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1. CMB 2016 (vol 59 pp. 661)

Ying, Zhiling; Koşan, Tamer; Zhou, Yiqiang
 Rings in Which Every Element is a Sum of Two Tripotents Let $R$ be a ring. The following results are proved: $(1)$ every element of $R$ is a sum of an idempotent and a tripotent that commute iff $R$ has the identity $x^6=x^4$ iff $R\cong R_1\times R_2$, where $R_1/J(R_1)$ is Boolean with $U(R_1)$ a group of exponent $2$ and $R_2$ is zero or a subdirect product of $\mathbb Z_3$'s; $(2)$ every element of $R$ is either a sum or a difference of two commuting idempotents iff $R\cong R_1\times R_2$, where $R_1/J(R_1)$ is Boolean with $J(R_1)=0$ or $J(R_1)=\{0,2\}$, and $R_2$ is zero or a subdirect product of $\mathbb Z_3$'s; $(3)$ every element of $R$ is a sum of two commuting tripotents iff $R\cong R_1\times R_2\times R_3$, where $R_1/J(R_1)$ is Boolean with $U(R_1)$ a group of exponent $2$, $R_2$ is zero or a subdirect product of $\mathbb Z_3$'s, and $R_3$ is zero or a subdirect product of $\mathbb Z_5$'s. Keywords:idempotent, tripotent, Boolean ring, polynomial identity $x^3=x$, polynomial identity $x^6=x^4$, polynomial identity $x^8=x^4$Categories:16S50, 16U60, 16U90

2. CMB 2012 (vol 56 pp. 584)

Liau, Pao-Kuei; Liu, Cheng-Kai
 On Automorphisms and Commutativity in Semiprime Rings Let $R$ be a semiprime ring with center $Z(R)$. For $x,y\in R$, we denote by $[x,y]=xy-yx$ the commutator of $x$ and $y$. If $\sigma$ is a non-identity automorphism of $R$ such that $$\Big[\big[\dots\big[[\sigma(x^{n_0}),x^{n_1}],x^{n_2}\big],\dots\big],x^{n_k}\Big]=0$$ for all $x \in R$, where $n_{0},n_{1},n_{2},\dots,n_{k}$ are fixed positive integers, then there exists a map $\mu\colon R\rightarrow Z(R)$ such that $\sigma(x)=x+\mu(x)$ for all $x\in R$. In particular, when $R$ is a prime ring, $R$ is commutative. Keywords:automorphism, generalized polynomial identity (GPI)Categories:16N60, 16W20, 16R50

3. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 654)

Forrest, Brian E.; Runde, Volker
 Norm One Idempotent $cb$-Multipliers with Applications to the Fourier Algebra in the $cb$-Multiplier Norm For a locally compact group $G$, let $A(G)$ be its Fourier algebra, let $M_{cb}A(G)$ denote the completely bounded multipliers of $A(G)$, and let $A_{\mathit{Mcb}}(G)$ stand for the closure of $A(G)$ in $M_{cb}A(G)$. We characterize the norm one idempotents in $M_{cb}A(G)$: the indicator function of a set $E \subset G$ is a norm one idempotent in $M_{cb}A(G)$ if and only if $E$ is a coset of an open subgroup of $G$. As applications, we describe the closed ideals of $A_{\mathit{Mcb}}(G)$ with an approximate identity bounded by $1$, and we characterize those $G$ for which $A_{\mathit{Mcb}}(G)$ is $1$-amenable in the sense of B. E. Johnson. (We can even slightly relax the norm bounds.) Keywords:amenability, bounded approximate identity, $cb$-multiplier norm, Fourier algebra, norm one idempotentCategories:43A22, 20E05, 43A30, 46J10, 46J40, 46L07, 47L25

4. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 255)

Dehaye, Paul-Olivier
 On an Identity due to Bump and Diaconis, and Tracy and Widom A classical question for a Toeplitz matrix with given symbol is how to compute asymptotics for the determinants of its reductions to finite rank. One can also consider how those asymptotics are affected when shifting an initial set of rows and columns (or, equivalently, asymptotics of their minors). Bump and Diaconis obtained a formula for such shifts involving Laguerre polynomials and sums over symmetric groups. They also showed how the Heine identity extends for such minors, which makes this question relevant to Random Matrix Theory. Independently, Tracy and Widom used the Wiener-Hopf factorization to express those shifts in terms of products of infinite matrices. We show directly why those two expressions are equal and uncover some structure in both formulas that was unknown to their authors. We introduce a mysterious differential operator on symmetric functions that is very similar to vertex operators. We show that the Bump-Diaconis-Tracy-Widom identity is a differentiated version of the classical Jacobi-Trudi identity. Keywords:Toeplitz matrices, Jacobi-Trudi identity, SzegÅ limit theorem, Heine identity, Wiener-Hopf factorizationCategories:47B35, 05E05, 20G05

5. CMB 2001 (vol 44 pp. 504)

Zhang, Yong
 Weak Amenability of a Class of Banach Algebras We show that, if a Banach algebra $\A$ is a left ideal in its second dual algebra and has a left bounded approximate identity, then the weak amenability of $\A$ implies the ($2m+1$)-weak amenability of $\A$ for all $m\geq 1$. Keywords:$n$-weak amenability, left ideals, left bounded approximate identityCategories:46H20, 46H10, 46H25

6. CMB 2000 (vol 43 pp. 3)