1. CMB Online first
 MirandaNeto, Cleto Brasileiro

A moduletheoretic characterization of algebraic hypersurfaces
In this note we prove the following surprising characterization:
if
$X\subset {\mathbb A}^n$ is an (embedded, nonempty, proper)
algebraic variety defined over a
field $k$ of characteristic zero, then $X$ is a hypersurface
if and only if the module $T_{{\mathcal O}_{{\mathbb
A}^n}/k}(X)$ of logarithmic vector fields of
$X$ is a reflexive ${\mathcal
O}_{{\mathbb A}^n}$module. As a consequence of this result,
we derive that if $T_{{\mathcal O}_{{\mathbb A}^n}/k}(X)$ is a
free ${\mathcal
O}_{{\mathbb A}^n}$module, which is shown to be equivalent
to the freeness of the $t$th exterior power of $T_{{\mathcal O}_{{\mathbb
A}^n}/k}(X)$ for some (in fact, any) $t\leq n$, then necessarily
$X$ is a Saito free divisor.
Keywords:hypersurface, logarithmic vector field, logarithmic derivation, free divisor Categories:14J70, 13N15, 32S22, 13C05, 13C10, 14N20, , , , , 14C20, 32M25 

2. CMB 2017 (vol 60 pp. 319)
 Khojasteh, Sohiela; Nikmehr, Mohammad Javad

The Weakly Nilpotent Graph of a Commutative Ring
Let $R$ be a commutative ring with nonzero identity. In this
paper, we introduced the weakly nilpotent graph of a commutative
ring. The weakly nilpotent graph of $R$ is denoted by $\Gamma_w(R)$
is a graph with the vertex set $R^{*}$ and two vertices $x$ and
$y$ are adjacent if and only if $xy\in N(R)^{*}$, where $R^{*}=R\setminus\{0\}$
and $N(R)^{*}$ is the set of all nonzero nilpotent elements
of $R$. In this article, we determine the diameter of weakly
nilpotent graph of an Artinian ring. We prove that if $\Gamma_w(R)$
is a forest, then $\Gamma_w(R)$ is a union of a star and some
isolated vertices. We study the clique number, the chromatic
number and the independence number of $\Gamma_w(R)$. Among other
results, we show that for an Artinian ring $R$, $\Gamma_w(R)$
is not a disjoint union of cycles or a unicyclic graph. For Artinan
ring, we determine $\operatorname{diam}(\overline{\Gamma_w(R)})$. Finally, we
characterize all commutative rings $R$ for which $\overline{\Gamma_w(R)}$
is a cycle, where $\overline{\Gamma_w(R)}$ is the complement
of the weakly nilpotent graph of $R$.
Keywords:weakly nilpotent graph, zerodivisor graph, diameter, girth Categories:05C15, 16N40, 16P20 

3. CMB 2016 (vol 59 pp. 794)
 Hashemi, Ebrahim; Amirjan, R.

Zerodivisor Graphs of Ore Extensions over Reversible Rings
Let $R$ be an associative ring with identity.
First we prove some results about zerodivisor graphs of reversible
rings. Then we study the zerodivisors of the skew power series
ring $R[[x;\alpha]]$, whenever $R$ is reversible and $\alpha$compatible. Moreover, we compare the diameter and girth of the zerodivisor
graphs of $\Gamma(R)$, $\Gamma(R[x;\alpha,\delta])$ and $\Gamma(R[[x;\alpha]])$,
when
$R$ is reversible and $(\alpha,\delta)$compatible.
Keywords:zerodivisor graphs, reversible rings, McCoy rings, polynomial rings, power series rings Categories:13B25, 05C12, 16S36 

4. CMB 2016 (vol 59 pp. 592)
5. CMB 2015 (vol 58 pp. 250)
 Cartwright, Dustin; Jensen, David; Payne, Sam

Lifting Divisors on a Generic Chain of Loops
Let $C$ be a curve over a complete valued field with infinite
residue field whose skeleton is a chain of loops with generic
edge lengths. We prove that
any divisor on the chain of loops that is rational over the value
group lifts to a divisor of the same rank on $C$, confirming
a conjecture of Cools,
Draisma, Robeva, and the third author.
Keywords:tropical geometry, BrillNoether theory, special divisors on algebraic curves Categories:14T05, 14H51 

6. CMB 2015 (vol 58 pp. 271)
7. CMB 2014 (vol 58 pp. 105)
 HosseinZadeh, Samaneh; Iranmanesh, Ali; Hosseinzadeh, Mohammad Ali; Lewis, Mark L.

On Graphs Associated with Character Degrees and Conjugacy Class Sizes of Direct Products of Finite Groups
The prime vertex graph, $\Delta (X)$, and the common divisor graph,
$\Gamma (X)$, are two graphs that have been defined on a set of
positive integers $X$.
Some
properties of these graphs have been studied in the cases where either
$X$ is the set of character degrees of a group or $X$ is the set of
conjugacy class sizes of a group. In this paper, we gather some
results on these graphs arising in the context of direct product of
two groups.
Keywords:prime vertex graph, common divisor graph, character degree, class sizes, graph operation Categories:20E45, 05C25, 05C76 

8. CMB 2014 (vol 58 pp. 160)
 Pollack, Paul; Vandehey, Joseph

Some Normal Numbers Generated by Arithmetic Functions
Let $g \geq 2$. A real number is said to be $g$normal if its base $g$ expansion contains every finite sequence of digits with the expected limiting frequency. Let $\phi$ denote Euler's totient function, let $\sigma$ be the sumofdivisors function, and let $\lambda$ be Carmichael's lambdafunction. We show that if $f$ is any function formed by composing $\phi$, $\sigma$, or $\lambda$, then the number
\[ 0. f(1) f(2) f(3) \dots \]
obtained by concatenating the base $g$ digits of successive $f$values is $g$normal. We also prove the same result if the inputs $1, 2, 3, \dots$ are replaced with the primes $2, 3, 5, \dots$. The proof is an adaptation of a method introduced by Copeland and ErdÅs in 1946 to prove the $10$normality of $0.235711131719\ldots$.
Keywords:normal number, Euler function, sumofdivisors function, Carmichael lambdafunction, Champernowne's number Categories:11K16, 11A63, 11N25, 11N37 

9. CMB Online first
 Pollack, Paul; Vandehey, Joseph

Some normal numbers generated by arithmetic functions
Let $g \geq 2$. A real number is said to be $g$normal if its base $g$ expansion contains every finite sequence of digits with the expected limiting frequency. Let $\phi$ denote Euler's totient function, let $\sigma$ be the sumofdivisors function, and let $\lambda$ be Carmichael's lambdafunction. We show that if $f$ is any function formed by composing $\phi$, $\sigma$, or $\lambda$, then the number
\[ 0. f(1) f(2) f(3) \dots \]
obtained by concatenating the base $g$ digits of successive $f$values is $g$normal. We also prove the same result if the inputs $1, 2, 3, \dots$ are replaced with the primes $2, 3, 5, \dots$. The proof is an adaptation of a method introduced by Copeland and ErdÅs in 1946 to prove the $10$normality of $0.235711131719\ldots$.
Keywords:normal number, Euler function, sumofdivisors function, Carmichael lambdafunction, Champernowne's number Categories:11K16, 11A63, 11N25, 11N37 

10. CMB 2014 (vol 57 pp. 573)
 Kiani, Sima; Maimani, Hamid Reza; Nikandish, Reza

Some Results on the Domination Number of a Zerodivisor Graph
In this paper, we investigate the domination, total domination and
semitotal domination numbers of a zerodivisor graph of a
commutative Noetherian ring. Also, some relations between the
domination numbers of $\Gamma(R/I)$ and $\Gamma_I(R)$, and the
domination numbers of $\Gamma(R)$ and $\Gamma(R[x,\alpha,\delta])$,
where $R[x,\alpha,\delta]$ is the Ore extension of $R$, are studied.
Keywords:zerodivisor graph, domination number Categories:05C75, 13H10 

11. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 562)
 Kaveh, Kiumars; Khovanskii, A. G.

Note on the Grothendieck Group of Subspaces of Rational Functions and Shokurov's Cartier bdivisors
In a previous paper the authors developed an intersection theory for
subspaces of rational functions on an algebraic variety $X$
over $\mathbf{k} = \mathbb{C}$. In this short note, we first extend this intersection
theory to an arbitrary algebraically closed ground field $\mathbf{k}$.
Secondly we give an isomorphism between the group of Cartier
$b$divisors on the birational class of $X$
and the Grothendieck group
of the semigroup of subspaces of rational functions on $X$. The
constructed isomorphism moreover
preserves the intersection numbers. This provides an alternative point
of view on Cartier $b$divisors and their intersection theory.
Keywords:intersection number, Cartier divisor, Cartier bdivisor, Grothendieck group Categories:14C20, 14Exx 

12. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 188)
13. CMB 2012 (vol 57 pp. 326)
 Ivanov, S. V.; Mikhailov, Roman

On Zerodivisors in Group Rings of Groups with Torsion
Nontrivial pairs of zerodivisors in group rings are
introduced and discussed. A problem on the existence of nontrivial
pairs of zerodivisors in group rings of free Burnside groups of odd
exponent $n \gg 1$ is solved in the affirmative. Nontrivial pairs of
zerodivisors are also found in group rings of free products of groups
with torsion.
Keywords:Burnside groups, free products of groups, group rings, zerodivisors Categories:20C07, 20E06, 20F05, , 20F50 

14. CMB 2011 (vol 56 pp. 407)
 Rad, Nader Jafari; Jafari, Sayyed Heidar; Mojdeh, Doost Ali

On Domination in ZeroDivisor Graphs
We first determine the domination number for the zerodivisor
graph of the product of two commutative rings with $1$. We then
calculate the domination number for the zerodivisor graph of any
commutative artinian ring. Finally, we extend some of the results
to noncommutative rings in which an element is a left
zerodivisor if and only if it is a right zerodivisor.
Keywords:zerodivisor graph, domination Categories:13AXX, 05C69 

15. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 3)
16. CMB 2000 (vol 43 pp. 239)
 Yu, Gang

On the Number of Divisors of the Quadratic Form $m^2+n^2$
For an integer $n$, let $d(n)$ denote the ordinary divisor function.
This paper studies the asymptotic behavior of the sum
$$
S(x) := \sum_{m\leq x, n\leq x} d(m^2 + n^2).
$$
It is proved in the paper that, as $x \to \infty$,
$$
S(x) := A_1 x^2 \log x + A_2 x^2 + O_\epsilon (x^{\frac32 +
\epsilon}),
$$
where $A_1$ and $A_2$ are certain constants and $\epsilon$ is any
fixed positive real number.
The result corrects a false formula given in a paper of Gafurov
concerning the same problem, and improves the error $O \bigl(
x^{\frac53} (\log x)^9 \bigr)$ claimed by Gafurov.
Keywords:divisor, large sieve, exponential sums Categories:11G05, 14H52 
