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1. CJM Online first

Stavrova, Anastasia
Non-stable $K_1$-functors of multiloop groups
Let $k$ be a field of characteristic 0. Let $G$ be a reductive group over the ring of Laurent polynomials $R=k[x_1^{\pm 1},...,x_n^{\pm 1}]$. Assume that $G$ contains a maximal $R$-torus, and that every semisimple normal subgroup of $G$ contains a two-dimensional split torus $\mathbf{G}_m^2$. We show that the natural map of non-stable $K_1$-functors, also called Whitehead groups, $K_1^G(R)\to K_1^G\bigl( k((x_1))...((x_n)) \bigr)$ is injective, and an isomorphism if $G$ is semisimple. As an application, we provide a way to compute the difference between the full automorphism group of a Lie torus (in the sense of Yoshii-Neher) and the subgroup generated by exponential automorphisms.

Keywords:loop reductive group, non-stable $K_1$-functor, Whitehead group, Laurent polynomials, Lie torus
Categories:20G35, 19B99, 17B67

2. CJM Online first

Calixto, Lucas; Moura, Adriano; Savage, Alistair
Equivariant map queer Lie superalgebras
An equivariant map queer Lie superalgebra is the Lie superalgebra of regular maps from an algebraic variety (or scheme) $X$ to a queer Lie superalgebra $\mathfrak{q}$ that are equivariant with respect to the action of a finite group $\Gamma$ acting on $X$ and $\mathfrak{q}$. In this paper, we classify all irreducible finite-dimensional representations of the equivariant map queer Lie superalgebras under the assumption that $\Gamma$ is abelian and acts freely on $X$. We show that such representations are parameterized by a certain set of $\Gamma$-equivariant finitely supported maps from $X$ to the set of isomorphism classes of irreducible finite-dimensional representations of $\mathfrak{q}$. In the special case where $X$ is the torus, we obtain a classification of the irreducible finite-dimensional representations of the twisted loop queer superalgebra.

Keywords:Lie superalgebra, queer Lie superalgebra, loop superalgebra, equivariant map superalgebra, finite-dimensional representation, finite-dimensional module
Categories:17B65, 17B10

3. CJM Online first

da Silva, Genival; Kerr, Matt; Pearlstein, Gregory
Arithmetic of degenerating principal variations of Hodge structure: examples arising from mirror symmetry and middle convolution
We collect evidence in support of a conjecture of Griffiths, Green and Kerr on the arithmetic of extension classes of limiting mixed Hodge structures arising from semistable degenerations over a number field. After briefly summarizing how a result of Iritani implies this conjecture for a collection of hypergeometric Calabi-Yau threefold examples studied by Doran and Morgan, the authors investigate a sequence of (non-hypergeometric) examples in dimensions $1\leq d\leq6$ arising from Katz's theory of the middle convolution. A crucial role is played by the Mumford-Tate group (which is $G_{2}$) of the family of 6-folds, and the theory of boundary components of Mumford-Tate domains.

Keywords:variation of Hodge structure, limiting mixed Hodge structure, Calabi-Yau variety, middle convolution, Mumford-Tate group
Categories:14D07, 14M17, 17B45, 20G99, 32M10, 32G20

4. CJM Online first

Gupta, Sanjiv Kumar; Hare, Kathryn
Characterizing the absolute continuity of the convolution of orbital measures in a classical Lie algebra
Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be a compact, simple Lie algebra of dimension $d$. It is a classical result that the convolution of any $d$ non-trivial, $G$-invariant, orbital measures is absolutely continuous with respect to Lebesgue measure on $\mathfrak{g}$ and the sum of any $d$ non-trivial orbits has non-empty interior. The number $d$ was later reduced to the rank of the Lie algebra (or rank $+1$ in the case of type $A_{n}$). More recently, the minimal integer $k=k(X)$ such that the $k$-fold convolution of the orbital measure supported on the orbit generated by $X$ is an absolutely continuous measure was calculated for each $X\in \mathfrak{g}$. In this paper $\mathfrak{g}$ is any of the classical, compact, simple Lie algebras. We characterize the tuples $(X_{1},\dots,X_{L})$, with $X_{i}\in \mathfrak{g},$ which have the property that the convolution of the $L$-orbital measures supported on the orbits generated by the $X_{i}$ is absolutely continuous and, equivalently, the sum of their orbits has non-empty interior. The characterization depends on the Lie type of $\mathfrak{g}$ and the structure of the annihilating roots of the $X_{i}$. Such a characterization was previously known only for type $A_{n}$.

Keywords:compact Lie algebra, orbital measure, absolutely continuous measure
Categories:43A80, 17B45, 58C35

5. CJM 2014 (vol 67 pp. 55)

Barron, Tatyana; Kerner, Dmitry; Tvalavadze, Marina
On Varieties of Lie Algebras of Maximal Class
We study complex projective varieties that parametrize (finite-dimensional) filiform Lie algebras over ${\mathbb C}$, using equations derived by Millionshchikov. In the infinite-dimensional case we concentrate our attention on ${\mathbb N}$-graded Lie algebras of maximal class. As shown by A. Fialowski there are only three isomorphism types of $\mathbb{N}$-graded Lie algebras $L=\oplus^{\infty}_{i=1} L_i$ of maximal class generated by $L_1$ and $L_2$, $L=\langle L_1, L_2 \rangle$. Vergne described the structure of these algebras with the property $L=\langle L_1 \rangle$. In this paper we study those generated by the first and $q$-th components where $q\gt 2$, $L=\langle L_1, L_q \rangle$. Under some technical condition, there can only be one isomorphism type of such algebras. For $q=3$ we fully classify them. This gives a partial answer to a question posed by Millionshchikov.

Keywords:filiform Lie algebras, graded Lie algebras, projective varieties, topology, classification
Categories:17B70, 14F45

6. CJM 2014 (vol 67 pp. 573)

Chen, Fulin; Gao, Yun; Jing, Naihuan; Tan, Shaobin
Twisted Vertex Operators and Unitary Lie Algebras
A representation of the central extension of the unitary Lie algebra coordinated with a skew Laurent polynomial ring is constructed using vertex operators over an integral $\mathbb Z_2$-lattice. The irreducible decomposition of the representation is explicitly computed and described. As a by-product, some fundamental representations of affine Kac-Moody Lie algebra of type $A_n^{(2)}$ are recovered by the new method.

Keywords:Lie algebra, vertex operator, representation theory
Categories:17B60, 17B69

7. CJM 2013 (vol 65 pp. 1287)

Reihani, Kamran
$K$-theory of Furstenberg Transformation Group $C^*$-algebras
The paper studies the $K$-theoretic invariants of the crossed product $C^{*}$-algebras associated with an important family of homeomorphisms of the tori $\mathbb{T}^{n}$ called Furstenberg transformations. Using the Pimsner-Voiculescu theorem, we prove that given $n$, the $K$-groups of those crossed products, whose corresponding $n\times n$ integer matrices are unipotent of maximal degree, always have the same rank $a_{n}$. We show using the theory developed here that a claim made in the literature about the torsion subgroups of these $K$-groups is false. Using the representation theory of the simple Lie algebra $\frak{sl}(2,\mathbb{C})$, we show that, remarkably, $a_{n}$ has a combinatorial significance. For example, every $a_{2n+1}$ is just the number of ways that $0$ can be represented as a sum of integers between $-n$ and $n$ (with no repetitions). By adapting an argument of van Lint (in which he answered a question of Erdős), a simple, explicit formula for the asymptotic behavior of the sequence $\{a_{n}\}$ is given. Finally, we describe the order structure of the $K_{0}$-groups of an important class of Furstenberg crossed products, obtaining their complete Elliott invariant using classification results of H. Lin and N. C. Phillips.

Keywords:$K$-theory, transformation group $C^*$-algebra, Furstenberg transformation, Anzai transformation, minimal homeomorphism, positive cone, minimal homeomorphism
Categories:19K14, 19K99, 46L35, 46L80, , 05A15, 05A16, 05A17, 15A36, 17B10, 17B20, 37B05, 54H20

8. CJM 2013 (vol 66 pp. 323)

Hohlweg, Christophe; Labbé, Jean-Philippe; Ripoll, Vivien
Asymptotical behaviour of roots of infinite Coxeter groups
Let $W$ be an infinite Coxeter group. We initiate the study of the set $E$ of limit points of ``normalized'' roots (representing the directions of the roots) of W. We show that $E$ is contained in the isotropic cone $Q$ of the bilinear form $B$ associated to a geometric representation, and illustrate this property with numerous examples and pictures in rank $3$ and $4$. We also define a natural geometric action of $W$ on $E$, and then we exhibit a countable subset of $E$, formed by limit points for the dihedral reflection subgroups of $W$. We explain how this subset is built from the intersection with $Q$ of the lines passing through two positive roots, and finally we establish that it is dense in $E$.

Keywords:Coxeter group, root system, roots, limit point, accumulation set
Categories:17B22, 20F55

9. CJM 2013 (vol 66 pp. 453)

Vaz, Pedro; Wagner, Emmanuel
A Remark on BMW algebra, $q$-Schur Algebras and Categorification
We prove that the 2-variable BMW algebra embeds into an algebra constructed from the HOMFLY-PT polynomial. We also prove that the $\mathfrak{so}_{2N}$-BMW algebra embeds in the $q$-Schur algebra of type $A$. We use these results to suggest a schema providing categorifications of the $\mathfrak{so}_{2N}$-BMW algebra.

Keywords:tangle algebras, BMW algebra, HOMFLY-PT Skein algebra, q-Schur algebra, categorification
Categories:57M27, 81R50, 17B37, 16W99

10. CJM 2013 (vol 65 pp. 783)

Garcés, Jorge J.; Peralta, Antonio M.
Generalised Triple Homomorphisms and Derivations
We introduce generalised triple homomorphism between Jordan Banach triple systems as a concept which extends the notion of generalised homomorphism between Banach algebras given by K. Jarosz and B.E. Johnson in 1985 and 1987, respectively. We prove that every generalised triple homomorphism between JB$^*$-triples is automatically continuous. When particularised to C$^*$-algebras, we rediscover one of the main theorems established by B.E. Johnson. We shall also consider generalised triple derivations from a Jordan Banach triple $E$ into a Jordan Banach triple $E$-module, proving that every generalised triple derivation from a JB$^*$-triple $E$ into itself or into $E^*$ is automatically continuous.

Keywords:generalised homomorphism, generalised triple homomorphism, generalised triple derivation, Banach algebra, Jordan Banach triple, C$^*$-algebra, JB$^*$-triple
Categories:46L05, 46L70, 47B48, 17C65, 46K70, 46L40, 47B47, 47B49

11. CJM 2012 (vol 65 pp. 82)

Félix, Yves; Halperin, Steve; Thomas, Jean-Claude
The Ranks of the Homotopy Groups of a Finite Dimensional Complex
Let $X$ be an $n$-dimensional, finite, simply connected CW complex and set $\alpha_X =\limsup_i \frac{\log\mbox{ rank}\, \pi_i(X)}{i}$. When $0\lt \alpha_X\lt \infty$, we give upper and lower bound for $ \sum_{i=k+2}^{k+n} \textrm{rank}\, \pi_i(X) $ for $k$ sufficiently large. We show also for any $r$ that $\alpha_X$ can be estimated from the integers rk$\,\pi_i(X)$, $i\leq nr$ with an error bound depending explicitly on $r$.

Keywords:homotopy groups, graded Lie algebra, exponential growth, LS category
Categories:55P35, 55P62, , , , 17B70

12. CJM 2012 (vol 64 pp. 721)

Achab, Dehbia; Faraut, Jacques
Analysis of the Brylinski-Kostant Model for Spherical Minimal Representations
We revisit with another view point the construction by R. Brylinski and B. Kostant of minimal representations of simple Lie groups. We start from a pair $(V,Q)$, where $V$ is a complex vector space and $Q$ a homogeneous polynomial of degree 4 on $V$. The manifold $\Xi $ is an orbit of a covering of ${\rm Conf}(V,Q)$, the conformal group of the pair $(V,Q)$, in a finite dimensional representation space. By a generalized Kantor-Koecher-Tits construction we obtain a complex simple Lie algebra $\mathfrak g$, and furthermore a real form ${\mathfrak g}_{\mathbb R}$. The connected and simply connected Lie group $G_{\mathbb R}$ with ${\rm Lie}(G_{\mathbb R})={\mathfrak g}_{\mathbb R}$ acts unitarily on a Hilbert space of holomorphic functions defined on the manifold $\Xi $.

Keywords:minimal representation, Kantor-Koecher-Tits construction, Jordan algebra, Bernstein identity, Meijer $G$-function
Categories:17C36, 22E46, 32M15, 33C80

13. CJM 2011 (vol 63 pp. 1083)

Kaletha, Tasho
Decomposition of Splitting Invariants in Split Real Groups
For a maximal torus in a quasi-split semi-simple simply-connected group over a local field of characteristic $0$, Langlands and Shelstad constructed a cohomological invariant called the splitting invariant, which is an important component of their endoscopic transfer factors. We study this invariant in the case of a split real group and prove a decomposition theorem which expresses this invariant for a general torus as a product of the corresponding invariants for simple tori. We also show how this reduction formula allows for the comparison of splitting invariants between different tori in the given real group.

Keywords:endoscopy, real lie group, splitting invariant, transfer factor
Categories:11F70, 22E47, 11S37, 11F72, 17B22

14. CJM 2009 (vol 62 pp. 382)

Lü, Rencai; Zhao, Kaiming
Verma Modules over Quantum Torus Lie Algebras
Representations of various one-dimensional central extensions of quantum tori (called quantum torus Lie algebras) were studied by several authors. Now we define a central extension of quantum tori so that all known representations can be regarded as representations of the new quantum torus Lie algebras $\mathfrak{L}_q$. The center of $\mathfrak{L}_q$ now is generally infinite dimensional. In this paper, $\mathbb{Z}$-graded Verma modules $\widetilde{V}(\varphi)$ over $\mathfrak{L}_q$ and their corresponding irreducible highest weight modules $V(\varphi)$ are defined for some linear functions $\varphi$. Necessary and sufficient conditions for $V(\varphi)$ to have all finite dimensional weight spaces are given. Also necessary and sufficient conditions for Verma modules $\widetilde{V}(\varphi)$ to be irreducible are obtained.

Categories:17B10, 17B65, 17B68

15. CJM 2008 (vol 60 pp. 892)

Neeb, Karl-Hermann; Wagemann, Friedrich
The Second Cohomology of Current Algebras of General Lie Algebras
Let $A$ be a unital commutative associative algebra over a field of characteristic zero, $\k$ a Lie algebra, and $\zf$ a vector space, considered as a trivial module of the Lie algebra $\gf := A \otimes \kf$. In this paper, we give a description of the cohomology space $H^2(\gf,\zf)$ in terms of easily accessible data associated with $A$ and $\kf$. We also discuss the topological situation, where $A$ and $\kf$ are locally convex algebras.

Keywords:current algebra, Lie algebra cohomology, Lie algebra homology, invariant bilinear form, central extension
Categories:17B56, 17B65

16. CJM 2008 (vol 60 pp. 88)

Diwadkar, Jyotsna Mainkar
Nilpotent Conjugacy Classes in $p$-adic Lie Algebras: The Odd Orthogonal Case
We will study the following question: Are nilpotent conjugacy classes of reductive Lie algebras over $p$-adic fields definable? By definable, we mean definable by a formula in Pas's language. In this language, there are no field extensions and no uniformisers. Using Waldspurger's parametrization, we answer in the affirmative in the case of special orthogonal Lie algebras $\mathfrak{so}(n)$ for $n$ odd, over $p$-adic fields.

Categories:17B10, 03C60

17. CJM 2007 (vol 59 pp. 1260)

Deng, Bangming; Du, Jie; Xiao, Jie
Generic Extensions and Canonical Bases for Cyclic Quivers
We use the monomial basis theory developed by Deng and Du to present an elementary algebraic construction of the canonical bases for both the Ringel--Hall algebra of a cyclic quiver and the positive part $\bU^+$ of the quantum affine $\frak{sl}_n$. This construction relies on analysis of quiver representations and the introduction of a new integral PBW-like basis for the Lusztig $\mathbb Z[v,v^{-1}]$-form of~$\bU^+$.

Categories:17B37, 16G20

18. CJM 2007 (vol 59 pp. 712)

Billig, Yuly
Jet Modules
In this paper we classify indecomposable modules for the Lie algebra of vector fields on a torus that admit a compatible action of the algebra of functions. An important family of such modules is given by spaces of jets of tensor fields.

Categories:17B66, 58A20

19. CJM 2007 (vol 59 pp. 696)

Bangoura, Momo
Algèbres de Lie d'homotopie associées à une proto-bigèbre de Lie
On associe \`a toute structure de proto-big\`ebre de Lie sur un espace vectoriel $F$ de dimension finie des structures d'alg\`ebre de Lie d'homotopie d\'efinies respectivement sur la suspension de l'alg\`ebre ext\'erieure de $F$ et celle de son dual $F^*$. Dans ces alg\`ebres, tous les crochets $n$-aires sont nuls pour $n \geq 4$ du fait qu'ils proviennent d'une structure de proto-big\`ebre de Lie. Plus g\'en\'eralement, on associe \`a un \'el\'ement de degr\'e impair de l'alg\`ebre ext\'erieure de la somme directe de $F$ et $F^*$, une collection d'applications multilin\'eaires antisym\'etriques sur l'alg\`ebre ext\'erieure de $F$ (resp.\ $F^*$), qui v\'erifient les identit\'es de Jacobi g\'en\'eralis\'ees, d\'efinissant les alg\`ebres de Lie d'homotopie, si l'\'el\'ement donn\'e est de carr\'e nul pour le grand crochet de l'alg\`ebre ext\'erieure de la somme directe de $F$ et de~$F^*$. To any proto-Lie algebra structure on a finite-dimensional vector space~$F$, we associate homotopy Lie algebra structures defined on the suspension of the exterior algebra of $F$ and that of its dual $F^*$, respectively. In these algebras, all $n$-ary brackets for $n \geq 4$ vanish because the brackets are defined by the proto-Lie algebra structure. More generally, to any element of odd degree in the exterior algebra of the direct sum of $F$ and $F^*$, we associate a set of multilinear skew-symmetric mappings on the suspension of the exterior algebra of $F$ (resp.\ $F^*$), which satisfy the generalized Jacobi identities, defining the homotopy Lie algebras, if the given element is of square zero with respect to the big bracket of the exterior algebra of the direct sum of $F$ and~$F^*$.

Keywords:algèbre de Lie d'homotopie, bigèbre de Lie, quasi-bigèbre de Lie, proto-bigèbre de Lie, crochet dérivé, jacobiateur
Categories:17B70, 17A30

20. CJM 2006 (vol 58 pp. 1291)

Weimar-Woods, Evelyn
The General Structure of $G$-Graded Contractions of Lie Algebras I. The Classification
We give the general structure of complex (resp., real) $G$-graded contractions of Lie algebras where $G$ is an arbitrary finite Abelian group. For this purpose, we introduce a number of concepts, such as pseudobasis, higher-order identities, and sign invariants. We characterize the equivalence classes of $G$-graded contractions by showing that our set of invariants (support, higher-order identities, and sign invariants) is complete, which yields a classification.

Keywords:Lie algebras, graded contractions
Categories:17B05, 17B70

21. CJM 2006 (vol 58 pp. 225)

Azam, Saeid
Generalized Reductive Lie Algebras: Connections With Extended Affine Lie Algebras and Lie Tori
We investigate a class of Lie algebras which we call {\it generalized reductive Lie algebras}. These are generalizations of semi-simple, reductive, and affine Kac--Moody Lie algebras. A generalized reductive Lie algebra which has an irreducible root system is said to be {\it irreducible\/} and we note that this class of algebras has been under intensive investigation in recent years. They have also been called {\it extended affine Lie algebras}. The larger class of generalized reductive Lie algebras has not been so intensively investigated. We study them in this paper and note that one way they arise is as fixed point subalgebras of finite order automorphisms. We show that the core modulo the center of a generalized reductive Lie algebra is a direct sum of centerless Lie tori. Therefore one can use the results known about the classification of centerless Lie tori to classify the cores modulo centers of generalized reductive Lie algebras.

Categories:17B65, 17B67, 17B40

22. CJM 2006 (vol 58 pp. 3)

Ben Saïd, Salem
The Functional Equation of Zeta Distributions Associated With Non-Euclidean Jordan Algebras
This paper is devoted to the study of certain zeta distributions associated with simple non-Euclidean Jordan algebras. An explicit form of the corresponding functional equation and Bernstein-type identities is obtained.

Keywords:Zeta distributions, functional equations, Bernstein polynomials, non-Euclidean Jordan algebras
Categories:11M41, 17C20, 11S90

23. CJM 2004 (vol 56 pp. 871)

Schocker, Manfred
Lie Elements and Knuth Relations
A coplactic class in the symmetric group $\Sym_n$ consists of all permutations in $\Sym_n$ with a given Schensted $Q$-symbol, and may be described in terms of local relations introduced by Knuth. Any Lie element in the group algebra of $\Sym_n$ which is constant on coplactic classes is already constant on descent classes. As a consequence, the intersection of the Lie convolution algebra introduced by Patras and Reutenauer and the coplactic algebra introduced by Poirier and Reutenauer is the direct sum of all Solomon descent algebras.

Keywords:symmetric group, descent set, coplactic relation, Hopf algebra,, convolution product
Categories:17B01, 05E10, 20C30, 16W30

24. CJM 2004 (vol 56 pp. 293)

Khomenko, Oleksandr; Mazorchuk, Volodymyr
Structure of modules induced from simple modules with minimal annihilator
We study the structure of generalized Verma modules over a semi-simple complex finite-dimensional Lie algebra, which are induced from simple modules over a parabolic subalgebra. We consider the case when the annihilator of the starting simple module is a minimal primitive ideal if we restrict this module to the Levi factor of the parabolic subalgebra. We show that these modules correspond to proper standard modules in some parabolic generalization of the Bernstein-Gelfand-Gelfand category $\Oo$ and prove that the blocks of this parabolic category are equivalent to certain blocks of the category of Harish-Chandra bimodules. From this we derive, in particular, an irreducibility criterion for generalized Verma modules. We also compute the composition multiplicities of those simple subquotients, which correspond to the induction from simple modules whose annihilators are minimal primitive ideals.

Keywords:parabolic induction, generalized Verma module, simple module, Ha\-rish-\-Chand\-ra bimodule, equivalent categories
Categories:17B10, 22E47

25. CJM 2003 (vol 55 pp. 1155)

Đoković, Dragomir Ž.; Litvinov, Michael
The Closure Ordering of Nilpotent Orbits of the Complex Symmetric Pair $(\SO_{p+q},\SO_p\times\SO_q)$
The main problem that is solved in this paper has the following simple formulation (which is not used in its solution). The group $K = \mathrm{O}_p ({\bf C}) \times \mathrm{O}_q ({\bf C})$ acts on the space $M_{p,q}$ of $p\times q$ complex matrices by $(a,b) \cdot x = axb^{-1}$, and so does its identity component $K^0 = \SO_p ({\bf C}) \times \SO_q ({\bf C})$. A $K$-orbit (or $K^0$-orbit) in $M_{p,q}$ is said to be nilpotent if its closure contains the zero matrix. The closure, $\overline{\mathcal{O}}$, of a nilpotent $K$-orbit (resp.\ $K^0$-orbit) ${\mathcal{O}}$ in $M_{p,q}$ is a union of ${\mathcal{O}}$ and some nilpotent $K$-orbits (resp.\ $K^0$-orbits) of smaller dimensions. The description of the closure of nilpotent $K$-orbits has been known for some time, but not so for the nilpotent $K^0$-orbits. A conjecture describing the closure of nilpotent $K^0$-orbits was proposed in \cite{DLS} and verified when $\min(p,q) \le 7$. In this paper we prove the conjecture. The proof is based on a study of two prehomogeneous vector spaces attached to $\mathcal{O}$ and determination of the basic relative invariants of these spaces. The above problem is equivalent to the problem of describing the closure of nilpotent orbits in the real Lie algebra $\mathfrak{so} (p,q)$ under the adjoint action of the identity component of the real orthogonal group $\mathrm{O}(p,q)$.

Keywords:orthogonal $ab$-diagrams, prehomogeneous vector spaces, relative invariants
Categories:17B20, 17B45, 22E47
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