351. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 339)
 Loring, Terry A.

From Matrix to Operator Inequalities
We generalize LÃ¶wner's method for proving that matrix monotone
functions are operator monotone. The relation $x\leq y$ on bounded
operators is our model for a definition of $C^{*}$relations
being residually finite dimensional.
Our main result is a metatheorem about theorems involving relations
on bounded operators. If we can show there are residually finite dimensional
relations involved and verify a technical condition, then such a
theorem will follow from its restriction to matrices.
Applications are shown regarding norms of exponentials, the norms
of commutators, and "positive" noncommutative $*$polynomials.
Keywords:$C*$algebras, matrices, bounded operators, relations, operator norm, order, commutator, exponential, residually finite dimensional Categories:46L05, 47B99 

352. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 689)
 Berndt, Ryan

A Pointwise Estimate for the Fourier Transform and Maxima of a Function
We show a pointwise estimate for the Fourier
transform on the line involving the number of times the function
changes monotonicity. The contrapositive of the theorem may be used to
find a lower bound to the number of local maxima of a function. We
also show two applications of the theorem. The first is the two weight
problem for the Fourier transform, and the second is estimating the
number of roots of the derivative of a function.
Keywords:Fourier transform, maxima, two weight problem, roots, norm estimates, DirichletJordan theorem Categories:42A38, 65T99 

353. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 544)
354. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 176)
 Spirn, Daniel; Wright, J. Douglas

Linear Dispersive Decay Estimates for the 3+1 Dimensional Water Wave Equation with Surface Tension
We consider the linearization of the threedimensional water waves
equation with surface tension about a flat interface. Using
oscillatory integral methods, we prove that solutions of this equation
demonstrate dispersive decay at the somewhat surprising rate of
$t^{5/6}$. This rate is due to competition between surface tension
and gravitation at $O(1)$ wave numbers and is connected to the fact
that, in the presence of surface tension, there is a socalled "slowest
wave". Additionally, we combine our dispersive estimates with $L^2$
type energy bounds to prove a family of Strichartz estimates.
Keywords:oscillatory integrals, water waves, surface tension, Strichartz estimates Categories:76B07, 76B15, 76B45 

355. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 138)
356. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 73)
 Dean, Andrew J.

Classification of Inductive Limits of Outer Actions of ${\mathbb R}$ on Approximate Circle Algebras
In this paper we present a classification,
up to equivariant isomorphism, of $C^*$dynamical systems $(A,{\mathbb R},\alpha )$
arising as inductive limits of directed systems
$\{ (A_n,{\mathbb R},\alpha_n),\varphi_{nm}\}$, where each $A_n$
is a finite direct sum of matrix algebras over the continuous
functions on the unit circle, and the $\alpha_n$s are outer actions
generated by rotation of the spectrum.
Keywords:classification, $C^*$dynamical system Categories:46L57, 46L35 

357. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 164)
 Pergher, Pedro L. Q.

Involutions Fixing $F^n \cup \{\text{Indecomposable}\}$
Let $M^m$ be an $m$dimensional, closed and smooth manifold, equipped with a smooth involution $T\colon M^m \to M^m$ whose fixed point set has the form $F^n \cup F^j$, where $F^n$ and $F^j$ are submanifolds with dimensions $n$ and $j$, $F^j$ is indecomposable and $ n >j$. Write $nj=2^pq$, where $q \ge 1$ is odd and $p \geq 0$, and set $m(nj) = 2n+pq+1$ if $p \leq q + 1$
and $m(nj)= 2n + 2^{pq}$ if $p \geq q$. In this paper we show that $m \le m(nj) + 2j+1$. Further, we show that this bound is \emph{almost} best possible, by exhibiting examples $(M^{m(nj) +2j},T)$ where the fixed point set of
$T$ has the form $F^n \cup F^j$ described above, for every $2 \le j
Keywords:involution, projective space bundle, indecomposable manifold, splitting principle, StiefelWhitney class, characteristic number Category:57R85 

358. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 172)
 Rhoades, B. E.

Hausdorff Prime Matrices
In this paper we give the form of every multiplicative Hausdorff
prime matrix, thus answering a longstanding open question.
Keywords:Hausdorff prime matrices Category:40G05 

359. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 81)
360. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 726)
 Ostrovskii, M. I.

Auerbach Bases and Minimal Volume Sufficient Enlargements
Let $B_Y$ denote the unit ball of a
normed linear space $Y$. A symmetric, bounded, closed, convex set
$A$ in a finite dimensional normed linear space $X$ is called a
sufficient enlargement for $X$ if, for an arbitrary
isometric embedding of $X$ into a Banach space $Y$, there exists a
linear projection $P\colon Y\to X$ such that $P(B_Y)\subset A$. Each
finite dimensional normed space has a minimalvolume sufficient
enlargement that is a parallelepiped; some spaces have ``exotic''
minimalvolume sufficient enlargements. The main result of the
paper is a characterization of spaces having ``exotic''
minimalvolume sufficient enlargements in terms of Auerbach
bases.
Keywords:Banach space, Auerbach basis, sufficient enlargement Categories:46B07, 52A21, 46B15 

361. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 498)
 Mortad, Mohammed Hichem

On the Adjoint and the Closure of the Sum of Two Unbounded Operators
We prove, under some conditions on the domains, that the adjoint of
the sum of two unbounded operators is the sum of their adjoints in
both Hilbert and Banach space settings. A similar result about the
closure of operators is also proved. Some interesting consequences
and examples "spice up" the paper.
Keywords:unbounded operators, sum and products of operators, Hilbert and Banach adjoints, selfadjoint operators, closed operators, closure of operators Category:47A05 

362. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 60)
 Coons, Michael

Extension of Some Theorems of W. Schwarz
In this paper, we prove that a nonzero power series $F(z)\in\mathbb{C}
[\mkern3mu[ z]\mkern3mu]
$
satisfying $$F(z^d)=F(z)+\frac{A(z)}{B(z)},$$ where $d\geq 2$, $A(z),B(z)\in\mathbb{C}[z]$
with $A(z)\neq 0$ and $\deg A(z),\deg B(z)
Keywords:functional equations, transcendence, power series Categories:11B37, 11J81 

363. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 396)
364. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 411)
 Davidson, Kenneth R.; Wright, Alex

Operator Algebras with Unique Preduals
We show that every free semigroup algebra has a (strongly) unique
Banach space predual. We also provide a new simpler proof that a
weak$*$ closed unital operator algebra containing a weak$*$
dense subalgebra of compact operators has a unique Banach space
predual.
Keywords:unique predual, free semigroup algebra, CSL algebra Categories:47L50, 46B04, 47L35 

365. CMB 2011 (vol 55 pp. 114)
366. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 645)
 Flores, André Luiz; Interlando, J. Carmelo; Neto, Trajano Pires da Nóbrega

An Extension of Craig's Family of Lattices
Let $p$ be a prime, and let $\zeta_p$ be a primitive $p$th root of
unity. The lattices in Craig's family are $(p1)$dimensional and
are geometrical representations of the integral $\mathbb
Z[\zeta_p]$ideals $\langle 1\zeta_p \rangle^i$, where $i$ is a
positive integer. This lattice construction technique is a powerful
one. Indeed, in dimensions $p1$ where $149 \leq p \leq 3001$,
Craig's lattices are the densest packings known. Motivated by this,
we construct $(p1)(q1)$dimensional lattices from the integral
$\mathbb Z[\zeta _{pq}]$ideals $\langle 1\zeta_p \rangle^i \langle
1\zeta_q \rangle^j$, where $p$ and $q$ are distinct primes and $i$
and $j$ are positive integers. In terms of spherepacking density,
the new lattices and those in Craig's family have the same
asymptotic behavior. In conclusion, Craig's family is greatly
extended while preserving its spherepacking properties.
Keywords:geometry of numbers, lattice packing, Craig's lattices, quadratic forms, cyclotomic fields Categories:11H31, 11H55, 11H50, 11R18, 11R04 

367. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 757)
 Sun, Qingfeng

Cancellation of Cusp Forms Coefficients over Beatty Sequences on $\textrm{GL}(m)$
Let $A(n_1,n_2,\dots,n_{m1})$
be the normalized Fourier coefficients of
a Maass cusp form on $\textrm{GL}(m)$.
In this paper, we study the cancellation of $A
(n_1,n_2,\dots,n_{m1})$ over Beatty sequences.
Keywords:Fourier coefficients, Maass cusp form on $\textrm{GL}(m)$, Beatty sequence Categories:11F30, 11M41, 11B83 

368. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 580)
 Baoguo, Jia; Erbe, Lynn; Peterson, Allan

Kiguradzetype Oscillation Theorems for Second Order Superlinear Dynamic Equations on Time Scales
Consider the second order superlinear dynamic equation
\begin{equation*}
(*)\qquad
x^{\Delta\Delta}(t)+p(t)f(x(\sigma(t)))=0\tag{$*$}
\end{equation*}
where $p\in C(\mathbb{T},\mathbb{R})$, $\mathbb{T}$ is a time scale,
$f\colon\mathbb{R}\rightarrow\mathbb{R}$ is
continuously differentiable and satisfies $f'(x)>0$, and $xf(x)>0$ for
$x\neq 0$. Furthermore, $f(x)$ also satisfies a superlinear condition, which
includes the nonlinear function $f(x)=x^\alpha$ with $\alpha>1$, commonly
known as the EmdenFowler case. Here the coefficient function $p(t)$ is
allowed to be negative for arbitrarily large values of $t$. In addition to
extending the result of Kiguradze for \eqref{star1} in the real case $\mathbb{T}=\mathbb{R}$, we
obtain analogues in the difference equation and $q$difference equation cases.
Keywords:Oscillation, EmdenFowler equation, superlinear Categories:34K11, 39A10, 39A99 

369. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 716)
 Okassa, Eugène

Symplectic LieRinehartJacobi Algebras and Contact Manifolds
We give a characterization of contact manifolds in terms of symplectic
LieRinehartJacobi algebras. We also give a sufficient condition for a Jacobi
manifold to be a contact manifold.
Keywords:LieRinehart algebras, differential operators, Jacobi manifolds, symplectic manifolds, contact manifolds Categories:13N05, 53D05, 53D10 

370. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 422)
371. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 566)
 Zhou, XiangJun; Shi, Lei; Zhou, DingXuan

Nonuniform Randomized Sampling for Multivariate Approximation by High Order Parzen Windows
We consider approximation of multivariate functions in Sobolev
spaces by high order Parzen windows in a nonuniform sampling
setting. Sampling points are neither i.i.d. nor regular, but are
noised from regular grids by nonuniform shifts of a probability
density function. Sample function values at sampling points are
drawn according to probability measures with expected values being
values of the approximated function. The approximation orders are
estimated by means of regularity of the approximated function, the
density function, and the order of the Parzen windows, under
suitable choices of the scaling parameter.
Keywords:multivariate approximation, Sobolev spaces, nonuniform randomized sampling, high order Parzen windows, convergence rates Categories:68T05, 62J02 

372. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 693)
 Lusala, Tsasa; Śniatycki, Jędrzej

Stratified Subcartesian Spaces
We show that if the family $\mathcal{O}$ of orbits of all vector fields on
a subcartesian space $P$ is locally finite and each orbit in $\mathcal{O}$
is locally closed, then $\mathcal{O}$ defines a smooth Whitney A
stratification of $P$. We also show that the stratification by orbit type of
the space of orbits $M/G$ of a proper action of a Lie group $G$ on a smooth
manifold $M$ is given by orbits of the family of all vector fields on $M/G$.
Keywords:Subcartesian spaces, orbits of vector fields, stratifications, Whitney Conditions Categories:58A40, 57N80 

373. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 680)
 JiménezVargas, A.; VillegasVallecillos, Moisés

$2$Local Isometries on Spaces of Lipschitz Functions
Let $(X,d)$ be a metric space, and let $\mathop{\textrm{Lip}}(X)$ denote the Banach
space of all scalarvalued bounded Lipschitz functions $f$ on $X$
endowed with one of the natural norms
$
\ f\ =\max \{\ f\ _\infty ,L(f)\}$ or $\f\ =\
f\ _\infty +L(f),
$
where $L(f)$ is the
Lipschitz constant of $f.$ It is said that the isometry
group of $\mathop{\textrm{Lip}}(X)$ is canonical if every
surjective linear isometry of
$\mathop{\textrm{Lip}}(X) $ is induced by a surjective isometry of $X$.
In this paper
we prove that if $X$ is bounded separable and the isometry group of
$\mathop{\textrm{Lip}}(X)$ is canonical, then every $2$local isometry
of $\mathop{\textrm{Lip}}(X)$ is
a surjective linear isometry. Furthermore, we give a complete
description of all $2$local isometries of $\mathop{\textrm{Lip}}(X)$ when $X$ is
bounded.
Keywords:isometry, local isometry, Lipschitz function Categories:46B04, 46J10, 46E15 

374. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 472)
 Iacono, Donatella

A Semiregularity Map Annihilating Obstructions to Deforming Holomorphic Maps
We study infinitesimal deformations of holomorphic maps of
compact, complex, KÃ¤hler manifolds. In particular, we describe a
generalization of Bloch's semiregularity map that annihilates
obstructions to deform holomorphic maps with fixed codomain.
Keywords:semiregularity map, obstruction theory, functors of Artin rings, differential graded Lie algebras Categories:13D10, 14D15, 14B10 

375. CMB 2011 (vol 54 pp. 255)
 Dehaye, PaulOlivier

On an Identity due to Bump and Diaconis, and Tracy and Widom
A classical question for a Toeplitz matrix with given symbol is how to
compute asymptotics for the determinants of its reductions to finite
rank. One can also consider how those asymptotics are affected when
shifting an initial set of rows and columns (or, equivalently,
asymptotics of their minors). Bump and Diaconis
obtained a formula for such shifts involving Laguerre polynomials and
sums over symmetric groups. They also showed how the Heine identity
extends for such minors, which makes this question relevant to Random
Matrix Theory. Independently, Tracy and Widom
used the WienerHopf factorization to
express those shifts in terms of products of infinite matrices. We
show directly why those two expressions are equal and uncover some
structure in both formulas that was unknown to their authors. We
introduce a mysterious differential operator on symmetric functions
that is very similar to vertex operators. We show that the
BumpDiaconisTracyWidom identity is a differentiated version of the
classical JacobiTrudi identity.
Keywords:Toeplitz matrices, JacobiTrudi identity, SzegÅ limit theorem, Heine identity, WienerHopf factorization Categories:47B35, 05E05, 20G05 
