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26. CJM 2007 (vol 59 pp. 712)

Billig, Yuly
Jet Modules
In this paper we classify indecomposable modules for the Lie algebra of vector fields on a torus that admit a compatible action of the algebra of functions. An important family of such modules is given by spaces of jets of tensor fields.

Categories:17B66, 58A20

27. CJM 2007 (vol 59 pp. 225)

Baker, Matt; Rumely, Robert
Harmonic Analysis on Metrized Graphs
This paper studies the Laplacian operator on a metrized graph, and its spectral theory.

Keywords:metrized graph, harmonic analysis, eigenfunction
Categories:43A99, 58C40, 05C99

28. CJM 2006 (vol 58 pp. 381)

Jakobson, Dmitry; Nadirashvili, Nikolai; Polterovich, Iosif
Extremal Metric for the First Eigenvalue on a Klein Bottle
The first eigenvalue of the Laplacian on a surface can be viewed as a functional on the space of Riemannian metrics of a given area. Critical points of this functional are called extremal metrics. The only known extremal metrics are a round sphere, a standard projective plane, a Clifford torus and an equilateral torus. We construct an extremal metric on a Klein bottle. It is a metric of revolution, admitting a minimal isometric embedding into a sphere ${\mathbb S}^4$ by the first eigenfunctions. Also, this Klein bottle is a bipolar surface for Lawson's $\tau_{3,1}$-torus. We conjecture that an extremal metric for the first eigenvalue on a Klein bottle is unique, and hence it provides a sharp upper bound for $\lambda_1$ on a Klein bottle of a given area. We present numerical evidence and prove the first results towards this conjecture.

Keywords:Laplacian, eigenvalue, Klein bottle
Categories:58J50, 53C42

29. CJM 2005 (vol 57 pp. 1314)

Zhitomirskii, M.
Relative Darboux Theorem for Singular Manifolds and Local Contact Algebra
In 1999 V. Arnol'd introduced the local contact algebra: studying the problem of classification of singular curves in a contact space, he showed the existence of the ghost of the contact structure (invariants which are not related to the induced structure on the curve). Our main result implies that the only reason for existence of the local contact algebra and the ghost is the difference between the geometric and (defined in this paper) algebraic restriction of a $1$-form to a singular submanifold. We prove that a germ of any subset $N$ of a contact manifold is well defined, up to contactomorphisms, by the algebraic restriction to $N$ of the contact structure. This is a generalization of the Darboux-Givental' theorem for smooth submanifolds of a contact manifold. Studying the difference between the geometric and the algebraic restrictions gives a powerful tool for classification of stratified submanifolds of a contact manifold. This is illustrated by complete solution of three classification problems, including a simple explanation of V.~Arnold's results and further classification results for singular curves in a contact space. We also prove several results on the external geometry of a singular submanifold $N$ in terms of the algebraic restriction of the contact structure to $N$. In particular, the algebraic restriction is zero if and only if $N$ is contained in a smooth Legendrian submanifold of $M$.

Keywords:contact manifold, local contact algebra,, relative Darboux theorem, integral curves
Categories:53D10, 14B05, 58K50

30. CJM 2005 (vol 57 pp. 961)

Borwein, Jonathan M.; Wang, Xianfu
Cone-Monotone Functions: Differentiability and Continuity
We provide a porosity-based approach to the differentiability and continuity of real-valued functions on separable Banach spaces, when the function is monotone with respect to an ordering induced by a convex cone $K$ with non-empty interior. We also show that the set of nowhere $K$-monotone functions has a $\sigma$-porous complement in the space of continuous functions endowed with the uniform metric.

Keywords:Cone-monotone functions, Aronszajn null set, directionally porous, sets, Gâteaux differentiability, separable space
Categories:26B05, 58C20

31. CJM 2005 (vol 57 pp. 771)

Schrohe, E.; Seiler, J.
The Resolvent of Closed Extensions of Cone Differential Operators
We study closed extensions $\underline A$ of an elliptic differential operator $A$ on a manifold with conical singularities, acting as an unbounded operator on a weighted $L_p$-space. Under suitable conditions we show that the resolvent $(\lambda-\underline A)^{-1}$ exists in a sector of the complex plane and decays like $1/|\lambda|$ as $|\lambda|\to\infty$. Moreover, we determine the structure of the resolvent with enough precision to guarantee existence and boundedness of imaginary powers of $\underline A$. As an application we treat the Laplace--Beltrami operator for a metric with straight conical degeneracy and describe domains yielding maximal regularity for the Cauchy problem $\dot{u}-\Delta u=f$, $u(0)=0$.

Keywords:Manifolds with conical singularities, resolvent, maximal regularity
Categories:35J70, 47A10, 58J40

32. CJM 2005 (vol 57 pp. 871)

Zhang, Xi
Hermitian Yang-_Mills--Higgs Metrics on\\Complete Kähler Manifolds
In this paper, first, we will investigate the Dirichlet problem for one type of vortex equation, which generalizes the well-known Hermitian Einstein equation. Secondly, we will give existence results for solutions of these vortex equations over various complete noncompact K\"ahler manifolds.

Keywords:vortex equation, Hermitian Yang--Mills--Higgs metric,, holomorphic vector bundle, Kähler manifolds
Categories:58E15, 53C07

33. CJM 2005 (vol 57 pp. 506)

Gross, Leonard; Grothaus, Martin
Reverse Hypercontractivity for Subharmonic Functions
Contractivity and hypercontractivity properties of semigroups are now well understood when the generator, $A$, is a Dirichlet form operator. It has been shown that in some holomorphic function spaces the semigroup operators, $e^{-tA}$, can be bounded {\it below} from $L^p$ to $L^q$ when $p,q$ and $t$ are suitably related. We will show that such lower boundedness occurs also in spaces of subharmonic functions.

Keywords:Reverse hypercontractivity, subharmonic
Categories:58J35, 47D03, 47D07, 32Q99, 60J35

34. CJM 2005 (vol 57 pp. 251)

Cocos, M.
Some New Results on $L^2$ Cohomology of Negatively Curved Riemannian Manifolds
The present paper is concerned with the study of the $L^2$ cohomology spaces of negatively curved manifolds. The first half presents a finiteness and vanishing result obtained under some curvature assumptions, while the second half identifies a class of metrics having non-trivial $L^2$ cohomology for degree equal to the half dimension of the space. For the second part we rely on the existence and regularity properties of the solution for the heat equation for forms.


35. CJM 2005 (vol 57 pp. 225)

Booss-Bavnbek, Bernhelm; Lesch, Matthias; Phillips, John
Unbounded Fredholm Operators and Spectral Flow
We study the gap (= ``projection norm'' = ``graph distance'') topology of the space of all (not necessarily bounded) self-adjoint Fredholm operators in a separable Hilbert space by the Cayley transform and direct methods. In particular, we show the surprising result that this space is connected in contrast to the bounded case. Moreover, we present a rigorous definition of spectral flow of a path of such operators (actually alternative but mutually equivalent definitions) and prove the homotopy invariance. As an example, we discuss operator curves on manifolds with boundary.

Categories:58J30, 47A53, 19K56, 58J32

36. CJM 2005 (vol 57 pp. 17)

Bédos, Erik; Conti, Roberto; Tuset, Lars
On Amenability and Co-Amenability of Algebraic Quantum Groups and Their Corepresentations
We introduce and study several notions of amenability for unitary corepresentations and $*$-representations of algebraic quantum groups, which may be used to characterize amenability and co-amenability for such quantum groups. As a background for this study, we investigate the associated tensor C$^{*}$-categories.

Keywords:quantum group, amenability
Categories:46L05, 46L65, 22D10, 22D25, 43A07, 43A65, 58B32

37. CJM 2005 (vol 57 pp. 99)

Fegan, H. D.; Steer, B.
Second Order Operators on a Compact Lie Group
We describe the structure of the space of second order elliptic differential operators on a homogenous bundle over a compact Lie group. Subject to a technical condition, these operators are homotopic to the Laplacian. The technical condition is further investigated, with examples given where it holds and others where it does not. Since many spectral invariants are also homotopy invariants, these results provide information about the invariants of these operators.

Categories:58J70, 43A77

38. CJM 2004 (vol 56 pp. 926)

Hadfield, Tom
K-Homology of the Rotation Algebras $A_{\theta}$
We study the K-homology of the rotation algebras $A_{\theta}$ using the six-term cyclic sequence for the K-homology of a crossed product by ${\bf Z}$. In the case that $\theta$ is irrational, we use Pimsner and Voiculescu's work on AF-embeddings of the $A_{\theta}$ to search for the missing generator of the even K-homology.

Categories:58B34, 19K33, 46L

39. CJM 2004 (vol 56 pp. 963)

Ishiwata, Satoshi
A Berry-Esseen Type Theorem on Nilpotent Covering Graphs
We prove an estimate for the speed of convergence of the transition probability for a symmetric random walk on a nilpotent covering graph. To obtain this estimate, we give a complete proof of the Gaussian bound for the gradient of the Markov kernel.

Categories:22E25, 60J15, 58G32

40. CJM 2004 (vol 56 pp. 638)

Śniatycki, Jędrzej
Multisymplectic Reduction for Proper Actions
We consider symmetries of the Dedonder equation arising from variational problems with partial derivatives. Assuming a proper action of the symmetry group, we identify a set of reduced equations on an open dense subset of the domain of definition of the fields under consideration. By continuity, the Dedonder equation is satisfied whenever the reduced equations are satisfied.

Keywords:Dedonder equation, multisymplectic structure, reduction,, symmetries, variational problems
Categories:58J70, 35A30

41. CJM 2004 (vol 56 pp. 590)

Ni, Yilong
The Heat Kernel and Green's Function on a Manifold with Heisenberg Group as Boundary
We study the Riemannian Laplace-Beltrami operator $L$ on a Riemannian manifold with Heisenberg group $H_1$ as boundary. We calculate the heat kernel and Green's function for $L$, and give global and small time estimates of the heat kernel. A class of hypersurfaces in this manifold can be regarded as approximations of $H_1$. We also restrict $L$ to each hypersurface and calculate the corresponding heat kernel and Green's function. We will see that the heat kernel and Green's function converge to the heat kernel and Green's function on the boundary.

Categories:35H20, 58J99, 53C17

42. CJM 2003 (vol 55 pp. 1100)

Khesin, Boris; Rosly, Alexei
Polar Homology
For complex projective manifolds we introduce polar homology groups, which are holomorphic analogues of the homology groups in topology. The polar $k$-chains are subvarieties of complex dimension $k$ with meromorphic forms on them, while the boundary operator is defined by taking the polar divisor and the Poincar\'e residue on it. One can also define the corresponding analogues for the intersection and linking numbers of complex submanifolds, which have the properties similar to those of the corresponding topological notions.

Keywords:Poincar\' e residue, holomorphic linking
Categories:14C10, 14F10, 58A14

43. CJM 2003 (vol 55 pp. 266)

Kogan, Irina A.
Two Algorithms for a Moving Frame Construction
The method of moving frames, introduced by Elie Cartan, is a powerful tool for the solution of various equivalence problems. The practical implementation of Cartan's method, however, remains challenging, despite its later significant development and generalization. This paper presents two new variations on the Fels and Olver algorithm, which under some conditions on the group action, simplify a moving frame construction. In addition, the first algorithm leads to a better understanding of invariant differential forms on the jet bundles, while the second expresses the differential invariants for the entire group in terms of the differential invariants of its subgroup.

Categories:53A55, 58D19, 68U10

44. CJM 2003 (vol 55 pp. 247)

Cushman, Richard; Śniatycki, Jędrzej
Differential Structure of Orbit Spaces: Erratum
This note signals an error in the above paper by giving a counter-example.

Categories:37J15, 58A40, 58D19, 70H33

45. CJM 2002 (vol 54 pp. 1187)

Cobo, Milton; Gutierrez, Carlos; Llibre, Jaume
On the Injectivity of $C^1$ Maps of the Real Plane
Let $X\colon\mathbb{R}^2\to\mathbb{R}^2$ be a $C^1$ map. Denote by $\Spec(X)$ the set of (complex) eigenvalues of $\DX_p$ when $p$ varies in $\mathbb{R}^2$. If there exists $\epsilon >0$ such that $\Spec(X)\cap(-\epsilon,\epsilon)=\emptyset$, then $X$ is injective. Some applications of this result to the real Keller Jacobian conjecture are discussed.

Categories:34D05, 54H20, 58F10, 58F21

46. CJM 2002 (vol 54 pp. 1086)

Polterovich, Iosif
Combinatorics of the Heat Trace on Spheres
We present a concise explicit expression for the heat trace coefficients of spheres. Our formulas yield certain combinatorial identities which are proved following ideas of D.~Zeilberger. In particular, these identities allow to recover in a surprising way some known formulas for the heat trace asymptotics. Our approach is based on a method for computation of heat invariants developed in [P].

Categories:05A19, 58J35

47. CJM 2001 (vol 53 pp. 715)

Cushman, Richard; Śniatycki, Jędrzej
Differential Structure of Orbit Spaces
We present a new approach to singular reduction of Hamiltonian systems with symmetries. The tools we use are the category of differential spaces of Sikorski and the Stefan-Sussmann theorem. The former is applied to analyze the differential structure of the spaces involved and the latter is used to prove that some of these spaces are smooth manifolds. Our main result is the identification of accessible sets of the generalized distribution spanned by the Hamiltonian vector fields of invariant functions with singular reduced spaces. We are also able to describe the differential structure of a singular reduced space corresponding to a coadjoint orbit which need not be locally closed.

Keywords:accessible sets, differential space, Poisson algebra, proper action, singular reduction, symplectic manifolds
Categories:37J15, 58A40, 58D19, 70H33

48. CJM 2001 (vol 53 pp. 780)

Nicolaescu, Liviu I.
Seiberg-Witten Invariants of Lens Spaces
We show that the Seiberg-Witten invariants of a lens space determine and are determined by its Casson-Walker invariant and its Reidemeister-Turaev torsion.

Keywords:lens spaces, Seifert manifolds, Seiberg-Witten invariants, Casson-Walker invariant, Reidemeister torsion, eta invariants, Dedekind-Rademacher sums
Categories:58D27, 57Q10, 57R15, 57R19, 53C20, 53C25

49. CJM 2001 (vol 53 pp. 278)

Helminck, G. F.; van de Leur, J. W.
Darboux Transformations for the KP Hierarchy in the Segal-Wilson Setting
In this paper it is shown that inclusions inside the Segal-Wilson Grassmannian give rise to Darboux transformations between the solutions of the $\KP$ hierarchy corresponding to these planes. We present a closed form of the operators that procure the transformation and express them in the related geometric data. Further the associated transformation on the level of $\tau$-functions is given.

Keywords:KP hierarchy, Darboux transformation, Grassmann manifold
Categories:22E65, 22E70, 35Q53, 35Q58, 58B25

50. CJM 2001 (vol 53 pp. 73)

Fukui, Toshizumi; Paunescu, Laurentiu
Stratification Theory from the Weighted Point of View
In this paper, we investigate stratification theory in terms of the defining equations of strata and maps (without tube systems), offering a concrete approach to show that some given family is topologically trivial. In this approach, we consider a weighted version of $(w)$-regularity condition and Kuo's ratio test condition.

Categories:32B99, 14P25, 32Cxx, 58A35
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