The Russell-Koras contractible threefolds are the smooth affine threefolds
having a hyperbolic $\mathbb{C}^*$-action with quotient isomorphic to the
corresponding quotient of the linear action on the tangent space at the
unique fixed point. Koras and Russell gave a concrete description of all such
threefolds and determined many interesting properties they possess.
We use this description and these properties to compute the equivariant
Grothendieck groups of these threefolds. In addition, we give certain
equivariant invariants of these rings.
We give explicit formulas for the $L_4$ norm (or equivalently for the
merit factors) of various sequences of polynomials related to the
polynomials
$$
f(z) := \sum_{n=0}^{N-1} \leg{n}{N} z^n.
$$
and
$$
f_t(z) = \sum_{n=0}^{N-1} \leg{n+t}{N} z^n.
$$
where $(\frac{\cdot}{N})$ is the Jacobi symbol.
Two cases of particular interest are when $N = pq$ is a product of two
primes and $p = q+2$ or $p = q+4$. This extends work of H{\o}holdt,
Jensen and Jensen and of the authors.
This study arises from a number of conjectures of Erd\H{o}s,
Littlewood and others that concern the norms of polynomials with
$-1,1$ coefficients on the disc. The current best examples are of the
above form when $N$ is prime and it is natural to see what happens for
composite~$N$.
We use some results about stable relations to show that some of the
simple, stable, projectionless crossed products of $O_2$ by $\bR$
considered by Kishimoto and Kumjian are inductive limits of type I
$C^*$-algebras. The type I $C^*$-algebras that arise are pullbacks
of finite direct sums of matrix algebras over the continuous
functions on the unit interval by finite dimensional $C^*$-algebras.
In this paper, we investigate stratification theory in terms of the
defining equations of strata and maps (without tube systems), offering
a concrete approach to show that some given family is topologically
trivial. In this approach, we consider a weighted version of
$(w)$-regularity condition and Kuo's ratio test condition.
In a 1987 paper, Gross introduced certain curves associated to a
definite quaternion algebra $B$ over $\Q$; he then proved an analog of
his result with Zagier for these curves. In Gross' paper, the curves
were defined in a somewhat {\it ad hoc\/} manner. In this article, we
present an interpretation of these curves as projective varieties
arising from graded rings of automorphic forms on $B^\times$,
analogously to the construction in the Satake compactification. To
define such graded rings, one needs to introduce a ``multiplication''
of automorphic forms that arises from the representation ring of
$B^\times$. The resulting curves are unions of projective lines
equipped with a collection of Hecke correspondences. They parametrize
two-dimensional complex tori with quaternionic multiplication. In
general, these complex tori are not abelian varieties; they are
algebraic precisely when they correspond to $\CM$ points on these curves,
and are thus isogenous to a product $E \times E$, where $E$ is an
elliptic curve with complex multiplication. For these $\CM$ points one
can make a relation between the action of the $p$-th Hecke operator
and Frobenius at $p$, similar to the well-known congruence relation of
Eichler and Shimura.
Let $G$ be a reductive algebraic group defined over $\bQ$, with
anisotropic centre. Given a rational action of $G$ on a finite-dimensional
vector space $V$, we analyze the truncated integral of the theta series
corresponding to a Schwartz-Bruhat function on $V(\bA)$. The Poisson
summation formula then yields an identity of distributions on $V(\bA)$.
The truncation used is due to Arthur.
We prove that pre-classifiable (see 3.1) simple nuclear tracially AF
\CA s (TAF) are classified by their $K$-theory. As a consequence all
simple, locally AH and TAF \CA s are in fact AH algebras (it is known
that there are locally AH algebras that are not AH). We also prove
the following Rationalization Theorem. Let $A$ and $B$ be two unital
separable nuclear simple TAF \CA s with unique normalized traces
satisfying the Universal Coefficient Theorem. If $A$ and $B$ have the
same (ordered and scaled) $K$-theory and $K_0 (A)_+$ is locally
finitely generated, then $A \otimes Q \cong B \otimes Q$, where $Q$ is
the UHF-algebra with the rational $K_0$. Classification results (with
restriction on $K_0$-theory) for the above \CA s are also obtained.
For example, we show that, if $A$ and $B$ are unital nuclear separable
simple TAF \CA s with the unique normalized trace satisfying the UCT
and with $K_1(A) = K_1(B)$, and $A$ and $B$ have the same rational
(scaled ordered) $K_0$, then $A \cong B$. Similar results are also
obtained for some cases in which $K_0$ is non-divisible such as
$K_0(A) = \mathbf{Z} [1/2]$.
Let $G$ be a symmetrizable indefinite Kac-Moody group over $\C$. Let
$\Tr_{\La_1},\dots,\Tr_{\La_{2n-l}}$ be the characters of the
fundamental irreducible representations of $G$, defined as convergent
series on a certain part $G^{\tralg} \subseteq G$. Following
Steinberg in the classical case and Br\"uchert in the affine case, we
define the Steinberg map $\chi := (\Tr_{\La_1},\dots,
\Tr_{\La_{2n-l}})$ as well as the Steinberg cross section $C$,
together with a natural parametrisation $\omega \colon \C^{n} \times
(\C^\times)^{\,n-l} \to C$. We investigate the local behaviour of
$\chi$ on $C$ near $\omega \bigl( (0,\dots,0) \times (1,\dots,1)
\bigr)$, and we show that there exists a neighborhood of $(0,\dots,0)
\times (1,\dots,1)$, on which $\chi \circ \omega$ is a regular
analytical map, satisfying a certain functional identity. This
identity has its origin in an action of the center of $G$ on~$C$.
A $\mathbb{Z}_2$-action with ``maximal number of isolated fixed
points'' ({\it i.e.}, with only isolated fixed points such that
$\dim_k (\oplus_i H^i(M;k)) =|M^{\mathbb{Z}_2}|, k = \mathbb{F}_2)$
on a $3$-dimensional, closed manifold determines a binary self-dual
code of length $=|M^{\mathbb{Z}_2}|$. In turn this code determines
the cohomology algebra $H^*(M;k)$ and the equivariant cohomology
$H^*_{\mathbb{Z}_2}(M;k)$. Hence, from results on binary self-dual
codes one gets information about the cohomology type of $3$-manifolds
which admit involutions with maximal number of isolated fixed points.
In particular, ``most'' cohomology types of closed $3$-manifolds do
not admit such involutions. Generalizations of the above result are
possible in several directions, {\it e.g.}, one gets that ``most''
cohomology types (over $\mathbb{F}_2)$ of closed $3$-manifolds do
not admit a non-trivial involution.
Let $\calG$ be a finite dimensional simple Lie algebra over the
complex numbers $C$. Fernando reduced the classification of infinite
dimensional simple $\calG$-modules with a finite dimensional weight
space to determining the simple torsion free $\calG$-modules for
$\calG$ of type $A$ or $C$. These modules were determined by Mathieu
and using his work we provide a more elementary construction realizing
each one as a submodule of an easily constructed tensor product module.
We determine the poles of the standard intertwining operators for a
maximal parabolic subgroup of the quasi-split unitary group defined by
a quadratic extension $E/F$ of $p$-adic fields of characteristic
zero. We study the case where the Levi component $M \simeq \GL_n (E)
\times U_m (F)$, with $n \equiv m$ $(\mod 2)$. This, along with
earlier work, determines the poles of the local Rankin-Selberg product
$L$-function $L(s, \tau' \times \tau)$, with $\tau'$ an irreducible
unitary supercuspidal representation of $\GL_n (E)$ and $\tau$ a
generic irreducible unitary supercuspidal representation of $U_m
(F)$. The results are interpreted using the theory of twisted
endoscopy.
In this paper it is shown that inclusions inside the Segal-Wilson
Grassmannian give rise to Darboux transformations between the
solutions of the $\KP$ hierarchy corresponding to these planes. We
present a closed form of the operators that procure the transformation
and express them in the related geometric data. Further the
associated transformation on the level of $\tau$-functions is given.
We have seen, in the previous works [5], [6], that the argument of a
certain product is closely connected to that of the cubic Gauss sum.
Here the absolute value of the product will be investigated.
Giordano, Putnam and Skau showed that the transformation group
$C^*$-algebra arising from a Cantor minimal system is an $AT$-algebra,
and classified it by its $K$-theory. For approximately inner
automorphisms that preserve $C(X)$, we will determine their classes in
the Ext and OrderExt groups, and introduce a new invariant for the
closure of the topological full group. We will also prove that every
automorphism in the kernel of the homomorphism into the Ext group is
homotopic to an inner automorphism, which extends Kishimoto's result.
The concept of $R$-diagonal element was introduced in \cite{NS2},
and was subsequently found to have applications to several problems
in free probability. In this paper we describe a new approach to
$R$-diagonality, which relies on freeness with amalgamation.
The class of $R$-diagonal elements is enlarged to contain examples
living in non-tracial $*$-probability spaces, such as the
generalized circular elements of \cite{Sh1}.
If $\mathfrak{A}$ is a finite alphabet, $\sU \subset\mathbb{Z}^D$, and
$\mu_\sU$ is a probability measure on $\mathfrak{A}^\sU$ that ``looks like''
the marginal projection of a stationary stochastic process on
$\mathfrak{A}^{\mathbb{Z}^D}$, then can we ``extend''
$\mu_\sU$ to such a process? Under what conditions can we make this
extension ergodic, (quasi)periodic, or (weakly) mixing? After surveying
classical work on this problem when $D=1$, we provide some sufficient
conditions and some necessary conditions for $\mu_\sU$ to be extendible
for $D>1$, and show that, in general, the problem is not formally decidable.
For $c>1$ we denote by $\pi_c(x)$ the number of integers $n \leq x$
such that $\floor{n^c}$ is prime. In 1953, Piatetski-Shapiro has
proved that $\pi_c(x) \sim \frac{x}{c\log x}$, $x \rightarrow +\infty$
holds for $c<12/11$. Many authors have extended this range, which
measures our progress in exponential sums techniques.
In this article we obtain $c < 1.16117\dots\;$.
Habib Muzaffar of Carleton University has pointed out to the authors
that in their paper [A] only the result
\[
\pi_{K,d}(x)+\pi_{K^{-1},d}(x)=\frac{1}{h(d)}\frac{x}{\log
x}+O_{K,d}\Bigl(\frac {x}{\log^2x}\Bigr)
\]
follows from the prime ideal theorem with remainder for ideal classes,
and not the stronger result
\[
\pi_{K,d}(x)=\frac{1}{2h(d)}\frac{x}{\log
x}+O_{K,d}\Bigl(\frac {x}{\log^2x}\Bigr)
\]
stated in Lemma~5.2. This necessitates changes in Sections~5 and 6 of
[A]. The main results of the paper are not affected by these changes.
It should also be noted that, starting on page 177 of [A], each and
every occurrence of $o(s-1)$ should be replaced by $o(1)$.
Sections~5 and 6 of [A] have been rewritten to incorporate the above
mentioned correction and are given below. They should replace the
original Sections~5 and 6 of [A].
In this paper, we study the Mordell-Weil group of an elliptic curve
as a Galois module. We consider an elliptic curve $E$ defined over a
number field $K$ whose Mordell-Weil rank over a Galois extension $F$ is
$1$, $2$ or $3$. We show that $E$ acquires a point (points) of
infinite order over a field whose Galois group is one of $C_n \times C_m$
($n= 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, m= 1, 2$), $D_n \times C_m$ ($n= 2, 3, 4, 6, m= 1, 2$),
$A_4 \times C_m$ ($m=1,2$), $S_4 \times C_m$ ($m=1,2$). Next, we consider
the case where $E$ has complex multiplication by the ring of integers $\o$
of an imaginary quadratic field $\k$ contained in $K$. Suppose that the
$\o$-rank over a Galois extension $F$ is $1$ or $2$. If $\k\neq\Q(\sqrt{-1})$
and $\Q(\sqrt{-3})$ and $h_{\k}$ (class number of $\k$) is odd, we show that
$E$ acquires positive $\o$-rank over a cyclic extension of $K$ or over a
field whose Galois group is one of $\SL_2(\Z/3\Z)$, an extension of
$\SL_2(\Z/3\Z)$ by $\Z/2\Z$, or a central extension by the dihedral group.
Finally, we discuss the relation of the above results to the vanishing of
$L$-functions.
A homogeneous real polynomial $p$ is {\em hyperbolic} with respect to
a given vector $d$ if the univariate polynomial $t \mapsto p(x-td)$
has all real roots for all vectors $x$. Motivated by partial
differential equations, G{\aa}rding proved in 1951 that the largest
such root is a convex function of $x$, and showed various ways of
constructing new hyperbolic polynomials. We present a powerful new
such construction, and use it to generalize G{\aa}rding's result to
arbitrary symmetric functions of the roots. Many classical and recent
inequalities follow easily. We develop various convex-analytic tools
for such symmetric functions, of interest in interior-point methods
for optimization problems over related cones.
Bivariate polynomials with a fixed leading term $x^m y^n$, which
deviate least from zero in the uniform or $L^2$-norm on the unit disk
$D$ (resp. a triangle) are given explicitly. A similar problem in
$L^p$, $1 \le p \le \infty$, is studied on $D$ in the set of products
of linear polynomials.
A contractive $n$-tuple $A=(A_1,\dots,A_n)$ has a minimal joint
isometric dilation $S=\break
(S_1,\dots,S_n)$ where the $S_i$'s are
isometries with pairwise orthogonal ranges. This determines a
representation of the Cuntz-Toeplitz algebra. When $A$ acts on a
finite dimensional space, the $\wot$-closed nonself-adjoint algebra
$\fS$ generated by $S$ is completely described in terms of the
properties of $A$. This provides complete unitary invariants for the
corresponding representations. In addition, we show that the algebra
$\fS$ is always hyper-reflexive. In the last section, we describe
similarity invariants. In particular, an $n$-tuple $B$ of $d\times d$
matrices is similar to an irreducible $n$-tuple $A$ if and only if
a certain finite set of polynomials vanish on $B$.
We generalise the two-sided construction of examples of pairs of
subfactors of the hyperfinite II$_1$ factor $R$ in [E1]---which arise
by considering unitary braid representations with certain
properties---to multi-sided pairs. We show that the index for the
multi-sided pair can be expressed as a power of that for the
two-sided pair. This construction can be applied to the natural
examples---where the braid representations are obtained in connection
with the representation theory of Lie algebras of types $A$, $B$, $C$,
$D$. We also compute the (first) relative commutants.
We give a description of the monoid of Murray-von Neumann equivalence
classes of projections for multiplier algebras of a wide class of
$\sigma$-unital simple $C^\ast$-algebras $A$ with real rank zero and stable
rank one. The lattice of ideals of this monoid, which is known to be
crucial for understanding the ideal structure of the multiplier
algebra $\mul$, is therefore analyzed. In important cases it is shown
that, if $A$ has finite scale then the quotient of $\mul$ modulo any
closed ideal $I$ that properly contains $A$ has stable rank one. The
intricacy of the ideal structure of $\mul$ is reflected in the fact
that $\mul$ can have uncountably many different quotients, each one
having uncountably many closed ideals forming a chain with respect to
inclusion.
For a dense $G_\delta$ set of real parameters $\theta$ in $[0,1]$
(containing the rationals) it is shown that the group $K_0 (A_\theta
\rtimes_\sigma \mathbb{Z}_4)$ is isomorphic to $\mathbb{Z}^9$, where
$A_\theta$ is the rotation C*-algebra generated by unitaries $U$, $V$
satisfying $VU = e^{2\pi i\theta} UV$ and $\sigma$ is the Fourier
automorphism of $A_\theta$ defined by $\sigma(U) = V$, $\sigma(V) =
U^{-1}$. More precisely, an explicit basis for $K_0$ consisting of
nine canonical modules is given. (A slight generalization of this
result is also obtained for certain separable continuous fields of
unital C*-algebras over $[0,1]$.) The Connes Chern character $\ch
\colon K_0 (A_\theta \rtimes_\sigma \mathbb{Z}_4) \to H^{\ev} (A_\theta
\rtimes_\sigma \mathbb{Z}_4)^*$ is shown to be injective for a dense
$G_\delta$ set of parameters $\theta$. The main computational tool in
this paper is a group homomorphism $\vtr \colon K_0 (A_\theta
\rtimes_\sigma \mathbb{Z}_4) \to \mathbb{R}^8 \times \mathbb{Z}$
obtained from the Connes Chern character by restricting the
functionals in its codomain to a certain nine-dimensional subspace of
$H^{\ev} (A_\theta \rtimes_\sigma \mathbb{Z}_4)$. The range of $\vtr$
is fully determined for each $\theta$. (We conjecture that this
subspace is all of $H^{\ev}$.)
The representation parabolically induced from an irreducible
supercuspidal representation is considered. Irreducible components of
Jacquet modules with respect to induction in stages are given. The
results are used for consideration of generalized Steinberg
representations.
We classify all 3 letter patterns that are avoidable in the abelian
sense. A short list of four letter patterns for which abelian
avoidance is undecided is given. Using a generalization of Zimin
words we deduce some properties of $\o$-words avoiding these
patterns.
We present a new approach to singular reduction of Hamiltonian systems
with symmetries. The tools we use are the category of differential
spaces of Sikorski and the Stefan-Sussmann theorem. The former is
applied to analyze the differential structure of the spaces involved
and the latter is used to prove that some of these spaces are smooth
manifolds.
Our main result is the identification of accessible sets of the
generalized distribution spanned by the Hamiltonian vector fields of
invariant functions with singular reduced spaces. We are also able
to describe the differential structure of a singular reduced space
corresponding to a coadjoint orbit which need not be locally closed.
The proof of Lemma~3.4 in [F] relies on the incorrect equality $\mu_j
(AB) = \mu_j (BA)$ for singular values (for a counterexample, see [S,
p.~4]). Thus, Theorem~3.1 as stated has not been proven. However,
with minor changes, we can obtain a bound for the counting function in
terms of the growth of the Fourier transform of $|V|$.
The question of counting minimal factorizations of permutations into
transpositions that act transitively on a set has been studied extensively
in the geometrical setting of ramified coverings of the sphere and in the
algebraic setting of symmetric functions.
It is natural, however, from a combinatorial point of view to ask how such
results are affected by counting up to equivalence of factorizations, where
two factorizations are equivalent if they differ only by the interchange of
adjacent factors that commute. We obtain an explicit and elegant result for
the number of such factorizations of permutations with precisely two
factors. The approach used is a combinatorial one that rests on two
constructions.
We believe that this approach, and the combinatorial primitives that have
been developed for the ``cut and join'' analysis, will also assist with the
general case.
We show that the Seiberg-Witten invariants of a lens space determine
and are determined by its Casson-Walker invariant and its
Reidemeister-Turaev torsion.
Let $\Gamma$ be a torsion free lattice in $G=\PGL(3, \mathbb{F})$ where
$\mathbb{F}$ is a nonarchimedean local field. Then $\Gamma$ acts freely
on the affine Bruhat-Tits building $\mathcal{B}$ of $G$ and there is an
induced action on the boundary $\Omega$ of $\mathcal{B}$. The crossed
product $C^*$-algebra $\mathcal{A}(\Gamma)=C(\Omega) \rtimes \Gamma$
depends only on $\Gamma$ and is classified by its $K$-theory. This article
shows how to compute the $K$-theory of $\mathcal{A}(\Gamma)$ and of the
larger class of rank two Cuntz-Krieger algebras.
Let $X$ be a nonsingular algebraic variety in characteristic zero. To
an effective divisor on $X$ Kontsevich has associated a certain
motivic integral, living in a completion of the Grothendieck ring of
algebraic varieties. He used this invariant to show that birational
(smooth, projective) Calabi-Yau varieties have the same Hodge
numbers. Then Denef and Loeser introduced the invariant {\it motivic
(Igusa) zeta function}, associated to a regular function on $X$, which
specializes to both the classical $p$-adic Igusa zeta function and the
topological zeta function, and also to Kontsevich's invariant.
This paper treats a generalization to singular varieties. Batyrev
already considered such a `Kontsevich invariant' for log terminal
varieties (on the level of Hodge polynomials of varieties instead of
in the Grothendieck ring), and previously we introduced a motivic zeta
function on normal surface germs. Here on any $\bbQ$-Gorenstein
variety $X$ we associate a motivic zeta function and a `Kontsevich
invariant' to effective $\bbQ$-Cartier divisors on $X$ whose support
contains the singular locus of~$X$.
Let $p_w(n)$ be the weighted partition function defined by the
generating function $\sum^\infty_{n=0}p_w(n)x^n=\prod^\infty_{m=1}
(1-x^m)^{-w(m)}$, where $w(m)$ is a non-negative arithmetic function.
Let $P_w(u)=\sum_{n\le u}p_w(n)$ and $N_w(u)=\sum_{n\le u}w(n)$ be the
summatory functions for $p_w(n)$ and $w(n)$, respectively.
Generalizing results of G.~A.~Freiman and E.~E.~Kohlbecker, we show
that, for a large class of functions $\Phi(u)$ and $\lambda(u)$, an
estimate for $P_w(u)$ of the form
$\log P_w(u)=\Phi(u)\bigl\{1+O(1/\lambda(u)\bigr)\bigr\}$
$(u\to\infty)$ implies an estimate for $N_w(u)$ of the form
$N_w(u)=\Phi^\ast(u)\bigl\{1+O\bigl(1/\log\lambda(u)\bigr)\bigr\}$
$(u\to\infty)$ with a suitable function $\Phi^\ast(u)$ defined in
terms of $\Phi(u)$. We apply this result and related results to
obtain characterizations of the Riemann Hypothesis and the
Generalized Riemann Hypothesis in terms of the asymptotic behavior
of certain weighted partition functions.
In this paper, we establish a number of theorems on the classic
Diophantine equation of S.~S.~Pillai, $a^x-b^y=c$, where $a$, $b$ and
$c$ are given nonzero integers with $a,b \geq 2$. In particular, we
obtain the sharp result that there are at most two solutions in
positive integers $x$ and $y$ and deduce a variety of explicit
conditions under which there exists at most a single such solution.
These improve or generalize prior work of Le, Leveque, Pillai, Scott
and Terai. The main tools used include lower bounds for linear forms
in the logarithms of (two) algebraic numbers and various elementary
arguments.
Let $\H$ be the Hilbert function of some set of distinct points
in $\P^n$ and let $\alpha = \alpha (\H)$ be the least degree
of a hypersurface of $\P^n$ containing these points. Write $\alpha
= d_s + d_{s-1} + \cdots + d_1$ (where $d_i > 0$). We canonically
decompose $\H$ into $s$ other Hilbert functions $\H
\leftrightarrow (\H_s^\prime, \dots, \H_1^\prime)$ and show
how to find sets of distinct points $\Y_s, \dots, \Y_1$,
lying on reduced hypersurfaces of degrees $d_s, \dots, d_1$
(respectively) such that the Hilbert function of $\Y_i$ is
$\H_i^\prime$ and the Hilbert function of $\Y = \bigcup_{i=1}^s
\Y_i$ is $\H$. Some extremal properties of this canonical
decomposition are also explored.
Let $G$ be a solvable exponential Lie group. We characterize all the
continuous topologically irreducible bounded representations $(T,
\calU)$ of $G$ on a Banach space $\calU$ by giving a $G$-orbit in
$\frn^*$ ($\frn$ being the nilradical of $\frg$), a topologically
irreducible representation of $L^1(\RR^n, \o)$, for a certain weight
$\o$ and a certain $n \in \NN$, and a topologically simple extension
norm. If $G$ is not symmetric, \ie, if the weight $\o$ is
exponential, we get a new type of representations which are
fundamentally different from the induced representations.
Soit $G$ un groupe de Lie r\'esoluble exponentiel. Nous
caract\'erisons toutes les repr\'esentations $(T, \calU)$ continues
born\'ees topologiquement irr\'eductibles de $G$ dans un espace de
Banach $\calU$ \`a l'aide d'une $G$-orbite dans $\frn^*$ ($\frn$
\'etant le radical nilpotent de $\frg$), d'une repr\'esentation
topologiquement irr\'eductible de $L^1(\RR^n, \o)$, pour un certain
poids $\o$ et un certain $n \in \NN$, d'une norme d'extension
topologiquement simple. Si $G$ n'est pas sym\'etrique, c. \`a d. si
le poids $\o$ est exponentiel, nous obtenons un nouveau type de
repr\'esentations qui sont fondamentalement diff\'erentes des
repr\'esentations induites.
We prove a number of results about the stable and particularly the
real ranks of tensor products of \ca s under the assumption that one
of the factors is commutative. In particular, we prove the following:
{\raggedright
\begin{enumerate}[(5)]
\item[(1)] If $X$ is any locally compact $\sm$-compact Hausdorff space
and $A$ is any \ca, then\break
$\RR \bigl( C_0 (X) \otimes A \bigr) \leq
\dim (X) + \RR(A)$.
\item[(2)] If $X$ is any locally compact Hausdorff space and $A$ is
any \pisca, then $\RR \bigl( C_0 (X) \otimes A \bigr) \leq 1$.
\item[(3)] $\RR \bigl( C ([0,1]) \otimes A \bigr) \geq 1$ for any
nonzero \ca\ $A$, and $\sr \bigl( C ([0,1]^2) \otimes A \bigr) \geq 2$
for any unital \ca\ $A$.
\item[(4)] If $A$ is a unital \ca\ such that $\RR(A) = 0$, $\sr (A) =
1$, and $K_1 (A) = 0$, then\break
$\sr \bigl( C ([0,1]) \otimes A \bigr) = 1$.
\item[(5)] There is a simple separable unital nuclear \ca\ $A$ such
that $\RR(A) = 1$ and\break
$\sr \bigl( C ([0,1]) \otimes A \bigr) = 1$.
\end{enumerate}}
We prove that the operators $\int_{\mathbb{R}_+^2} e^{ix^a \cdot
y^b} \varphi (x,y) f(y)\, dy$ map $L^p(\mathbb{R}^2)$ into itself
for $p \in J =\bigl[\frac{a_l+b_l}{a_l+(\frac{b_l r}{2})},\frac{a_l+b_l}
{a_l(1-\frac{r}{2})}\bigr]$ if $a_l,b_l\ge 1$ and $\varphi(x,y)=|x-y|^{-r}$,
$0\le r <2$, the result is sharp. Generalizations to dimensions $d>2$
are indicated.
We prove comparison theorems for the probability of life in a
Lipschitz domain between Brownian motion and random walks.
On donne des th\'eor\`emes de comparaison pour la probabilit\'e de
vie dans un domain Lipschitzien entre le Brownien et de marches
al\'eatoires.
Monotone paths on zonotopes and the natural generalization to maximal
chains in the poset of topes of an oriented matroid or arrangement of
pseudo-hyperplanes are studied with respect to a kind of local move,
called polygon move or flip. It is proved that any monotone path on a
$d$-dimensional zonotope with $n$ generators admits at least $\lceil
2n/(n-d+2) \rceil-1$ flips for all $n \ge d+2 \ge 4$ and that for any
fixed value of $n-d$, this lower bound is sharp for infinitely many
values of $n$. In particular, monotone paths on zonotopes which admit
only three flips are constructed in each dimension $d \ge 3$.
Furthermore, the previously known 2-connectivity of the graph of
monotone paths on a polytope is extended to the 2-connectivity of the
graph of maximal chains of topes of an oriented matroid. An
application in the context of Coxeter groups of a result known to be
valid for monotone paths on simple zonotopes is included.
Soient $F$ un corps commutatif localement compact non archim\'edien et
$\psi$ un caract\`ere additif non trivial de $F$. Soient $n$ et $n'$
deux entiers distincts, sup\'erieurs \`a $1$. Soient $\pi$ et $\pi'$
des repr\'esentations irr\'eductibles supercuspidales de
$\GL_n(F)$, $\GL_{n'}(F)$ respectivement. Nous prouvons
qu'il existe un \'el\'ement $c= c(\pi,\pi',\psi)$ de $F^\times$ tel
que pour tout quasicaract\`ere mod\'er\'e $\chi$ de $F^\times$ on ait
$\varepsilon(\chi\pi\times \pi',s,\psi) =
\chi(c)^{-1}\varepsilon(\pi\times\pi',s,\psi)$. Nous examinons aussi
certains cas o\`u $n=n'$, $\pi'=\pi^\vee$. Les r\'esultats obtenus
forment une \'etape vers une d\'emonstration de la conjecture de
Langlands pour $F$, qui ne fasse pas appel \`a la g\'eom\'etrie des
vari\'et\'es modulaires, de Shimura ou de Drinfeld.
Let $F$ be a non-Archimedean local field, and $\psi$ a non-trivial
additive character of $F$. Let $n$ and $n'$ be distinct positive
integers. Let $\pi$, $\pi'$ be irreducible supercuspidal
representations of $\GL_n(F)$, $\GL_{n'}(F)$
respectively. We prove that there is $c= c(\pi,\pi',\psi)\in F^\times$
such that for every tame quasicharacter $\chi$ of $F^\times$ we have
$\varepsilon(\chi\pi\times \pi',s,\psi) =
\chi(c)^{-1}\varepsilon(\pi\times\pi',s,\psi)$. We also treat some
cases where $n=n'$ and $\pi'=\pi^\vee$. These results are steps towards
a proof of the Langlands conjecture for $F$, which would not use the
geometry of modular---Shimura or Drinfeld---varieties.
We prove a strong variant of the Borwein-Preiss variational principle, and
show that on Asplund spaces, Stegall's variational principle follows
from it via a generalized Smulyan test. Applications are discussed.
We provide the reader with a uniform approach for obtaining various
useful explicit upper bounds on residues of Dedekind zeta functions of
numbers fields and on absolute values of values at $s=1$ of $L$-series
associated with primitive characters on ray class groups of number
fields. To make it quite clear to the reader how useful such bounds
are when dealing with class number problems for $\CM$-fields, we
deduce an upper bound for the root discriminants of the normal
$\CM$-fields with (relative) class number one.
We show that the Elliott invariant is a classifying invariant for the
class of $C^*$-algebras that are simple unital infinite dimensional
inductive limits of finite direct sums of building blocks of the form
$$
\{f \in C(\T) \otimes M_n : f(x_i) \in M_{d_i}, i = 1,2,\dots,N\},
$$
where $x_1,x_2,\dots,x_N \in \T$, $d_1,d_2,\dots,d_N$ are integers
dividing $n$, and $M_{d_i}$ is embedded unitally into $M_n$.
Furthermore we prove existence and uniqueness theorems for
$*$-homomorphisms between such algebras and we identify the range of
the invariant.
A theorem of Donaldson on the existence of Hermitian-Einstein metrics
on stable holomorphic bundles over a compact K\"ahler surface is
extended to bundles which are parabolic along an effective divisor
with normal crossings. Orbifold methods, together with a suitable
approximation theorem, are used following an approach successful for
the case of Riemann surfaces.