1. CJM 2011 (vol 64 pp. 1058)
 Plakhov, Alexander

Optimal Roughening of Convex Bodies
A body moves in a rarefied medium composed of point particles at
rest. The particles make elastic reflections when colliding with the
body surface, and do not interact with each other. We consider a
generalization of Newton's minimal resistance problem: given two
bounded convex bodies $C_1$ and $C_2$ such that $C_1 \subset C_2
\subset \mathbb{R}^3$ and $\partial C_1 \cap \partial C_2 = \emptyset$, minimize the
resistance in the class of connected bodies $B$ such that $C_1 \subset
B \subset C_2$. We prove that the infimum of resistance is zero; that
is, there exist "almost perfectly streamlined" bodies.
Keywords:billiards, shape optimization, problems of minimal resistance, Newtonian aerodynamics, rough surface Categories:37D50, 49Q10 

2. CJM 2004 (vol 56 pp. 115)
 Kenny, Robert

Estimates of Hausdorff Dimension for the NonWandering Set of an Open Planar Billiard
The billiard flow in the plane has a simple geometric definition; the
movement along straight lines of points except where elastic
reflections are made with the boundary of the billiard domain. We
consider a class of open billiards, where the billiard domain is
unbounded, and the boundary is that of a finite number of strictly
convex obstacles. We estimate the Hausdorff dimension of the
nonwandering set $M_0$ of the discrete time billiard ball map, which
is known to be a Cantor set and the largest invariant set. Under
certain conditions on the obstacles, we use a wellknown coding of
$M_0$ \cite{Morita} and estimates using convex fronts related to the
derivative of the billiard ball map \cite{StAsy} to estimate the
Hausdorff dimension of local unstable sets. Consideration of the
local product structure then yields the desired estimates, which
provide asymptotic bounds on the Hausdorff dimension's convergence to
zero as the obstacles are separated.
Categories:37D50, 37C45;, 28A78 
