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1. CJM 2017 (vol 69 pp. 992)

Bremner, Murray; Dotsenko, Vladimir
Classification of Regular Parametrized One-relation Operads
Jean-Louis Loday introduced a class of symmetric operads generated by one bilinear operation subject to one relation making each left-normed product of three elements equal to a linear combination of right-normed products: \[ (a_1a_2)a_3=\sum_{\sigma\in S_3}x_\sigma\, a_{\sigma(1)}(a_{\sigma(2)}a_{\sigma(3)})\ ; \] such an operad is called a parametrized one-relation operad. For a particular choice of parameters $\{x_\sigma\}$, this operad is said to be regular if each of its components is the regular representation of the symmetric group; equivalently, the corresponding free algebra on a vector space $V$ is, as a graded vector space, isomorphic to the tensor algebra of $V$. We classify, over an algebraically closed field of characteristic zero, all regular parametrized one-relation operads. In fact, we prove that each such operad is isomorphic to one of the following five operads: the left-nilpotent operad defined by the relation $((a_1a_2)a_3)=0$, the associative operad, the Leibniz operad, the dual Leibniz (Zinbiel) operad, and the Poisson operad. Our computational methods combine linear algebra over polynomial rings, representation theory of the symmetric group, and Gröbner bases for determinantal ideals and their radicals.

Keywords:parametrized one-relation algebra, algebraic operad, Koszul duality, representation theory of the symmetric group, determinantal ideal, Gröbner basis
Categories:18D50, 13B25, 13P10, 13P15, 15A54, 17-04, , , , , 17A30, 17A50, 20C30, 68W30

2. CJM 2007 (vol 59 pp. 696)

Bangoura, Momo
Algèbres de Lie d'homotopie associées à une proto-bigèbre de Lie
On associe \`a toute structure de proto-big\`ebre de Lie sur un espace vectoriel $F$ de dimension finie des structures d'alg\`ebre de Lie d'homotopie d\'efinies respectivement sur la suspension de l'alg\`ebre ext\'erieure de $F$ et celle de son dual $F^*$. Dans ces alg\`ebres, tous les crochets $n$-aires sont nuls pour $n \geq 4$ du fait qu'ils proviennent d'une structure de proto-big\`ebre de Lie. Plus g\'en\'eralement, on associe \`a un \'el\'ement de degr\'e impair de l'alg\`ebre ext\'erieure de la somme directe de $F$ et $F^*$, une collection d'applications multilin\'eaires antisym\'etriques sur l'alg\`ebre ext\'erieure de $F$ (resp.\ $F^*$), qui v\'erifient les identit\'es de Jacobi g\'en\'eralis\'ees, d\'efinissant les alg\`ebres de Lie d'homotopie, si l'\'el\'ement donn\'e est de carr\'e nul pour le grand crochet de l'alg\`ebre ext\'erieure de la somme directe de $F$ et de~$F^*$. To any proto-Lie algebra structure on a finite-dimensional vector space~$F$, we associate homotopy Lie algebra structures defined on the suspension of the exterior algebra of $F$ and that of its dual $F^*$, respectively. In these algebras, all $n$-ary brackets for $n \geq 4$ vanish because the brackets are defined by the proto-Lie algebra structure. More generally, to any element of odd degree in the exterior algebra of the direct sum of $F$ and $F^*$, we associate a set of multilinear skew-symmetric mappings on the suspension of the exterior algebra of $F$ (resp.\ $F^*$), which satisfy the generalized Jacobi identities, defining the homotopy Lie algebras, if the given element is of square zero with respect to the big bracket of the exterior algebra of the direct sum of $F$ and~$F^*$.

Keywords:algèbre de Lie d'homotopie, bigèbre de Lie, quasi-bigèbre de Lie, proto-bigèbre de Lie, crochet dérivé, jacobiateur
Categories:17B70, 17A30

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