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Search: All articles in the CMB digital archive with keyword integer

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1. CMB 2017 (vol 60 pp. 774)

Jensen, Gerd; Pommerenke, Christian
On the Structure of the Schild Group in Relativity Theory
Alfred Schild has established conditions that Lorentz transformations map world-vectors $(ct,x,y,z)$ with integer coordinates onto vectors of the same kind. These transformations are called integral Lorentz transformations. The present paper contains supplements to our earlier work with a new focus on group theory. To relate the results to the familiar matrix group nomenclature we associate Lorentz transformations with matrices in $\mathrm{SL}(2,\mathbb{C})$. We consider the lattice of subgroups of the group originated in Schild's paper and obtain generating sets for the full group and its subgroups.

Keywords:Lorentz transformation, integer lattice, Gaussian integers, Schild group, subgroup
Categories:22E43, 20H99, 83A05

2. CMB 2016 (vol 60 pp. 510)

Haase, Christian; Hofmann, Jan
Convex-normal (Pairs of) Polytopes
In 2012 Gubeladze (Adv. Math. 2012) introduced the notion of $k$-convex-normal polytopes to show that integral polytopes all of whose edges are longer than $4d(d+1)$ have the integer decomposition property. In the first part of this paper we show that for lattice polytopes there is no difference between $k$- and $(k+1)$-convex-normality (for $k\geq 3 $) and improve the bound to $2d(d+1)$. In the second part we extend the definition to pairs of polytopes. Given two rational polytopes $P$ and $Q$, where the normal fan of $P$ is a refinement of the normal fan of $Q$. If every edge $e_P$ of $P$ is at least $d$ times as long as the corresponding face (edge or vertex) $e_Q$ of $Q$, then $(P+Q)\cap \mathbb{Z}^d = (P\cap \mathbb{Z}^d ) + (Q \cap \mathbb{Z}^d)$.

Keywords:integer decomposition property, integrally closed, projectively normal, lattice polytopes
Categories:52B20, 14M25, 90C10

3. CMB 2015 (vol 59 pp. 123)

Jensen, Gerd; Pommerenke, Christian
Discrete Space-time and Lorentz Transformations
Alfred Schild has established conditions that Lorentz transformations map world-vectors $(ct,x,y,z)$ with integer coordinates onto vectors of the same kind. The problem was dealt with in the context of tensor and spinor calculus. Due to Schild's number-theoretic arguments, the subject is also interesting when isolated from its physical background. The paper of Schild is not easy to understand. Therefore we first present a streamlined version of his proof which is based on the use of null vectors. Then we present a purely algebraic proof that is somewhat shorter. Both proofs rely on the properties of Gaussian integers.

Keywords:Lorentz transformation, integer lattice, Gaussian integers
Categories:22E43, 20H99, 83A05

4. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 161)

RĂªgo, L. C.; Cintra, R. J.
An Extension of the Dirichlet Density for Sets of Gaussian Integers
Several measures for the density of sets of integers have been proposed, such as the asymptotic density, the Schnirelmann density, and the Dirichlet density. There has been some work in the literature on extending some of these concepts of density to higher dimensional sets of integers. In this work, we propose an extension of the Dirichlet density for sets of Gaussian integers and investigate some of its properties.

Keywords:Gaussian integers, Dirichlet density
Categories:11B05, 11M99, 11N99

5. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 57)

Dobrowolski, Edward
A Note on Integer Symmetric Matrices and Mahler's Measure
We find a lower bound on the absolute value of the discriminant of the minimal polynomial of an integral symmetric matrix and apply this result to find a lower bound on Mahler's measure of related polynomials and to disprove a conjecture of D. Estes and R. Guralnick.

Keywords:integer matrices, Lehmer's problem, Mahler's measure
Categories:11C20, 11R06

6. CMB 2007 (vol 50 pp. 399)

Komornik, Vilmos; Loreti, Paola
Expansions in Complex Bases
Beginning with a seminal paper of R\'enyi, expansions in noninteger real bases have been widely studied in the last forty years. They turned out to be relevant in various domains of mathematics, such as the theory of finite automata, number theory, fractals or dynamical systems. Several results were extended by Dar\'oczy and K\'atai for expansions in complex bases. We introduce an adaptation of the so-called greedy algorithm to the complex case, and we generalize one of their main theorems.

Keywords:non-integer bases, greedy expansions, beta-expansions
Categories:11A67, 11A63, 11B85

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