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1. CJM Online first

Stokke, Ross Thomas
 Fourier spaces and completely isometric representations of Arens product algebras Motivated by the definition of a semigroup compactification of a locally compact group and a large collection of examples, we introduce the notion of an (operator) homogeneous left dual Banach algebra" (HLDBA) over a (completely contractive) Banach algebra $A$. We prove a Gelfand-type representation theorem showing that every HLDBA over $A$ has a concrete realization as an (operator) homogeneous left Arens product algebra: the dual of a subspace of $A^*$ with a compatible (matrix) norm and a type of left Arens product ${\scriptstyle\square}$. Examples include all left Arens product algebras over $A$, but also -- when $A$ is the group algebra of a locally compact group -- the dual of its Fourier algebra. Beginning with any (completely) contractive (operator) $A$-module action $Q$ on a space $X$, we introduce the (operator) Fourier space $(\mathcal F_Q(A^*), \| \cdot \|_Q)$ and prove that $(\mathcal F_Q(A^*)^*, {\scriptstyle\square})$ is the unique (operator) HLDBA over $A$ for which there is a weak$^*$-continuous completely isometric representation as completely bounded operators on $X^*$ extending the dual module representation. Applying our theory to several examples of (completely contractive) Banach algebras $A$ and module operations, we provide new characterizations of familiar HLDBAs over $A$ and we recover -- and often extend -- some (completely) isometric representation theorems concerning these HLDBAs. Keywords:Banach algebra, operator space, Arens product, group algebra, Fourier algebraCategories:47L10, 43A20, 43A30, 46H15, 46H25, 47L25

2. CJM Online first

Han, Yanchang; Han, Yongsheng; Li, Ji; Tan, Chaoqiang
 Marcinkiewicz multipliers and Lipschitz spaces on Heisenberg groups The Marcinkiewicz multipliers are $L^{p}$ bounded for $1\lt p\lt \infty$ on the Heisenberg group $\mathbb{H}^{n}\simeq \mathbb{C}^{n}\times \mathbb{R}$ (MÃ¼ller, Ricci and Stein). This is surprising in the sense that these multipliers are invariant under a two parameter group of dilations on $\mathbb{C}^{n}\times \mathbb{R}$, while there is \emph{no} two parameter group of \emph{automorphic} dilations on $\mathbb{H} ^{n}$. The purpose of this paper is to establish a theory of the flag Lipschitz space on the Heisenberg group $\mathbb{H}^{n}\simeq \mathbb{C}^{n}\times \mathbb{R}$ in the sense intermediate' between the classical Lipschitz space on the Heisenberg group $\mathbb{H}^{n}$ and the product Lipschitz space on $\mathbb{C}^{n}\times \mathbb{R}$. We characterize this flag Lipschitz space via the Littlewood-Paley theory and prove that flag singular integral operators, which include the Marcinkiewicz multipliers, are bounded on these flag Lipschitz spaces. Keywords:Heisenberg group, Marcinkiewicz multiplier, Flag singular integral, Flag Lipschitz space, reproducing formula, Discrete Littlewood--Paley analysisCategories:42B25, 42B35, 43A17

3. CJM 2017 (vol 70 pp. 97)

Ghaani Farashahi, Arash
 A Class of Abstract Linear Representations for Convolution Function Algebras over Homogeneous Spaces of Compact Groups This paper introduces a class of abstract linear representations on Banach convolution function algebras over homogeneous spaces of compact groups. Let $G$ be a compact group and $H$ be a closed subgroup of $G$. Let $\mu$ be the normalized $G$-invariant measure over the compact homogeneous space $G/H$ associated to the Weil's formula and $1\le p\lt \infty$. We then present a structured class of abstract linear representations of the Banach convolution function algebras $L^p(G/H,\mu)$. Keywords:homogeneous space, linear representation, continuous unitary representation, convolution function algebra, compact group, convolution, involutionCategories:43A85, 47A67, 20G05

4. CJM 2016 (vol 69 pp. 3)

 Bipositive Isomorphisms Between Beurling Algebras and Between their Second Dual Algebras Let $G$ be a locally compact group and let $\omega$ be a continuous weight on $G$. We show that for each of the Banach algebras $L^1(G,\omega)$, $M(G,\omega)$, $LUC(G,\omega^{-1})^*$ and $L^1(G,\omega)^{**}$, the order structure combined with the algebra structure determines the weighted group. Keywords:locally compact group, Beurling algebra, Arens product, topological group isomorphism, bipositive algebra isomorphismCategories:43A20, 43A22

5. CJM 2016 (vol 69 pp. 434)

Lee, Hun Hee; Youn, Sang-gyun
 New Deformations of Convolution Algebras and Fourier Algebras on Locally Compact Groups In this paper we introduce a new way of deforming convolution algebras and Fourier algebras on locally compact groups. We demonstrate that this new deformation allows us to reveal some information of the underlying groups by examining Banach algebra properties of deformed algebras. More precisely, we focus on representability as an operator algebra of deformed convolution algebras on compact connected Lie groups with connection to the real dimension of the underlying group. Similarly, we investigate complete representability as an operator algebra of deformed Fourier algebras on some finitely generated discrete groups with connection to the growth rate of the group. Keywords:Fourier algebra, convolution algebra, operator algebra, Beurling algebraCategories:43A20, 43A30, 47L30, 47L25

6. CJM 2016 (vol 68 pp. 841)

Gupta, Sanjiv Kumar; Hare, Kathryn
 Characterizing the Absolute Continuity of the Convolution of Orbital Measures in a Classical Lie Algebra Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be a compact, simple Lie algebra of dimension $d$. It is a classical result that the convolution of any $d$ non-trivial, $G$-invariant, orbital measures is absolutely continuous with respect to Lebesgue measure on $\mathfrak{g}$ and the sum of any $d$ non-trivial orbits has non-empty interior. The number $d$ was later reduced to the rank of the Lie algebra (or rank $+1$ in the case of type $A_{n}$). More recently, the minimal integer $k=k(X)$ such that the $k$-fold convolution of the orbital measure supported on the orbit generated by $X$ is an absolutely continuous measure was calculated for each $X\in \mathfrak{g}$. In this paper $\mathfrak{g}$ is any of the classical, compact, simple Lie algebras. We characterize the tuples $(X_{1},\dots,X_{L})$, with $X_{i}\in \mathfrak{g},$ which have the property that the convolution of the $L$-orbital measures supported on the orbits generated by the $X_{i}$ is absolutely continuous and, equivalently, the sum of their orbits has non-empty interior. The characterization depends on the Lie type of $\mathfrak{g}$ and the structure of the annihilating roots of the $X_{i}$. Such a characterization was previously known only for type $A_{n}$. Keywords:compact Lie algebra, orbital measure, absolutely continuous measureCategories:43A80, 17B45, 58C35

7. CJM 2016 (vol 68 pp. 1067)

Runde, Volker; Viselter, Ami
 On Positive Definiteness over Locally Compact Quantum Groups The notion of positive-definite functions over locally compact quantum groups was recently introduced and studied by Daws and Salmi. Based on this work, we generalize various well-known results about positive-definite functions over groups to the quantum framework. Among these are theorems on "square roots" of positive-definite functions, comparison of various topologies, positive-definite measures and characterizations of amenability, and the separation property with respect to compact quantum subgroups. Keywords:bicrossed product, locally compact quantum group, non-commutative $L^p$-space, positive-definite function, positive-definite measure, separation propertyCategories:20G42, 22D25, 43A35, 46L51, 46L52, 46L89

8. CJM 2016 (vol 68 pp. 309)

Daws, Matthew
 Categorical Aspects of Quantum Groups: Multipliers and Intrinsic Groups We show that the assignment of the (left) completely bounded multiplier algebra $M_{cb}^l(L^1(\mathbb G))$ to a locally compact quantum group $\mathbb G$, and the assignment of the intrinsic group, form functors between appropriate categories. Morphisms of locally compact quantum groups can be described by Hopf $*$-homomorphisms between universal $C^*$-algebras, by bicharacters, or by special sorts of coactions. We show that the whole theory of completely bounded multipliers can be lifted to the universal $C^*$-algebra level, and that then the different pictures of both multipliers (reduced, universal, and as centralisers) and morphisms interact in extremely natural ways. The intrinsic group of a quantum group can be realised as a class of multipliers, and so our techniques immediately apply. We also show how to think of the intrinsic group using the universal $C^*$-algebra picture, and then, again, show how the differing views on the intrinsic group interact naturally with morphisms. We show that the intrinsic group is the maximal classical'' quantum subgroup of a locally compact quantum group, show that it is even closed in the strong Vaes sense, and that the intrinsic group functor is an adjoint to the inclusion functor from locally compact groups to quantum groups. Keywords:locally compact quantum group, morphism, intrinsic group, multiplier, centraliserCategories:20G42, 22D25, 43A22, 43A35, 43A95, 46L52, 46L89, 47L25

9. CJM 2015 (vol 67 pp. 827)

Kaniuth, Eberhard
 The Bochner-Schoenberg-Eberlein Property and Spectral Synthesis for Certain Banach Algebra Products Associated with two commutative Banach algebras $A$ and $B$ and a character $\theta$ of $B$ is a certain Banach algebra product $A\times_\theta B$, which is a splitting extension of $B$ by $A$. We investigate two topics for the algebra $A\times_\theta B$ in relation to the corresponding ones of $A$ and $B$. The first one is the Bochner-Schoenberg-Eberlein property and the algebra of Bochner-Schoenberg-Eberlein functions on the spectrum, whereas the second one concerns the wide range of spectral synthesis problems for $A\times_\theta B$. Keywords:commutative Banach algebra, splitting extension, Gelfand spectrum, set of synthesis, weak spectral set, multiplier algebra, BSE-algebra, BSE-functionCategories:46J10, 46J25, 43A30, 43A45

10. CJM 2013 (vol 65 pp. 1005)

Forrest, Brian; Miao, Tianxuan
 Uniformly Continuous Functionals and M-Weakly Amenable Groups Let $G$ be a locally compact group. Let $A_{M}(G)$ ($A_{0}(G)$)denote the closure of $A(G)$, the Fourier algebra of $G$ in the space of bounded (completely bounded) multipliers of $A(G)$. We call a locally compact group M-weakly amenable if $A_M(G)$ has a bounded approximate identity. We will show that when $G$ is M-weakly amenable, the algebras $A_{M}(G)$ and $A_{0}(G)$ have properties that are characteristic of the Fourier algebra of an amenable group. Along the way we show that the sets of tolopolically invariant means associated with these algebras have the same cardinality as those of the Fourier algebra. Keywords:Fourier algebra, multipliers, weakly amenable, uniformly continuous functionalsCategories:43A07, 43A22, 46J10, 47L25

11. CJM 2012 (vol 66 pp. 700)

He, Jianxun; Xiao, Jinsen
 Inversion of the Radon Transform on the Free Nilpotent Lie Group of Step Two Let $F_{2n,2}$ be the free nilpotent Lie group of step two on $2n$ generators, and let $\mathbf P$ denote the affine automorphism group of $F_{2n,2}$. In this article the theory of continuous wavelet transform on $F_{2n,2}$ associated with $\mathbf P$ is developed, and then a type of radial wavelets is constructed. Secondly, the Radon transform on $F_{2n,2}$ is studied and two equivalent characterizations of the range for Radon transform are given. Several kinds of inversion Radon transform formulae are established. One is obtained from the Euclidean Fourier transform, the others are from group Fourier transform. By using wavelet transform we deduce an inversion formula of the Radon transform, which does not require the smoothness of functions if the wavelet satisfies the differentiability property. Specially, if $n=1$, $F_{2,2}$ is the $3$-dimensional Heisenberg group $H^1$, the inversion formula of the Radon transform is valid which is associated with the sub-Laplacian on $F_{2,2}$. This result cannot be extended to the case $n\geq 2$. Keywords:Radon transform, wavelet transform, free nilpotent Lie group, unitary representation, inversion formula, sub-LaplacianCategories:43A85, 44A12, 52A38

12. CJM 2012 (vol 66 pp. 102)

Birth, Lidia; Glöckner, Helge
 Continuity of convolution of test functions on Lie groups For a Lie group $G$, we show that the map $C^\infty_c(G)\times C^\infty_c(G)\to C^\infty_c(G)$, $(\gamma,\eta)\mapsto \gamma*\eta$ taking a pair of test functions to their convolution is continuous if and only if $G$ is $\sigma$-compact. More generally, consider $r,s,t \in \mathbb{N}_0\cup\{\infty\}$ with $t\leq r+s$, locally convex spaces $E_1$, $E_2$ and a continuous bilinear map $b\colon E_1\times E_2\to F$ to a complete locally convex space $F$. Let $\beta\colon C^r_c(G,E_1)\times C^s_c(G,E_2)\to C^t_c(G,F)$, $(\gamma,\eta)\mapsto \gamma *_b\eta$ be the associated convolution map. The main result is a characterization of those $(G,r,s,t,b)$ for which $\beta$ is continuous. Convolution of compactly supported continuous functions on a locally compact group is also discussed, as well as convolution of compactly supported $L^1$-functions and convolution of compactly supported Radon measures. Keywords:Lie group, locally compact group, smooth function, compact support, test function, second countability, countable basis, sigma-compactness, convolution, continuity, seminorm, product estimatesCategories:22E30, 46F05, 22D15, 42A85, 43A10, 43A15, 46A03, 46A13, 46E25

13. CJM 2012 (vol 65 pp. 1043)

Hu, Zhiguo; Neufang, Matthias; Ruan, Zhong-Jin
 Convolution of Trace Class Operators over Locally Compact Quantum Groups We study locally compact quantum groups $\mathbb{G}$ through the convolution algebras $L_1(\mathbb{G})$ and $(T(L_2(\mathbb{G})), \triangleright)$. We prove that the reduced quantum group $C^*$-algebra $C_0(\mathbb{G})$ can be recovered from the convolution $\triangleright$ by showing that the right $T(L_2(\mathbb{G}))$-module $\langle K(L_2(\mathbb{G}) \triangleright T(L_2(\mathbb{G}))\rangle$ is equal to $C_0(\mathbb{G})$. On the other hand, we show that the left $T(L_2(\mathbb{G}))$-module $\langle T(L_2(\mathbb{G}))\triangleright K(L_2(\mathbb{G})\rangle$ is isomorphic to the reduced crossed product $C_0(\widehat{\mathbb{G}}) \,_r\!\ltimes C_0(\mathbb{G})$, and hence is a much larger $C^*$-subalgebra of $B(L_2(\mathbb{G}))$. We establish a natural isomorphism between the completely bounded right multiplier algebras of $L_1(\mathbb{G})$ and $(T(L_2(\mathbb{G})), \triangleright)$, and settle two invariance problems associated with the representation theorem of Junge-Neufang-Ruan (2009). We characterize regularity and discreteness of the quantum group $\mathbb{G}$ in terms of continuity properties of the convolution $\triangleright$ on $T(L_2(\mathbb{G}))$. We prove that if $\mathbb{G}$ is semi-regular, then the space $\langle T(L_2(\mathbb{G}))\triangleright B(L_2(\mathbb{G}))\rangle$ of right $\mathbb{G}$-continuous operators on $L_2(\mathbb{G})$, which was introduced by Bekka (1990) for $L_{\infty}(G)$, is a unital $C^*$-subalgebra of $B(L_2(\mathbb{G}))$. In the representation framework formulated by Neufang-Ruan-Spronk (2008) and Junge-Neufang-Ruan, we show that the dual properties of compactness and discreteness can be characterized simultaneously via automatic normality of quantum group bimodule maps on $B(L_2(\mathbb{G}))$. We also characterize some commutation relations of completely bounded multipliers of $(T(L_2(\mathbb{G})), \triangleright)$ over $B(L_2(\mathbb{G}))$. Keywords:locally compact quantum groups and associated Banach algebrasCategories:22D15, 43A30, 46H05

14. CJM 2011 (vol 63 pp. 1161)

Neuwirth, Stefan; Ricard, Éric
 Transfer of Fourier Multipliers into Schur Multipliers and Sumsets in a Discrete Group We inspect the relationship between relative Fourier multipliers on noncommutative Lebesgue-Orlicz spaces of a discrete group $\varGamma$ and relative Toeplitz-Schur multipliers on Schatten-von-Neumann-Orlicz classes. Four applications are given: lacunary sets, unconditional Schauder bases for the subspace of a Lebesgue space determined by a given spectrum $\varLambda\subseteq\varGamma$, the norm of the Hilbert transform and the Riesz projection on Schatten-von-Neumann classes with exponent a power of 2, and the norm of Toeplitz Schur multipliers on Schatten-von-Neumann classes with exponent less than 1. Keywords:Fourier multiplier, Toeplitz Schur multiplier, lacunary set, unconditional approximation property, Hilbert transform, Riesz projectionCategories:47B49, 43A22, 43A46, 46B28

15. CJM 2011 (vol 63 pp. 798)

Daws, Matthew
 Representing Multipliers of the Fourier Algebra on Non-Commutative $L^p$ Spaces We show that the multiplier algebra of the Fourier algebra on a locally compact group $G$ can be isometrically represented on a direct sum on non-commutative $L^p$ spaces associated with the right von Neumann algebra of $G$. The resulting image is the idealiser of the image of the Fourier algebra. If these spaces are given their canonical operator space structure, then we get a completely isometric representation of the completely bounded multiplier algebra. We make a careful study of the non-commutative $L^p$ spaces we construct and show that they are completely isometric to those considered recently by Forrest, Lee, and Samei. We improve a result of theirs about module homomorphisms. We suggest a definition of a Figa-Talamanca-Herz algebra built out of these non-commutative $L^p$ spaces, say $A_p(\widehat G)$. It is shown that $A_2(\widehat G)$ is isometric to $L^1(G)$, generalising the abelian situation. Keywords:multiplier, Fourier algebra, non-commutative $L^p$ space, complex interpolationCategories:43A22, 43A30, 46L51, 22D25, 42B15, 46L07, 46L52

16. CJM 2011 (vol 63 pp. 689)

Olphert, Sean; Power, Stephen C.
 Higher Rank Wavelets A theory of higher rank multiresolution analysis is given in the setting of abelian multiscalings. This theory enables the construction, from a higher rank MRA, of finite wavelet sets whose multidilations have translates forming an orthonormal basis in $L^2(\mathbb R^d)$. While tensor products of uniscaled MRAs provide simple examples we construct many nonseparable higher rank wavelets. In particular we construct \emph{Latin square wavelets} as rank~$2$ variants of Haar wavelets. Also we construct nonseparable scaling functions for rank $2$ variants of Meyer wavelet scaling functions, and we construct the associated nonseparable wavelets with compactly supported Fourier transforms. On the other hand we show that compactly supported scaling functions for biscaled MRAs are necessarily separable. Keywords: wavelet, multi-scaling, higher rank, multiresolution, Latin squaresCategories:42C40, 42A65, 42A16, 43A65

17. CJM 2011 (vol 63 pp. 648)

Ngai, Sze-Man
 Spectral Asymptotics of Laplacians Associated with One-dimensional Iterated Function Systems with Overlaps We set up a framework for computing the spectral dimension of a class of one-dimensional self-similar measures that are defined by iterated function systems with overlaps and satisfy a family of second-order self-similar identities. As applications of our result we obtain the spectral dimension of important measures such as the infinite Bernoulli convolution associated with the golden ratio and convolutions of Cantor-type measures. The main novelty of our result is that the iterated function systems we consider are not post-critically finite and do not satisfy the well-known open set condition. Keywords:spectral dimension, fractal, Laplacian, self-similar measure, iterated function system with overlaps, second-order self-similar identitiesCategories:28A80, , , , 35P20, 35J05, 43A05, 47A75

18. CJM 2010 (vol 63 pp. 123)

Granirer, Edmond E.
 Strong and Extremely Strong Ditkin sets for the Banach Algebras $A_p^r(G)=A_p\cap L^r(G)$ Let $A_p(G)$ be the Figa-Talamanca, Herz Banach Algebra on $G$; thus $A_2(G)$ is the Fourier algebra. Strong Ditkin (SD) and Extremely Strong Ditkin (ESD) sets for the Banach algebras $A_p^r(G)$ are investigated for abelian and nonabelian locally compact groups $G$. It is shown that SD and ESD sets for $A_p(G)$ remain SD and ESD sets for $A_p^r(G)$, with strict inclusion for ESD sets. The case for the strict inclusion of SD sets is left open. A result on the weak sequential completeness of $A_2(F)$ for ESD sets $F$ is proved and used to show that Varopoulos, Helson, and Sidon sets are not ESD sets for $A_2(G)$, yet they are such for $A_2^r(G)$ for discrete groups $G$, for any $1\le r\le 2$. A result is given on the equivalence of the sequential and the net definitions of SD or ESD sets for $\sigma$-compact groups. The above results are new even if $G$ is abelian. Keywords:Fourier algebra, Figa-Talamanca-Herz algebra, locally compact group, Ditkin sets, Helson sets, Sidon sets, weak sequential completenessCategories:43A15, 43A10, 46J10, 43A45

19. CJM 2010 (vol 62 pp. 1419)

Yang, Dachun; Yang, Dongyong
 BMO-Estimates for Maximal Operators via Approximations of the Identity with Non-Doubling Measures Let $\mu$ be a nonnegative Radon measure on $\mathbb{R}^d$ that satisfies the growth condition that there exist constants $C_0>0$ and $n\in(0,d]$ such that for all $x\in\mathbb{R}^d$ and $r>0$, ${\mu(B(x,\,r))\le C_0r^n}$, where $B(x,r)$ is the open ball centered at $x$ and having radius $r$. In this paper, the authors prove that if $f$ belongs to the $\textrm {BMO}$-type space $\textrm{RBMO}(\mu)$ of Tolsa, then the homogeneous maximal function $\dot{\mathcal{M}}_S(f)$ (when $\mathbb{R}^d$ is not an initial cube) and the inhomogeneous maximal function $\mathcal{M}_S(f)$ (when $\mathbb{R}^d$ is an initial cube) associated with a given approximation of the identity $S$ of Tolsa are either infinite everywhere or finite almost everywhere, and in the latter case, $\dot{\mathcal{M}}_S$ and $\mathcal{M}_S$ are bounded from $\textrm{RBMO}(\mu)$ to the $\textrm {BLO}$-type space $\textrm{RBLO}(\mu)$. The authors also prove that the inhomogeneous maximal operator $\mathcal{M}_S$ is bounded from the local $\textrm {BMO}$-type space $\textrm{rbmo}(\mu)$ to the local $\textrm {BLO}$-type space $\textrm{rblo}(\mu)$. Keywords:Non-doubling measure, maximal operator, approximation of the identity, RBMO(mu), RBLO(mu), rbmo(mu), rblo(mu)Categories:42B25, 42B30, 47A30, 43A99

20. CJM 2010 (vol 62 pp. 845)

Samei, Ebrahim; Spronk, Nico; Stokke, Ross
 Biflatness and Pseudo-Amenability of Segal Algebras We investigate generalized amenability and biflatness properties of various (operator) Segal algebras in both the group algebra, $L^1(G)$, and the Fourier algebra, $A(G)$, of a locally compact group~$G$. Keywords:Segal algebra, pseudo-amenable Banach algebra, biflat Banach algebraCategories:43A20, 43A30, 46H25, 46H10, 46H20, 46L07

21. CJM 2009 (vol 61 pp. 382)

Miao, Tianxuan
 Unit Elements in the Double Dual of a Subalgebra of the Fourier Algebra $A(G)$ Let $\mathcal{A}$ be a Banach algebra with a bounded right approximate identity and let $\mathcal B$ be a closed ideal of $\mathcal A$. We study the relationship between the right identities of the double duals ${\mathcal B}^{**}$ and ${\mathcal A}^{**}$ under the Arens product. We show that every right identity of ${\mathcal B}^{**}$ can be extended to a right identity of ${\mathcal A}^{**}$ in some sense. As a consequence, we answer a question of Lau and \"Ulger, showing that for the Fourier algebra $A(G)$ of a locally compact group $G$, an element $\phi \in A(G)^{**}$ is in $A(G)$ if and only if $A(G) \phi \subseteq A(G)$ and $E \phi = \phi$ for all right identities $E$ of $A(G)^{**}$. We also prove some results about the topological centers of ${\mathcal B}^{**}$ and ${\mathcal A}^{**}$. Keywords:Locally compact groups, amenable groups, Fourier algebra, identity, Arens product, topological centerCategory:43A07

22. CJM 2008 (vol 60 pp. 1010)

Galé, José E.; Miana, Pedro J.
 $H^\infty$ Functional Calculus and Mikhlin-Type Multiplier Conditions Let $T$ be a sectorial operator. It is known that the existence of a bounded (suitably scaled) $H^\infty$ calculus for $T$, on every sector containing the positive half-line, is equivalent to the existence of a bounded functional calculus on the Besov algebra $\Lambda_{\infty,1}^\alpha(\R^+)$. Such an algebra includes functions defined by Mikhlin-type conditions and so the Besov calculus can be seen as a result on multipliers for $T$. In this paper, we use fractional derivation to analyse in detail the relationship between $\Lambda_{\infty,1}^\alpha$ and Banach algebras of Mikhlin-type. As a result, we obtain a new version of the quoted equivalence. Keywords:functional calculus, fractional calculus, Mikhlin multipliers, analytic semigroups, unbounded operators, quasimultipliersCategories:47A60, 47D03, 46J15, 26A33, 47L60, 47B48, 43A22

23. CJM 2008 (vol 60 pp. 1001)

Cornulier, Yves de; Tessera, Romain; Valette, Alain
 Isometric Group Actions on Hilbert Spaces: Structure of Orbits Our main result is that a finitely generated nilpotent group has no isometric action on an infinite-dimensional Hilbert space with dense orbits. In contrast, we construct such an action with a finitely generated metabelian group. Keywords:affine actions, Hilbert spaces, minimal actions, nilpotent groupsCategories:22D10, 43A35, 20F69

24. CJM 2007 (vol 59 pp. 966)

Forrest, Brian E.; Runde, Volker; Spronk, Nico
 Operator Amenability of the Fourier Algebra in the $\cb$-Multiplier Norm Let $G$ be a locally compact group, and let $A_{\cb}(G)$ denote the closure of $A(G)$, the Fourier algebra of $G$, in the space of completely bounded multipliers of $A(G)$. If $G$ is a weakly amenable, discrete group such that $\cstar(G)$ is residually finite-dimensional, we show that $A_{\cb}(G)$ is operator amenable. In particular, $A_{\cb}(\free_2)$ is operator amenable even though $\free_2$, the free group in two generators, is not an amenable group. Moreover, we show that if $G$ is a discrete group such that $A_{\cb}(G)$ is operator amenable, a closed ideal of $A(G)$ is weakly completely complemented in $A(G)$ if and only if it has an approximate identity bounded in the $\cb$-multiplier norm. Keywords:$\cb$-multiplier norm, Fourier algebra, operator amenability, weak amenabilityCategories:43A22, 43A30, 46H25, 46J10, 46J40, 46L07, 47L25

25. CJM 2007 (vol 59 pp. 795)

Jaworski, Wojciech; Neufang, Matthias
 The Choquet--Deny Equation in a Banach Space Let $G$ be a locally compact group and $\pi$ a representation of $G$ by weakly$^*$ continuous isometries acting in a dual Banach space $E$. Given a probability measure $\mu$ on $G$, we study the Choquet--Deny equation $\pi(\mu)x=x$, $x\in E$. We prove that the solutions of this equation form the range of a projection of norm $1$ and can be represented by means of a `Poisson formula'' on the same boundary space that is used to represent the bounded harmonic functions of the random walk of law $\mu$. The relation between the space of solutions of the Choquet--Deny equation in $E$ and the space of bounded harmonic functions can be understood in terms of a construction resembling the $W^*$-crossed product and coinciding precisely with the crossed product in the special case of the Choquet--Deny equation in the space $E=B(L^2(G))$ of bounded linear operators on $L^2(G)$. Other general properties of the Choquet--Deny equation in a Banach space are also discussed. Categories:22D12, 22D20, 43A05, 60B15, 60J50
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