and is used to describe the steady two-dimensional flow of a slightly viscous incompressible fluid past wedge shaped bodies of angles related to $\lambda\pi/2$, where $\lambda\in \mathbb R$ is a parameter involved in the equation. It is known that there exists $\lambda^{*}<0$ such that the equation with suitable boundary conditions has at least one positive solution for each $\lambda\ge \lambda^{*}$ and has no positive solutions for $\lambda<\lambda^{*}$. The known numerical result shows $\lambda^{*}=-0.1988$. In this paper, $\lambda^{*}\in [-0.4,-0.12]$ is proved analytically by establishing a singular integral equation which is equivalent to the Falkner--Skan equation. The equivalence result provides new techniques to study properties and existence of solutions of the Falkner--Skan equation.

Keywords:Falkner-Skan equation, boundary layer problems, singular integral equation, positive solutions
Categories:34B16, 34B18, 34B40, 76D10

23. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 372)

Ezquerro, J. A.; Hernández, M. A.
Picard's Iterations for Integral Equations of Mixed Hammerstein Type
A new semilocal convergence result for the Picard method is presented, where the main required condition in the contraction mapping principle is relaxed.

Keywords:nonlinear equations in Banach spaces, successive approximations, semilocal convergence theorem, Picard's iteration, Hammerstein integral equations
Categories:45G10, 47H99, 65J15

24. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 161)

Agarwal, Ravi P.; Otero-Espinar, Victoria; Perera, Kanishka; Vivero, Dolores R.
Wirtinger's Inequalities on Time Scales
This paper is devoted to the study of Wirtinger-type inequalities for the Lebesgue $\Delta$-integral on an arbitrary time scale $\T$. We prove a general inequality for a class of absolutely continuous functions on closed subintervals of an adequate subset of $\T$. By using this expression and by assuming that $\T$ is bounded, we deduce that a general inequality is valid for every absolutely continuous function on $\T$ such that its $\Delta$-derivative belongs to $L_\Delta^2([a,b)\cap\T)$ and at most it vanishes on the boundary of $\T$.

Keywords:time scales calculus, $\Delta$-integral, Wirtinger's inequality

25. CMB 2007 (vol 50 pp. 284)

McIntosh, Richard J.
Second Order Mock Theta Functions
In his last letter to Hardy, Ramanujan defined 17 functions $F(q)$, where $|q|<1$. He called them mock theta functions, because as $q$ radially approaches any point $e^{2\pi ir}$ ($r$ rational), there is a theta function $F_r(q)$ with $F(q)-F_r(q)=O(1)$. In this paper we establish the relationship between two families of mock theta functions.

Keywords:$q$-series, mock theta function, Mordell integral
Categories:11B65, 33D15
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