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Search: MSC category 46B20 ( Geometry and structure of normed linear spaces )

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1. CJM Online first

Astashkin, Sergey V.; Lesnik, Karol; Maligranda, Lech
Isomorphic structure of Cesàro and Tandori spaces
We investigate the isomorphic structure of the Cesàro spaces and their duals, the Tandori spaces. The main result states that the Cesàro function space $Ces_{\infty}$ and its sequence counterpart $ces_{\infty}$ are isomorphic, which answers the question posted previously. This is rather surprising since $Ces_{\infty}$ (like the known Talagrand's example) has no natural lattice predual. We prove that $ces_{\infty}$ is not isomorphic to ${\ell}_{\infty}$ nor is $Ces_{\infty}$ isomorphic to the Tandori space $\widetilde{L_1}$ with the norm $\|f\|_{\widetilde{L_1}}= \|\widetilde{f}\|_{L_1},$ where $\widetilde{f}(t):= \operatorname{esssup}_{s \geq t} |f(s)|.$ Our investigation involves also an examination of the Schur and Dunford-Pettis properties of Cesàro and Tandori spaces. In particular, using results of Bourgain we show that a wide class of Cesàro-Marcinkiewicz and Cesàro-Lorentz spaces have the latter property.

Keywords:Cesàro and Tandori sequence spaces, Cesàro and Tandori function spaces, Cesàro operator, Banach ideal space, symmetric space, Schur property, Dunford-Pettis property, isomorphism
Categories:46E30, 46B20, 46B42, 46B45

2. CJM 2017 (vol 70 pp. 53)

Dantas, Sheldon; García, Domingo; Maestre, Manuel; Martín, Miguel
The Bishop-Phelps-Bollobás property for compact operators
We study the Bishop-Phelps-Bollobás property (BPBp for short) for compact operators. We present some abstract techniques which allows to carry the BPBp for compact operators from sequence spaces to function spaces. As main applications, we prove the following results. Let $X$, $Y$ be Banach spaces. If $(c_0,Y)$ has the BPBp for compact operators, then so do $(C_0(L),Y)$ for every locally compact Hausdorff topological space $L$ and $(X,Y)$ whenever $X^*$ is isometrically isomorphic to $\ell_1$. If $X^*$ has the Radon-Nikodým property and $(\ell_1(X),Y)$ has the BPBp for compact operators, then so does $(L_1(\mu,X),Y)$ for every positive measure $\mu$; as a consequence, $(L_1(\mu,X),Y)$ has the the BPBp for compact operators when $X$ and $Y$ are finite-dimensional or $Y$ is a Hilbert space and $X=c_0$ or $X=L_p(\nu)$ for any positive measure $\nu$ and $1\lt p\lt \infty$. For $1\leq p \lt \infty$, if $(X,\ell_p(Y))$ has the BPBp for compact operators, then so does $(X,L_p(\mu,Y))$ for every positive measure $\mu$ such that $L_1(\mu)$ is infinite-dimensional. If $(X,Y)$ has the BPBp for compact operators, then so do $(X,L_\infty(\mu,Y))$ for every $\sigma$-finite positive measure $\mu$ and $(X,C(K,Y))$ for every compact Hausdorff topological space $K$.

Keywords:Bishop-Phelps theorem, Bishop-Phelps-Bollobás property, norm attaining operator, compact operator
Categories:46B04, 46B20, 46B28, 46B25, 46E40

3. CJM 2016 (vol 69 pp. 321)

De Bernardi, Carlo Alberto; Veselý, Libor
Tilings of Normed Spaces
By a tiling of a topological linear space $X$ we mean a covering of $X$ by at least two closed convex sets, called tiles, whose nonempty interiors are pairwise disjoint. Study of tilings of infinite-dimensional spaces initiated in the 1980's with pioneer papers by V. Klee. We prove some general properties of tilings of locally convex spaces, and then apply these results to study existence of tilings of normed and Banach spaces by tiles possessing certain smoothness or rotundity properties. For a Banach space $X$, our main results are the following. 1. $X$ admits no tiling by Fréchet smooth bounded tiles. 2. If $X$ is locally uniformly rotund (LUR), it does not admit any tiling by balls. 3. On the other hand, some $\ell_1(\Gamma)$ spaces, $\Gamma$ uncountable, do admit a tiling by pairwise disjoint LUR bounded tiles.

Keywords:tiling of normed space, Fréchet smooth body, locally uniformly rotund body, $\ell_1(\Gamma)$-space
Categories:46B20, 52A99, 46A45

4. CJM 2013 (vol 66 pp. 1143)

Plevnik, Lucijan; Šemrl, Peter
Maps Preserving Complementarity of Closed Subspaces of a Hilbert Space
Let $\mathcal{H}$ and $\mathcal{K}$ be infinite-dimensional separable Hilbert spaces and ${\rm Lat}\,\mathcal{H}$ the lattice of all closed subspaces oh $\mathcal{H}$. We describe the general form of pairs of bijective maps $\phi , \psi : {\rm Lat}\,\mathcal{H} \to {\rm Lat}\,\mathcal{K}$ having the property that for every pair $U,V \in {\rm Lat}\,\mathcal{H}$ we have $\mathcal{H} = U \oplus V \iff \mathcal{K} = \phi (U) \oplus \psi (V)$. Then we reformulate this theorem as a description of bijective image equality and kernel equality preserving maps acting on bounded linear idempotent operators. Several known structural results for maps on idempotents are easy consequences.

Keywords:Hilbert space, lattice of closed subspaces, complemented subspaces, adjacent subspaces, idempotents
Categories:46B20, 47B49

5. CJM 2013 (vol 66 pp. 373)

Kim, Sun Kwang; Lee, Han Ju
Uniform Convexity and Bishop-Phelps-Bollobás Property
A new characterization of the uniform convexity of Banach space is obtained in the sense of Bishop-Phelps-Bollobás theorem. It is also proved that the couple of Banach spaces $(X,Y)$ has the bishop-phelps-bollobás property for every banach space $y$ when $X$ is uniformly convex. As a corollary, we show that the Bishop-Phelps-Bollobás theorem holds for bilinear forms on $\ell_p\times \ell_q$ ($1\lt p, q\lt \infty$).

Keywords:Bishop-Phelps-Bollobás property, Bishop-Phelps-Bollobás theorem, norm attaining, uniformly convex
Categories:46B20, 46B22

6. CJM 2010 (vol 62 pp. 827)

Ouyang, Caiheng; Xu, Quanhua
BMO Functions and Carleson Measures with Values in Uniformly Convex Spaces
This paper studies the relationship between vector-valued BMO functions and the Carleson measures defined by their gradients. Let $dA$ and $dm$ denote Lebesgue measures on the unit disc $D$ and the unit circle $\mathbf{T}$, respectively. For $1< q<\infty$ and a Banach space $B$, we prove that there exists a positive constant $c$ such that $$\sup_{z_0\in D}\int_{D}(1-|z|)^{q-1}\|\nabla f(z)\|^q P_{z_0}(z) dA(z) \le c^q\sup_{z_0\in D}\int_{\mathbf{T}}\|f(z)-f(z_0)\|^qP_{z_0}(z) dm(z)$$ holds for all trigonometric polynomials $f$ with coefficients in $B$ if and only if $B$ admits an equivalent norm which is $q$-uniformly convex, where $$P_{z_0}(z)=\frac{1-|z_0|^2}{|1-\bar{z_0}z|^2} .$$ The validity of the converse inequality is equivalent to the existence of an equivalent $q$-uniformly smooth norm.

Keywords:BMO, Carleson measures, Lusin type, Lusin cotype, uniformly convex spaces, uniformly smooth spaces
Categories:46E40, 42B25, 46B20

7. CJM 2010 (vol 62 pp. 595)

Martínez, J. F.; Moltó, A.; Orihuela, J.; Troyanski, S.
On Locally Uniformly Rotund Renormings in C(K) Spaces
A characterization of the Banach spaces of type $C(K)$ that admit an equivalent locally uniformly rotund norm is obtained, and a method to apply it to concrete spaces is developed. As an application the existence of such renorming is deduced when $K$ is a Namioka--Phelps compact or for some particular class of Rosenthal compacta, results which were originally proved with \emph{ad hoc} methods.

Categories:46B03, 46B20

8. CJM 2009 (vol 61 pp. 124)

Dijkstra, Jan J.; Mill, Jan van
Characterizing Complete Erd\H os Space
The space now known as {\em complete Erd\H os space\/} $\cerdos$ was introduced by Paul Erd\H os in 1940 as the closed subspace of the Hilbert space $\ell^2$ consisting of all vectors such that every coordinate is in the convergent sequence $\{0\}\cup\{1/n:n\in\N\}$. In a solution to a problem posed by Lex G. Oversteegen we present simple and useful topological characterizations of $\cerdos$. As an application we determine the class of factors of $\cerdos$. In another application we determine precisely which of the spaces that can be constructed in the Banach spaces $\ell^p$ according to the `Erd\H os method' are homeomorphic to $\cerdos$. A novel application states that if $I$ is a Polishable $F_\sigma$-ideal on $\omega$, then $I$ with the Polish topology is homeomorphic to either $\Z$, the Cantor set $2^\omega$, $\Z\times2^\omega$, or $\cerdos$. This last result answers a question that was asked by Stevo Todor{\v{c}}evi{\'c}.

Keywords:Complete Erd\H os space, Lelek fan, almost zero-dimensional, nowhere zero-dimensional, Polishable ideals, submeasures on $\omega$, $\R$-trees, line-free groups in Banach spaces
Categories:28C10, 46B20, 54F65

9. CJM 2008 (vol 60 pp. 1108)

Lopez-Abad, J.; Manoussakis, A.
A Classification of Tsirelson Type Spaces
We give a complete classification of mixed Tsirelson spaces $T[(\mathcal F_i,\theta_i)_{i=1}^{r}]$ for finitely many pairs of given compact and hereditary families $\mathcal F_i$ of finite sets of integers and $0<\theta_i<1$ in terms of the Cantor--Bendixson indices of the families $\mathcal F_i$, and $\theta_i$ ($1\le i\le r$). We prove that there are unique countable ordinal $\alpha$ and $0<\theta<1$ such that every block sequence of $T[(\mathcal F_i,\theta_i)_{i=1}^{r}]$ has a subsequence equivalent to a subsequence of the natural basis of the $T(\mathcal S_{\omega^\alpha},\theta)$. Finally, we give a complete criterion of comparison in between two of these mixed Tsirelson spaces.

Categories:46B20, 05D10

10. CJM 2007 (vol 59 pp. 1029)

Kalton, N. J.; Koldobsky, A.; Yaskin, V.; Yaskina, M.
The Geometry of $L_0$
Suppose that we have the unit Euclidean ball in $\R^n$ and construct new bodies using three operations --- linear transformations, closure in the radial metric, and multiplicative summation defined by $\|x\|_{K+_0L} = \sqrt{\|x\|_K\|x\|_L}.$ We prove that in dimension $3$ this procedure gives all origin-symmetric convex bodies, while this is no longer true in dimensions $4$ and higher. We introduce the concept of embedding of a normed space in $L_0$ that naturally extends the corresponding properties of $L_p$-spaces with $p\ne0$, and show that the procedure described above gives exactly the unit balls of subspaces of $L_0$ in every dimension. We provide Fourier analytic and geometric characterizations of spaces embedding in $L_0$, and prove several facts confirming the place of $L_0$ in the scale of $L_p$-spaces.

Categories:52A20, 52A21, 46B20

11. CJM 2007 (vol 59 pp. 63)

Ferenczi, Valentin; Galego, Elói Medina
Some Results on the Schroeder--Bernstein Property for Separable Banach Spaces
We construct a continuum of mutually non-isomorphic separable Banach spaces which are complemented in each other. Consequently, the Schroeder--Bernstein Index of any of these spaces is $2^{\aleph_0}$. Our construction is based on a Banach space introduced by W. T. Gowers and B. Maurey in 1997. We also use classical descriptive set theory methods, as in some work of the first author and C. Rosendal, to improve some results of P. G. Casazza and of N. J. Kalton on the Schroeder--Bernstein Property for spaces with an unconditional finite-dimensional Schauder decomposition.

Keywords:complemented subspaces,, Schroeder-Bernstein property
Categories:46B03, 46B20

12. CJM 2006 (vol 58 pp. 820)

Moreno, J. P.; Papini, P. L.; Phelps, R. R.
Diametrically Maximal and Constant Width Sets in Banach Spaces
We characterize diametrically maximal and constant width sets in $C(K)$, where $K$ is any compact Hausdorff space. These results are applied to prove that the sum of two diametrically maximal sets needs not be diametrically maximal, thus solving a question raised in a paper by Groemer. A~characterization of diametrically maximal sets in $\ell_1^3$ is also given, providing a negative answer to Groemer's problem in finite dimensional spaces. We characterize constant width sets in $c_0(I)$, for every $I$, and then we establish the connections between the Jung constant of a Banach space and the existence of constant width sets with empty interior. Porosity properties of families of sets of constant width and rotundity properties of diametrically maximal sets are also investigated. Finally, we present some results concerning non-reflexive and Hilbert spaces.

Categories:52A05, 46B20

13. CJM 2004 (vol 56 pp. 472)

Fonf, Vladimir P.; Veselý, Libor
Infinite-Dimensional Polyhedrality
This paper deals with generalizations of the notion of a polytope to infinite dimensions. The most general definition is the following: a bounded closed convex subset of a Banach space is called a \emph{polytope} if each of its finite-dimensional affine sections is a (standard) polytope. We study the relationships between eight known definitions of infinite-dimensional polyhedrality. We provide a complete isometric classification of them, which gives solutions to several open problems. An almost complete isomorphic classification is given as well (only one implication remains open).

Categories:46B20, 46B03, 46B04, 52B99

14. CJM 2004 (vol 56 pp. 225)

Blower, Gordon; Ransford, Thomas
Complex Uniform Convexity and Riesz Measure
The norm on a Banach space gives rise to a subharmonic function on the complex plane for which the distributional Laplacian gives a Riesz measure. This measure is calculated explicitly here for Lebesgue $L^p$ spaces and the von~Neumann-Schatten trace ideals. Banach spaces that are $q$-uniformly $\PL$-convex in the sense of Davis, Garling and Tomczak-Jaegermann are characterized in terms of the mass distribution of this measure. This gives a new proof that the trace ideals $c^p$ are $2$-uniformly $\PL$-convex for $1\leq p\leq 2$.

Keywords:subharmonic functions, Banach spaces, Schatten trace ideals
Categories:46B20, 46L52

15. CJM 2000 (vol 52 pp. 999)

Mankiewicz, Piotr
Compact Groups of Operators on Subproportional Quotients of $l^m_1$
It is proved that a ``typical'' $n$-dimensional quotient $X_n$ of $l^m_1$ with $n = m^{\sigma}$, $0 < \sigma < 1$, has the property $$ \Average \int_G \|Tx\|_{X_n} \,dh_G(T) \geq \frac{c}{\sqrt{n\log^3 n}} \biggl( n - \int_G |\tr T| \,dh_G (T) \biggr), $$ for every compact group $G$ of operators acting on $X_n$, where $d_G(T)$ stands for the normalized Haar measure on $G$ and the average is taken over all extreme points of the unit ball of $X_n$. Several consequences of this estimate are presented.

Categories:46B20, 46B09

16. CJM 1999 (vol 51 pp. 566)

Ferenczi, V.
Quotient Hereditarily Indecomposable Banach Spaces
A Banach space $X$ is said to be {\it quotient hereditarily indecomposable\/} if no infinite dimensional quotient of a subspace of $X$ is decomposable. We provide an example of a quotient hereditarily indecomposable space, namely the space $X_{\GM}$ constructed by W.~T.~Gowers and B.~Maurey in \cite{GM}. Then we provide an example of a reflexive hereditarily indecomposable space $\hat{X}$ whose dual is not hereditarily indecomposable; so $\hat{X}$ is not quotient hereditarily indecomposable. We also show that every operator on $\hat{X}^*$ is a strictly singular perturbation of an homothetic map.

Categories:46B20, 47B99

17. CJM 1999 (vol 51 pp. 26)

Fabian, Marián; Mordukhovich, Boris S.
Separable Reduction and Supporting Properties of Fréchet-Like Normals in Banach Spaces
We develop a method of separable reduction for Fr\'{e}chet-like normals and $\epsilon$-normals to arbitrary sets in general Banach spaces. This method allows us to reduce certain problems involving such normals in nonseparable spaces to the separable case. It is particularly helpful in Asplund spaces where every separable subspace admits a Fr\'{e}chet smooth renorm. As an applicaton of the separable reduction method in Asplund spaces, we provide a new direct proof of a nonconvex extension of the celebrated Bishop-Phelps density theorem. Moreover, in this way we establish new characterizations of Asplund spaces in terms of $\epsilon$-normals.

Keywords:nonsmooth analysis, Banach spaces, separable reduction, Fréchet-like normals and subdifferentials, supporting properties, Asplund spaces
Categories:49J52, 58C20, 46B20

18. CJM 1997 (vol 49 pp. 1242)

Randrianantoanina, Beata
$1$-complemented subspaces of spaces with $1$-unconditional bases
We prove that if $X$ is a complex strictly monotone sequence space with $1$-un\-con\-di\-tion\-al basis, $Y \subseteq X$ has no bands isometric to $\ell_2^2$ and $Y$ is the range of norm-one projection from $X$, then $Y$ is a closed linear span a family of mutually disjoint vectors in $X$. We completely characterize $1$-complemented subspaces and norm-one projections in complex spaces $\ell_p(\ell_q)$ for $1 \leq p, q < \infty$. Finally we give a full description of the subspaces that are spanned by a family of disjointly supported vectors and which are $1$-complemented in (real or complex) Orlicz or Lorentz sequence spaces. In particular if an Orlicz or Lorentz space $X$ is not isomorphic to $\ell_p$ for some $1 \leq p < \infty$ then the only subspaces of $X$ which are $1$-complemented and disjointly supported are the closed linear spans of block bases with constant coefficients.

Categories:46B20, 46B45, 41A65

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