1. CJM Online first
 Cushing, David; Liu, Shiping; Peyerimhoff, Norbert

BakryÃmery Curvature Functions on Graphs
We study local properties of the BakryÃmery curvature function
$\mathcal{K}_{G,x}:(0,\infty]\to \mathbb{R}$ at a vertex $x$ of a graph
$G$
systematically. Here $\mathcal{K}_{G,x}(\mathcal{N})$ is defined as the optimal
curvature lower bound $\mathcal{K}$ in the BakryÃmery curvaturedimension
inequality $CD(\mathcal{K},\mathcal{N})$ that $x$ satisfies. We provide upper
and
lower bounds for the curvature functions, introduce fundamental
concepts like curvature sharpness and $S^1$out regularity,
and
relate the curvature functions of $G$ with various spectral
properties of (weighted) graphs constructed from local structures
of
$G$. We prove that the curvature functions of the Cartesian
product
of two graphs $G_1,G_2$ are equal to an abstract product of
curvature functions of $G_1,G_2$. We explore the curvature
functions
of Cayley graphs and many particular (families of) examples.
We
present various conjectures and construct an infinite increasing
family of $6$regular graphs which satisfy $CD(0,\infty)$ but
are
not Cayley graphs.
Keywords:BakryÃmery curvature, curvaturedimension inequality, Cayley graph, Cartesian product Categories:05C50, 52C99, 53A40 

2. CJM Online first
 Liu, Ricky Ini; Morales, Alejandro H.; Mészáros, Karola

Flow polytopes and the space of diagonal harmonics
A result of Haglund implies that the $(q,t)$bigraded Hilbert
series of the space of diagonal harmonics is a $(q,t)$Ehrhart
function of the flow polytope of a complete graph with netflow
vector $(n, 1, \dots, 1).$ We study the $(q,t)$Ehrhart functions
of flow polytopes of threshold graphs with arbitrary netflow
vectors. Our results generalize previously known specializations
of the mentioned bigraded Hilbert series at $t=1$, $0$, and $q^{1}$.
As a corollary to our results, we obtain a proof of a conjecture
of Armstrong, Garsia, Haglund, Rhoades and Sagan about the $(q,
q^{1})$Ehrhart function of the flow polytope of a complete
graph with an arbitrary netflow vector.
Keywords:flow polytope, threshold graph, diagonal harmonic, Tesler matrix Categories:05E10, 05C21, 52B20 

3. CJM Online first
 Giannopoulos, Apostolos; Koldobsky, Alexander; Valettas, Petros

Inequalities for the surface area of projections of convex bodies
We provide general inequalities that compare the surface area
$S(K)$ of a convex body $K$ in ${\mathbb R}^n$
to the minimal, average or maximal surface area of its hyperplane
or lower dimensional projections. We discuss the
same questions for all the quermassintegrals of $K$. We examine
separately the dependence of the constants
on the dimension in the case where $K$ is in some of the classical
positions or $K$ is a projection body.
Our results are in the spirit of the hyperplane problem, with
sections replaced by projections and volume by
surface area.
Keywords:surface area, convex body, projection Categories:52A20, 46B05 

4. CJM 2017 (vol 69 pp. 481)
 CorderoErausquin, Dario

Transport Inequalities for Logconcave Measures, Quantitative Forms and Applications
We review some simple techniques based on monotone mass transport
that allow us to obtain transporttype inequalities for any
logconcave
probability measure, and for more general measures as well. We
discuss quantitative forms of these inequalities, with application
to the BrascampLieb variance inequality.
Keywords:logconcave measures, transport inequality, BrascampLieb inequality, quantitative inequalities Categories:52A40, 60E15, 49Q20 

5. CJM 2016 (vol 69 pp. 767)
 Choi, Suyoung; Park, Hanchul

Wedge Operations and Torus Symmetries II
A fundamental idea in toric topology is that classes of manifolds
with wellbehaved torus actions (simply, toric spaces) are classified
by pairs of simplicial complexes and (nonsingular) characteristic
maps. The authors in their previous paper provided a new way
to find all characteristic maps on a simplicial complex $K(J)$
obtainable by a sequence of wedgings from $K$. The main idea
was that characteristic maps on $K$ theoretically determine all
possible characteristic maps on a wedge of $K$.
In this work, we further develop our previous work for classification
of toric spaces. For a starshaped simplicial sphere $K$ of dimension
$n1$ with $m$ vertices, the Picard number $\operatorname{Pic}(K)$ of $K$ is
$mn$. We refer to $K$ as a seed if $K$ cannot be obtained
by wedgings. First, we show that, for a fixed positive integer
$\ell$, there are at most finitely many seeds of Picard number
$\ell$ supporting characteristic maps. As a corollary, the conjecture
proposed by V.V. Batyrev in 1991 is solved affirmatively.
Second, we investigate a systematic method to find all characteristic
maps on $K(J)$ using combinatorial objects called (realizable)
puzzles that only depend on a seed $K$.
These two facts lead to a practical way to classify the toric
spaces of fixed Picard number.
Keywords:puzzle, toric variety, simplicial wedge, characteristic map Categories:57S25, 14M25, 52B11, 13F55, 18A10 

6. CJM 2016 (vol 68 pp. 762)
 Colesanti, Andrea; Gómez, Eugenia Saorín; Nicolás, Jesus Yepes

On a Linear Refinement of the PrÃ©kopaLeindler Inequality
If $f,g:\mathbb{R}^n\longrightarrow\mathbb{R}_{\geq0}$ are nonnegative measurable
functions, then the PrÃ©kopaLeindler inequality asserts that
the integral of the Asplund sum (provided that it is measurable)
is greater or equal than the $0$mean of the integrals of $f$
and $g$.
In this paper we prove that under the sole assumption that $f$
and $g$ have
a common projection onto a hyperplane, the PrÃ©kopaLeindler
inequality admits a linear refinement. Moreover, the same inequality
can be obtained when assuming that both projections (not necessarily
equal as functions) have the same integral. An analogous approach
may be also carried out for the socalled BorellBrascampLieb
inequality.
Keywords:PrÃ©kopaLeindler inequality, linearity, Asplund sum, projections, BorellBrascampLieb inequality Categories:52A40, 26D15, 26B25 

7. CJM 2016 (vol 69 pp. 873)
 Xiao, Jie; Ye, Deping

Anisotropic Sobolev Capacity with Fractional Order
In this paper, we introduce the anisotropic
Sobolev capacity with fractional order and develop some basic
properties for this new object. Applications to the theory of
anisotropic fractional Sobolev spaces are provided. In particular,
we give geometric characterizations for a nonnegative Radon
measure $\mu$ that naturally induces an embedding of the anisotropic
fractional Sobolev class $\dot{\Lambda}_{\alpha,K}^{1,1}$ into
the $\mu$basedLebesguespace $L^{n/\beta}_\mu$ with $0\lt \beta\le
n$. Also, we investigate the anisotropic fractional $\alpha$perimeter.
Such a geometric quantity can be used to approximate the anisotropic
Sobolev capacity with fractional order. Estimation on the constant
in the related Minkowski inequality, which is asymptotically
optimal as $\alpha\rightarrow 0^+$, will be provided.
Keywords:sharpness, isoperimetric inequality, Minkowski inequality, fractional Sobolev capacity, fractional perimeter Categories:52A38, 53A15, 53A30 

8. CJM 2016 (vol 69 pp. 321)
 De Bernardi, Carlo Alberto; Veselý, Libor

Tilings of Normed Spaces
By a tiling of a topological linear space $X$ we mean a
covering of $X$ by at least two closed convex sets,
called tiles, whose nonempty interiors are
pairwise disjoint.
Study of tilings of infinitedimensional spaces initiated in
the
1980's with pioneer papers by V. Klee.
We prove some general properties of tilings of locally convex
spaces,
and then apply these results to study existence of tilings of
normed and Banach spaces by tiles possessing
certain smoothness or rotundity properties. For a Banach space
$X$,
our main results are the following.
1. $X$ admits no tiling by FrÃ©chet smooth bounded tiles.
2. If $X$ is locally uniformly rotund (LUR), it does not admit
any tiling by balls.
3. On the other hand, some $\ell_1(\Gamma)$ spaces, $\Gamma$
uncountable, do admit
a tiling by pairwise disjoint LUR bounded tiles.
Keywords:tiling of normed space, FrÃ©chet smooth body, locally uniformly rotund body, $\ell_1(\Gamma)$space Categories:46B20, 52A99, 46A45 

9. CJM 2016 (vol 68 pp. 876)
 Ostrovskii, Mikhail; Randrianantoanina, Beata

Metric Spaces Admitting Lowdistortion Embeddings into All $n$dimensional Banach Spaces
For a fixed $K\gg 1$ and
$n\in\mathbb{N}$, $n\gg 1$, we study metric
spaces which admit embeddings with distortion $\le K$ into each
$n$dimensional Banach space. Classical examples include spaces
embeddable
into $\log n$dimensional Euclidean spaces, and equilateral spaces.
We prove that good embeddability properties are preserved under
the operation of metric composition of metric spaces. In
particular, we prove that $n$point ultrametrics can be
embedded with uniformly bounded distortions into arbitrary Banach
spaces of dimension $\log n$.
The main result of the paper is a new example of a family of
finite metric spaces which are not metric compositions of
classical examples and which do embed with uniformly bounded
distortion into any Banach space of dimension $n$. This partially
answers a question of G. Schechtman.
Keywords:basis constant, bilipschitz embedding, diamond graph, distortion, equilateral set, ultrametric Categories:46B85, 05C12, 30L05, 46B15, 52A21 

10. CJM 2013 (vol 67 pp. 3)
 Alfonseca, M. Angeles; Kim, Jaegil

On the Local Convexity of Intersection Bodies of Revolution
One of the fundamental results in Convex Geometry is Busemann's
theorem, which states that the intersection body of a symmetric convex
body is convex. Thus, it is only natural to ask if there is a
quantitative version of Busemann's theorem, i.e., if the intersection
body operation actually improves convexity. In this paper we
concentrate on the symmetric bodies of revolution to provide several
results on the (strict) improvement of convexity under the
intersection body operation. It is shown that the intersection body of
a symmetric convex body of revolution has the same asymptotic behavior
near the equator as the Euclidean
ball. We apply this result to show that in sufficiently high
dimension the double intersection body of a symmetric convex body of
revolution is very close to an ellipsoid in the BanachMazur
distance. We also prove results on the local convexity at the equator
of intersection bodies in the class of star bodies of revolution.
Keywords:convex bodies, intersection bodies of star bodies, Busemann's theorem, local convexity Categories:52A20, 52A38, 44A12 

11. CJM 2013 (vol 66 pp. 783)
 Izmestiev, Ivan

Infinitesimal Rigidity of Convex Polyhedra through the Second Derivative of the HilbertEinstein Functional
The paper is centered around a new proof of the infinitesimal rigidity
of convex polyhedra. The proof is based on studying derivatives of the
discrete HilbertEinstein functional on the space of "warped
polyhedra" with a fixed metric on the boundary.
The situation is in a sense dual to using derivatives of the volume in order to prove the Gauss infinitesimal rigidity of convex polyhedra. This latter kind of rigidity is related to the Minkowski theorem on the existence and uniqueness of a polyhedron with prescribed face normals and face areas.
In the spherical and in the hyperbolicde Sitter space, there is a perfect duality between the HilbertEinstein functional and the volume, as well as between both kinds of rigidity.
We review some of the related work and discuss directions for future research.
Keywords:convex polyhedron, rigidity, HilbertEinstein functional, Minkowski theorem Categories:52B99, 53C24 

12. CJM 2012 (vol 65 pp. 1236)
 De Bernardi, Carlo Alberto

Higher Connectedness Properties of Support Points and Functionals of Convex Sets
We prove that the set of all support points of a nonempty closed convex bounded set $C$ in a real infinitedimensional Banach space $X$ is $\mathrm{AR(}\sigma$$\mathrm{compact)}$ and contractible. Under suitable conditions, similar results are proved also for the set of all support functionals of $C$ and for the domain, the graph and the range of the subdifferential map of a proper convex l.s.c. function on $X$.
Keywords:convex set, support point, support functional, absolute retract, LeraySchauder continuation principle Categories:46A55, 46B99, 52A07 

13. CJM 2012 (vol 66 pp. 700)
 He, Jianxun; Xiao, Jinsen

Inversion of the Radon Transform on the Free Nilpotent Lie Group of Step Two
Let $F_{2n,2}$ be the free nilpotent Lie group of step two on $2n$
generators, and let $\mathbf P$ denote the affine automorphism group
of $F_{2n,2}$. In this article the theory of continuous wavelet
transform on $F_{2n,2}$ associated with $\mathbf P$ is developed,
and then a type of radial wavelets is constructed. Secondly, the
Radon transform on $F_{2n,2}$ is studied and two equivalent
characterizations of the range for Radon transform are given.
Several kinds of inversion Radon transform formulae
are established. One is obtained from the Euclidean Fourier transform, the others are from group Fourier transform. By using wavelet transform we deduce an inversion formula of the Radon
transform, which
does not require the smoothness of
functions if the wavelet satisfies the differentiability property.
Specially, if $n=1$, $F_{2,2}$ is the $3$dimensional Heisenberg group $H^1$, the
inversion formula of the Radon transform is valid which is
associated with the subLaplacian on $F_{2,2}$. This result cannot
be extended to the case $n\geq 2$.
Keywords:Radon transform, wavelet transform, free nilpotent Lie group, unitary representation, inversion formula, subLaplacian Categories:43A85, 44A12, 52A38 

14. CJM 2012 (vol 65 pp. 675)
 Strungaru, Nicolae

On the Bragg Diffraction Spectra of a Meyer Set
Meyer sets have a relatively dense set of Bragg peaks and
for this reason they may be considered as basic mathematical
examples of (aperiodic) crystals. In this paper we investigate the
pure point part of the diffraction of Meyer sets in more detail.
The results are of two kinds. First we show that given a Meyer set
and any positive intensity $a$ less than the maximum intensity of its Bragg
peaks, the set of Bragg peaks whose intensity exceeds $a$ is
itself a Meyer set (in the Fourier space). Second we show that if a
Meyer set is modified by addition and removal of points in such a
way that its density is not altered too much (the allowable amount
being given explicitly as a proportion of the original density)
then the newly obtained set still has a relatively dense set of Bragg
peaks.
Keywords:diffraction, Meyer set, Bragg peaks Category:52C23 

15. CJM 2012 (vol 65 pp. 1401)
 Zhao, Wei; Shen, Yibing

A Universal Volume Comparison Theorem for Finsler Manifolds and Related Results
In this paper, we establish a universal volume comparison theorem
for Finsler manifolds and give the BergerKazdan inequality and
SantalÃ³'s formula in Finsler geometry. Being based on these, we
derive a BergerKazdan type comparison theorem and a Croke type
isoperimetric inequality for Finsler manifolds.
Keywords:Finsler manifold, BergerKazdan inequality, BergerKazdan comparison theorem, SantalÃ³'s formula, Croke's isoperimetric inequality Categories:53B40, 53C65, 52A38 

16. CJM 2011 (vol 64 pp. 1036)
 Koh, Doowon; Shen, ChunYen

Harmonic Analysis Related to Homogeneous Varieties in Three Dimensional Vector Spaces over Finite Fields
In this paper we study the extension problem, the
averaging problem, and the generalized ErdÅsFalconer distance
problem associated with arbitrary homogeneous varieties in three
dimensional vector spaces over finite fields. In the case when the
varieties do not contain any plane passing through the origin, we
obtain the best possible results on the aforementioned three problems. In
particular, our result on the extension problem modestly generalizes
the result by Mockenhaupt and Tao who studied the particular conical
extension problem. In addition, investigating the Fourier decay on
homogeneous varieties enables us to give complete mapping properties
of averaging operators. Moreover, we improve the size condition on a
set such that the cardinality of its distance set is nontrivial.
Keywords:extension problems, averaging operator, finite fields, ErdÅsFalconer distance problems, homogeneous polynomial Categories:42B05, 11T24, 52C17 

17. CJM 2011 (vol 63 pp. 1254)
 D'Azevedo, Antonio Breda; Jones, Gareth A.; Schulte, Egon

Constructions of Chiral Polytopes of Small Rank
An abstract polytope of rank $n$ is said to be chiral if its
automorphism group has precisely two orbits on the flags, such that
adjacent flags belong to distinct orbits. This paper describes
a general method for deriving new finite chiral polytopes from old
finite chiral polytopes of the same rank. In particular, the technique
is used to construct many new examples in ranks $3$, $4$, and $5$.
Keywords:abstract regular polytope, chiral polytope, chiral maps Categories:51M20, 52B15, 05C25 

18. CJM 2011 (vol 63 pp. 1038)
 Cohen, D.; Denham, G.; Falk, M.; Varchenko, A.

Critical Points and Resonance of Hyperplane Arrangements
If $\Phi_\lambda$ is a master function corresponding to a hyperplane arrangement
$\mathcal A$ and a collection of weights $\lambda$, we investigate the relationship
between the critical set of $\Phi_\lambda$, the variety defined by the vanishing
of the oneform $\omega_\lambda=\operatorname{d} \log \Phi_\lambda$, and the resonance of $\lambda$.
For arrangements satisfying certain conditions, we show that if $\lambda$ is
resonant in dimension $p$, then the critical set
of $\Phi_\lambda$ has codimension
at most $p$. These include all free arrangements and all rank $3$ arrangements.
Keywords:hyperplane arrangement, master function, resonant weights, critical set Categories:32S22, 55N25, 52C35 

19. CJM 2011 (vol 63 pp. 1220)
 Baake, Michael; Scharlau, Rudolf; Zeiner, Peter

Similar Sublattices of Planar Lattices
The similar sublattices of a planar lattice can be classified via
its multiplier ring. The latter is the ring of rational integers in
the generic case, and an order in an imaginary quadratic field
otherwise. Several classes of examples are discussed, with special
emphasis on concrete results. In particular, we derive Dirichlet
series generating functions for the number of distinct similar
sublattices of a given index, and relate them to
zeta functions of orders in imaginary quadratic fields.
Categories:11H06, 11R11, 52C05, 82D25 

20. CJM 2010 (vol 62 pp. 1293)
 Kasprzyk, Alexander M.

Canonical Toric Fano Threefolds
An inductive approach to classifying all toric Fano varieties is
given. As an application of this technique, we present a
classification of the toric Fano threefolds with at worst canonical
singularities. Up to isomorphism, there are $674,\!688$ such
varieties.
Keywords:toric, Fano, threefold, canonical singularities, convex polytopes Categories:14J30, 14J30, 14M25, 52B20 

21. CJM 2010 (vol 62 pp. 1228)
22. CJM 2010 (vol 62 pp. 1404)
 Saroglou, Christos

Characterizations of Extremals for some Functionals on Convex Bodies
We investigate equality cases in inequalities for Sylvestertype
functionals. Namely, it was proven by Campi, Colesanti, and Gronchi
that the quantity
$$
\int_{x_0\in K}\cdots\int_{x_n\in
K}[V(\textrm{conv}\{x_0,\dots,x_n\})]^pdx_0\cdots dx_n , n\geq d, p\geq
1
$$
is maximized by triangles among all planar convex bodies $K$
(parallelograms in the symmetric case). We show that these are the
only maximizers, a fact proven by Giannopoulos for $p=1$.
Moreover, if $h$: $\mathbb{R}_+\rightarrow \mathbb{R}_+$ is a
strictly increasing function and $W_j$ is the $j$th
quermassintegral in $\mathbb{R}^d$, we prove that the functional
$$
\int_{x_0\in K_0}\cdots\int_{x_n\in
K_n}h(W_j(\textrm{conv}\{x_0,\dots,x_n\}))dx_0\cdots dx_n , n \geq d
$$
is
minimized among the $(n+1)$tuples of convex bodies of fixed
volumes if and only if $K_0,\dots,K_n$ are homothetic ellipsoids
when $j=0$ (extending a result of Groemer) and Euclidean balls
with the same center when $j>0$ (extending a result of Hartzoulaki
and Paouris).
Categories:52A40, 52A22 

23. CJM 2010 (vol 62 pp. 975)
 Bjorndahl, Christina; Karshon, Yael

Revisiting TietzeNakajima: Local and Global Convexity for Maps
A theorem of Tietze and Nakajima, from 1928, asserts that
if a subset $X$ of $\mathbb{R}^n$ is closed, connected, and locally convex,
then it is convex.
We give an analogous ``local to global convexity" theorem
when the inclusion map of $X$ to $\mathbb{R}^n$ is replaced by a map
from a topological space $X$ to $\mathbb{R}^n$ that satisfies
certain local properties.
Our motivation comes from the CondevauxDazordMolino proof
of the AtiyahGuilleminSternberg convexity theorem in symplectic geometry.
Categories:53D20, 52B99 

24. CJM 2009 (vol 61 pp. 1300)
 Hubard, Isabel; Orbani\'c, Alen; Weiss, Asia Ivi\'c

Monodromy Groups and SelfInvariance
For every polytope $\mathcal{P}$ there is the universal regular
polytope of the same rank as $\mathcal{P}$ corresponding to the
Coxeter group $\mathcal{C} =[\infty, \dots, \infty]$. For a given
automorphism $d$ of $\mathcal{C}$, using monodromy groups, we
construct a combinatorial structure $\mathcal{P}^d$. When
$\mathcal{P}^d$ is a polytope isomorphic to $\mathcal{P}$ we say that
$\mathcal{P}$ is selfinvariant with respect to $d$, or
$d$invariant. We develop algebraic tools for investigating these
operations on polytopes, and in particular give a criterion on the
existence of a $d$\nobreakdashauto\morphism of a given order. As an application,
we analyze properties of selfdual edgetransitive polyhedra and
polyhedra with two flagorbits. We investigate properties of medials
of such polyhedra. Furthermore, we give an example of a selfdual
equivelar polyhedron which contains no polarity (duality of order
2). We also extend the concept of Petrie dual to higher dimensions,
and we show how it can be dealt with using selfinvariance.
Keywords:maps, abstract polytopes, selfduality, monodromy groups, medials of polyhedra Categories:51M20, 05C25, 05C10, 05C30, 52B70 

25. CJM 2009 (vol 61 pp. 904)
 Saliola, Franco V.

The Face Semigroup Algebra of a Hyperplane Arrangement
This article presents a study of an algebra spanned by the faces of a
hyperplane arrangement. The quiver with relations of the algebra is
computed and the algebra is shown to be a Koszul algebra.
It is shown that the algebra depends only on the intersection lattice of
the hyperplane arrangement. A complete system of primitive orthogonal
idempotents for the algebra is constructed and other algebraic structure
is determined including: a description of the projective indecomposable
modules, the Cartan invariants, projective resolutions of the simple
modules, the Hochschild homology and cohomology, and the Koszul dual
algebra. A new cohomology construction on posets is introduced, and it is
shown that the face semigroup algebra is isomorphic to the cohomology
algebra when this construction is applied to the intersection lattice of
the hyperplane arrangement.
Categories:52C35, 05E25, 16S37 
