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76. CJM 2005 (vol 57 pp. 1279)

Maad, Sara
A Semilinear Problem for the Heisenberg Laplacian on Unbounded Domains
We study the semilinear equation \begin{equation*} -\Delta_{\mathbb H} u(\eta) + u(\eta) = f(\eta, u(\eta)),\quad u \in \So(\Omega), \end{equation*} where $\Omega$ is an unbounded domain of the Heisenberg group $\mathbb H^N$, $N\ge 1$. The space $\So(\Omega)$ is the Heisenberg analogue of the Sobolev space $W_0^{1,2}(\Omega)$. The function $f\colon \overline{\Omega}\times \mathbb R\to \mathbb R$ is supposed to be odd in $u$, continuous and satisfy some (superlinear but subcritical) growth conditions. The operator $\Delta_{\mathbb H}$ is the subelliptic Laplacian on the Heisenberg group. We give a condition on $\Omega$ which implies the existence of infinitely many solutions of the above equation. In the proof we rewrite the equation as a variational problem, and show that the corresponding functional satisfies the Palais--Smale condition. This might be quite surprising since we deal with domains which are far from bounded. The technique we use rests on a compactness argument and the maximum principle.

Keywords:Heisenberg group, concentration compactness, Heisenberg Laplacian
Categories:22E30, 22E27

77. CJM 2005 (vol 57 pp. 750)

Sabourin, Hervé
Sur la structure transverse à une orbite nilpotente adjointe
We are interested in Poisson structures to transverse nilpotent adjoint orbits in a complex semi-simple Lie algebra, and we study their polynomial nature. Furthermore, in the case of $sl_n$, we construct some families of nilpotent orbits with quadratic transverse structures.

Keywords:nilpotent adjoint orbits, conormal orbits, Poisson transverse structure
Categories:22E, 53D

78. CJM 2005 (vol 57 pp. 598)

Kornelson, Keri A.
Local Solvability of Laplacian Difference Operators Arising from the Discrete Heisenberg Group
Differential operators $D_x$, $D_y$, and $D_z$ are formed using the action of the $3$-dimensional discrete Heisenberg group $G$ on a set $S$, and the operators will act on functions on $S$. The Laplacian operator $L=D_x^2 + D_y^2 + D_z^2$ is a difference operator with variable differences which can be associated to a unitary representation of $G$ on the Hilbert space $L^2(S)$. Using techniques from harmonic analysis and representation theory, we show that the Laplacian operator is locally solvable.

Keywords:discrete Heisenberg group,, unitary representation,, local solvability,, difference operator
Categories:43A85, 22D10, 39A70

79. CJM 2005 (vol 57 pp. 648)

Nevins, Monica
Branching Rules for Principal Series Representations of $SL(2)$ over a $p$-adic Field
We explicitly describe the decomposition into irreducibles of the restriction of the principal series representations of $SL(2,k)$, for $k$ a $p$-adic field, to each of its two maximal compact subgroups (up to conjugacy). We identify these irreducible subrepresentations in the Kirillov-type classification of Shalika. We go on to explicitly describe the decomposition of the reducible principal series of $SL(2,k)$ in terms of the restrictions of its irreducible constituents to a maximal compact subgroup.

Keywords:representations of $p$-adic groups, $p$-adic integers, orbit method, $K$-types
Categories:20G25, 22E35, 20H25

80. CJM 2005 (vol 57 pp. 616)

Muić, Goran
Reducibility of Generalized Principal Series
In this paper we describe reducibility of non-unitary generalized principal series for classical $p$-adic groups in terms of the classification of discrete series due to M\oe glin and Tadi\'c.

Categories:22E35, and, 50, 11F70

81. CJM 2005 (vol 57 pp. 535)

Kim, Henry H.
On Local $L$-Functions and Normalized Intertwining Operators
In this paper we make explicit all $L$-functions in the Langlands--Shahidi method which appear as normalizing factors of global intertwining operators in the constant term of the Eisenstein series. We prove, in many cases, the conjecture of Shahidi regarding the holomorphy of the local $L$-functions. We also prove that the normalized local intertwining operators are holomorphic and non-vaninishing for $\re(s)\geq 1/2$ in many cases. These local results are essential in global applications such as Langlands functoriality, residual spectrum and determining poles of automorphic $L$-functions.

Categories:11F70, 22E55

82. CJM 2005 (vol 57 pp. 159)

Jantzen, Chris
Duality and Supports of Induced Representations for Orthogonal Groups
In this paper, we construct a duality for $p$-adic orthogonal groups.


83. CJM 2005 (vol 57 pp. 17)

Bédos, Erik; Conti, Roberto; Tuset, Lars
On Amenability and Co-Amenability of Algebraic Quantum Groups and Their Corepresentations
We introduce and study several notions of amenability for unitary corepresentations and $*$-representations of algebraic quantum groups, which may be used to characterize amenability and co-amenability for such quantum groups. As a background for this study, we investigate the associated tensor C$^{*}$-categories.

Keywords:quantum group, amenability
Categories:46L05, 46L65, 22D10, 22D25, 43A07, 43A65, 58B32

84. CJM 2004 (vol 56 pp. 945)

Helminck, Aloysius G.; Schwarz, Gerald W.
Smoothness of Quotients Associated \\With a Pair of Commuting Involutions
Let $\sigma$, $\theta$ be commuting involutions of the connected semisimple algebraic group $G$ where $\sigma$, $\theta$ and $G$ are defined over an algebraically closed field $\k$, $\Char \k=0$. Let $H:=G^\sigma$ and $K:=G^\theta$ be the fixed point groups. We have an action $(H\times K)\times G\to G$, where $((h,k),g)\mapsto hgk\inv$, $h\in H$, $k\in K$, $g\in G$. Let $\quot G{(H\times K)}$ denote the categorical quotient $\Spec \O(G)^{H\times K}$. We determine when this quotient is smooth. Our results are a generalization of those of Steinberg \cite{Steinberg75}, Pittie \cite{Pittie72} and Richardson \cite{Rich82b} in the symmetric case where $\sigma=\theta$ and $H=K$.

Categories:20G15, 20G20, 22E15, 22E46

85. CJM 2004 (vol 56 pp. 963)

Ishiwata, Satoshi
A Berry-Esseen Type Theorem on Nilpotent Covering Graphs
We prove an estimate for the speed of convergence of the transition probability for a symmetric random walk on a nilpotent covering graph. To obtain this estimate, we give a complete proof of the Gaussian bound for the gradient of the Markov kernel.

Categories:22E25, 60J15, 58G32

86. CJM 2004 (vol 56 pp. 883)

Tandra, Haryono; Moran, William
Kirillov Theory for a Class of Discrete Nilpotent Groups
This paper is concerned with the Kirillov map for a class of torsion-free nilpotent groups $G$. $G$ is assumed to be discrete, countable and $\pi$-radicable, with $\pi$ containing the primes less than or equal to the nilpotence class of $G$. In addition, it is assumed that all of the characters of $G$ have idempotent absolute value. Such groups are shown to be plentiful.


87. CJM 2004 (vol 56 pp. 293)

Khomenko, Oleksandr; Mazorchuk, Volodymyr
Structure of modules induced from simple modules with minimal annihilator
We study the structure of generalized Verma modules over a semi-simple complex finite-dimensional Lie algebra, which are induced from simple modules over a parabolic subalgebra. We consider the case when the annihilator of the starting simple module is a minimal primitive ideal if we restrict this module to the Levi factor of the parabolic subalgebra. We show that these modules correspond to proper standard modules in some parabolic generalization of the Bernstein-Gelfand-Gelfand category $\Oo$ and prove that the blocks of this parabolic category are equivalent to certain blocks of the category of Harish-Chandra bimodules. From this we derive, in particular, an irreducibility criterion for generalized Verma modules. We also compute the composition multiplicities of those simple subquotients, which correspond to the induction from simple modules whose annihilators are minimal primitive ideals.

Keywords:parabolic induction, generalized Verma module, simple module, Ha\-rish-\-Chand\-ra bimodule, equivalent categories
Categories:17B10, 22E47

88. CJM 2004 (vol 56 pp. 168)

Pogge, James Todd
On a Certain Residual Spectrum of $\Sp_8$
Let $G=\Sp_{2n}$ be the symplectic group defined over a number field $F$. Let $\mathbb{A}$ be the ring of adeles. A fundamental problem in the theory of automorphic forms is to decompose the right regular representation of $G(\mathbb{A})$ acting on the Hilbert space $L^2\bigl(G(F)\setminus G(\mathbb{A})\bigr)$. Main contributions have been made by Langlands. He described, using his theory of Eisenstein series, an orthogonal decomposition of this space of the form: $L_{\dis}^2 \bigl( G(F)\setminus G(\mathbb{A}) \bigr)=\bigoplus_{(M,\pi)} L_{\dis}^2(G(F) \setminus G(\mathbb{A}) \bigr)_{(M,\pi)}$, where $(M,\pi)$ is a Levi subgroup with a cuspidal automorphic representation $\pi$ taken modulo conjugacy (Here we normalize $\pi$ so that the action of the maximal split torus in the center of $G$ at the archimedean places is trivial.) and $L_{\dis}^2\bigl(G(F)\setminus G(\mathbb{A})\bigr)_{(M,\pi)}$ is a space of residues of Eisenstein series associated to $(M,\pi)$. In this paper, we will completely determine the space $L_{\dis}^2\bigl(G(F)\setminus G(\mathbb{A})\bigr)_{(M,\pi)}$, when $M\simeq\GL_2\times\GL_2$. This is the first result on the residual spectrum for non-maximal, non-Borel parabolic subgroups, other than $\GL_n$.

Categories:11F70, 22E55

89. CJM 2003 (vol 55 pp. 1155)

Đoković, Dragomir Ž.; Litvinov, Michael
The Closure Ordering of Nilpotent Orbits of the Complex Symmetric Pair $(\SO_{p+q},\SO_p\times\SO_q)$
The main problem that is solved in this paper has the following simple formulation (which is not used in its solution). The group $K = \mathrm{O}_p ({\bf C}) \times \mathrm{O}_q ({\bf C})$ acts on the space $M_{p,q}$ of $p\times q$ complex matrices by $(a,b) \cdot x = axb^{-1}$, and so does its identity component $K^0 = \SO_p ({\bf C}) \times \SO_q ({\bf C})$. A $K$-orbit (or $K^0$-orbit) in $M_{p,q}$ is said to be nilpotent if its closure contains the zero matrix. The closure, $\overline{\mathcal{O}}$, of a nilpotent $K$-orbit (resp.\ $K^0$-orbit) ${\mathcal{O}}$ in $M_{p,q}$ is a union of ${\mathcal{O}}$ and some nilpotent $K$-orbits (resp.\ $K^0$-orbits) of smaller dimensions. The description of the closure of nilpotent $K$-orbits has been known for some time, but not so for the nilpotent $K^0$-orbits. A conjecture describing the closure of nilpotent $K^0$-orbits was proposed in \cite{DLS} and verified when $\min(p,q) \le 7$. In this paper we prove the conjecture. The proof is based on a study of two prehomogeneous vector spaces attached to $\mathcal{O}$ and determination of the basic relative invariants of these spaces. The above problem is equivalent to the problem of describing the closure of nilpotent orbits in the real Lie algebra $\mathfrak{so} (p,q)$ under the adjoint action of the identity component of the real orthogonal group $\mathrm{O}(p,q)$.

Keywords:orthogonal $ab$-diagrams, prehomogeneous vector spaces, relative invariants
Categories:17B20, 17B45, 22E47

90. CJM 2003 (vol 55 pp. 1121)

Bettaïeb, Karem
Classification des représentations tempérées d'un groupe $p$-adique
Soit $G$ le groupe des points d\'efinis sur un corps $p$-adique d'un groupe r\'eductif connexe. A l'aide des caract\`eres virtuels supertemp\'er\'es de $G$, on prouve (conjectures de Clozel) que toute repr\'esentation irr\'eductible temp\'er\'ee de $G$ est irr\'eductiblement induite d'une essentielle d'un sous-groupe de L\'evi de~$G$.


91. CJM 2003 (vol 55 pp. 1080)

Kellerhals, Ruth
Quaternions and Some Global Properties of Hyperbolic $5$-Manifolds
We provide an explicit thick and thin decomposition for oriented hyperbolic manifolds $M$ of dimension $5$. The result implies improved universal lower bounds for the volume $\rmvol_5(M)$ and, for $M$ compact, new estimates relating the injectivity radius and the diameter of $M$ with $\rmvol_5(M)$. The quantification of the thin part is based upon the identification of the isometry group of the universal space by the matrix group $\PS_\Delta {\rm L} (2,\mathbb{H})$ of quaternionic $2\times 2$-matrices with Dieudonn\'e determinant $\Delta$ equal to $1$ and isolation properties of $\PS_\Delta {\rm L} (2,\mathbb{H})$.

Categories:53C22, 53C25, 57N16, 57S30, 51N30, 20G20, 22E40

92. CJM 2003 (vol 55 pp. 969)

Glöckner, Helge
Lie Groups of Measurable Mappings
We describe new construction principles for infinite-dimensional Lie groups. In particular, given any measure space $(X,\Sigma,\mu)$ and (possibly infinite-dimensional) Lie group $G$, we construct a Lie group $L^\infty (X,G)$, which is a Fr\'echet-Lie group if $G$ is so. We also show that the weak direct product $\prod^*_{i\in I} G_i$ of an arbitrary family $(G_i)_{i\in I}$ of Lie groups can be made a Lie group, modelled on the locally convex direct sum $\bigoplus_{i\in I} L(G_i)$.

Categories:22E65, 46E40, 46E30, 22E67, 46T20, 46T25

93. CJM 2003 (vol 55 pp. 353)

Silberger, Allan J.; Zink, Ernst-Wilhelm
Weak Explicit Matching for Level Zero Discrete Series of Unit Groups of $\mathfrak{p}$-Adic Simple Algebras
Let $F$ be a $p$-adic local field and let $A_i^\times$ be the unit group of a central simple $F$-algebra $A_i$ of reduced degree $n>1$ ($i=1,2$). Let $\mathcal{R}^2 (A_i^\times)$ denote the set of irreducible discrete series representations of $A_i^\times$. The ``Abstract Matching Theorem'' asserts the existence of a bijection, the ``Jacquet-Langlands'' map, $\mathcal{J} \mathcal{L}_{A_2,A_1} \colon \mathcal{R}^2 (A_1^\times) \to \mathcal{R}^2 (A_2^\times)$ which, up to known sign, preserves character values for regular elliptic elements. This paper addresses the question of explicitly describing the map $\mathcal{J} \mathcal{L}$, but only for ``level zero'' representations. We prove that the restriction $\mathcal{J} \mathcal{L}_{A_2,A_1} \colon \mathcal{R}_0^2 (A_1^\times) \to \mathcal{R}_0^2 (A_2^\times)$ is a bijection of level zero discrete series (Proposition~3.2) and we give a parameterization of the set of unramified twist classes of level zero discrete series which does not depend upon the algebra $A_i$ and is invariant under $\mathcal{J} \mathcal{L}_{A_2,A_1}$ (Theorem~4.1).

Categories:22E50, 11R39

94. CJM 2002 (vol 54 pp. 1100)

Wood, Peter J.
The Operator Biprojectivity of the Fourier Algebra
In this paper, we investigate projectivity in the category of operator spaces. In particular, we show that the Fourier algebra of a locally compact group $G$ is operator biprojective if and only if $G$ is discrete.

Keywords:locally compact group, Fourier algebra, operator space, projective
Categories:13D03, 18G25, 43A95, 46L07, 22D99

95. CJM 2002 (vol 54 pp. 795)

Möller, Rögnvaldur G.
Structure Theory of Totally Disconnected Locally Compact Groups via Graphs and Permutations
Willis's structure theory of totally disconnected locally compact groups is investigated in the context of permutation actions. This leads to new interpretations of the basic concepts in the theory and also to new proofs of the fundamental theorems and to several new results. The treatment of Willis's theory is self-contained and full proofs are given of all the fundamental results.

Keywords:totally disconnected locally compact groups, scale function, permutation groups, groups acting on graphs
Categories:22D05, 20B07, 20B27, 05C25

96. CJM 2002 (vol 54 pp. 828)

Moriyama, Tomonori
Spherical Functions for the Semisimple Symmetric Pair $\bigl( \Sp(2,\mathbb{R}), \SL(2,\mathbb{C}) \bigr)$
Let $\pi$ be an irreducible generalized principal series representation of $G = \Sp(2,\mathbb{R})$ induced from its Jacobi parabolic subgroup. We show that the space of algebraic intertwining operators from $\pi$ to the representation induced from an irreducible admissible representation of $\SL(2,\mathbb{C})$ in $G$ is at most one dimensional. Spherical functions in the title are the images of $K$-finite vectors by this intertwining operator. We obtain an integral expression of Mellin-Barnes type for the radial part of our spherical function.

Categories:22E45, 11F70

97. CJM 2002 (vol 54 pp. 769)

Miyazaki, Takuya
Nilpotent Orbits and Whittaker Functions for Derived Functor Modules of $\Sp(2,\mathbb{R})$
We study the moderate growth generalized Whittaker functions, associated to a unitary character $\psi$ of a unipotent subgroup, for the non-tempered cohomological representation of $G = \Sp (2,\mathbb{R})$. Through an explicit calculation of a holonomic system which characterizes these functions we observe that their existence is determined by the including relation between the real nilpotent coadjoint $G$-orbit of $\psi$ in $\mathfrak{g}_{\mathbb{R}}^\ast$ and the asymptotic support of the cohomological representation.

Categories:22E46, 22E30

98. CJM 2002 (vol 54 pp. 263)

Chaudouard, Pierre-Henri
Intégrales orbitales pondérées sur les algèbres de Lie : le cas $p$-adique
Soit $G$ un groupe réductif connexe défini sur un corps $p$-adique $F$ et $\ggo$ son algèbre de Lie. Les intégrales orbitales pondérées sur $\ggo(F)$ sont des distributions $J_M(X,f)$---$f$ est une fonction test---indexées par les sous-groupes de Lévi $M$ de $G$ et les éléments semi-simples réguliers $X \in \mgo(F)\cap \ggo_{\reg}$. Leurs analogues sur $G$ sont les principales composantes du côté géométrique des formules des traces locale et globale d'Arthur. Si $M=G$, on retrouve les intégrales orbitales invariantes qui, vues comme fonction de $X$, sont bornées sur $\mgo(F)\cap \ggo_{\reg}$~: c'est un résultat bien connu de Harish-Chandra. Si $M \subsetneq G$, les intégrales orbitales pondérées explosent au voisinage des éléments singuliers. Nous construisons dans cet article de nouvelles intégrales orbitales pondérées $J_M^b(X,f)$, égales à $J_M(X,f)$ à un terme correctif près, qui tout en conservant les principales propriétés des précédentes (comportement par conjugaison, développement en germes, {\it etc.}) restent bornées quand $X$ parcourt $\mgo(F)\cap\ggo_{\reg}$. Nous montrons également que les intégrales orbitales pondérées globales, associées à des éléments semi-simples réguliers, se décomposent en produits de ces nouvelles intégrales locales.

Categories:22E35, 11F70

99. CJM 2002 (vol 54 pp. 92)

Mezo, Paul
Comparisons of General Linear Groups and their Metaplectic Coverings I
We prepare for a comparison of global trace formulas of general linear groups and their metaplectic coverings. In particular, we generalize the local metaplectic correspondence of Flicker and Kazhdan and describe the terms expected to appear in the invariant trace formulas of the above covering groups. The conjectural trace formulas are then placed into a form suitable for comparison.

Categories:11F70, 11F72, 22E50

100. CJM 2001 (vol 53 pp. 1141)

Bushnell, Colin J.; Henniart, Guy
Sur le comportement, par torsion, des facteurs epsilon de paires
Soient $F$ un corps commutatif localement compact non archim\'edien et $\psi$ un caract\`ere additif non trivial de $F$. Soient $n$ et $n'$ deux entiers distincts, sup\'erieurs \`a $1$. Soient $\pi$ et $\pi'$ des repr\'esentations irr\'eductibles supercuspidales de $\GL_n(F)$, $\GL_{n'}(F)$ respectivement. Nous prouvons qu'il existe un \'el\'ement $c= c(\pi,\pi',\psi)$ de $F^\times$ tel que pour tout quasicaract\`ere mod\'er\'e $\chi$ de $F^\times$ on ait $\varepsilon(\chi\pi\times \pi',s,\psi) = \chi(c)^{-1}\varepsilon(\pi\times\pi',s,\psi)$. Nous examinons aussi certains cas o\`u $n=n'$, $\pi'=\pi^\vee$. Les r\'esultats obtenus forment une \'etape vers une d\'emonstration de la conjecture de Langlands pour $F$, qui ne fasse pas appel \`a la g\'eom\'etrie des vari\'et\'es modulaires, de Shimura ou de Drinfeld. Let $F$ be a non-Archimedean local field, and $\psi$ a non-trivial additive character of $F$. Let $n$ and $n'$ be distinct positive integers. Let $\pi$, $\pi'$ be irreducible supercuspidal representations of $\GL_n(F)$, $\GL_{n'}(F)$ respectively. We prove that there is $c= c(\pi,\pi',\psi)\in F^\times$ such that for every tame quasicharacter $\chi$ of $F^\times$ we have $\varepsilon(\chi\pi\times \pi',s,\psi) = \chi(c)^{-1}\varepsilon(\pi\times\pi',s,\psi)$. We also treat some cases where $n=n'$ and $\pi'=\pi^\vee$. These results are steps towards a proof of the Langlands conjecture for $F$, which would not use the geometry of modular---Shimura or Drinfeld---varieties.

Keywords:corps local, correspondance de Langlands locale, facteurs epsilon de paires
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