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101. CJM 2001 (vol 53 pp. 244)

Goldberg, David; Shahidi, Freydoon
On the Tempered Spectrum of Quasi-Split Classical Groups II
We determine the poles of the standard intertwining operators for a maximal parabolic subgroup of the quasi-split unitary group defined by a quadratic extension $E/F$ of $p$-adic fields of characteristic zero. We study the case where the Levi component $M \simeq \GL_n (E) \times U_m (F)$, with $n \equiv m$ $(\mod 2)$. This, along with earlier work, determines the poles of the local Rankin-Selberg product $L$-function $L(s, \tau' \times \tau)$, with $\tau'$ an irreducible unitary supercuspidal representation of $\GL_n (E)$ and $\tau$ a generic irreducible unitary supercuspidal representation of $U_m (F)$. The results are interpreted using the theory of twisted endoscopy.

Categories:22E50, 11S70

102. CJM 2001 (vol 53 pp. 195)

Mokler, Claus
On the Steinberg Map and Steinberg Cross-Section for a Symmetrizable Indefinite Kac-Moody Group
Let $G$ be a symmetrizable indefinite Kac-Moody group over $\C$. Let $\Tr_{\La_1},\dots,\Tr_{\La_{2n-l}}$ be the characters of the fundamental irreducible representations of $G$, defined as convergent series on a certain part $G^{\tralg} \subseteq G$. Following Steinberg in the classical case and Br\"uchert in the affine case, we define the Steinberg map $\chi := (\Tr_{\La_1},\dots, \Tr_{\La_{2n-l}})$ as well as the Steinberg cross section $C$, together with a natural parametrisation $\omega \colon \C^{n} \times (\C^\times)^{\,n-l} \to C$. We investigate the local behaviour of $\chi$ on $C$ near $\omega \bigl( (0,\dots,0) \times (1,\dots,1) \bigr)$, and we show that there exists a neighborhood of $(0,\dots,0) \times (1,\dots,1)$, on which $\chi \circ \omega$ is a regular analytical map, satisfying a certain functional identity. This identity has its origin in an action of the center of $G$ on~$C$.

Categories:22E65, 17B65

103. CJM 2000 (vol 52 pp. 1192)

Herb, Rebecca A.
Orbital Integrals on $p$-Adic Lie Algebras
Let $G$ be a connected reductive $p$-adic group and let $\frakg$ be its Lie algebra. Let $\calO$ be any $G$-orbit in $\frakg$. Then the orbital integral $\mu_{\calO}$ corresponding to $\calO$ is an invariant distribution on $\frakg $, and Harish-Chandra proved that its Fourier transform $\hat \mu_{\calO}$ is a locally constant function on the set $\frakg'$ of regular semisimple elements of $\frakg$. If $\frakh$ is a Cartan subalgebra of $\frakg$, and $\omega$ is a compact subset of $\frakh\cap\frakg'$, we give a formula for $\hat \mu_{\calO}(tH)$ for $H\in\omega$ and $t\in F^{\times}$ sufficiently large. In the case that $\calO$ is a regular semisimple orbit, the formula is already known by work of Waldspurger. In the case that $\calO$ is a nilpotent orbit, the behavior of $\hat\mu_{\calO}$ at infinity is already known because of its homogeneity properties. The general case combines aspects of these two extreme cases. The formula for $\hat\mu _{\calO}$ at infinity can be used to formulate a ``theory of the constant term'' for the space of distributions spanned by the Fourier transforms of orbital integrals. It can also be used to show that the Fourier transforms of orbital integrals are ``linearly independent at infinity.''

Categories:22E30, 22E45

104. CJM 2000 (vol 52 pp. 1101)

Zhang, Yuanli
Discrete Series of Classical Groups
Let $G_n$ be the split classical groups $\Sp(2n)$, $\SO(2n+1)$ and $\SO(2n)$ defined over a $p$-adic field F or the quasi-split classical groups $U(n,n)$ and $U(n+1,n)$ with respect to a quadratic extension $E/F$. We prove the self-duality of unitary supercuspidal data of standard Levi subgroups of $G_n(F)$ which give discrete series representations of $G_n(F)$.


105. CJM 2000 (vol 52 pp. 804)

Kottwitz, Robert E.; Rogawski, Jonathan D.
The Distributions in the Invariant Trace Formula Are Supported on Characters
J.~Arthur put the trace formula in invariant form for all connected reductive groups and certain disconnected ones. However his work was written so as to apply to the general disconnected case, modulo two missing ingredients. This paper supplies one of those missing ingredients, namely an argument in Galois cohomology of a kind first used by D.~Kazhdan in the connected case.

Categories:22E50, 11S37, 10D40

106. CJM 2000 (vol 52 pp. 539)

Jantzen, Chris
On Square-Integrable Representations of Classical $p$-adic Groups
In this paper, we use Jacquet module methods to study the problem of classifying discrete series for the classical $p$-adic groups $\Sp(2n,F)$ and $\SO(2n+1,F)$.


107. CJM 2000 (vol 52 pp. 449)

Adler, Jeffrey D.; Roche, Alan
An Intertwining Result for $p$-adic Groups
For a reductive $p$-adic group $G$, we compute the supports of the Hecke algebras for the $K$-types for $G$ lying in a certain frequently-occurring class. When $G$ is classical, we compute the intertwining between any two such $K$-types.

Categories:22E50, 20G05

108. CJM 2000 (vol 52 pp. 412)

Varopoulos, N. Th.
Geometric and Potential Theoretic Results on Lie Groups
The main new results in this paper are contained in the geometric Theorems 1 and~2 of Section~0.1 below and they are related to previous results of M.~Gromov and of myself (\cf\ \cite{1},~\cite{2}). These results are used to prove some general potential theoretic estimates on Lie groups (\cf\ Section~0.3) that are related to my previous work in the area (\cf\ \cite{3},~\cite{4}) and to some deep recent work of G.~Alexopoulos (\cf\ \cite{5},~\cite{21}).

Categories:22E30, 43A80, 60J60, 60J65

109. CJM 2000 (vol 52 pp. 438)

Wallach, N. R.; Willenbring, J.
On Some $q$-Analogs of a Theorem of Kostant-Rallis
In the first part of this paper generalizations of Hesselink's $q$-analog of Kostant's multiplicity formula for the action of a semisimple Lie group on the polynomials on its Lie algebra are given in the context of the Kostant-Rallis theorem. They correspond to the cases of real semisimple Lie groups with one conjugacy class of Cartan subgroup. In the second part of the paper a $q$-analog of the Kostant-Rallis theorem is given for the real group $\SL(4,\mathbb{R})$ (that is $\SO(4)$ acting on symmetric $4 \times 4$ matrices). This example plays two roles. First it contrasts with the examples of the first part. Second it has implications to the study of entanglement of mixed 2 qubit states in quantum computation.

Categories:22E47, 20G05

110. CJM 2000 (vol 52 pp. 306)

Cunningham, Clifton
Characters of Depth-Zero, Supercuspidal Representations of the Rank-2 Symplectic Group
This paper expresses the character of certain depth-zero supercuspidal representations of the rank-2 symplectic group as the Fourier transform of a finite linear combination of regular elliptic orbital integrals---an expression which is ideally suited for the study of the stability of those characters. Building on work of F.~Murnaghan, our proof involves Lusztig's Generalised Springer Correspondence in a fundamental way, and also makes use of some results on elliptic orbital integrals proved elsewhere by the author using Moy-Prasad filtrations of $p$-adic Lie algebras. Two applications of the main result are considered toward the end of the paper.

Categories:22E50, 22E35

111. CJM 1999 (vol 51 pp. 1135)

Arthur, James
Endoscopic $L$-Functions and a Combinatorial Identity
The trace formula contains terms on the spectral side that are constructed from unramified automorphic $L$-functions. We shall establish an identify that relates these terms with corresponding terms attached to endoscopic groups of $G$. In the process, we shall show that the $L$-functions of $G$ that come from automorphic representations of endoscopic groups have meromorphic continuation.

Categories:22E45, 22E46

112. CJM 1999 (vol 51 pp. 1307)

Johnson, Norman W.; Weiss, Asia Ivić
Quadratic Integers and Coxeter Groups
Matrices whose entries belong to certain rings of algebraic integers can be associated with discrete groups of transformations of inversive $n$-space or hyperbolic $(n+1)$-space $\mbox{H}^{n+1}$. For small $n$, these may be Coxeter groups, generated by reflections, or certain subgroups whose generators include direct isometries of $\mbox{H}^{n+1}$. We show how linear fractional transformations over rings of rational and (real or imaginary) quadratic integers are related to the symmetry groups of regular tilings of the hyperbolic plane or 3-space. New light is shed on the properties of the rational modular group $\PSL_2 (\bbZ)$, the Gaussian modular (Picard) group $\PSL_2 (\bbZ[{\it i}])$, and the Eisenstein modular group $\PSL_2 (\bbZ[\omega ])$.

Categories:11F06, 20F55, 20G20, 20H10, 22E40

113. CJM 1999 (vol 51 pp. 952)

Deitmar, Anton; Hoffmann, Werner
On Limit Multiplicities for Spaces of Automorphic Forms
Let $\Gamma$ be a rank-one arithmetic subgroup of a semisimple Lie group~$G$. For fixed $K$-Type, the spectral side of the Selberg trace formula defines a distribution on the space of infinitesimal characters of~$G$, whose discrete part encodes the dimensions of the spaces of square-integrable $\Gamma$-automorphic forms. It is shown that this distribution converges to the Plancherel measure of $G$ when $\Ga$ shrinks to the trivial group in a certain restricted way. The analogous assertion for cocompact lattices $\Gamma$ follows from results of DeGeorge-Wallach and Delorme.

Keywords:limit multiplicities, automorphic forms, noncompact quotients, Selberg trace formula, functional calculus
Categories:11F72, 22E30, 22E40, 43A85, 58G25

114. CJM 1999 (vol 51 pp. 835)

Kim, Henry H.
Langlands-Shahidi Method and Poles of Automorphic $L$-Functions: Application to Exterior Square $L$-Functions
In this paper we use Langlands-Shahidi method and the result of Langlands which says that non self-conjugate maximal parabolic subgroups do not contribute to the residual spectrum, to prove the holomorphy of several \emph{completed} automorphic $L$-functions on the whole complex plane which appear in constant terms of the Eisenstein series. They include the exterior square $L$-functions of $\GL_n$, $n$ odd, the Rankin-Selberg $L$-functions of $\GL_n\times \GL_m$, $n\ne m$, and $L$-functions $L(s,\sigma,r)$, where $\sigma$ is a generic cuspidal representation of $\SO_{10}$ and $r$ is the half-spin representation of $\GSpin(10, \mathbb{C})$. The main part is proving the holomorphy and non-vanishing of the local normalized intertwining operators by reducing them to natural conjectures in harmonic analysis, such as standard module conjecture.

Categories:11F, 22E

115. CJM 1999 (vol 51 pp. 816)

Hall, Brian C.
A New Form of the Segal-Bargmann Transform for Lie Groups of Compact Type
I consider a two-parameter family $B_{s,t}$ of unitary transforms mapping an $L^{2}$-space over a Lie group of compact type onto a holomorphic $L^{2}$-space over the complexified group. These were studied using infinite-dimensional analysis in joint work with B.~Driver, but are treated here by finite-dimensional means. These transforms interpolate between two previously known transforms, and all should be thought of as generalizations of the classical Segal-Bargmann transform. I consider also the limiting cases $s \rightarrow \infty$ and $s \rightarrow t/2$.

Categories:22E30, 81S30, 58G11

116. CJM 1999 (vol 51 pp. 636)

Paul, Annegret
First Occurrence for the Dual Pairs $\bigl(U(p,q),U(r,s)\bigr)$
We prove a conjecture of Kudla and Rallis about the first occurrence in the theta correspondence, for dual pairs of the form $\bigl(U(p,q),U(r,s)\bigr)$ and most representations.


117. CJM 1999 (vol 51 pp. 266)

Deitmar, Anton; Hoffman, Werner
Spectral Estimates for Towers of Noncompact Quotients
We prove a uniform upper estimate on the number of cuspidal eigenvalues of the $\Ga$-automorphic Laplacian below a given bound when $\Ga$ varies in a family of congruence subgroups of a given reductive linear algebraic group. Each $\Ga$ in the family is assumed to contain a principal congruence subgroup whose index in $\Ga$ does not exceed a fixed number. The bound we prove depends linearly on the covolume of $\Ga$ and is deduced from the analogous result about the cut-off Laplacian. The proof generalizes the heat-kernel method which has been applied by Donnelly in the case of a fixed lattice~$\Ga$.

Categories:11F72, 58G25, 22E40

118. CJM 1999 (vol 51 pp. 164)

Tan, Victor
Poles of Siegel Eisenstein Series on $U(n,n)$
Let $U(n,n)$ be the rank $n$ quasi-split unitary group over a number field. We show that the normalized Siegel Eisenstein series of $U(n,n)$ has at most simple poles at the integers or half integers in certain strip of the complex plane.

Categories:11F70, 11F27, 22E50

119. CJM 1999 (vol 51 pp. 130)

Savin, Gordan; Gan, Wee Teck
The Dual Pair $G_2 \times \PU_3 (D)$ ($p$-Adic Case)
We study the correspondence of representations arising by restricting the minimal representation of the linear group of type $E_7$ and relative rank $4$. The main tool is computations of the Jacquet modules of the minimal representation with respect to maximal parabolic subgroups of $G_2$ and $\PU_3(D)$.

Categories:22E35, 22E50, 11F70

120. CJM 1998 (vol 50 pp. 1090)

Lohoué, Noël; Mustapha, Sami
Sur les transformées de Riesz sur les groupes de Lie moyennables et sur certains espaces homogènes
Let $\Delta$ be a left invariant sub-Laplacian on a Lie group $G$ and let $\nabla$ be the associated gradient. In this paper we investigate the boundness of the Riesz transform $\nabla\Delta^{-1/2}$ on Lie groups $G$ which are amenable and with exponential volume growth and on certain homogenous spaces.

Categories:22E30, 35H05, 43A80, 43A85

121. CJM 1998 (vol 50 pp. 1105)

Roberts, Brooks
Tempered representations and the theta correspondence
Let $V$ be an even dimensional nondegenerate symmetric bilinear space over a nonarchimedean local field $F$ of characteristic zero, and let $n$ be a nonnegative integer. Suppose that $\sigma \in \Irr \bigl(\OO (V)\bigr)$ and $\pi \in \Irr \bigl(\Sp (n,F)\bigr)$ correspond under the theta correspondence. Assuming that $\sigma$ is tempered, we investigate the problem of determining the Langlands quotient data for $\pi$.

Categories:11F27, 22E50

122. CJM 1998 (vol 50 pp. 972)

Brüchert, Gerd
Trace class elements and cross-sections in Kac-Moody groups
Let $G$ be an affine Kac-Moody group, $\pi_0,\dots,\pi_r,\pi_{\delta}$ its fundamental irreducible representations and $\chi_0, \dots, \chi_r, \chi_{\delta}$ their characters. We determine the set of all group elements $x$ such that all $\pi_i(x)$ act as trace class operators, \ie, such that $\chi_i(x)$ exists, then prove that the $\chi_i$ are class functions. Thus, $\chi:=(\chi_0, \dots, \chi_r, \chi_{\delta})$ factors to an adjoint quotient $\bar{\chi}$ for $G$. In a second part, following Steinberg, we define a cross-section $C$ for the potential regular classes in $G$. We prove that the restriction $\chi|_C$ behaves well algebraically. Moreover, we obtain an action of $\hbox{\Bbbvii C}^{\times}$ on $C$, which leads to a functional identity for $\chi|_C$ which shows that $\chi|_C$ is quasi-homogeneous.

Categories:22E65, 17B67

123. CJM 1998 (vol 50 pp. 356)

Gross, Leonard
Some norms on universal enveloping algebras
The universal enveloping algebra, $U(\frak g)$, of a Lie algebra $\frak g$ supports some norms and seminorms that have arisen naturally in the context of heat kernel analysis on Lie groups. These norms and seminorms are investigated here from an algebraic viewpoint. It is shown that the norms corresponding to heat kernels on the associated Lie groups decompose as product norms under the natural isomorphism $U(\frak g_1 \oplus \frak g_2) \cong U(\frak g_1) \otimes U(\frak g_2)$. The seminorms corresponding to Green's functions are examined at a purely Lie algebra level for $\rmsl(2,\Bbb C)$. It is also shown that the algebraic dual space $U'$ is spanned by its finite rank elements if and only if $\frak g$ is nilpotent.

Categories:17B35, 16S30, 22E30

124. CJM 1998 (vol 50 pp. 74)

Flicker, Yuval Z.
Elementary proof of the fundamental lemma for a unitary group
The fundamental lemma in the theory of automorphic forms is proven for the (quasi-split) unitary group $U(3)$ in three variables associated with a quadratic extension of $p$-adic fields, and its endoscopic group $U(2)$, by means of a new, elementary technique. This lemma is a prerequisite for an application of the trace formula to classify the automorphic and admissible representations of $U(3)$ in terms of those of $U(2)$ and base change to $\GL(3)$. It compares the (unstable) orbital integral of the characteristic function of the standard maximal compact subgroup $K$ of $U(3)$ at a regular element (whose centralizer $T$ is a torus), with an analogous (stable) orbital integral on the endoscopic group $U(2)$. The technique is based on computing the sum over the double coset space $T\bs G/K$ which describes the integral, by means of an intermediate double coset space $H\bs G/K$ for a subgroup $H$ of $G=U(3)$ containing $T$. Such an argument originates from Weissauer's work on the symplectic group. The lemma is proven for both ramified and unramified regular elements, for which endoscopy occurs (the stable conjugacy class is not a single orbit).

Categories:22E35, 11F70, 11F85, 11S37

125. CJM 1997 (vol 49 pp. 1117)

Hu, Zhiguo
The von Neumann algebra $\VN(G)$ of a locally compact group and quotients of its subspaces
Let $\VN(G)$ be the von Neumann algebra of a locally compact group $G$. We denote by $\mu$ the initial ordinal with $\abs{\mu}$ equal to the smallest cardinality of an open basis at the unit of $G$ and $X= \{\alpha; \alpha < \mu \}$. We show that if $G$ is nondiscrete then there exist an isometric $*$-isomorphism $\kappa$ of $l^{\infty}(X)$ into $\VN(G)$ and a positive linear mapping $\pi$ of $\VN(G)$ onto $l^{\infty}(X)$ such that $\pi\circ\kappa = \id_{l^{\infty}(X)}$ and $\kappa$ and $\pi$ have certain additional properties. Let $\UCB (\hat{G})$ be the $C^{*}$-algebra generated by operators in $\VN(G)$ with compact support and $F(\hat{G})$ the space of all $T \in \VN(G)$ such that all topologically invariant means on $\VN(G)$ attain the same value at $T$. The construction of the mapping $\pi$ leads to the conclusion that the quotient space $\UCB (\hat{G})/F(\hat{G})\cap \UCB(\hat{G})$ has $l^{\infty}(X)$ as a continuous linear image if $G$ is nondiscrete. When $G$ is further assumed to be non-metrizable, it is shown that $\UCB(\hat{G})/F (\hat{G})\cap \UCB(\hat{G})$ contains a linear isomorphic copy of $l^{\infty}(X)$. Similar results are also obtained for other quotient spaces.

Categories:22D25, 43A22, 43A30, 22D15, 43A07, 47D35
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