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51. CMB 2017 (vol 60 pp. 422)

Tang, Xianhua
 New Super-quadratic Conditions for Asymptotically Periodic SchrÃ¶dinger Equations This paper is dedicated to studying the semilinear SchrÃ¶dinger equation $$\left\{ \begin{array}{ll} -\triangle u+V(x)u=f(x, u), \ \ \ \ x\in {\mathbf{R}}^{N}, \\ u\in H^{1}({\mathbf{R}}^{N}), \end{array} \right.$$ where $f$ is a superlinear, subcritical nonlinearity. It focuses on the case where $V(x)=V_0(x)+V_1(x)$, $V_0\in C(\mathbf{R}^N)$, $V_0(x)$ is 1-periodic in each of $x_1, x_2, \ldots, x_N$ and $\sup[\sigma(-\triangle +V_0)\cap (-\infty, 0)]\lt 0\lt \inf[\sigma(-\triangle +V_0)\cap (0, \infty)]$, $V_1\in C(\mathbf{R}^N)$ and $\lim_{|x|\to\infty}V_1(x)=0$. A new super-quadratic condition is obtained, which is weaker than some well known results. Keywords:SchrÃ¶dinger equation, superlinear, asymptotically periodic, ground state solutions of Nehari-Pankov typeCategories:35J20, 35J60

52. CMB 2017 (vol 60 pp. 690)

Bao, Guanlong; Göğüş, Nıhat Gökhan; Pouliasis, Stamatis
 $\mathcal{Q}_p$ Spaces and Dirichlet Type Spaces In this paper, we show that the MÃ¶bius invariant function space $\mathcal {Q}_p$ can be generated by variant Dirichlet type spaces $\mathcal{D}_{\mu, p}$ induced by finite positive Borel measures $\mu$ on the open unit disk. A criterion for the equality between the space $\mathcal{D}_{\mu, p}$ and the usual Dirichlet type space $\mathcal {D}_p$ is given. We obtain a sufficient condition to construct different $\mathcal{D}_{\mu, p}$ spaces and we provide examples. We establish decomposition theorems for $\mathcal{D}_{\mu, p}$ spaces, and prove that the non-Hilbert space $\mathcal {Q}_p$ is equal to the intersection of Hilbert spaces $\mathcal{D}_{\mu, p}$. As an application of the relation between $\mathcal {Q}_p$ and $\mathcal{D}_{\mu, p}$ spaces, we also obtain that there exist different $\mathcal{D}_{\mu, p}$ spaces; this is a trick to prove the existence without constructing examples. Keywords:$\mathcal {Q}_p$ space, Dirichlet type space, MÃ¶bius invariant function spaceCategories:30H25, 31C25, 46E15

53. CMB 2017 (vol 60 pp. 830)

Motegi, Kimihiko; Teragaito, Masakazu
 Generalized Torsion Elements and Bi-orderability of 3-manifold Groups It is known that a bi-orderable group has no generalized torsion element, but the converse does not hold in general. We conjecture that the converse holds for the fundamental groups of $3$-manifolds, and verify the conjecture for non-hyperbolic, geometric $3$-manifolds. We also confirm the conjecture for some infinite families of closed hyperbolic $3$-manifolds. In the course of the proof, we prove that each standard generator of the Fibonacci group $F(2, m)$ ($m \gt 2$) is a generalized torsion element. Keywords:generalized torsion element, bi-ordering, 3-manifold groupCategories:57M25, 57M05, 06F15, 20F05

54. CMB 2017 (vol 60 pp. 816)

 Characterizations of Operator Birkhoff--James Orthogonality In this paper, we obtain some characterizations of the (strong) Birkhoff--James orthogonality for elements of Hilbert $C^*$-modules and certain elements of $\mathbb{B}(\mathscr{H})$. Moreover, we obtain a kind of Pythagorean relation for bounded linear operators. In addition, for $T\in \mathbb{B}(\mathscr{H})$ we prove that if the norm attaining set $\mathbb{M}_T$ is a unit sphere of some finite dimensional subspace $\mathscr{H}_0$ of $\mathscr{H}$ and $\|T\|_{{{\mathscr{H}}_0}^\perp} \lt \|T\|$, then for every $S\in\mathbb{B}(\mathscr{H})$, $T$ is the strong Birkhoff--James orthogonal to $S$ if and only if there exists a unit vector $\xi\in {\mathscr{H}}_0$ such that $\|T\|\xi = |T|\xi$ and $S^*T\xi = 0$. Finally, we introduce a new type of approximate orthogonality and investigate this notion in the setting of inner product $C^*$-modules. Keywords:Hilbert $C^*$-module, Birkhoff--James orthogonality, strong Birkhoff--James orthogonality, approximate orthogonalityCategories:46L05, 46L08, 46B20

55. CMB 2017 (vol 60 pp. 253)

Chen, Bin; Zhao, Lili
 On a Yamabe Type Problem in Finsler Geometry In this paper, a new notion of scalar curvature for a Finsler metric $F$ is introduced, and two conformal invariants $Y(M,F)$ and $C(M,F)$ are defined. We prove that there exists a Finsler metric with constant scalar curvature in the conformal class of $F$ if the Cartan torsion of $F$ is sufficiently small and $Y(M,F)C(M,F)\lt Y(\mathbb{S}^n)$ where $Y(\mathbb{S}^n)$ is the Yamabe constant of the standard sphere. Keywords:Finsler metric, scalar curvature, Yamabe problemCategories:53C60, 58B20

56. CMB 2017 (vol 60 pp. 436)

Weng, Peixuan; Liu, Li
 Globally Asymptotic Stability of a Delayed Integro-Differential Equation with Nonlocal Diffusion We study a population model with nonlocal diffusion, which is a delayed integro-differential equation with double nonlinearity and two integrable kernels. By comparison method and analytical technique, we obtain globally asymptotic stability of the zero solution and the positive equilibrium. The results obtained reveal that the globally asymptotic stability only depends on the property of nonlinearity. As application, an example for a population model with age structure is discussed at the end of the article. Keywords:integro-differential equation, nonlocal diffusion, equilibrium, globally asymptotic stability, population model with age structureCategories:45J05, 35K57, 92D25

57. CMB 2017 (vol 60 pp. 381)

Rousseau, C.
 The Bifurcation Diagram of Cubic Polynomial Vector Fields on $\mathbb{C}\mathbb{P}^1$ In this paper we give the bifurcation diagram of the family of cubic vector fields $\dot z=z^3+ \epsilon_1z+\epsilon_0$ for $z\in \mathbb{C}\mathbb{P}^1$, depending on the values of $\epsilon_1,\epsilon_0\in\mathbb{C}$. The bifurcation diagram is in $\mathbb{R}^4$, but its conic structure allows describing it for parameter values in $\mathbb{S}^3$. There are two open simply connected regions of structurally stable vector fields separated by surfaces corresponding to bifurcations of homoclinic connections between two separatrices of the pole at infinity. These branch from the codimension 2 curve of double singular points. We also explain the bifurcation of homoclinic connection in terms of the description of Douady and Sentenac of polynomial vector fields. Keywords:complex polynomial vector field, bifurcation diagram, Douady-Sentenac invariantCategories:34M45, 32G34

58. CMB 2017 (vol 60 pp. 246)

Bhuniya, Anjan Kumar; Hansda, Kalyan
 On Radicals of Green's Relations in Ordered Semigroups In this paper, we give a new definition of radicals of Green's relations in an ordered semigroup and characterize left regular (right regular), intra regular ordered semigroups by radicals of Green's relations. Also we characterize the ordered semigroups which are unions and complete semilattices of t-simple ordered semigroups. Keywords:radical of Green's relation, intra regular ordered semigroup, left regular, t-simple ordered semigroupCategory:06F05

59. CMB 2017 (vol 60 pp. 470)

Buijs, Urtzi; Félix, Yves; Murillo, Aniceto; Tanré, Daniel
 Maurer-Cartan Elements in the Lie Models of Finite Simplicial Complexes In a previous work, we have associated a complete differential graded Lie algebra to any finite simplicial complex in a functorial way. Similarly, we have also a realization functor from the category of complete differential graded Lie algebras to the category of simplicial sets. We have already interpreted the homology of a Lie algebra in terms of homotopy groups of its realization. In this paper, we begin a dictionary between models and simplicial complexes by establishing a correspondence between the Deligne groupoid of the model and the connected components of the finite simplicial complex. Keywords:complete differential graded Lie algebra, Maurer-Cartan element, rational homotopy theoryCategory:16E45

60. CMB 2017 (vol 60 pp. 283)

Friedl, Stefan; Vidussi, Stefano
 Twisted Alexander Invariants Detect Trivial Links It follows from earlier work of Silver--Williams and the authors that twisted Alexander polynomials detect the unknot and the Hopf link. We now show that twisted Alexander polynomials also detect the trefoil and the figure-8 knot, that twisted Alexander polynomials detect whether a link is split and that twisted Alexander modules detect trivial links. We use this result to provide algorithms for detecting whether a link is the unlink, whether it is split and whether it is totally split. Keywords:twisted Alexander polynomial, virtual fibering theorem, unlink detectionCategory:57M27

61. CMB 2017 (vol 60 pp. 225)

Bahmanpour, Kamal; Naghipour, Reza
 Faltings' Finiteness Dimension of Local Cohomology Modules Over Local Cohen-Macaulay Rings Let $(R, \frak m)$ denote a local Cohen-Macaulay ring and $I$ a non-nilpotent ideal of $R$. The purpose of this article is to investigate Faltings' finiteness dimension $f_I(R)$ and equidimensionalness of certain homomorphic image of $R$. As a consequence we deduce that $f_I(R)=\operatorname{max}\{1, \operatorname{ht} I\}$ and if $\operatorname{mAss}_R(R/I)$ is contained in $\operatorname{Ass}_R(R)$, then the ring $R/ I+\cup_{n\geq 1}(0:_RI^n)$ is equidimensional of dimension $\dim R-1$. Moreover, we will obtain a lower bound for injective dimension of the local cohomology module $H^{\operatorname{ht} I}_I(R)$, in the case $(R, \frak m)$ is a complete equidimensional local ring. Keywords:Cohen Macaulay ring, equidimensional ring, finiteness dimension, local cohomologyCategories:13D45, 14B15

62. CMB 2017 (vol 60 pp. 235)

Basu, Samik; Subhash, B
 Topology of Certain Quotient Spaces of Stiefel Manifolds We compute the cohomology of the right generalised projective Stiefel manifolds. Following this, we discuss some easy applications of the computations to the ranks of complementary bundles, and bounds on the span and immersibility. Keywords:projective Stiefel manifold, span, spectral sequenceCategories:55R20, 55R25, 57R20

63. CMB Online first

Miranda-Neto, Cleto Brasileiro
 A module-theoretic characterization of algebraic hypersurfaces In this note we prove the following surprising characterization: if $X\subset {\mathbb A}^n$ is an (embedded, non-empty, proper) algebraic variety defined over a field $k$ of characteristic zero, then $X$ is a hypersurface if and only if the module $T_{{\mathcal O}_{{\mathbb A}^n}/k}(X)$ of logarithmic vector fields of $X$ is a reflexive ${\mathcal O}_{{\mathbb A}^n}$-module. As a consequence of this result, we derive that if $T_{{\mathcal O}_{{\mathbb A}^n}/k}(X)$ is a free ${\mathcal O}_{{\mathbb A}^n}$-module, which is shown to be equivalent to the freeness of the $t$th exterior power of $T_{{\mathcal O}_{{\mathbb A}^n}/k}(X)$ for some (in fact, any) $t\leq n$, then necessarily $X$ is a Saito free divisor. Keywords:hypersurface, logarithmic vector field, logarithmic derivation, free divisorCategories:14J70, 13N15, 32S22, 13C05, 13C10, 14N20, , , , , 14C20, 32M25

64. CMB Online first

Lee, Tsiu-Kwen
 Ad-nilpotent elements of semiprime rings with involution Let $R$ be an $n!$-torsion free semiprime ring with involution $*$ and with extended centroid $C$, where $n\gt 1$ is a positive integer. We characterize $a\in K$, the Lie algebra of skew elements in $R$, satisfying $(\operatorname{ad}_a)^n=0$ on $K$. This generalizes both Martindale and Miers' theorem and the theorem of Brox et al. To prove it we first prove that if $a, b\in R$ satisfy $(\operatorname{ad}_a)^n=\operatorname{ad}_b$ on $R$, where either $n$ is even or $b=0$, then $\big(a-\lambda\big)^{[\frac{n+1}{2}]}=0$ for some $\lambda\in C$. Keywords:Semiprime ring, Lie algebra, Jordan algebra, faithful $f$-free, involution, skew (symmetric) element, ad-nilpotent element, Jordan elementCategories:16N60, 16W10, 17B60

65. CMB 2017 (vol 60 pp. 329)

Le Fourn, Samuel
 Nonvanishing of Central Values of $L$-functions of Newforms in $S_2 (\Gamma_0 (dp^2))$ Twisted by Quadratic Characters We prove that for $d \in \{ 2,3,5,7,13 \}$ and $K$ a quadratic (or rational) field of discriminant $D$ and Dirichlet character $\chi$, if a prime $p$ is large enough compared to $D$, there is a newform $f \in S_2(\Gamma_0(dp^2))$ with sign $(+1)$ with respect to the Atkin-Lehner involution $w_{p^2}$ such that $L(f \otimes \chi,1) \neq 0$. This result is obtained through an estimate of a weighted sum of twists of $L$-functions which generalises a result of Ellenberg. It relies on the approximate functional equation for the $L$-functions $L(f \otimes \chi, \cdot)$ and a Petersson trace formula restricted to Atkin-Lehner eigenspaces. An application of this nonvanishing theorem will be given in terms of existence of rank zero quotients of some twisted jacobians, which generalises a result of Darmon and Merel. Keywords:nonvanishing of $L$-functions of modular forms, Petersson trace formula, rank zero quotients of jacobiansCategories:14J15, 11F67

66. CMB 2017 (vol 60 pp. 807)

Liu, Zhongyun; Qin, Xiaorong; Wu, Nianci; Zhang, Yulin
 The Shifted Classical Circulant and Skew Circulant Splitting Iterative Methods for Toeplitz Matrices It is known that every Toeplitz matrix $T$ enjoys a circulant and skew circulant splitting (denoted by CSCS) i.e., $T=C-S$ with $C$ a circulant matrix and $S$ a skew circulant matrix. Based on the variant of such a splitting (also referred to as CSCS), we first develop classical CSCS iterative methods and then introduce shifted CSCS iterative methods for solving hermitian positive definite Toeplitz systems in this paper. The convergence of each method is analyzed. Numerical experiments show that the classical CSCS iterative methods work slightly better than the Gauss-Seidel (GS) iterative methods if the CSCS is convergent, and that there is always a constant $\alpha$ such that the shifted CSCS iteration converges much faster than the Gauss-Seidel iteration, no matter whether the CSCS itself is convergent or not. Keywords:Hermitian positive definite, CSCS splitting, Gauss-Seidel splitting, iterative method, Toeplitz matrixCategories:15A23, 65F10, 65F15

67. CMB 2016 (vol 60 pp. 655)

Zhuo, Ciqiang; Sickel, Winfried; Yang, Dachun; Yuan, Wen
 Characterizations of Besov-Type and Triebel-Lizorkin-Type Spaces via Averages on Balls Let $\ell\in\mathbb N$ and $\alpha\in (0,2\ell)$. In this article, the authors establish equivalent characterizations of Besov-type spaces, Triebel-Lizorkin-type spaces and Besov-Morrey spaces via the sequence $\{f-B_{\ell,2^{-k}}f\}_{k}$ consisting of the difference between $f$ and the ball average $B_{\ell,2^{-k}}f$. These results give a way to introduce Besov-type spaces, Triebel-Lizorkin-type spaces and Besov-Morrey spaces with any smoothness order on metric measure spaces. As special cases, the authors obtain a new characterization of Morrey-Sobolev spaces and $Q_\alpha$ spaces with $\alpha\in(0,1)$, which are of independent interest. Keywords:Besov space, Triebel-Lizorkin space, ball average, CalderÃ³n reproducing formulaCategories:42B25, 46E35, 42B35

68. CMB 2016 (vol 60 pp. 411)

Stoyanov, Luchezar
 On Gibbs Measures and Spectra of Ruelle Transfer Operators We prove a comprehensive version of the Ruelle-Perron-Frobenius Theorem with explicit estimates of the spectral radius of the Ruelle transfer operator and various other quantities related to spectral properties of this operator. The novelty here is that the HÃ¶lder constant of the function generating the operator appears only polynomially, not exponentially as in previous known estimates. Keywords:subshift of finite type, Ruelle transfer operator, Gibbs measureCategories:37A05, 37B10

69. CMB 2016 (vol 60 pp. 165)

Morimoto, Masaharu
 Cokernels of Homomorphisms from Burnside Rings to Inverse Limits Let $G$ be a finite group and let $A(G)$ denote the Burnside ring of $G$. Then an inverse limit $L(G)$ of the groups $A(H)$ for proper subgroups $H$ of $G$ and a homomorphism ${\operatorname{res}}$ from $A(G)$ to $L(G)$ are obtained in a natural way. Let $Q(G)$ denote the cokernel of ${\operatorname{res}}$. For a prime $p$, let $N(p)$ be the minimal normal subgroup of $G$ such that the order of $G/N(p)$ is a power of $p$, possibly $1$. In this paper we prove that $Q(G)$ is isomorphic to the cartesian product of the groups $Q(G/N(p))$, where $p$ ranges over the primes dividing the order of $G$. Keywords:Burnside ring, inverse limit, finite groupCategories:19A22, 57S17

70. CMB 2016 (vol 60 pp. 26)

Azimi, Ali; Farrokhi Derakhshandeh Ghouchan, Mohammad
 Self $2$-distance Graphs All finite simple self $2$-distance graphs with no square, diamond, or triangles with a common vertex as subgraph are determined. Utilizing these results, it is shown that there is no cubic self $2$-distance graph. Keywords:distance graph, regular graph, forbidden subgraphCategories:05C12, 05C60, 05C76

71. CMB 2016 (vol 60 pp. 721)

Eroǧlu, Münevver Pınar; Argaç, Nurcan
 On Identities with Composition of Generalized Derivations Let $R$ be a prime ring with extended centroid $C$, $Q$ maximal right ring of quotients of $R$, $RC$ central closure of $R$ such that $dim_{C}(RC) \gt 4$, $f(X_{1},\dots,X_{n})$ a multilinear polynomial over $C$ which is not central-valued on $R$ and $f(R)$ the set of all evaluations of the multilinear polynomial $f\big(X_{1},\dots,X_{n}\big)$ in $R$. Suppose that $G$ is a nonzero generalized derivation of $R$ such that $G^2\big(u\big)u \in C$ for all $u\in f(R)$ then one of the following conditions holds: (I) there exists $a\in Q$ such that $a^2=0$ and either $G(x)=ax$ for all $x\in R$ or $G(x)=xa$ for all $x\in R$; (II) there exists $a\in Q$ such that $0\neq a^2\in C$ and either $G(x)=ax$ for all $x\in R$ or $G(x)=xa$ for all $x\in R$ and $f(X_{1},\dots,X_{n})^{2}$ is central-valued on $R$; (III) $char(R)=2$ and one of the following holds: (i) there exist $a, b\in Q$ such that $G(x)=ax+xb$ for all $x\in R$ and $a^{2}=b^{2}\in C$; (ii) there exist $a, b\in Q$ such that $G(x)=ax+xb$ for all $x\in R$, $a^{2}, b^{2}\in C$ and $f(X_{1},\ldots,X_{n})^{2}$ is central-valued on $R$; (iii) there exist $a \in Q$ and an $X$-outer derivation $d$ of $R$ such that $G(x)=ax+d(x)$ for all $x\in R$, $d^2=0$ and $a^2+d(a)=0$; (iv) there exist $a \in Q$ and an $X$-outer derivation $d$ of $R$ such that $G(x)=ax+d(x)$ for all $x\in R$, $d^2=0$, $a^2+d(a)\in C$ and $f(X_{1},\dots,X_{n})^{2}$ is central-valued on $R$. Moreover, we characterize the form of nonzero generalized derivations $G$ of $R$ satisfying $G^2(x)=\lambda x$ for all $x\in R$, where $\lambda \in C$. Keywords:prime ring, generalized derivation, composition, extended centroid, multilinear polynomial, maximal right ring of quotientsCategories:16N60, 16N25

72. CMB 2016 (vol 60 pp. 613)

Reichstein, Zinovy; Vistoli, Angelo
 On the Dimension of the Locus of Determinantal Hypersurfaces The characteristic polynomial $P_A(x_0, \dots, x_r)$ of an $r$-tuple $A := (A_1, \dots, A_r)$ of $n \times n$-matrices is defined as $P_A(x_0, \dots, x_r) := \det(x_0 I + x_1 A_1 + \dots + x_r A_r) \, .$ We show that if $r \geqslant 3$ and $A := (A_1, \dots, A_r)$ is an $r$-tuple of $n \times n$-matrices in general position, then up to conjugacy, there are only finitely many $r$-tuples $A' := (A_1', \dots, A_r')$ such that $p_A = p_{A'}$. Equivalently, the locus of determinantal hypersurfaces of degree $n$ in $\mathbf{P}^r$ is irreducible of dimension $(r-1)n^2 + 1$. Keywords:determinantal hypersurface, matrix invariant, $q$-binomial coefficientCategories:14M12, 15A22, 05A10

73. CMB 2016 (vol 60 pp. 131)

Gürbüz, Ferit
 Some Estimates for Generalized Commutators of Rough Fractional Maximal and Integral Operators on Generalized Weighted Morrey Spaces In this paper, we establish $BMO$ estimates for generalized commutators of rough fractional maximal and integral operators on generalized weighted Morrey spaces, respectively. Keywords:fractional integral operator, fractional maximal operator, rough kernel, generalized commutator, $A(p,q)$ weight, generalized weighted Morrey spaceCategories:42B20, 42B25

74. CMB 2016 (vol 60 pp. 12)

Akbari, Saieed; Miraftab, Babak; Nikandish, Reza
 Co-maximal Graphs of Subgroups of Groups Let $H$ be a group. The co-maximal graph of subgroups of $H$, denoted by $\Gamma(H)$, is a graph whose vertices are non-trivial and proper subgroups of $H$ and two distinct vertices $L$ and $K$ are adjacent in $\Gamma(H)$ if and only if $H=LK$. In this paper, we study the connectivity, diameter, clique number and vertex chromatic number of $\Gamma(H)$. For instance, we show that if $\Gamma(H)$ has no isolated vertex, then $\Gamma(H)$ is connected with diameter at most $3$. Also, we characterize all finite groups whose co-maximal graphs are connected. Among other results, we show that if $H$ is a finitely generated solvable group and $\Gamma(H)$ is connected and moreover the degree of a maximal subgroup is finite, then $H$ is finite. Furthermore, we show that the degree of each vertex in the co-maximal graph of a general linear group over an algebraically closed field is zero or infinite. Keywords:co-maximal graphs of subgroups of groups, diameter, nilpotent group, solvable groupCategories:05C25, 05E15, 20D10, 20D15

75. CMB 2016 (vol 60 pp. 43)

Bouchemakh, Isma; Fatma, Kaci
 On the Dual KÃ¶nig Property of the Order-interval Hypergraph of Two Classes of N-free Posets Let $P$ be a finite N-free poset. We consider the hypergraph $\mathcal{H}(P)$ whose vertices are the elements of $P$ and whose edges are the maximal intervals of $P$. We study the dual KÃ¶nig property of $\mathcal{H}(P)$ in two subclasses of N-free class. Keywords:poset, interval, N-free, hypergraph, KÃ¶nig property, dual KÃ¶nig propertyCategory:05C65
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