51. CJM 1997 (vol 49 pp. 887)
 Borwein, Peter; Pinner, Christopher

Polynomials with $\{ 0, +1, 1\}$ coefficients and a root close to a given point
For a fixed algebraic number $\alpha$ we
discuss how closely $\alpha$ can be approximated by
a root of a $\{0,+1,1\}$ polynomial of given degree.
We show that the worst rate of approximation tends to
occur for roots of unity, particularly those of small degree.
For roots of unity these bounds depend on
the order of vanishing, $k$, of the polynomial at $\alpha$.
In particular we obtain the following. Let
${\cal B}_{N}$ denote the set of roots of all
$\{0,+1,1\}$ polynomials of degree at most $N$ and
${\cal B}_{N}(\alpha,k)$ the roots of those
polynomials that have a root of order at most $k$
at $\alpha$. For a Pisot number $\alpha$ in $(1,2]$
we show that
\[
\min_{\beta \in {\cal B}_{N}\setminus \{ \alpha \}} \alpha
\beta \asymp \frac{1}{\alpha^{N}},
\]
and for a root of unity $\alpha$ that
\[
\min_{\beta \in {\cal B}_{N}(\alpha,k)\setminus \{\alpha\}}
\alpha \beta\asymp \frac{1}{N^{(k+1) \left\lceil
\frac{1}{2}\phi (d)\right\rceil +1}}.
\]
We study in detail the case of $\alpha=1$, where, by far, the
best approximations are real.
We give fairly precise bounds on the closest real root to 1.
When $k=0$ or 1 we
can describe the extremal polynomials explicitly.
Keywords:Mahler measure, zero one polynomials, Pisot numbers, root separation Categories:11J68, 30C10 

52. CJM 1997 (vol 49 pp. 617)
 Stahl, Saul

On the zeros of some genus polynomials
In the genus polynomial of the graph $G$, the coefficient of $x^k$
is the number of distinct embeddings of the graph $G$ on the
oriented surface of genus $k$. It is shown that for several
infinite families of graphs all the zeros of the genus polynomial
are real and negative. This implies that their coefficients, which
constitute the genus distribution of the graph, are log concave and
therefore also unimodal. The geometric distribution of the zeros
of some of these polynomials is also investigated and some new
genus polynomials are presented.
Categories:05C10, 05A15, 30C15, 26C10 

53. CJM 1997 (vol 49 pp. 520)
 Ismail, Mourad E. H.; Stanton, Dennis

Classical orthogonal polynomials as moments
We show that the Meixner, Pollaczek, MeixnerPollaczek, the continuous
$q$ultraspherical polynomials and AlSalamChihara polynomials, in
certain normalization, are moments of probability measures. We use
this fact to derive bilinear and multilinear generating functions for
some of these polynomials. We also comment on the corresponding formulas
for the Charlier, Hermite and Laguerre polynomials.
Keywords:Classical orthogonal polynomials, \ACP, continuous, $q$ultraspherical polynomials, generating functions, multilinear, generating functions, transformation formulas, umbral calculus Categories:33D45, 33D20, 33C45, 30E05 

54. CJM 1997 (vol 49 pp. 100)
 Lance, T. L.; Stessin, M. I.

Multiplication Invariant Subspaces of Hardy Spaces
This paper studies closed subspaces $L$
of the Hardy spaces $H^p$ which are $g$invariant ({\it i.e.},
$g\cdot L \subseteq L)$ where $g$ is inner, $g\neq 1$. If
$p=2$, the Wold decomposition theorem implies that there is
a countable ``$g$basis'' $f_1, f_2,\ldots$ of
$L$ in the sense that $L$ is a direct sum of spaces
$f_j\cdot H^2[g]$ where $H^2[g] = \{f\circ g \mid f\in H^2\}$.
The basis elements $f_j$ satisfy the
additional property that $\int_T f_j^2 g^k=0$,
$k=1,2,\ldots\,.$ We call such functions $g$$2$inner.
It also
follows that any $f\in H^2$ can be factored $f=h_{f,2}\cdot
(F_2\circ g)$ where $h_{f,2}$ is $g$$2$inner and $F$ is
outer, generalizing the classical Riesz factorization.
Using $L^p$ estimates for the canonical decomposition of
$H^2$, we find a factorization $f=h_{f,p} \cdot (F_p \circ
g)$ for $f\in H^p$. If $p\geq 1$ and $g$ is a finite
Blaschke product we obtain, for any $g$invariant
$L\subseteq H^p$, a finite $g$basis of $g$$p$inner
functions.
Categories:30H05, 46E15, 47B38 

55. CJM 1997 (vol 49 pp. 55)
 Chen, Huaihui; Gauthier, Paul M.

Normal Functions: $L^p$ Estimates
For a meromorphic (or harmonic) function $f$, let us call the dilation
of $f$ at $z$ the ratio of the (spherical) metric at $f(z)$ and the
(hyperbolic) metric at $z$. Inequalities are known which estimate
the $\sup$ norm of the dilation in terms of its $L^p$ norm, for $p>2$,
while capitalizing on the symmetries of $f$. In the present paper
we weaken the hypothesis by showing that such estimates persist
even if the $L^p$ norms are taken only over the set of $z$ on which
$f$ takes values in a fixed spherical disk. Naturally, the bigger
the disk, the better the estimate. Also, We give estimates for
holomorphic functions without zeros and for harmonic functions in
the case that $p=2$.
Categories:30D45, 30F35 
