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Search: All articles in the CMB digital archive with keyword divisor

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1. CMB Online first

Miranda-Neto, Cleto Brasileiro
 A module-theoretic characterization of algebraic hypersurfaces In this note we prove the following surprising characterization: if $X\subset {\mathbb A}^n$ is an (embedded, non-empty, proper) algebraic variety defined over a field $k$ of characteristic zero, then $X$ is a hypersurface if and only if the module $T_{{\mathcal O}_{{\mathbb A}^n}/k}(X)$ of logarithmic vector fields of $X$ is a reflexive ${\mathcal O}_{{\mathbb A}^n}$-module. As a consequence of this result, we derive that if $T_{{\mathcal O}_{{\mathbb A}^n}/k}(X)$ is a free ${\mathcal O}_{{\mathbb A}^n}$-module, which is shown to be equivalent to the freeness of the $t$th exterior power of $T_{{\mathcal O}_{{\mathbb A}^n}/k}(X)$ for some (in fact, any) $t\leq n$, then necessarily $X$ is a Saito free divisor. Keywords:hypersurface, logarithmic vector field, logarithmic derivation, free divisorCategories:14J70, 13N15, 32S22, 13C05, 13C10, 14N20, , , , , 14C20, 32M25

2. CMB 2017 (vol 60 pp. 319)

 The Weakly Nilpotent Graph of a Commutative Ring Let $R$ be a commutative ring with non-zero identity. In this paper, we introduced the weakly nilpotent graph of a commutative ring. The weakly nilpotent graph of $R$ is denoted by $\Gamma_w(R)$ is a graph with the vertex set $R^{*}$ and two vertices $x$ and $y$ are adjacent if and only if $xy\in N(R)^{*}$, where $R^{*}=R\setminus\{0\}$ and $N(R)^{*}$ is the set of all non-zero nilpotent elements of $R$. In this article, we determine the diameter of weakly nilpotent graph of an Artinian ring. We prove that if $\Gamma_w(R)$ is a forest, then $\Gamma_w(R)$ is a union of a star and some isolated vertices. We study the clique number, the chromatic number and the independence number of $\Gamma_w(R)$. Among other results, we show that for an Artinian ring $R$, $\Gamma_w(R)$ is not a disjoint union of cycles or a unicyclic graph. For Artinan ring, we determine $\operatorname{diam}(\overline{\Gamma_w(R)})$. Finally, we characterize all commutative rings $R$ for which $\overline{\Gamma_w(R)}$ is a cycle, where $\overline{\Gamma_w(R)}$ is the complement of the weakly nilpotent graph of $R$. Keywords:weakly nilpotent graph, zero-divisor graph, diameter, girthCategories:05C15, 16N40, 16P20

3. CMB 2016 (vol 59 pp. 794)

Hashemi, Ebrahim; Amirjan, R.
 Zero-divisor Graphs of Ore Extensions over Reversible Rings Let $R$ be an associative ring with identity. First we prove some results about zero-divisor graphs of reversible rings. Then we study the zero-divisors of the skew power series ring $R[[x;\alpha]]$, whenever $R$ is reversible and $\alpha$-compatible. Moreover, we compare the diameter and girth of the zero-divisor graphs of $\Gamma(R)$, $\Gamma(R[x;\alpha,\delta])$ and $\Gamma(R[[x;\alpha]])$, when $R$ is reversible and $(\alpha,\delta)$-compatible. Keywords:zero-divisor graphs, reversible rings, McCoy rings, polynomial rings, power series ringsCategories:13B25, 05C12, 16S36

4. CMB 2016 (vol 59 pp. 592)

Liu, H. Q.
 The Dirichlet Divisor Problem of Arithmetic Progressions We design an elementary method to study the problem, getting an asymptotic formula which is better than Hooley's and Heath-Brown's results for certain cases. Keywords:Dirichlet divisor problem, arithmetic progressionCategories:11L07, 11B83

5. CMB 2015 (vol 58 pp. 250)

Cartwright, Dustin; Jensen, David; Payne, Sam
 Lifting Divisors on a Generic Chain of Loops Let $C$ be a curve over a complete valued field with infinite residue field whose skeleton is a chain of loops with generic edge lengths. We prove that any divisor on the chain of loops that is rational over the value group lifts to a divisor of the same rank on $C$, confirming a conjecture of Cools, Draisma, Robeva, and the third author. Keywords:tropical geometry, Brill-Noether theory, special divisors on algebraic curvesCategories:14T05, 14H51

6. CMB 2015 (vol 58 pp. 271)

 On Domination of Zero-divisor Graphs of Matrix Rings We study domination in zero-divisor graphs of matrix rings over a commutative ring with $1$. Keywords:vector space, linear transformation, zero-divisor graph, domination, local ringCategory:05C69

7. CMB 2014 (vol 58 pp. 105)

 On Graphs Associated with Character Degrees and Conjugacy Class Sizes of Direct Products of Finite Groups The prime vertex graph, $\Delta (X)$, and the common divisor graph, $\Gamma (X)$, are two graphs that have been defined on a set of positive integers $X$. Some properties of these graphs have been studied in the cases where either $X$ is the set of character degrees of a group or $X$ is the set of conjugacy class sizes of a group. In this paper, we gather some results on these graphs arising in the context of direct product of two groups. Keywords:prime vertex graph, common divisor graph, character degree, class sizes, graph operationCategories:20E45, 05C25, 05C76

8. CMB 2014 (vol 58 pp. 160)

Pollack, Paul; Vandehey, Joseph
 Some Normal Numbers Generated by Arithmetic Functions Let $g \geq 2$. A real number is said to be $g$-normal if its base $g$ expansion contains every finite sequence of digits with the expected limiting frequency. Let $\phi$ denote Euler's totient function, let $\sigma$ be the sum-of-divisors function, and let $\lambda$ be Carmichael's lambda-function. We show that if $f$ is any function formed by composing $\phi$, $\sigma$, or $\lambda$, then the number $0. f(1) f(2) f(3) \dots$ obtained by concatenating the base $g$ digits of successive $f$-values is $g$-normal. We also prove the same result if the inputs $1, 2, 3, \dots$ are replaced with the primes $2, 3, 5, \dots$. The proof is an adaptation of a method introduced by Copeland and ErdÅs in 1946 to prove the $10$-normality of $0.235711131719\ldots$. Keywords:normal number, Euler function, sum-of-divisors function, Carmichael lambda-function, Champernowne's numberCategories:11K16, 11A63, 11N25, 11N37

9. CMB Online first

Pollack, Paul; Vandehey, Joseph
 Some normal numbers generated by arithmetic functions Let $g \geq 2$. A real number is said to be $g$-normal if its base $g$ expansion contains every finite sequence of digits with the expected limiting frequency. Let $\phi$ denote Euler's totient function, let $\sigma$ be the sum-of-divisors function, and let $\lambda$ be Carmichael's lambda-function. We show that if $f$ is any function formed by composing $\phi$, $\sigma$, or $\lambda$, then the number $0. f(1) f(2) f(3) \dots$ obtained by concatenating the base $g$ digits of successive $f$-values is $g$-normal. We also prove the same result if the inputs $1, 2, 3, \dots$ are replaced with the primes $2, 3, 5, \dots$. The proof is an adaptation of a method introduced by Copeland and ErdÅs in 1946 to prove the $10$-normality of $0.235711131719\ldots$. Keywords:normal number, Euler function, sum-of-divisors function, Carmichael lambda-function, Champernowne's numberCategories:11K16, 11A63, 11N25, 11N37

10. CMB 2014 (vol 57 pp. 573)

Kiani, Sima; Maimani, Hamid Reza; Nikandish, Reza
 Some Results on the Domination Number of a Zero-divisor Graph In this paper, we investigate the domination, total domination and semi-total domination numbers of a zero-divisor graph of a commutative Noetherian ring. Also, some relations between the domination numbers of $\Gamma(R/I)$ and $\Gamma_I(R)$, and the domination numbers of $\Gamma(R)$ and $\Gamma(R[x,\alpha,\delta])$, where $R[x,\alpha,\delta]$ is the Ore extension of $R$, are studied. Keywords:zero-divisor graph, domination numberCategories:05C75, 13H10

11. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 562)

Kaveh, Kiumars; Khovanskii, A. G.
 Note on the Grothendieck Group of Subspaces of Rational Functions and Shokurov's Cartier b-divisors In a previous paper the authors developed an intersection theory for subspaces of rational functions on an algebraic variety $X$ over $\mathbf{k} = \mathbb{C}$. In this short note, we first extend this intersection theory to an arbitrary algebraically closed ground field $\mathbf{k}$. Secondly we give an isomorphism between the group of Cartier $b$-divisors on the birational class of $X$ and the Grothendieck group of the semigroup of subspaces of rational functions on $X$. The constructed isomorphism moreover preserves the intersection numbers. This provides an alternative point of view on Cartier $b$-divisors and their intersection theory. Keywords:intersection number, Cartier divisor, Cartier b-divisor, Grothendieck groupCategories:14C20, 14Exx

12. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 188)

 A Characterization of Bipartite Zero-divisor Graphs In this paper we obtain a characterization for all bipartite zero-divisor graphs of commutative rings $R$ with $1$, such that $R$ is finite or $|Nil(R)|\neq2$. Keywords:zero-divisor graph, bipartite graphCategories:13AXX, 05C25

13. CMB 2012 (vol 57 pp. 326)

Ivanov, S. V.; Mikhailov, Roman
 On Zero-divisors in Group Rings of Groups with Torsion Nontrivial pairs of zero-divisors in group rings are introduced and discussed. A problem on the existence of nontrivial pairs of zero-divisors in group rings of free Burnside groups of odd exponent $n \gg 1$ is solved in the affirmative. Nontrivial pairs of zero-divisors are also found in group rings of free products of groups with torsion. Keywords:Burnside groups, free products of groups, group rings, zero-divisorsCategories:20C07, 20E06, 20F05, , 20F50

14. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 407)

 On Domination in Zero-Divisor Graphs We first determine the domination number for the zero-divisor graph of the product of two commutative rings with $1$. We then calculate the domination number for the zero-divisor graph of any commutative artinian ring. Finally, we extend some of the results to non-commutative rings in which an element is a left zero-divisor if and only if it is a right zero-divisor. Keywords:zero-divisor graph, dominationCategories:13AXX, 05C69
 On the Number of Divisors of the Quadratic Form $m^2+n^2$ For an integer $n$, let $d(n)$ denote the ordinary divisor function. This paper studies the asymptotic behavior of the sum $$S(x) := \sum_{m\leq x, n\leq x} d(m^2 + n^2).$$ It is proved in the paper that, as $x \to \infty$, $$S(x) := A_1 x^2 \log x + A_2 x^2 + O_\epsilon (x^{\frac32 + \epsilon}),$$ where $A_1$ and $A_2$ are certain constants and $\epsilon$ is any fixed positive real number. The result corrects a false formula given in a paper of Gafurov concerning the same problem, and improves the error $O \bigl( x^{\frac53} (\log x)^9 \bigr)$ claimed by Gafurov. Keywords:divisor, large sieve, exponential sumsCategories:11G05, 14H52