76. CMB 2016 (vol 59 pp. 483)
 Crooks, Peter; Holden, Tyler

Generalized Equivariant Cohomology and Stratifications
For $T$ a compact torus and $E_T^*$ a generalized $T$equivariant
cohomology theory, we provide a systematic framework for computing
$E_T^*$ in the context of equivariantly stratified smooth complex
projective varieties. This allows us to explicitly compute $E_T^*(X)$
as an $E_T^*(\text{pt})$module when $X$ is a direct limit of
smooth complex projective $T_{\mathbb{C}}$varieties with finitely
many $T$fixed points and $E_T^*$ is one of $H_T^*(\cdot;\mathbb{Z})$,
$K_T^*$, and $MU_T^*$. We perform this computation on the affine
Grassmannian of a complex semisimple group.
Keywords:equivariant cohomology theory, stratification, affine Grassmannian Categories:55N91, 19L47 

77. CMB 2016 (vol 59 pp. 769)
 GarcíaPacheco, Francisco Javier; Hill, Justin R.

Geometric Characterizations of Hilbert Spaces
We study some geometric properties related to the set $\Pi_X:=
\{
(x,x^*
)\in\mathsf{S}_X\times \mathsf{S}_{X^*}:x^*
(x
)=1
\}$ obtaining two characterizations of Hilbert spaces
in the category of Banach spaces. We also compute the distance
of a generic element $
(h,k
)\in H\oplus_2 H$ to $\Pi_H$ for $H$ a Hilbert space.
Keywords:Hilbert space, extreme point, smooth, $\mathsf{L}^2$summands Categories:46B20, 46C05 

78. CMB 2016 (vol 59 pp. 652)
 Su, Huadong

On the Diameter of Unitary Cayley Graphs of Rings
The unitary Cayley graph of a ring $R$, denoted
$\Gamma(R)$, is the simple graph
defined on all elements of $R$, and where two vertices $x$ and
$y$
are adjacent if and only if $xy$ is a unit in $R$. The largest
distance between all pairs of vertices of a graph $G$ is called
the
diameter of $G$, and is denoted by ${\rm diam}(G)$. It is proved
that for each integer $n\geq1$, there exists a ring $R$ such
that
${\rm diam}(\Gamma(R))=n$. We also show that ${\rm
diam}(\Gamma(R))\in \{1,2,3,\infty\}$ for a ring $R$ with $R/J(R)$
selfinjective and classify all those rings with ${\rm
diam}(\Gamma(R))=1$, 2, 3 and $\infty$, respectively.
Keywords:unitary Cayley graph, diameter, $k$good, unit sum number, selfinjective ring Categories:05C25, 16U60, 05C12 

79. CMB 2016 (vol 59 pp. 606)
 Mihăilescu, Mihai; Moroşanu, Gheorghe

Eigenvalues of $ \Delta_p \Delta_q $ Under Neumann Boundary Condition
The
eigenvalue problem $\Delta_p u\Delta_q u=\lambdau^{q2}u$
with $p\in(1,\infty)$, $q\in(2,\infty)$, $p\neq q$ subject to
the
corresponding homogeneous Neumann boundary condition is
investigated on a bounded open set with smooth boundary from
$\mathbb{R}^N$ with $N\geq 2$. A careful analysis of this problem leads
us to a complete description of the set of eigenvalues as being
a
precise interval $(\lambda_1, +\infty )$ plus an isolated point
$\lambda =0$. This comprehensive result is strongly related to
our
framework which is complementary to the wellknown case $p=q\neq
2$ for which a full description of the set of eigenvalues is
still
unavailable.
Keywords:eigenvalue problem, Sobolev space, Nehari manifold, variational methods Categories:35J60, 35J92, 46E30, 49R05 

80. CMB 2016 (vol 59 pp. 617)
 Nakashima, Norihiro; Terao, Hiroaki; Tsujie, Shuhei

Canonical Systems of Basic Invariants for Unitary Reflection Groups
It has been known that there exists a canonical system for every
finite real reflection group. The first and the third authors
obtained
an explicit formula for a canonical system in the previous paper.
In this article, we first define canonical systems for the finite
unitary reflection groups, and then prove their existence.
Our proof does not depend on the classification of unitary reflection
groups.
Furthermore, we give an explicit formula for a canonical system
for every unitary reflection group.
Keywords:basic invariant, invariant theory, finite unitary reflection group Categories:13A50, 20F55 

81. CMB 2016 (vol 59 pp. 449)
 Abdallah, Nancy

On Hodge Theory of Singular Plane Curves
The dimensions of the graded quotients of the
cohomology of a plane curve complement $U=\mathbb P^2 \setminus C$
with respect to the Hodge filtration are described in terms of
simple geometrical invariants. The case of curves with ordinary
singularities is discussed in detail. We also give a precise
numerical estimate for the difference between the Hodge filtration
and the pole order filtration on $H^2(U,\mathbb C)$.
Keywords:plane curves, Hodge and pole order filtrations Categories:32S35, 32S22, 14H50 

82. CMB 2016 (vol 59 pp. 734)
83. CMB 2016 (vol 59 pp. 528)
 Jahan, Qaiser

Characterization of Lowpass Filters on Local Fields of Positive Characteristic
In this article, we give necessary and sufficient conditions
on a function to be a lowpass filter on a local field $K$ of
positive characteristic associated to the scaling function for
multiresolution analysis of $L^2(K)$. We use probability and
martingale methods to provide such a characterization.
Keywords:multiresolution analysis, local field, lowpass filter, scaling function, probability, conditional probability and martingales Categories:42C40, 42C15, 43A70, 11S85 

84. CMB 2016 (vol 59 pp. 497)
85. CMB 2016 (vol 59 pp. 461)
 Ara, Pere; O'Meara, Kevin C.

The Nilpotent Regular Element Problem
We use George Bergman's recent normal form for universally adjoining
an inner inverse to show that, for general rings, a nilpotent
regular element $x$ need not be unitregular.
This contrasts sharply with the situation for nilpotent regular
elements in exchange rings (a large class of rings), and for
general rings when all powers of the nilpotent element $x$ are
regular.
Keywords:nilpotent element, von Neumann regular element, unitregular, Bergman's normal form Categories:16E50, 16U99, 16S10, 16S15 

86. CMB 2016 (vol 60 pp. 146)
 Khavinson, Dmitry; Lundberg, Erik; Render, Hermann

The Dirichlet Problem for the Slab with Entire Data and a Difference Equation for Harmonic Functions
It is shown that the Dirichlet problem for the slab $(a,b) \times
\mathbb{R}^{d}$ with entire boundary data has an entire solution. The proof
is based
on a generalized Schwarz reflection principle. Moreover, it is
shown that
for a given entire harmonic function $g$
the inhomogeneous difference equation $h
( t+1,y) h (t,y) =g ( t,y)$
has an entire harmonic solution $h$.
Keywords:reflection principle, entire harmonic function, analytic continuation Categories:31B20, 31B05 

87. CMB 2016 (vol 59 pp. 575)
 Li, Jifu; Hu, Zhiguang; Deng, Shaoqiang

Cohomogeneity One Randers Metrics
An action of a Lie group $G$ on a smooth manifold $M$ is called
cohomogeneity one if the orbit space $M/G$ is of dimension $1$.
A Finsler metric $F$ on $M$ is called invariant if $F$ is
invariant under the action of $G$. In this paper,
we study invariant
Randers metrics on cohomogeneity one manifolds. We first give a
sufficient and necessary condition for the existence of invariant
Randers metrics on cohomogeneity one manifolds. Then we obtain
some results on invariant Killing vector fields on the
cohomogeneity one manifolds and use that to deduce some
sufficient and necessary condition for a cohomogeneity one
Randers metric to be Einstein.
Keywords:cohomogeneity one actions, normal geodesics, invariant vector fields, Randers metrics Categories:53C30, 53C60 

88. CMB 2016 (vol 59 pp. 624)
 Otsubo, Noriyuki

Homology of the Fermat Tower and Universal Measures for Jacobi Sums
We give a precise description of the homology group of the Fermat
curve as a cyclic module over a group ring.
As an application, we prove the freeness of the profinite homology
of the Fermat tower.
This allows us to define measures, an equivalent of Anderson's
adelic beta functions,
in a similar manner to Ihara's definition of $\ell$adic universal
power series for Jacobi sums.
We give a simple proof of the interpolation property using a
motivic decomposition of the Fermat curve.
Keywords:Fermat curves, IharaAnderson theory, Jacobi sums Categories:11S80, 11G15, 11R18 

89. CMB 2016 (vol 59 pp. 748)
 Dolžan, David

The Metric Dimension of the Total Graph of a Finite Commutative Ring
We study the total graph of a finite commutative ring. We calculate
its metric dimension in the case when the Jacobson radical of
the ring is nontrivial and we examine the metric dimension of
the total graph of a product of at most two fields, obtaining
either exact values in some cases or bounds in other, depending
on the number of elements in the respective fields.
Keywords:total graph, finite ring, metric dimension Categories:13M99, 05E40 

90. CMB 2016 (vol 59 pp. 693)
 Chen, ChungChuan

Recurrence of Cosine Operator Functions on Groups
In this note, we study the recurrence and topologically multiple
recurrence of a sequence of operators on Banach spaces.
In particular, we give a sufficient and necessary condition for
a cosine operator function,
induced by a sequence of operators on the Lebesgue space of a
locally compact group, to be topologically multiply recurrent.
Keywords:topologically multiple recurrence, recurrence, topological transitivity, hypercyclicity, cosine operator function Categories:47A16, 54B20, 43A15 

91. CMB 2016 (vol 59 pp. 417)
 Song, Hongxue; Chen, Caisheng; Yan, Qinglun

Existence of Multiple Solutions for a $p$Laplacian System in $\textbf{R}^{N}$ with Signchanging Weight Functions
In this paper, we consider the quasilinear elliptic
problem
\[
\left\{
\begin{aligned}
&
M
\left(\int_{\mathbb{R}^{N}}x^{ap}\nabla u^{p}dx
\right){\rm
div}
\left(x^{ap}\nabla u^{p2}\nabla u
\right)
\\
&
\qquad=\frac{\alpha}{\alpha+\beta}H(x)u^{\alpha2}uv^{\beta}+\lambda
h_{1}(x)u^{q2}u,
\\
&
M
\left(\int_{\mathbb{R}^{N}}x^{ap}\nabla v^{p}dx
\right){\rm
div}
\left(x^{ap}\nabla v^{p2}\nabla v
\right)
\\
&
\qquad=\frac{\beta}{\alpha+\beta}H(x)v^{\beta2}vu^{\alpha}+\mu
h_{2}(x)v^{q2}v,
\\
&u(x)\gt 0,\quad v(x)\gt 0, \quad x\in \mathbb{R}^{N}
\end{aligned}
\right.
\]
where $\lambda, \mu\gt 0$, $1\lt p\lt N$,
$1\lt q\lt p\lt p(\tau+1)\lt \alpha+\beta\lt p^{*}=\frac{Np}{Np}$, $0\leq
a\lt \frac{Np}{p}$, $a\leq b\lt a+1$, $d=a+1b\gt 0$, $M(s)=k+l s^{\tau}$,
$k\gt 0$, $l, \tau\geq0$ and the weight $H(x), h_{1}(x), h_{2}(x)$
are
continuous functions which change sign in $\mathbb{R}^{N}$. We
will prove that the problem has at least two positive solutions
by
using the Nehari manifold and the fibering maps associated with
the Euler functional for this problem.
Keywords:Nehari manifold, quasilinear elliptic system, $p$Laplacian operator, concave and convex nonlinearities Category:35J66 

92. CMB 2016 (vol 59 pp. 234)
 Beardon, Alan F.

Nondiscrete Frieze Groups
The classification of Euclidean frieze groups into seven conjugacy
classes is well known, and many articles on recreational mathematics
contain frieze patterns that illustrate these classes. However,
it is
only possible to draw these patterns because the subgroup of
translations that leave the pattern invariant is (by definition)
cyclic, and hence discrete. In this paper we classify the conjugacy
classes of frieze groups that contain a nondiscrete subgroup of
translations, and clearly these groups cannot be represented
pictorially in any practical way. In addition, this discussion
sheds
light on why there are only seven conjugacy classes in the classical
case.
Keywords:frieze groups, isometry groups Categories:51M04, 51N30, 20E45 

93. CMB 2016 (vol 59 pp. 326)
94. CMB 2016 (vol 59 pp. 508)
 De Nicola, Antonio; Yudin, Ivan

Generalized Goldberg Formula
In this paper we prove a useful formula for the graded commutator
of the Hodge
codifferential with the left wedge multiplication by a fixed
$p$form acting on
the de Rham algebra of a Riemannian manifold. Our formula generalizes
a formula
stated by Samuel I. Goldberg for the case of 1forms. As first
examples of
application we obtain new identities on locally conformally KÃ¤hler
manifolds
and quasiSasakian manifolds. Moreover, we prove that under suitable
conditions
a certain subalgebra of differential forms in a compact manifold
is quasiisomorphic as a CDGA to the full de Rham algebra.
Keywords:graded commutator, Hodge codifferential, Hodge laplacian, de Rham cohomology, locally conformal Kaehler manifold, quasiSasakian manifold Categories:53C25, 53D35 

95. CMB 2016 (vol 59 pp. 553)
 Kachmar, Ayman

A New Formula for the Energy of Bulk Superconductivity
The energy of a type II superconductor submitted to an external
magnetic field of intensity close to the second critical field
is given by the celebrated Abrikosov energy. If the external
magnetic field is comparable to and below the second critical
field, the energy is given by a reference function obtained as
a special (thermodynamic) limit of a nonlinear energy. In this
note, we give a new formula for this reference energy. In particular,
we obtain it as a special limit of a linear energy defined
over configurations normalized in the $L^4$norm.
Keywords:GinzburgLandau functional Categories:35B40, 35P15, 35Q56 

96. CMB 2016 (vol 59 pp. 279)
97. CMB 2016 (vol 59 pp. 542)
 Jiang, Yongxin; Wang, Wei; Feng, Zhaosheng

Spatial Homogenization of Stochastic Wave Equation with Large Interaction
A dynamical approximation of a stochastic wave
equation with large interaction is derived.
A random invariant manifold is discussed. By a key linear transformation,
the random invariant manifold is shown to be close to the random
invariant manifold
of a secondorder stochastic ordinary differential equation.
Keywords:stochastic wave equation, homogeneous system, approximation, random invariant manifold, Neumann boundary condition Categories:60F10, 60H15, 35Q55 

98. CMB 2016 (vol 59 pp. 346)
 Krantz, Steven

On a Theorem of Bers, with Applications to the Study of Automorphism Groups of Domains
We study and generalize a classical theorem of L. Bers that classifies
domains up to biholomorphic equivalence in terms of the algebras
of
holomorphic functions on those domains. Then we develop applications
of these results to the study of domains with noncompact automorphism
group.
Keywords:Bers's theorem, algebras of holomorphic functions, noncompact automorphism group, biholomorphic equivalence Categories:32A38, 30H50, 32A10, 32M99 

99. CMB 2016 (vol 59 pp. 403)
 Zargar, Majid Rahro; Zakeri, Hossein

On Flat and Gorenstein Flat Dimensions of Local Cohomology Modules
Let $\mathfrak{a}$ be an ideal of a Noetherian local
ring $R$ and let $C$ be a semidualizing $R$module. For an $R$module
$X$, we denote any of the quantities $\mathfrak{d}_R X$,
$\operatorname{\mathsf{Gfd}}_R X$ and
$\operatorname{\mathsf{G_Cfd}}_RX$ by $\operatorname{\mathsf{T}}(X)$. Let $M$ be an $R$module such that
$\operatorname{H}_{\mathfrak{a}}^i(M)=0$
for all $i\neq n$. It is proved that if $\operatorname{\mathsf{T}}(X)\lt \infty$, then
$\operatorname{\mathsf{T}}(\operatorname{H}_{\mathfrak{a}}^n(M))\leq\operatorname{\mathsf{T}}(M)+n$ and the equality holds whenever
$M$ is finitely generated. With the aid of these results, among
other things, we characterize CohenMacaulay modules, dualizing
modules and Gorenstein rings.
Keywords:flat dimension, Gorenstein injective dimension, Gorenstein flat dimension, local cohomology, relative CohenMacaulay module, semidualizing module Categories:13D05, 13D45, 18G20 

100. CMB 2016 (vol 59 pp. 225)
 Atıcı, Ferhan M.; Yaldız, Hatice

Convex Functions on Discrete Time Domains
In this paper, we introduce the definition of a convex real
valued function $f$ defined on the set of integers, ${\mathbb{Z}}$. We
prove that $f$ is convex on ${\mathbb{Z}}$ if and only if $\Delta^{2}f
\geq 0$ on ${\mathbb{Z}}$. As a first application of this new concept,
we state and prove discrete HermiteHadamard inequality using
the basics of discrete calculus (i.e. the calculus on ${\mathbb{Z}}$).
Second, we state and prove the discrete fractional HermiteHadamard
inequality using the basics of discrete fractional calculus.
We close the paper by defining the convexity of a real valued
function on any time scale.
Keywords:discrete calculus, discrete fractional calculus, convex functions, discrete HermiteHadamard inequality Categories:26B25, 26A33, 39A12, 39A70, 26E70, 26D07, 26D10, 26D15 
