1. CJM 2016 (vol 68 pp. 841)
 Gupta, Sanjiv Kumar; Hare, Kathryn

Characterizing the Absolute Continuity of the Convolution of Orbital Measures in a Classical Lie Algebra
Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be a compact, simple Lie algebra of dimension
$d$. It is
a classical result that the convolution of any $d$ nontrivial,
$G$invariant,
orbital measures is absolutely continuous with respect to
Lebesgue measure on $\mathfrak{g}$ and the sum of any $d$ nontrivial
orbits
has nonempty interior. The number $d$ was later reduced to the
rank of the
Lie algebra (or rank $+1$ in the case of type $A_{n}$). More
recently, the
minimal integer $k=k(X)$ such that the $k$fold convolution of
the orbital
measure supported on the orbit generated by $X$ is an absolutely
continuous
measure was calculated for each $X\in \mathfrak{g}$.
In this paper $\mathfrak{g}$ is any of the classical, compact,
simple Lie
algebras. We characterize the tuples $(X_{1},\dots,X_{L})$, with
$X_{i}\in
\mathfrak{g},$ which have the property that the convolution of
the $L$orbital
measures supported on the orbits generated by the $X_{i}$ is
absolutely continuous and, equivalently, the sum of their orbits
has
nonempty interior. The characterization depends on the Lie type
of
$\mathfrak{g}$ and the structure of the annihilating roots of
the $X_{i}$.
Such a characterization was previously known only for type $A_{n}$.
Keywords:compact Lie algebra, orbital measure, absolutely continuous measure Categories:43A80, 17B45, 58C35 

2. CJM Online first
 Runde, Volker; Viselter, Ami

On positive definiteness over locally compact quantum groups
The notion of positivedefinite functions over locally compact
quantum
groups was recently introduced and studied by Daws and Salmi.
Based
on this work, we generalize various wellknown results about
positivedefinite
functions over groups to the quantum framework. Among these are
theorems
on "square roots" of positivedefinite functions, comparison
of
various topologies, positivedefinite measures and characterizations
of amenability, and the separation property with respect to compact
quantum subgroups.
Keywords:bicrossed product, locally compact quantum group, noncommutative $L^p$space, positivedefinite function, positivedefinite measure, separation property Categories:20G42, 22D25, 43A35, 46L51, 46L52, 46L89 

3. CJM 2016 (vol 68 pp. 309)
 Daws, Matthew

Categorical Aspects of Quantum Groups: Multipliers and Intrinsic Groups
We show that the assignment of the (left) completely bounded
multiplier algebra
$M_{cb}^l(L^1(\mathbb G))$ to a locally compact quantum group
$\mathbb G$, and
the assignment of the intrinsic group, form functors between
appropriate
categories. Morphisms of locally compact quantum
groups can be described by Hopf $*$homomorphisms between universal
$C^*$algebras, by bicharacters, or by special sorts of coactions.
We show that the whole
theory of completely bounded multipliers can be lifted to the
universal
$C^*$algebra level, and that then the different pictures of
both multipliers
(reduced, universal, and as centralisers)
and morphisms interact in extremely natural ways. The intrinsic
group of a
quantum group can be realised as a class of multipliers, and
so our techniques
immediately apply. We also show how to think of the intrinsic
group using
the universal $C^*$algebra picture, and then, again, show how
the differing
views on the intrinsic group interact naturally with morphisms.
We show that
the intrinsic group is the ``maximal classical'' quantum subgroup
of a locally
compact quantum group, show that it is even closed in the strong
Vaes sense,
and that the intrinsic group functor is an adjoint to the inclusion
functor
from locally compact groups to quantum groups.
Keywords:locally compact quantum group, morphism, intrinsic group, multiplier, centraliser Categories:20G42, 22D25, 43A22, 43A35, 43A95, 46L52, 46L89, 47L25 

4. CJM 2015 (vol 67 pp. 827)
 Kaniuth, Eberhard

The BochnerSchoenbergEberlein Property and Spectral Synthesis for Certain Banach Algebra Products
Associated with two commutative Banach algebras $A$ and $B$ and
a character $\theta$ of $B$ is a certain Banach algebra product
$A\times_\theta B$, which is a splitting extension of $B$ by
$A$. We investigate two topics for the algebra $A\times_\theta
B$ in relation to the corresponding ones of $A$ and $B$. The
first one is the BochnerSchoenbergEberlein property and the
algebra of BochnerSchoenbergEberlein functions on the spectrum,
whereas the second one concerns the wide range of spectral synthesis
problems for $A\times_\theta B$.
Keywords:commutative Banach algebra, splitting extension, Gelfand spectrum, set of synthesis, weak spectral set, multiplier algebra, BSEalgebra, BSEfunction Categories:46J10, 46J25, 43A30, 43A45 

5. CJM 2013 (vol 65 pp. 1005)
 Forrest, Brian; Miao, Tianxuan

Uniformly Continuous Functionals and MWeakly Amenable Groups
Let $G$ be a locally compact group. Let $A_{M}(G)$ ($A_{0}(G)$)denote
the closure of $A(G)$, the Fourier algebra of $G$ in the space of
bounded (completely bounded) multipliers of $A(G)$.
We call a locally compact group Mweakly amenable if
$A_M(G)$
has a
bounded approximate identity. We will show that when $G$ is Mweakly
amenable, the algebras $A_{M}(G)$ and $A_{0}(G)$ have
properties that are characteristic of the Fourier algebra of an
amenable group. Along the way we show that the sets of tolopolically
invariant means associated with these algebras have the same
cardinality as those of the Fourier algebra.
Keywords:Fourier algebra, multipliers, weakly amenable, uniformly continuous functionals Categories:43A07, 43A22, 46J10, 47L25 

6. CJM 2012 (vol 66 pp. 700)
 He, Jianxun; Xiao, Jinsen

Inversion of the Radon Transform on the Free Nilpotent Lie Group of Step Two
Let $F_{2n,2}$ be the free nilpotent Lie group of step two on $2n$
generators, and let $\mathbf P$ denote the affine automorphism group
of $F_{2n,2}$. In this article the theory of continuous wavelet
transform on $F_{2n,2}$ associated with $\mathbf P$ is developed,
and then a type of radial wavelets is constructed. Secondly, the
Radon transform on $F_{2n,2}$ is studied and two equivalent
characterizations of the range for Radon transform are given.
Several kinds of inversion Radon transform formulae
are established. One is obtained from the Euclidean Fourier transform, the others are from group Fourier transform. By using wavelet transform we deduce an inversion formula of the Radon
transform, which
does not require the smoothness of
functions if the wavelet satisfies the differentiability property.
Specially, if $n=1$, $F_{2,2}$ is the $3$dimensional Heisenberg group $H^1$, the
inversion formula of the Radon transform is valid which is
associated with the subLaplacian on $F_{2,2}$. This result cannot
be extended to the case $n\geq 2$.
Keywords:Radon transform, wavelet transform, free nilpotent Lie group, unitary representation, inversion formula, subLaplacian Categories:43A85, 44A12, 52A38 

7. CJM 2012 (vol 66 pp. 102)
 Birth, Lidia; Glöckner, Helge

Continuity of convolution of test functions on Lie groups
For a Lie group $G$, we show that the map
$C^\infty_c(G)\times C^\infty_c(G)\to C^\infty_c(G)$,
$(\gamma,\eta)\mapsto \gamma*\eta$
taking a pair of
test functions to their convolution is continuous if and only if $G$ is $\sigma$compact.
More generally, consider $r,s,t
\in \mathbb{N}_0\cup\{\infty\}$ with $t\leq r+s$, locally convex spaces $E_1$, $E_2$
and a continuous bilinear map $b\colon E_1\times E_2\to F$
to a complete locally convex space $F$.
Let $\beta\colon C^r_c(G,E_1)\times C^s_c(G,E_2)\to C^t_c(G,F)$,
$(\gamma,\eta)\mapsto \gamma *_b\eta$ be the associated convolution map.
The main result is a characterization of those $(G,r,s,t,b)$
for which $\beta$ is continuous.
Convolution
of compactly supported continuous functions on a locally compact group
is also discussed, as well as convolution of compactly supported $L^1$functions
and convolution of compactly supported Radon measures.
Keywords:Lie group, locally compact group, smooth function, compact support, test function, second countability, countable basis, sigmacompactness, convolution, continuity, seminorm, product estimates Categories:22E30, 46F05, 22D15, 42A85, 43A10, 43A15, 46A03, 46A13, 46E25 

8. CJM 2012 (vol 65 pp. 1043)
 Hu, Zhiguo; Neufang, Matthias; Ruan, ZhongJin

Convolution of Trace Class Operators over Locally Compact Quantum Groups
We study locally compact quantum groups $\mathbb{G}$ through the
convolution algebras $L_1(\mathbb{G})$ and $(T(L_2(\mathbb{G})),
\triangleright)$. We prove that the reduced quantum group
$C^*$algebra $C_0(\mathbb{G})$ can be recovered from the convolution
$\triangleright$ by showing that the right $T(L_2(\mathbb{G}))$module
$\langle K(L_2(\mathbb{G}) \triangleright T(L_2(\mathbb{G}))\rangle$ is
equal to $C_0(\mathbb{G})$. On the other hand, we show that the left
$T(L_2(\mathbb{G}))$module $\langle T(L_2(\mathbb{G}))\triangleright
K(L_2(\mathbb{G})\rangle$ is isomorphic to the reduced crossed product
$C_0(\widehat{\mathbb{G}}) \,_r\!\ltimes C_0(\mathbb{G})$, and hence is
a much larger $C^*$subalgebra of $B(L_2(\mathbb{G}))$.
We establish a natural isomorphism between the completely bounded
right multiplier algebras of $L_1(\mathbb{G})$ and
$(T(L_2(\mathbb{G})), \triangleright)$, and settle two invariance
problems associated with the representation theorem of
JungeNeufangRuan (2009). We characterize regularity and discreteness
of the quantum group $\mathbb{G}$ in terms of continuity properties of
the convolution $\triangleright$ on $T(L_2(\mathbb{G}))$. We prove
that if $\mathbb{G}$ is semiregular, then the space
$\langle T(L_2(\mathbb{G}))\triangleright B(L_2(\mathbb{G}))\rangle$ of right
$\mathbb{G}$continuous operators on $L_2(\mathbb{G})$, which was
introduced by Bekka (1990) for $L_{\infty}(G)$, is a unital $C^*$subalgebra
of $B(L_2(\mathbb{G}))$. In the representation framework formulated by
NeufangRuanSpronk (2008) and JungeNeufangRuan, we show that the
dual properties of compactness and discreteness can be characterized
simultaneously via automatic normality of quantum group bimodule maps
on $B(L_2(\mathbb{G}))$. We also characterize some commutation
relations of completely bounded multipliers of $(T(L_2(\mathbb{G})),
\triangleright)$ over $B(L_2(\mathbb{G}))$.
Keywords:locally compact quantum groups and associated Banach algebras Categories:22D15, 43A30, 46H05 

9. CJM 2011 (vol 63 pp. 1161)
 Neuwirth, Stefan; Ricard, Éric

Transfer of Fourier Multipliers into Schur Multipliers and Sumsets in a Discrete Group
We inspect the relationship between relative Fourier
multipliers on noncommutative LebesgueOrlicz spaces of a discrete
group $\varGamma$ and relative ToeplitzSchur multipliers on
SchattenvonNeumannOrlicz classes. Four applications are given:
lacunary sets, unconditional Schauder bases for the subspace of a
Lebesgue space determined by a given spectrum $\varLambda\subseteq\varGamma$, the
norm of the Hilbert transform and the Riesz projection on
SchattenvonNeumann classes with exponent a power of 2, and the norm of
Toeplitz Schur multipliers on SchattenvonNeumann classes with
exponent less than 1.
Keywords:Fourier multiplier, Toeplitz Schur multiplier, lacunary set, unconditional approximation property, Hilbert transform, Riesz projection Categories:47B49, 43A22, 43A46, 46B28 

10. CJM 2011 (vol 63 pp. 798)
 Daws, Matthew

Representing Multipliers of the Fourier Algebra on NonCommutative $L^p$ Spaces
We show that the multiplier algebra of the Fourier algebra on a
locally compact group $G$ can be isometrically represented on a direct
sum on noncommutative $L^p$ spaces associated with the right von
Neumann algebra of $G$. The resulting image is the idealiser of the
image of the Fourier algebra. If these spaces are given their
canonical operator space structure, then we get a completely isometric
representation of the completely bounded multiplier algebra. We make
a careful study of the noncommutative $L^p$ spaces we construct and
show that they are completely isometric to those considered recently
by Forrest, Lee, and Samei. We improve a result of theirs about module
homomorphisms. We suggest a definition of a FigaTalamancaHerz
algebra built out of these noncommutative $L^p$ spaces, say
$A_p(\widehat G)$. It is shown that $A_2(\widehat G)$ is isometric to
$L^1(G)$, generalising the abelian situation.
Keywords:multiplier, Fourier algebra, noncommutative $L^p$ space, complex interpolation Categories:43A22, 43A30, 46L51, 22D25, 42B15, 46L07, 46L52 

11. CJM 2011 (vol 63 pp. 689)
 Olphert, Sean; Power, Stephen C.

Higher Rank Wavelets
A theory of higher rank multiresolution analysis is given in the
setting of abelian multiscalings. This theory enables the
construction, from a higher rank MRA, of finite wavelet sets
whose multidilations have translates forming an orthonormal basis
in $L^2(\mathbb R^d)$. While tensor products of uniscaled MRAs provide
simple examples we construct many nonseparable higher rank
wavelets. In particular we construct \emph{Latin square
wavelets} as rank~$2$ variants of Haar wavelets. Also we construct
nonseparable scaling functions for rank $2$ variants of Meyer
wavelet scaling functions, and we construct the associated
nonseparable wavelets with compactly supported Fourier transforms.
On the other hand we show that compactly supported scaling
functions for biscaled MRAs are necessarily separable.
Keywords: wavelet, multiscaling, higher rank, multiresolution, Latin squares Categories:42C40, 42A65, 42A16, 43A65 

12. CJM 2011 (vol 63 pp. 648)
 Ngai, SzeMan

Spectral Asymptotics of Laplacians Associated with Onedimensional Iterated Function Systems with Overlaps
We set up a framework for computing the spectral dimension of a class of onedimensional
selfsimilar measures that are defined by iterated function systems
with overlaps and satisfy a family of secondorder selfsimilar
identities. As applications of our result we obtain the spectral dimension
of important measures such as the infinite Bernoulli convolution
associated with the golden ratio and convolutions of Cantortype measures.
The main novelty of our result is that the iterated function systems
we consider are not postcritically finite and do not satisfy the
wellknown open set condition.
Keywords:spectral dimension, fractal, Laplacian, selfsimilar measure, iterated function system with overlaps, secondorder selfsimilar identities Categories:28A80, , , , 35P20, 35J05, 43A05, 47A75 

13. CJM 2010 (vol 63 pp. 123)
 Granirer, Edmond E.

Strong and Extremely Strong Ditkin sets for the Banach Algebras $A_p^r(G)=A_p\cap L^r(G)$
Let $A_p(G)$ be the FigaTalamanca,
Herz Banach Algebra on $G$; thus $A_2(G)$
is the Fourier algebra. Strong Ditkin (SD) and
Extremely Strong Ditkin (ESD) sets for the Banach algebras
$A_p^r(G)$ are investigated for abelian and nonabelian
locally compact groups $G$. It is shown that SD and ESD sets
for $A_p(G)$ remain SD and ESD sets for $A_p^r(G)$,
with strict inclusion for ESD sets. The case for the strict
inclusion of SD sets is left open.
A result on the weak sequential completeness of $A_2(F)$
for ESD sets $F$ is proved and used to show that Varopoulos,
Helson, and Sidon sets are not ESD sets for $A_2(G)$, yet they
are such for $A_2^r(G)$ for discrete groups $G$, for
any $1\le r\le 2$.
A result is given on the equivalence of the sequential and the net
definitions of SD or ESD sets for $\sigma$compact groups.
The above results are new even if $G$ is abelian.
Keywords:Fourier algebra, FigaTalamancaHerz algebra, locally compact group, Ditkin sets, Helson sets, Sidon sets, weak sequential completeness Categories:43A15, 43A10, 46J10, 43A45 

14. CJM 2010 (vol 62 pp. 1419)
 Yang, Dachun; Yang, Dongyong

BMOEstimates for Maximal Operators via Approximations of the Identity with NonDoubling Measures
Let $\mu$ be a nonnegative Radon measure
on $\mathbb{R}^d$ that satisfies the growth condition that there exist
constants $C_0>0$ and $n\in(0,d]$ such that for all $x\in\mathbb{R}^d$ and
$r>0$, ${\mu(B(x,\,r))\le C_0r^n}$, where $B(x,r)$ is the open ball
centered at $x$ and having radius $r$. In this paper, the authors prove
that if $f$ belongs to the $\textrm {BMO}$type space $\textrm{RBMO}(\mu)$ of Tolsa, then
the homogeneous maximal function $\dot{\mathcal{M}}_S(f)$ (when $\mathbb{R}^d$ is not an
initial cube) and the inhomogeneous maximal function
$\mathcal{M}_S(f)$ (when $\mathbb{R}^d$ is an initial cube)
associated with a given approximation of the identity $S$ of Tolsa are
either infinite everywhere or finite almost everywhere,
and in the latter case, $\dot{\mathcal{M}}_S$ and $\mathcal{M}_S$ are bounded from
$\textrm{RBMO}(\mu)$ to the $\textrm {BLO}$type
space $\textrm{RBLO}(\mu)$. The authors also prove that the inhomogeneous
maximal operator $\mathcal{M}_S$ is bounded from the local
$\textrm {BMO}$type space $\textrm{rbmo}(\mu)$
to the local $\textrm {BLO}$type space $\textrm{rblo}(\mu)$.
Keywords:Nondoubling measure, maximal operator, approximation of the identity, RBMO(mu), RBLO(mu), rbmo(mu), rblo(mu) Categories:42B25, 42B30, 47A30, 43A99 

15. CJM 2010 (vol 62 pp. 845)
 Samei, Ebrahim; Spronk, Nico; Stokke, Ross

Biflatness and PseudoAmenability of Segal Algebras
We investigate generalized amenability and biflatness properties of various (operator) Segal algebras in both the group algebra, $L^1(G)$, and the Fourier algebra, $A(G)$, of a locally compact group~$G$.
Keywords:Segal algebra, pseudoamenable Banach algebra, biflat Banach algebra Categories:43A20, 43A30, 46H25, 46H10, 46H20, 46L07 

16. CJM 2009 (vol 61 pp. 382)
 Miao, Tianxuan

Unit Elements in the Double Dual of a Subalgebra of the Fourier Algebra $A(G)$
Let $\mathcal{A}$ be a Banach algebra with a bounded right
approximate identity and let $\mathcal B$ be a closed ideal of
$\mathcal A$. We study the relationship between the right identities
of the double duals ${\mathcal B}^{**}$ and ${\mathcal A}^{**}$ under
the Arens product. We show that every right identity of ${\mathcal
B}^{**}$ can be extended to a right identity of ${\mathcal A}^{**}$ in
some sense. As a consequence, we answer a question of Lau and
\"Ulger, showing that for the Fourier algebra $A(G)$ of a locally
compact group $G$, an element $\phi \in A(G)^{**}$ is in $A(G)$ if and
only if $A(G) \phi \subseteq A(G)$ and $E \phi = \phi $ for all right
identities $E $ of $A(G)^{**}$. We also prove some results about the
topological centers of ${\mathcal B}^{**}$ and ${\mathcal A}^{**}$.
Keywords:Locally compact groups, amenable groups, Fourier algebra, identity, Arens product, topological center Category:43A07 

17. CJM 2008 (vol 60 pp. 1001)
18. CJM 2008 (vol 60 pp. 1010)
 Galé, José E.; Miana, Pedro J.

$H^\infty$ Functional Calculus and MikhlinType Multiplier Conditions
Let $T$ be a sectorial operator. It is known that the existence of a
bounded (suitably scaled) $H^\infty$ calculus for $T$, on every
sector containing the positive halfline, is equivalent to the
existence of a bounded functional calculus on the Besov algebra
$\Lambda_{\infty,1}^\alpha(\R^+)$. Such an algebra
includes functions defined by Mikhlintype conditions and so the
Besov calculus can be seen as a result on multipliers for $T$. In
this paper, we use fractional derivation to analyse in detail the
relationship between $\Lambda_{\infty,1}^\alpha$ and Banach algebras
of Mikhlintype. As a result, we obtain a new version of the quoted
equivalence.
Keywords:functional calculus, fractional calculus, Mikhlin multipliers, analytic semigroups, unbounded operators, quasimultipliers Categories:47A60, 47D03, 46J15, 26A33, 47L60, 47B48, 43A22 

19. CJM 2007 (vol 59 pp. 966)
 Forrest, Brian E.; Runde, Volker; Spronk, Nico

Operator Amenability of the Fourier Algebra in the $\cb$Multiplier Norm
Let $G$ be a locally compact group, and let $A_{\cb}(G)$ denote the
closure of $A(G)$, the Fourier algebra of $G$, in the space of completely
bounded multipliers of $A(G)$. If $G$ is a weakly amenable, discrete group
such that $\cstar(G)$ is residually finitedimensional, we show that
$A_{\cb}(G)$ is operator amenable. In particular,
$A_{\cb}(\free_2)$ is operator amenable even though $\free_2$, the free
group in two generators, is not an amenable group. Moreover, we show that
if $G$ is a discrete group such that $A_{\cb}(G)$ is operator amenable,
a closed ideal of $A(G)$ is weakly completely complemented in $A(G)$
if and only if it has an approximate identity bounded in the $\cb$multiplier
norm.
Keywords:$\cb$multiplier norm, Fourier algebra, operator amenability, weak amenability Categories:43A22, 43A30, 46H25, 46J10, 46J40, 46L07, 47L25 

20. CJM 2007 (vol 59 pp. 795)
 Jaworski, Wojciech; Neufang, Matthias

The ChoquetDeny Equation in a Banach Space
Let $G$ be a locally compact group and $\pi$ a representation of
$G$ by weakly$^*$ continuous isometries acting in a dual Banach space $E$.
Given a
probability measure $\mu$ on $G$, we study the ChoquetDeny equation
$\pi(\mu)x=x$, $x\in E$. We prove that the solutions of this equation
form the range of a projection of norm $1$ and can be represented by means of a
``Poisson formula'' on the same boundary space that is used to represent the
bounded harmonic functions of the random walk of law $\mu$. The relation
between the space of solutions of the ChoquetDeny equation in $E$ and the
space of bounded harmonic functions can be understood in terms of a
construction resembling the $W^*$crossed product and coinciding precisely
with the crossed product in the special case of the ChoquetDeny equation in
the space $E=B(L^2(G))$ of bounded linear operators on $L^2(G)$. Other
general properties of the ChoquetDeny equation in a Banach space are also
discussed.
Categories:22D12, 22D20, 43A05, 60B15, 60J50 

21. CJM 2007 (vol 59 pp. 225)
22. CJM 2006 (vol 58 pp. 768)
 Hu, Zhiguo; Neufang, Matthias

Decomposability of von Neumann Algebras and the Mazur Property of Higher Level
The decomposability
number of a von Neumann algebra $\m$ (denoted by $\dec(\m)$) is the
greatest cardinality of a family of pairwise orthogonal nonzero
projections in $\m$. In this paper, we explore the close
connection between $\dec(\m)$ and the cardinal level of the Mazur
property for the predual $\m_*$ of $\m$, the study of which was
initiated by the second author. Here, our main focus is on
those von Neumann algebras whose preduals constitute such
important Banach algebras on a locally compact group $G$ as the
group algebra $\lone$, the Fourier algebra $A(G)$, the measure
algebra $M(G)$, the algebra $\luc^*$, etc. We show that for
any of these von Neumann algebras, say $\m$, the cardinal number
$\dec(\m)$ and a certain cardinal level of the Mazur property of $\m_*$
are completely encoded in the underlying group structure. In fact,
they can be expressed precisely by two dual cardinal
invariants of $G$: the compact covering number $\kg$ of $G$ and
the least cardinality $\bg$ of an open basis at the identity of
$G$. We also present an application of the Mazur property of higher
level to the topological centre problem for the Banach algebra
$\ag^{**}$.
Keywords:Mazur property, predual of a von Neumann algebra, locally compact group and its cardinal invariants, group algebra, Fourier algebra, topological centre Categories:22D05, 43A20, 43A30, 03E55, 46L10 

23. CJM 2006 (vol 58 pp. 691)
 Bendikov, A.; SaloffCoste, L.

Hypoelliptic BiInvariant Laplacians on Infinite Dimensional Compact Groups
On a compact connected group $G$, consider the infinitesimal
generator $L$ of a central symmetric Gaussian convolution
semigroup $(\mu_t)_{t>0}$. Using appropriate notions of distribution
and smooth function spaces, we prove that $L$ is hypoelliptic if and only if
$(\mu_t)_{t>0} $ is absolutely continuous with respect to Haar measure
and admits a continuous density $x\mapsto \mu_t(x)$, $t>0$, such that
$\lim_{t\ra 0} t\log \mu_t(e)=0$. In particular, this condition holds
if and only if any Borel measure $u$ which is solution of $Lu=0$
in an open set $\Omega$ can be represented by a continuous
function in $\Omega$. Examples are discussed.
Categories:60B15, 43A77, 35H10, 46F25, 60J45, 60J60 

24. CJM 2005 (vol 57 pp. 1193)
 Dungey, Nick

Some Conditions for Decay of Convolution Powers and Heat Kernels on Groups
Let $K$ be a function on a unimodular locally compact group
$G$, and denote by $K_n = K*K* \cdots * K$ the $n$th convolution
power of $K$.
Assuming that $K$ satisfies certain operator estimates in $L^2(G)$,
we give estimates of
the norms $\K_n\_2$ and $\K_n\_\infty$
for large $n$.
In contrast to previous methods for estimating $\K_n\_\infty$,
we do not need to assume that
the function $K$ is a probability density or nonnegative.
Our results also adapt for continuous time semigroups on $G$.
Various applications are given, for example, to estimates of
the behaviour of heat kernels on Lie groups.
Categories:22E30, 35B40, 43A99 

25. CJM 2005 (vol 57 pp. 598)
 Kornelson, Keri A.

Local Solvability of Laplacian Difference Operators Arising from the Discrete Heisenberg Group
Differential operators $D_x$, $D_y$, and $D_z$ are formed using the
action of the $3$dimensional discrete Heisenberg group $G$ on a set
$S$, and the operators will act on functions on $S$. The Laplacian
operator $L=D_x^2 + D_y^2 + D_z^2$ is a difference operator with
variable differences which can be associated to a unitary
representation of $G$ on the Hilbert space $L^2(S)$. Using techniques
from harmonic analysis and representation theory, we show that the
Laplacian operator is locally solvable.
Keywords:discrete Heisenberg group,, unitary representation,, local solvability,, difference operator Categories:43A85, 22D10, 39A70 
