26. CJM 2010 (vol 62 pp. 808)
 Legendre, Eveline

Extrema of Low Eigenvalues of the DirichletNeumann Laplacian on a Disk
We study extrema of the first and the second mixed eigenvalues of the Laplacian on the disk among some families of DirichletNeumann boundary conditions. We show that the minimizer of the second eigenvalue among all mixed boundary conditions lies in a compact $1$parameter family for which an explicit description is given. Moreover, we prove that among all partitions of the boundary with bounded number of parts on which Dirichlet and Neumann conditions are imposed alternately, the first eigenvalue is maximized by the uniformly distributed partition.
Keywords: Laplacian, eigenvalues, DirichletNeumann mixed boundary condition, Zaremba's problem Categories:35J25, 35P15 

27. CJM 2010 (vol 62 pp. 1116)
 Jin, Yongyang; Zhang, Genkai

Degenerate pLaplacian Operators and Hardy Type Inequalities on
HType Groups
Let $\mathbb G$ be a steptwo nilpotent group of Htype with Lie algebra $\mathfrak G=V\oplus \mathfrak t$. We define a class of vector fields $X=\{X_j\}$ on $\mathbb G$ depending on a real parameter $k\ge 1$, and we consider the corresponding $p$Laplacian operator $L_{p,k} u= \operatorname{div}_X (\nabla_{X} u^{p2} \nabla_X u)$. For $k=1$ the vector fields $X=\{X_j\}$ are the left invariant vector fields corresponding to an orthonormal basis of $V$; for $\mathbb G$ being the Heisenberg group the vector fields are the Greiner fields. In this paper we obtain the fundamental solution for the operator $L_{p,k}$ and as an application, we get a Hardy type inequality associated with $X$.
Keywords:fundamental solutions, degenerate Laplacians, Hardy inequality, Htype groups Categories:35H30, 26D10, 22E25 

28. CJM 2009 (vol 62 pp. 74)
 Ducrot, Arnaud; Liu, Zhihua; Magal, Pierre

Projectors on the Generalized Eigenspaces for Neutral Functional Differential Equations in $L^{p}$ Spaces
We present the explicit formulas for the projectors on the generalized
eigenspaces associated with some eigenvalues for linear neutral functional
differential equations (NFDE) in $L^{p}$ spaces by using integrated
semigroup theory. The analysis is based on the main result
established elsewhere by the authors and results by Magal and Ruan
on nondensely defined Cauchy problem.
We formulate the NFDE as a nondensely defined Cauchy problem and obtain
some spectral properties from which we then derive explicit formulas for
the projectors on the generalized eigenspaces associated with some
eigenvalues. Such explicit formulas are important in studying bifurcations
in some semilinear problems.
Keywords:neutral functional differential equations, semilinear problem, integrated semigroup, spectrum, projectors Categories:34K05, 35K57, 47A56, 47H20 

29. CJM 2009 (vol 62 pp. 202)
30. CJM 2009 (vol 62 pp. 19)
31. CJM 2009 (vol 61 pp. 721)
 Calin, Ovidiu; Chang, DerChen; Markina, Irina

SubRiemannian Geometry on the Sphere $\mathbb{S}^3$
We discuss the subRiemannian
geometry induced by two noncommutative
vector fields which are left invariant
on the Lie group $\mathbb{S}^3$.
Keywords:noncommutative Lie group, quaternion group, subRiemannian geodesic, horizontal distribution, connectivity theorem, holonomic constraint Categories:53C17, 53C22, 35H20 

32. CJM 2009 (vol 61 pp. 548)
 Girouard, Alexandre

Fundamental Tone, Concentration of Density, and Conformal Degeneration on Surfaces
We study the effect of two types of degeneration of a Riemannian
metric on the first eigenvalue of the Laplace operator on
surfaces. In both cases we prove that the first eigenvalue of the
round sphere is an optimal asymptotic upper bound. The first type of
degeneration is concentration of the density to a point within a
conformal class. The second is degeneration of the
conformal class to the boundary of the moduli space on the torus and
on the Klein bottle. In the latter, we follow the outline proposed
by N. Nadirashvili in 1996.
Categories:35P, 58J 

33. CJM 2008 (vol 60 pp. 1168)
 Taylor, Michael

Short Time Behavior of Solutions to Linear and Nonlinear Schr{Ã¶dinger Equations
We examine the fine structure of the short time behavior
of solutions to various linear and nonlinear Schr{\"o}dinger equations
$u_t=i\Delta u+q(u)$ on $I\times\RR^n$, with initial data $u(0,x)=f(x)$.
Particular attention is paid to cases where $f$ is piecewise smooth,
with jump across an $(n1)$dimensional surface. We give detailed
analyses of Gibbslike phenomena and also focusing effects, including
analogues of the Pinsky phenomenon. We give results for general $n$
in the linear case. We also have detailed analyses for a broad class of
nonlinear equations when $n=1$ and $2$, with emphasis on the analysis of
the first order correction to the solution of the corresponding linear
equation. This work complements estimates on the error in this approximation.
Categories:35Q55, 35Q40 

34. CJM 2008 (vol 60 pp. 822)
 Kuwae, Kazuhiro

Maximum Principles for Subharmonic Functions Via Local SemiDirichlet Forms
Maximum principles for subharmonic
functions in the framework of quasiregular local semiDirichlet
forms admitting lower bounds are presented.
As applications, we give
weak and strong maximum principles
for (local) subsolutions of a second order elliptic
differential operator on the domain of Euclidean space under conditions on coefficients,
which partially generalize the results by Stampacchia.
Keywords:positivity preserving form, semiDirichlet form, Dirichlet form, subharmonic functions, superharmonic functions, harmonic functions, weak maximum principle, strong maximum principle, irreducibility, absolute continuity condition Categories:31C25, 35B50, 60J45, 35J, 53C, 58 

35. CJM 2008 (vol 60 pp. 572)
 Hitrik, Michael; Sj{östrand, Johannes

NonSelfadjoint Perturbations of Selfadjoint Operators in Two Dimensions IIIa. One Branching Point
This is the third in a series of works devoted to spectral
asymptotics for nonselfadjoint
perturbations of selfadjoint $h$pseudodifferential operators in dimension 2, having a
periodic classical flow. Assuming that the strength $\epsilon$
of the perturbation is in the range $h^2\ll \epsilon \ll h^{1/2}$
(and may sometimes reach even smaller values), we
get an asymptotic description of the eigenvalues in rectangles
$[1/C,1/C]+i\epsilon [F_01/C,F_0+1/C]$, $C\gg 1$, when $\epsilon F_0$ is a saddle point
value of the flow average of the leading perturbation.
Keywords:nonselfadjoint, eigenvalue, periodic flow, branching singularity Categories:31C10, 35P20, 35Q40, 37J35, 37J45, 53D22, 58J40 

36. CJM 2008 (vol 60 pp. 241)
 Alexandrova, Ivana

SemiClassical Wavefront Set and Fourier Integral Operators
Here we define and prove some properties of the semiclassical
wavefront set. We also define and study semiclassical Fourier
integral operators and prove a generalization of Egorov's theorem to
manifolds of different dimensions.
Keywords:wavefront set, Fourier integral operators, Egorov theorem, semiclassical analysis Categories:35S30, 35A27, 58J40, 81Q20 

37. CJM 2007 (vol 59 pp. 1301)
 Furioli, Giulia; Melzi, Camillo; Veneruso, Alessandro

Strichartz Inequalities for the Wave Equation with the Full Laplacian on the Heisenberg Group
We prove dispersive and Strichartz inequalities for the solution of the wave
equation related to the full
Laplacian on the Heisenberg group, by means of Besov spaces defined by a
LittlewoodPaley
decomposition related to the spectral resolution of the full Laplacian.
This requires a careful
analysis due also to the nonhomogeneous nature of the full Laplacian.
This result has to be compared to a previous one by Bahouri, G\'erard
and Xu concerning the solution of the wave equation related to
the Kohn Laplacian.
Keywords:nilpotent and solvable Lie groups, smoothness and regularity of solutions of PDEs Categories:22E25, 35B65 

38. CJM 2007 (vol 59 pp. 943)
39. CJM 2007 (vol 59 pp. 742)
 Gil, Juan B.; Krainer, Thomas; Mendoza, Gerardo A.

Geometry and Spectra of Closed Extensions of Elliptic Cone Operators
We study the geometry of the set of closed extensions of index $0$ of
an elliptic differential cone operator and its model operator in
connection with the spectra of the extensions, and we give a necessary
and sufficient condition for the existence of rays of minimal growth
for such operators.
Keywords:resolvents, manifolds with conical singularities, spectral theor, boundary value problems, Grassmannians Categories:58J50, 35J70, 14M15 

40. CJM 2007 (vol 59 pp. 393)
 Servat, E.

Le splitting pour l'opÃ©rateur de KleinGordon: une approche heuristique et numÃ©rique
Dans cet article on \'etudie la diff\'erence entre les deux
premi\`eres valeurs propres, le splitting, d'un op\'erateur de
KleinGordon semiclassique unidimensionnel, dans le cas d'un
potentiel sym\'etrique pr\'esentant un double puits. Dans le cas d'une
petite barri\`ere de potentiel, B. Helffer et B. Parisse ont obtenu
des r\'esultats analogues \`a ceux existant pour l'op\'erateur de
Schr\"odinger. Dans le cas d'une grande barri\`ere de potentiel, on
obtient ici des estimations des tranform\'ees de Fourier des fonctions
propres qui conduisent \`a une conjecture du splitting. Des calculs
num\'eriques viennent appuyer cette conjecture.
Categories:35P05, 34L16, 34E05, 47A10, 47A70 

41. CJM 2006 (vol 58 pp. 691)
 Bendikov, A.; SaloffCoste, L.

Hypoelliptic BiInvariant Laplacians on Infinite Dimensional Compact Groups
On a compact connected group $G$, consider the infinitesimal
generator $L$ of a central symmetric Gaussian convolution
semigroup $(\mu_t)_{t>0}$. Using appropriate notions of distribution
and smooth function spaces, we prove that $L$ is hypoelliptic if and only if
$(\mu_t)_{t>0} $ is absolutely continuous with respect to Haar measure
and admits a continuous density $x\mapsto \mu_t(x)$, $t>0$, such that
$\lim_{t\ra 0} t\log \mu_t(e)=0$. In particular, this condition holds
if and only if any Borel measure $u$ which is solution of $Lu=0$
in an open set $\Omega$ can be represented by a continuous
function in $\Omega$. Examples are discussed.
Categories:60B15, 43A77, 35H10, 46F25, 60J45, 60J60 

42. CJM 2006 (vol 58 pp. 64)
 Filippakis, Michael; Gasiński, Leszek; Papageorgiou, Nikolaos S.

Multiplicity Results for Nonlinear Neumann Problems
In this paper we study nonlinear elliptic problems of Neumann type driven by the
$p$Laplac\ian differential operator. We look for situations guaranteeing the existence
of multiple solutions. First we study problems which are strongly resonant at infinity
at the first (zero) eigenvalue. We prove five multiplicity results, four for problems
with nonsmooth potential and one for problems with a $C^1$potential. In the last part,
for nonsmooth problems in which the potential eventually exhibits a strict
super$p$growth under a symmetry condition, we prove the existence of infinitely
many pairs of nontrivial solutions. Our approach is variational based on the critical
point theory for nonsmooth functionals. Also we present some results concerning the first
two elements of the spectrum of the negative $p$Laplacian with Neumann boundary condition.
Keywords:Nonsmooth critical point theory, locally Lipschitz function,, Clarke subdifferential, Neumann problem, strong resonance,, second deformation theorem, nonsmooth symmetric mountain pass theorem,, $p$Laplacian Categories:35J20, 35J60, 35J85 

43. CJM 2005 (vol 57 pp. 1291)
 Riveros, Carlos M. C.; Tenenblat, Keti

Dupin Hypersurfaces in $\mathbb R^5$
We study Dupin
hypersurfaces in $\mathbb R^5$ parametrized by lines of curvature, with
four distinct principal curvatures. We characterize locally a generic
family of such hypersurfaces in terms of the principal curvatures and
four vector valued functions of one variable. We show that these vector
valued functions are invariant by inversions and homotheties.
Categories:53B25, 53C42, 35N10, 37K10 

44. CJM 2005 (vol 57 pp. 1193)
 Dungey, Nick

Some Conditions for Decay of Convolution Powers and Heat Kernels on Groups
Let $K$ be a function on a unimodular locally compact group
$G$, and denote by $K_n = K*K* \cdots * K$ the $n$th convolution
power of $K$.
Assuming that $K$ satisfies certain operator estimates in $L^2(G)$,
we give estimates of
the norms $\K_n\_2$ and $\K_n\_\infty$
for large $n$.
In contrast to previous methods for estimating $\K_n\_\infty$,
we do not need to assume that
the function $K$ is a probability density or nonnegative.
Our results also adapt for continuous time semigroups on $G$.
Various applications are given, for example, to estimates of
the behaviour of heat kernels on Lie groups.
Categories:22E30, 35B40, 43A99 

45. CJM 2005 (vol 57 pp. 771)
 Schrohe, E.; Seiler, J.

The Resolvent of Closed Extensions of Cone Differential Operators
We study closed extensions $\underline A$ of
an elliptic differential operator $A$ on a manifold with conical
singularities, acting as an unbounded operator on a weighted $L_p$space.
Under suitable conditions we show that the resolvent
$(\lambda\underline A)^{1}$ exists
in a sector of the complex plane and decays like $1/\lambda$ as
$\lambda\to\infty$. Moreover, we determine the structure of the resolvent
with enough precision to guarantee existence and boundedness of imaginary
powers of $\underline A$.
As an application we treat the LaplaceBeltrami operator for a metric with
straight conical degeneracy and describe domains yielding
maximal regularity for the Cauchy problem $\dot{u}\Delta u=f$, $u(0)=0$.
Keywords:Manifolds with conical singularities, resolvent, maximal regularity Categories:35J70, 47A10, 58J40 

46. CJM 2004 (vol 56 pp. 794)
 Michel, Laurent

SemiClassical Behavior of the Scattering Amplitude for Trapping Perturbations at Fixed Energy
We study the semiclassical behavior as $h\rightarrow 0$ of the scattering
amplitude $f(\theta,\omega,\lambda,h)$ associated to a Schr\"odinger operator
$P(h)=\frac 1 2 h^2\Delta +V(x)$ with shortrange trapping
perturbations. First we realize a spatial localization in the general case
and we deduce a bound of the scattering amplitude on the real
line. Under an additional assumption on the resonances, we show that
if we modify the potential $V(x)$ in a domain lying behind the
barrier $\{x:V(x)>\lambda\}$, the scattering amplitude
$f(\theta,\omega,\lambda,h)$ changes by a term of order
$\O(h^{\infty})$. Under an escape assumption on the classical
trajectories incoming with fixed direction $\omega$, we obtain
an asymptotic development of $f(\theta,\omega,\lambda,h)$
similar to the one established in thenontrapping case.
Categories:35P25, 35B34, 35B40 

47. CJM 2004 (vol 56 pp. 638)
 Śniatycki, Jędrzej

Multisymplectic Reduction for Proper Actions
We consider symmetries of the Dedonder equation arising from
variational problems with partial derivatives. Assuming a proper
action of the symmetry group, we identify a set of reduced equations
on an open dense subset of the domain of definition of the fields
under consideration. By continuity, the Dedonder equation is
satisfied whenever the reduced equations are satisfied.
Keywords:Dedonder equation, multisymplectic structure, reduction,, symmetries, variational problems Categories:58J70, 35A30 

48. CJM 2004 (vol 56 pp. 655)
 Tao, Xiangxing; Wang, Henggeng

On the Neumann Problem for the SchrÃ¶dinger Equations with Singular Potentials in Lipschitz Domains
We consider the Neumann problem for the Schr\"odinger equations $\Delta u+Vu=0$,
with singular nonnegative potentials $V$ belonging to the reverse H\"older class
$\B_n$, in a connected Lipschitz domain $\Omega\subset\mathbf{R}^n$. Given
boundary data $g$ in $H^p$ or $L^p$ for $1\epsilon
Keywords:Neumann problem, SchrÃ¶dinger equation, Lipschitz, domain, reverse HÃ¶lder class, $H^p$ space Categories:42B20, 35J10 

49. CJM 2004 (vol 56 pp. 590)
 Ni, Yilong

The Heat Kernel and Green's Function on a Manifold with Heisenberg Group as Boundary
We study the Riemannian LaplaceBeltrami operator $L$ on a Riemannian
manifold with Heisenberg group $H_1$ as boundary. We calculate the heat
kernel and Green's function for $L$, and give global and small time
estimates of the heat kernel. A class of hypersurfaces in this
manifold can be regarded as approximations of $H_1$. We also restrict
$L$ to each hypersurface and calculate the corresponding heat kernel
and Green's function. We will see that the heat kernel and Green's
function converge to the heat kernel and Green's function on the
boundary.
Categories:35H20, 58J99, 53C17 

50. CJM 2003 (vol 55 pp. 401)
 Varopoulos, N. Th.

Gaussian Estimates in Lipschitz Domains
We give upper and lower Gaussian estimates for the diffusion kernel of a
divergence and nondivergence form elliptic operator in a Lipschitz domain.
On donne des estimations Gaussiennes pour le noyau d'une diffusion,
r\'eversible ou pas, dans un domaine Lipschitzien.
Categories:39A70, 3502, 65M06 
