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1. CJM Online first

Brundan, Jonathan; Comes, Jonathan; Kujawa, Jonathan Robert
 A basis theorem for the degenerate affine oriented Brauer-Clifford supercategory We introduce the oriented Brauer-Clifford and degenerate affine oriented Brauer-Clifford supercategories. These are diagrammatically defined monoidal supercategories which provide combinatorial models for certain natural monoidal supercategories of supermodules and endosuperfunctors, respectively, for the Lie superalgebras of type Q. Our main results are basis theorems for these diagram supercategories. We also discuss connections and applications to the representation theory of the Lie superalgebra of type Q. Keywords:monoidal category, supercategory, Lie superalgebra, type QCategories:17B10, 18D10

2. CJM Online first

Iacono, Donatella; Manetti, Marco
 On deformations of pairs (manifold, coherent sheaf) We analyse infinitesimal deformations of pairs $(X,\mathcal F)$ with $\mathcal F$ a coherent sheaf on a smooth projective variety $X$ over an algebraically closed field of characteristic $0$. We describe a differential graded Lie algebra controlling the deformation problem, and we prove an analog of a Mukai-Artamkin Theorem about the trace map. Keywords:deformation of manifold and coherent sheaf, differential graded Lie algebraCategories:14D15, 13D10, 17B70, 18G50

3. CJM Online first

Dyer, Matthew
 On the weak order of Coxeter groups This paper provides some evidence for conjectural relations between extensions of (right) weak order on Coxeter groups, closure operators on root systems, and Bruhat order. The conjecture focused upon here refines an earlier question as to whether the set of initial sections of reflection orders, ordered by inclusion, forms a complete lattice. Meet and join in weak order are described in terms of a suitable closure operator. Galois connections are defined from the power set of $W$ to itself, under which maximal subgroups of certain groupoids correspond to certain complete meet subsemilattices of weak order. An analogue of weak order for standard parabolic subsets of any rank of the root system is defined, reducing to the usual weak order in rank zero, and having some analogous properties in rank one (and conjecturally in general). Keywords:Coxeter group, root system, weak order, latticeCategories:20F55, 06B23, 17B22

4. CJM Online first

Mackaaij, Marco; Tubbenhauer, Daniel
 Two-color Soergel calculus and simple transitive 2-representations In this paper we complete the ADE-like classification of simple transitive $2$-representations of Soergel bimodules in finite dihedral type, under the assumption of gradeability. In particular, we use bipartite graphs and zigzag algebras of ADE type to give an explicit construction of a graded (non-strict) version of all these $2$-representations. Moreover, we give simple combinatorial criteria for when two such $2$-representations are equivalent and for when their Grothendieck groups give rise to isomorphic representations. Finally, our construction also gives a large class of simple transitive $2$-representations in infinite dihedral type for general bipartite graphs. Keywords:$2$-representation theory, categorification, Soergel bimodule, Kazhdan--Lusztig theory, Hecke algebras for dihedral groups, zigzag algebraCategories:20C08, 17B10, 18D05, 18D10, 20F55

5. CJM 2017 (vol 70 pp. 1038)

Elduque, Alberto
 Order $3$ Elements in $G_2$ and Idempotents in Symmetric Composition Algebras Order three elements in the exceptional groups of type $G_2$ are classified up to conjugation over arbitrary fields. Their centralizers are computed, and the associated classification of idempotents in symmetric composition algebras is obtained. Idempotents have played a key role in the study and classification of these algebras. Over an algebraically closed field, there are two conjugacy classes of order three elements in $G_2$ in characteristic not $3$ and four of them in characteristic $3$. The centralizers in characteristic $3$ fail to be smooth for one of these classes. Keywords:symmetric composition algebra, Okubo algebra, automorphism group, centralizer, idempotentCategories:17A75, 14L15, 17B25, 20G15

6. CJM 2017 (vol 69 pp. 992)

 Classification of Regular Parametrized One-relation Operads Jean-Louis Loday introduced a class of symmetric operads generated by one bilinear operation subject to one relation making each left-normed product of three elements equal to a linear combination of right-normed products: $(a_1a_2)a_3=\sum_{\sigma\in S_3}x_\sigma\, a_{\sigma(1)}(a_{\sigma(2)}a_{\sigma(3)})\ ;$ such an operad is called a parametrized one-relation operad. For a particular choice of parameters $\{x_\sigma\}$, this operad is said to be regular if each of its components is the regular representation of the symmetric group; equivalently, the corresponding free algebra on a vector space $V$ is, as a graded vector space, isomorphic to the tensor algebra of $V$. We classify, over an algebraically closed field of characteristic zero, all regular parametrized one-relation operads. In fact, we prove that each such operad is isomorphic to one of the following five operads: the left-nilpotent operad defined by the relation $((a_1a_2)a_3)=0$, the associative operad, the Leibniz operad, the dual Leibniz (Zinbiel) operad, and the Poisson operad. Our computational methods combine linear algebra over polynomial rings, representation theory of the symmetric group, and GrÃ¶bner bases for determinantal ideals and their radicals. Keywords:parametrized one-relation algebra, algebraic operad, Koszul duality, representation theory of the symmetric group, determinantal ideal, GrÃ¶bner basisCategories:18D50, 13B25, 13P10, 13P15, 15A54, 17-04, , , , , 17A30, 17A50, 20C30, 68W30

7. CJM 2017 (vol 69 pp. 721)

Allison, Bruce; Faulkner, John; Smirnov, Oleg
 Weyl Images of Kantor Pairs Kantor pairs arise naturally in the study of $5$-graded Lie algebras. In this article, we introduce and study Kantor pairs with short Peirce gradings and relate them to Lie algebras graded by the root system of type $\mathrm{BC}_2$. This relationship allows us to define so called Weyl images of short Peirce graded Kantor pairs. We use Weyl images to construct new examples of Kantor pairs, including a class of infinite dimensional central simple Kantor pairs over a field of characteristic $\ne 2$ or $3$, as well as a family of forms of a split Kantor pair of type $\mathrm{E}_6$. Keywords:Kantor pair, graded Lie algebra, Jordan pairCategories:17B60, 17B70, 17C99, 17B65

8. CJM 2016 (vol 68 pp. 1285)

Ehrig, Michael; Stroppel, Catharina
 2-row Springer Fibres and Khovanov Diagram Algebras for Type D We study in detail two row Springer fibres of even orthogonal type from an algebraic as well as topological point of view. We show that the irreducible components and their pairwise intersections are iterated $\mathbb{P}^1$-bundles. Using results of Kumar and Procesi we compute the cohomology ring with its action of the Weyl group. The main tool is a type $\operatorname D$ diagram calculus labelling the irreducible components in a convenient way which relates to a diagrammatical algebra describing the category of perverse sheaves on isotropic Grassmannians based on work of Braden. The diagram calculus generalizes Khovanov's arc algebra to the type $\operatorname D$ setting and should be seen as setting the framework for generalizing well-known connections of these algebras in type $\operatorname A$ to other types. Keywords:Springer fibers, Khovanov homology, Weyl group type DCategory:17-11

9. CJM 2016 (vol 68 pp. 841)

Gupta, Sanjiv Kumar; Hare, Kathryn
 Characterizing the Absolute Continuity of the Convolution of Orbital Measures in a Classical Lie Algebra Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be a compact, simple Lie algebra of dimension $d$. It is a classical result that the convolution of any $d$ non-trivial, $G$-invariant, orbital measures is absolutely continuous with respect to Lebesgue measure on $\mathfrak{g}$ and the sum of any $d$ non-trivial orbits has non-empty interior. The number $d$ was later reduced to the rank of the Lie algebra (or rank $+1$ in the case of type $A_{n}$). More recently, the minimal integer $k=k(X)$ such that the $k$-fold convolution of the orbital measure supported on the orbit generated by $X$ is an absolutely continuous measure was calculated for each $X\in \mathfrak{g}$. In this paper $\mathfrak{g}$ is any of the classical, compact, simple Lie algebras. We characterize the tuples $(X_{1},\dots,X_{L})$, with $X_{i}\in \mathfrak{g},$ which have the property that the convolution of the $L$-orbital measures supported on the orbits generated by the $X_{i}$ is absolutely continuous and, equivalently, the sum of their orbits has non-empty interior. The characterization depends on the Lie type of $\mathfrak{g}$ and the structure of the annihilating roots of the $X_{i}$. Such a characterization was previously known only for type $A_{n}$. Keywords:compact Lie algebra, orbital measure, absolutely continuous measureCategories:43A80, 17B45, 58C35

10. CJM 2016 (vol 69 pp. 107)

Kamgarpour, Masoud
 On the Notion of Conductor in the Local Geometric Langlands Correspondence Under the local Langlands correspondence, the conductor of an irreducible representation of $\operatorname{Gl}_n(F)$ is greater than the Swan conductor of the corresponding Galois representation. In this paper, we establish the geometric analogue of this statement by showing that the conductor of a categorical representation of the loop group is greater than the irregularity of the corresponding meromorphic connection. Keywords:local geometric Langlands, connections, cyclic vectors, opers, conductors, Segal-Sugawara operators, Chervov-Molev operators, critical level, smooth representations, affine Kac-Moody algebra, categorical representationsCategories:17B67, 17B69, 22E50, 20G25

11. CJM 2016 (vol 69 pp. 453)

Marquis, Timothée; Neeb, Karl-Hermann
 Isomorphisms of Twisted Hilbert Loop Algebras The closest infinite dimensional relatives of compact Lie algebras are Hilbert-Lie algebras, i.e. real Hilbert spaces with a Lie algebra structure for which the scalar product is invariant. Locally affine Lie algebras (LALAs) correspond to double extensions of (twisted) loop algebras over simple Hilbert-Lie algebras $\mathfrak{k}$, also called affinisations of $\mathfrak{k}$. They possess a root space decomposition whose corresponding root system is a locally affine root system of one of the $7$ families $A_J^{(1)}$, $B_J^{(1)}$, $C_J^{(1)}$, $D_J^{(1)}$, $B_J^{(2)}$, $C_J^{(2)}$ and $BC_J^{(2)}$ for some infinite set $J$. To each of these types corresponds a minimal" affinisation of some simple Hilbert-Lie algebra $\mathfrak{k}$, which we call standard. In this paper, we give for each affinisation $\mathfrak{g}$ of a simple Hilbert-Lie algebra $\mathfrak{k}$ an explicit isomorphism from $\mathfrak{g}$ to one of the standard affinisations of $\mathfrak{k}$. The existence of such an isomorphism could also be derived from the classification of locally affine root systems, but for representation theoretic purposes it is crucial to obtain it explicitly as a deformation between two twists which is compatible with the root decompositions. We illustrate this by applying our isomorphism theorem to the study of positive energy highest weight representations of $\mathfrak{g}$. In subsequent work, the present paper will be used to obtain a complete classification of the positive energy highest weight representations of affinisations of $\mathfrak{k}$. Keywords:locally affine Lie algebra, Hilbert-Lie algebra, positive energy representationCategories:17B65, 17B70, 17B22, 17B10

12. CJM 2016 (vol 68 pp. 280)

da Silva, Genival; Kerr, Matt; Pearlstein, Gregory
 Arithmetic of Degenerating Principal Variations of Hodge Structure: Examples Arising from Mirror Symmetry and Middle Convolution We collect evidence in support of a conjecture of Griffiths, Green and Kerr on the arithmetic of extension classes of limiting mixed Hodge structures arising from semistable degenerations over a number field. After briefly summarizing how a result of Iritani implies this conjecture for a collection of hypergeometric Calabi-Yau threefold examples studied by Doran and Morgan, the authors investigate a sequence of (non-hypergeometric) examples in dimensions $1\leq d\leq6$ arising from Katz's theory of the middle convolution. A crucial role is played by the Mumford-Tate group (which is $G_{2}$) of the family of 6-folds, and the theory of boundary components of Mumford-Tate domains. Keywords:variation of Hodge structure, limiting mixed Hodge structure, Calabi-Yau variety, middle convolution, Mumford-Tate groupCategories:14D07, 14M17, 17B45, 20G99, 32M10, 32G20

13. CJM 2015 (vol 68 pp. 150)

Stavrova, Anastasia
 Non-stable $K_1$-functors of Multiloop Groups Let $k$ be a field of characteristic 0. Let $G$ be a reductive group over the ring of Laurent polynomials $R=k[x_1^{\pm 1},...,x_n^{\pm 1}]$. Assume that $G$ contains a maximal $R$-torus, and that every semisimple normal subgroup of $G$ contains a two-dimensional split torus $\mathbf{G}_m^2$. We show that the natural map of non-stable $K_1$-functors, also called Whitehead groups, $K_1^G(R)\to K_1^G\bigl( k((x_1))...((x_n)) \bigr)$ is injective, and an isomorphism if $G$ is semisimple. As an application, we provide a way to compute the difference between the full automorphism group of a Lie torus (in the sense of Yoshii-Neher) and the subgroup generated by exponential automorphisms. Keywords:loop reductive group, non-stable $K_1$-functor, Whitehead group, Laurent polynomials, Lie torusCategories:20G35, 19B99, 17B67

14. CJM 2015 (vol 68 pp. 258)

Calixto, Lucas; Moura, Adriano; Savage, Alistair
 Equivariant Map Queer Lie Superalgebras An equivariant map queer Lie superalgebra is the Lie superalgebra of regular maps from an algebraic variety (or scheme) $X$ to a queer Lie superalgebra $\mathfrak{q}$ that are equivariant with respect to the action of a finite group $\Gamma$ acting on $X$ and $\mathfrak{q}$. In this paper, we classify all irreducible finite-dimensional representations of the equivariant map queer Lie superalgebras under the assumption that $\Gamma$ is abelian and acts freely on $X$. We show that such representations are parameterized by a certain set of $\Gamma$-equivariant finitely supported maps from $X$ to the set of isomorphism classes of irreducible finite-dimensional representations of $\mathfrak{q}$. In the special case where $X$ is the torus, we obtain a classification of the irreducible finite-dimensional representations of the twisted loop queer superalgebra. Keywords:Lie superalgebra, queer Lie superalgebra, loop superalgebra, equivariant map superalgebra, finite-dimensional representation, finite-dimensional moduleCategories:17B65, 17B10

15. CJM 2014 (vol 67 pp. 573)

Chen, Fulin; Gao, Yun; Jing, Naihuan; Tan, Shaobin
 Twisted Vertex Operators and Unitary Lie Algebras A representation of the central extension of the unitary Lie algebra coordinated with a skew Laurent polynomial ring is constructed using vertex operators over an integral $\mathbb Z_2$-lattice. The irreducible decomposition of the representation is explicitly computed and described. As a by-product, some fundamental representations of affine Kac-Moody Lie algebra of type $A_n^{(2)}$ are recovered by the new method. Keywords:Lie algebra, vertex operator, representation theoryCategories:17B60, 17B69

16. CJM 2014 (vol 67 pp. 55)

Barron, Tatyana; Kerner, Dmitry; Tvalavadze, Marina
 On Varieties of Lie Algebras of Maximal Class We study complex projective varieties that parametrize (finite-dimensional) filiform Lie algebras over ${\mathbb C}$, using equations derived by Millionshchikov. In the infinite-dimensional case we concentrate our attention on ${\mathbb N}$-graded Lie algebras of maximal class. As shown by A. Fialowski there are only three isomorphism types of $\mathbb{N}$-graded Lie algebras $L=\oplus^{\infty}_{i=1} L_i$ of maximal class generated by $L_1$ and $L_2$, $L=\langle L_1, L_2 \rangle$. Vergne described the structure of these algebras with the property $L=\langle L_1 \rangle$. In this paper we study those generated by the first and $q$-th components where $q\gt 2$, $L=\langle L_1, L_q \rangle$. Under some technical condition, there can only be one isomorphism type of such algebras. For $q=3$ we fully classify them. This gives a partial answer to a question posed by Millionshchikov. Keywords:filiform Lie algebras, graded Lie algebras, projective varieties, topology, classificationCategories:17B70, 14F45

17. CJM 2013 (vol 65 pp. 1287)

Reihani, Kamran
 $K$-theory of Furstenberg Transformation Group $C^*$-algebras The paper studies the $K$-theoretic invariants of the crossed product $C^{*}$-algebras associated with an important family of homeomorphisms of the tori $\mathbb{T}^{n}$ called Furstenberg transformations. Using the Pimsner-Voiculescu theorem, we prove that given $n$, the $K$-groups of those crossed products, whose corresponding $n\times n$ integer matrices are unipotent of maximal degree, always have the same rank $a_{n}$. We show using the theory developed here that a claim made in the literature about the torsion subgroups of these $K$-groups is false. Using the representation theory of the simple Lie algebra $\frak{sl}(2,\mathbb{C})$, we show that, remarkably, $a_{n}$ has a combinatorial significance. For example, every $a_{2n+1}$ is just the number of ways that $0$ can be represented as a sum of integers between $-n$ and $n$ (with no repetitions). By adapting an argument of van Lint (in which he answered a question of ErdÅs), a simple, explicit formula for the asymptotic behavior of the sequence $\{a_{n}\}$ is given. Finally, we describe the order structure of the $K_{0}$-groups of an important class of Furstenberg crossed products, obtaining their complete Elliott invariant using classification results of H. Lin and N. C. Phillips. Keywords:$K$-theory, transformation group $C^*$-algebra, Furstenberg transformation, Anzai transformation, minimal homeomorphism, positive cone, minimal homeomorphismCategories:19K14, 19K99, 46L35, 46L80, , 05A15, 05A16, 05A17, 15A36, 17B10, 17B20, 37B05, 54H20

18. CJM 2013 (vol 66 pp. 323)

Hohlweg, Christophe; Labbé, Jean-Philippe; Ripoll, Vivien
 Asymptotical behaviour of roots of infinite Coxeter groups Let $W$ be an infinite Coxeter group. We initiate the study of the set $E$ of limit points of normalized'' roots (representing the directions of the roots) of W. We show that $E$ is contained in the isotropic cone $Q$ of the bilinear form $B$ associated to a geometric representation, and illustrate this property with numerous examples and pictures in rank $3$ and $4$. We also define a natural geometric action of $W$ on $E$, and then we exhibit a countable subset of $E$, formed by limit points for the dihedral reflection subgroups of $W$. We explain how this subset is built from the intersection with $Q$ of the lines passing through two positive roots, and finally we establish that it is dense in $E$. Keywords:Coxeter group, root system, roots, limit point, accumulation setCategories:17B22, 20F55

19. CJM 2013 (vol 66 pp. 453)

Vaz, Pedro; Wagner, Emmanuel
 A Remark on BMW algebra, $q$-Schur Algebras and Categorification We prove that the 2-variable BMW algebra embeds into an algebra constructed from the HOMFLY-PT polynomial. We also prove that the $\mathfrak{so}_{2N}$-BMW algebra embeds in the $q$-Schur algebra of type $A$. We use these results to suggest a schema providing categorifications of the $\mathfrak{so}_{2N}$-BMW algebra. Keywords:tangle algebras, BMW algebra, HOMFLY-PT Skein algebra, q-Schur algebra, categorificationCategories:57M27, 81R50, 17B37, 16W99

20. CJM 2013 (vol 65 pp. 783)

Garcés, Jorge J.; Peralta, Antonio M.
 Generalised Triple Homomorphisms and Derivations We introduce generalised triple homomorphism between Jordan Banach triple systems as a concept which extends the notion of generalised homomorphism between Banach algebras given by K. Jarosz and B.E. Johnson in 1985 and 1987, respectively. We prove that every generalised triple homomorphism between JB$^*$-triples is automatically continuous. When particularised to C$^*$-algebras, we rediscover one of the main theorems established by B.E. Johnson. We shall also consider generalised triple derivations from a Jordan Banach triple $E$ into a Jordan Banach triple $E$-module, proving that every generalised triple derivation from a JB$^*$-triple $E$ into itself or into $E^*$ is automatically continuous. Keywords:generalised homomorphism, generalised triple homomorphism, generalised triple derivation, Banach algebra, Jordan Banach triple, C$^*$-algebra, JB$^*$-tripleCategories:46L05, 46L70, 47B48, 17C65, 46K70, 46L40, 47B47, 47B49

21. CJM 2012 (vol 65 pp. 82)

Félix, Yves; Halperin, Steve; Thomas, Jean-Claude
 The Ranks of the Homotopy Groups of a Finite Dimensional Complex Let $X$ be an $n$-dimensional, finite, simply connected CW complex and set $\alpha_X =\limsup_i \frac{\log\mbox{ rank}\, \pi_i(X)}{i}$. When $0\lt \alpha_X\lt \infty$, we give upper and lower bound for $\sum_{i=k+2}^{k+n} \textrm{rank}\, \pi_i(X)$ for $k$ sufficiently large. We show also for any $r$ that $\alpha_X$ can be estimated from the integers rk$\,\pi_i(X)$, $i\leq nr$ with an error bound depending explicitly on $r$. Keywords:homotopy groups, graded Lie algebra, exponential growth, LS categoryCategories:55P35, 55P62, , , , 17B70

22. CJM 2012 (vol 64 pp. 721)

Achab, Dehbia; Faraut, Jacques
 Analysis of the Brylinski-Kostant Model for Spherical Minimal Representations We revisit with another view point the construction by R. Brylinski and B. Kostant of minimal representations of simple Lie groups. We start from a pair $(V,Q)$, where $V$ is a complex vector space and $Q$ a homogeneous polynomial of degree 4 on $V$. The manifold $\Xi$ is an orbit of a covering of ${\rm Conf}(V,Q)$, the conformal group of the pair $(V,Q)$, in a finite dimensional representation space. By a generalized Kantor-Koecher-Tits construction we obtain a complex simple Lie algebra $\mathfrak g$, and furthermore a real form ${\mathfrak g}_{\mathbb R}$. The connected and simply connected Lie group $G_{\mathbb R}$ with ${\rm Lie}(G_{\mathbb R})={\mathfrak g}_{\mathbb R}$ acts unitarily on a Hilbert space of holomorphic functions defined on the manifold $\Xi$. Keywords:minimal representation, Kantor-Koecher-Tits construction, Jordan algebra, Bernstein identity, Meijer $G$-functionCategories:17C36, 22E46, 32M15, 33C80

23. CJM 2011 (vol 63 pp. 1083)

Kaletha, Tasho
 Decomposition of Splitting Invariants in Split Real Groups For a maximal torus in a quasi-split semi-simple simply-connected group over a local field of characteristic $0$, Langlands and Shelstad constructed a cohomological invariant called the splitting invariant, which is an important component of their endoscopic transfer factors. We study this invariant in the case of a split real group and prove a decomposition theorem which expresses this invariant for a general torus as a product of the corresponding invariants for simple tori. We also show how this reduction formula allows for the comparison of splitting invariants between different tori in the given real group. Keywords:endoscopy, real lie group, splitting invariant, transfer factorCategories:11F70, 22E47, 11S37, 11F72, 17B22

24. CJM 2009 (vol 62 pp. 382)

Lü, Rencai; Zhao, Kaiming
 Verma Modules over Quantum Torus Lie Algebras Representations of various one-dimensional central extensions of quantum tori (called quantum torus Lie algebras) were studied by several authors. Now we define a central extension of quantum tori so that all known representations can be regarded as representations of the new quantum torus Lie algebras $\mathfrak{L}_q$. The center of $\mathfrak{L}_q$ now is generally infinite dimensional. In this paper, $\mathbb{Z}$-graded Verma modules $\widetilde{V}(\varphi)$ over $\mathfrak{L}_q$ and their corresponding irreducible highest weight modules $V(\varphi)$ are defined for some linear functions $\varphi$. Necessary and sufficient conditions for $V(\varphi)$ to have all finite dimensional weight spaces are given. Also necessary and sufficient conditions for Verma modules $\widetilde{V}(\varphi)$ to be irreducible are obtained. Categories:17B10, 17B65, 17B68

25. CJM 2008 (vol 60 pp. 892)

Neeb, Karl-Hermann; Wagemann, Friedrich
 The Second Cohomology of Current Algebras of General Lie Algebras Let $A$ be a unital commutative associative algebra over a field of characteristic zero, $\k$ a Lie algebra, and $\zf$ a vector space, considered as a trivial module of the Lie algebra $\gf := A \otimes \kf$. In this paper, we give a description of the cohomology space $H^2(\gf,\zf)$ in terms of easily accessible data associated with $A$ and $\kf$. We also discuss the topological situation, where $A$ and $\kf$ are locally convex algebras. Keywords:current algebra, Lie algebra cohomology, Lie algebra homology, invariant bilinear form, central extensionCategories:17B56, 17B65
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