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Search: All articles in the CMB digital archive with keyword additive

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1. CMB Online first

Koşan, Tamer; Sahinkaya, Serap; Zhou, Yiqiang
 Additive maps on units of rings Let $R$ be a ring. A map $f: R\rightarrow R$ is additive if $f(a+b)=f(a)+f(b)$ for all elements $a$ and $b$ of $R$. Here a map $f: R\rightarrow R$ is called unit-additive if $f(u+v)=f(u)+f(v)$ for all units $u$ and $v$ of $R$. Motivated by a recent result of Xu, Pei and Yi showing that, for any field $F$, every unit-additive map of ${\mathbb M}_n(F)$ is additive for all $n\ge 2$, this paper is about the question when every unit-additive map of a ring is additive. It is proved that every unit-additive map of a semilocal ring $R$ is additive if and only if either $R$ has no homomorphic image isomorphic to $\mathbb Z_2$ or $R/J(R)\cong \mathbb Z_2$ with $2=0$ in $R$. Consequently, for any semilocal ring $R$, every unit-additive map of ${\mathbb M}_n(R)$ is additive for all $n\ge 2$. These results are further extended to rings $R$ such that $R/J(R)$ is a direct product of exchange rings with primitive factors Artinian. A unit-additive map $f$ of a ring $R$ is called unit-homomorphic if $f(uv)=f(u)f(v)$ for all units $u,v$ of $R$. As an application, the question of when every unit-homomorphic map of a ring is an endomorphism is addressed. Keywords:additive map, unit, 2-sum property, semilocal ring, exchange ring with primitive factors ArtinianCategories:15A99, 16U60, 16L30

2. CMB 2014 (vol 57 pp. 780)

Erzakova, Nina A.
 Measures of Noncompactness in Regular Spaces Previous results by the author on the connection between three of measures of non-compactness obtained for $L_p$, are extended to regular spaces of measurable functions. An example of advantage in some cases one of them in comparison with another is given. Geometric characteristics of regular spaces are determined. New theorems for $(k,\beta)$-boundedness of partially additive operators are proved. Keywords:measure of non-compactness, condensing map, partially additive operator, regular space, ideal spaceCategories:47H08, 46E30, 47H99, 47G10

3. CMB 2013 (vol 57 pp. 877)

Schoen, Tomasz
 On Convolutions of Convex Sets and Related Problems We prove some results concerning covolutions, the additive energy and sumsets of convex sets and its generalizations. In particular, we show that if a set $A=\{a_1,\dots,a_n\}_\lt \subseteq \mathbb R$ has the property that for every fixed $1\leqslant d\lt n,$ all differences $a_i-a_{i-d}$, $d\lt i\lt n,$ are distinct, then $|A+A|\gg |A|^{3/2+c}$ for a constant $c\gt 0.$ Keywords:convex sets, additive energy, sumsetsCategory:11B99

4. CMB 2010 (vol 54 pp. 180)

Spurný, J.; Zelený, M.
 Additive Families of Low Borel Classes and Borel Measurable Selectors An important conjecture in the theory of Borel sets in non-separable metric spaces is whether any point-countable Borel-additive family in a complete metric space has a $\sigma$-discrete refinement. We confirm the conjecture for point-countable $\mathbf\Pi_3^0$-additive families, thus generalizing results of R. W. Hansell and the first author. We apply this result to the existence of Borel measurable selectors for multivalued mappings of low Borel complexity, thus answering in the affirmative a particular version of a question of J. Kaniewski and R. Pol. Keywords:$\sigma$-discrete refinement, Borel-additive family, measurable selectionCategories:54H05, 54E35

5. CMB 2009 (vol 52 pp. 295)

P{\l}otka, Krzysztof
 On Functions Whose Graph is a Hamel Basis, II We say that a function $h \from \real \to \real$ is a Hamel function ($h \in \ham$) if $h$, considered as a subset of $\real^2$, is a Hamel basis for $\real^2$. We show that $\A(\ham)\geq\omega$, \emph{i.e.,} for every finite $F \subseteq \real^\real$ there exists $f\in\real^\real$ such that $f+F \subseteq \ham$. From the previous work of the author it then follows that $\A(\ham)=\omega$. Keywords:Hamel basis, additive, Hamel functionsCategories:26A21, 54C40, 15A03, 54C30

6. CMB 2008 (vol 51 pp. 399)

Meng, Xianmeng
 Linear Equations with Small Prime and Almost Prime Solutions Let $b_1, b_2$ be any integers such that $\gcd(b_1, b_2)=1$ and $c_1|b_1|<|b_2|\leq c_2|b_1|$, where $c_1, c_2$ are any given positive constants. Let $n$ be any integer satisfying $\{gcd(n, b_i)=1$, $i=1,2$. Let $P_k$ denote any integer with no more than $k$ prime factors, counted according to multiplicity. In this paper, for almost all $b_2$, we prove (i) a sharp lower bound for $n$ such that the equation $b_1p+b_2m=n$ is solvable in prime $p$ and almost prime $m=P_k$, $k\geq 3$ whenever both $b_i$ are positive, and (ii) a sharp upper bound for the least solutions $p, m$ of the above equation whenever $b_i$ are not of the same sign, where $p$ is a prime and $m=P_k, k\geq 3$. Keywords:sieve method, additive problemCategories:11P32, 11N36
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