1. CJM 2018 (vol 70 pp. 983)
 Conway, Anthony

An Explicit Computation of the Blanchfield Pairing for Arbitrary Links
Given a link $L$, the Blanchfield pairing $\operatorname{Bl}(L)$ is a pairing
which is defined on the torsion submodule of the Alexander module
of $L$. In some particular cases, namely if $L$ is a boundary
link or if the Alexander module of $L$ is torsion, $\operatorname{Bl}(L)$
can be computed explicitly; however no formula is known in general.
In this article, we compute the Blanchfield pairing of any link,
generalizing the aforementioned results. As a corollary, we obtain
a new proof that the Blanchfield pairing is hermitian. Finally,
we also obtain short proofs of several properties of $\operatorname{Bl}(L)$.
Keywords:link, Blanchfield pairing, Ccomplex, Alexander module Category:57M25 

2. CJM 2018 (vol 70 pp. 1130)
 Rushworth, William

Doubled Khovanov Homology
We define a homology theory of virtual links built out of the
direct sum of the standard Khovanov complex with itself, motivating
the name doubled Khovanov homology. We demonstrate that
it can be used to show that some virtual links are nonclassical,
and that it yields a condition on a virtual knot being the connect
sum of two unknots. Further, we show that doubled Khovanov homology
possesses a perturbation analogous to that defined by Lee in
the classical case and define a doubled Rasmussen invariant.
This invariant is used to obtain various cobordism obstructions;
in particular it is an obstruction to sliceness. Finally, we
show that the doubled Rasmussen invariant contains the odd writhe
of a virtual knot, and use this to show that knots with nonzero
odd writhe are not slice.
Keywords:Khovanov homology, virtual knot concordance, virtual knot theory Categories:57M25, 57M27, 57N70 

3. CJM 2016 (vol 69 pp. 1201)
 Abe, Tetsuya; Tagami, Keiji

Characterization of Positive Links and the $s$invariant for Links
We characterize positive links in terms of strong quasipositivity,
homogeneity and the value of Rasmussen and BeliakovaWehrli's
$s$invariant.
We also study almost positive links,
in particular, determine the $s$invariants of
almost positive links.
This result suggests that all almost positive links might
be strongly quasipositive.
On the other hand, it implies that
almost positive links are never homogeneous links.
Keywords:knot, $s$invariant, positive link, almost positive link Categories:57M25, 57M27 

4. CJM 2016 (vol 68 pp. 1201)
 Banks, Jessica; Rathbun, Matt

Monodromy Action on Unknotting Tunnels in Fiber Surfaces
In \cite{RatTOFL}, the second author showed that a tunnel of a tunnel
number one, fibered link in $S^3$ can be isotoped to lie as a properly
embedded arc in the fiber surface of the link. In this paper, we
observe that this is true for fibered links in any 3manifold, we
analyze how the arc behaves under the monodromy action, and we show
that the tunnel arc is nearly clean, with the possible exception of
twisting around the boundary of the fiber.
Keywords:fibered, monodromy, tunnel, clean Category:57M25 

5. CJM 2015 (vol 68 pp. 3)
 Boden, Hans Ulysses; Curtis, Cynthia L

The SL$(2, C)$ Casson Invariant for Knots and the $\hat{A}$polynomial
In this paper, we extend the definition of the ${SL(2, {\mathbb C})}$ Casson
invariant
to arbitrary knots $K$ in integral homology 3spheres and relate
it to the $m$degree of the $\widehat{A}$polynomial of $K$. We
prove a product formula for the $\widehat{A}$polynomial of the connected
sum $K_1 \# K_2$ of two knots in $S^3$ and deduce additivity
of ${SL(2, {\mathbb C})}$ Casson knot invariant under connected sum for a large
class of knots in $S^3$. We also present an example of a nontrivial
knot $K$ in $S^3$ with trivial $\widehat{A}$polynomial and trivial
${SL(2, {\mathbb C})}$ Casson knot invariant, showing that neither of these invariants
detect the unknot.
Keywords:Knots, 3manifolds, character variety, Casson invariant, $A$polynomial Categories:57M27, 57M25, 57M05 

6. CJM 2013 (vol 66 pp. 141)
 CaillatGibert, Shanti; Matignon, Daniel

Existence of Taut Foliations on Seifert Fibered Homology $3$spheres
This paper concerns the problem of existence of taut foliations among $3$manifolds.
Since the contribution of David Gabai,
we know that closed $3$manifolds with nontrivial second homology group
admit a taut foliation.
The essential part of this paper focuses on Seifert fibered homology $3$spheres.
The result is quite different if they are integral or rational but nonintegral homology $3$spheres.
Concerning integral homology $3$spheres, we can see that all but the $3$sphere and the PoincarÃ© $3$sphere admit a taut foliation.
Concerning nonintegral homology $3$spheres,
we prove there are infinitely many which admit a taut foliation, and infinitely many without taut foliation.
Moreover, we show that the geometries do not determine the existence of taut foliations
on nonintegral Seifert fibered homology $3$spheres.
Keywords:homology 3spheres, taut foliation, Seifertfibered 3manifolds Categories:57M25, 57M50, 57N10, 57M15 

7. CJM 2011 (vol 64 pp. 102)
 Ishii, Atsushi; Iwakiri, Masahide

Quandle Cocycle Invariants for Spatial Graphs and Knotted Handlebodies
We introduce a flow of a spatial graph and see how invariants for
spatial graphs and handlebodylinks are derived from those for flowed
spatial graphs.
We define a new quandle (co)homology by introducing a subcomplex of the
rack chain complex.
Then we define quandle colorings and quandle cocycle invariants for
spatial graphs and handlebodylinks.
Keywords:quandle cocycle invariant, knotted handlebody, spatial graph Categories:57M27, 57M15, 57M25 

8. CJM 2008 (vol 60 pp. 1240)
 Beliakova, Anna; Wehrli, Stephan

Categorification of the Colored Jones Polynomial and Rasmussen Invariant of Links
We define a family of formal Khovanov brackets
of a colored link depending on two parameters.
The isomorphism classes of these brackets are
invariants of framed colored links.
The BarNatan functors applied to these brackets
produce Khovanov and Lee homology theories categorifying the colored
Jones polynomial. Further,
we study conditions under which
framed colored link cobordisms induce chain transformations between
our formal brackets. We conjecture that
for special choice of parameters, Khovanov and Lee homology theories
of colored links are functorial (up to sign).
Finally, we extend the Rasmussen invariant to links and give examples
where this invariant is a stronger obstruction to sliceness
than the multivariable LevineTristram signature.
Keywords:Khovanov homology, colored Jones polynomial, slice genus, movie moves, framed cobordism Categories:57M25, 57M27, 18G60 

9. CJM 2007 (vol 59 pp. 418)
 Stoimenow, A.

On Cabled Knots and Vassiliev Invariants (Not) Contained in Knot Polynomials
It is known that the BrandtLickorishMillettHo polynomial $Q$
contains Casson's knot invariant. Whether there are (essentially)
other Vassiliev knot invariants obtainable from $Q$ is an open
problem. We show that this is not so up to degree $9$. We also
give the (apparently) first examples of knots not distinguished
by 2cable HOMFLY polynomials which are not mutants. Our calculations
provide evidence of a negative answer to the question whether Vassiliev
knot invariants of degree $d \le 10$ are determined by the HOMFLY and
Kauffman polynomials and their 2cables, and for the existence of
algebras of such Vassiliev invariants not isomorphic to the algebras
of their weight systems.
Categories:57M25, 57M27, 20F36, 57M50 

10. CJM 2004 (vol 56 pp. 1022)
 Matignon, D.; Sayari, N.

NonOrientable Surfaces and Dehn Surgeries
Let $K$ be a knot in $S^3$. This paper is devoted to Dehn surgeries which create
$3$manifolds containing a closed nonorientable surface $\ch S$. We look at the
slope ${p}/{q}$ of the surgery, the Euler characteristic $\chi(\ch S)$ of the
surface and the intersection number $s$ between $\ch S$ and the core of the Dehn
surgery. We prove that if $\chi(\hat S) \geq 15  3q$, then $s=1$. Furthermore,
if $s=1$ then $q\leq 43\chi(\ch S)$ or $K$ is cabled and $q\leq 85\chi(\ch S)$.
As consequence, if $K$ is hyperbolic and $\chi(\ch S)=1$, then $q\leq 7$.
Keywords:Nonorientable surface, Dehn surgery, Intersection graphs Categories:57M25, 57N10, 57M15 

11. CJM 2000 (vol 52 pp. 293)
 Collin, Olivier

Floer Homology for Knots and $\SU(2)$Representations for Knot Complements and Cyclic Branched Covers
In this article, using 3orbifolds singular along a knot with
underlying space a homology sphere $Y^3$, the question of existence
of nontrivial and nonabelian $\SU(2)$representations of the
fundamental group of cyclic branched covers of $Y^3$ along a knot
is studied. We first use Floer Homology for knots to derive an
existence result of nonabelian $\SU(2)$representations of the
fundamental group of knot complements, for knots with a
nonvanishing equivariant signature. This provides information on
the existence of nontrivial and nonabelian
$\SU(2)$representations of the fundamental group of cyclic
branched covers. We illustrate the method with some examples of
knots in $S^3$.
Categories:57R57, 57M12, 57M25, 57M05 

12. CJM 1999 (vol 51 pp. 1035)
 Litherland, R. A.

The Homology of Abelian Covers of Knotted Graphs
Let $\tilde M$ be a regular branched cover of a homology 3sphere
$M$ with deck group $G\cong \zt^d$ and branch set a trivalent graph
$\Gamma$; such a cover is determined by a coloring of the edges of
$\Gamma$ with elements of $G$. For each index2 subgroup $H$ of
$G$, $M_H = \tilde M/H$ is a double branched cover of $M$. Sakuma
has proved that $H_1(\tilde M)$ is isomorphic, modulo 2torsion, to
$\bigoplus_H H_1(M_H)$, and has shown that $H_1(\tilde M)$ is
determined up to isomorphism by $\bigoplus_H H_1(M_H)$ in certain
cases; specifically, when $d=2$ and the coloring is such that the
branch set of each cover $M_H\to M$ is connected, and when $d=3$
and $\Gamma$ is the complete graph $K_4$. We prove this for a
larger class of coverings: when $d=2$, for any coloring of a
connected graph; when $d=3$ or $4$, for an infinite class of
colored graphs; and when $d=5$, for a single coloring of the
Petersen graph.
Categories:57M12, 57M25, 57M15 
