101. CJM 2008 (vol 60 pp. 109)
 Gurjar, R. V.; Masuda, K.; Miyanishi, M.; Russell, P.

Affine Lines on Affine Surfaces and the MakarLimanov Invariant
A smooth affine surface $X$ defined over the complex field $\C$ is an $\ML_0$ surface if the
MakarLimanov invariant $\ML(X)$ is trivial. In this paper we study the topology and geometry of
$\ML_0$ surfaces. Of particular interest is the question: Is every curve $C$ in $X$ which is isomorphic
to
the affine line a fiber component of an $\A^1$fibration
on $X$? We shall show that the answer is affirmative if the Picard number
$\rho(X)=0$, but negative in case $\rho(X) \ge 1$. We shall also study the ascent and descent of
the $\ML_0$ property under proper maps.
Categories:14R20, 14L30 

102. CJM 2008 (vol 60 pp. 140)
 Kedlaya, Kiran S.

On the Geometry of $p$Typical Covers in Characteristic $p$
For $p$ a prime, a $p$typical cover of a connected scheme on which $p=0$ is a finite
\'etale cover whose monodromy group (\emph{i.e.,} the Galois group of its
normal closure) is a $p$group.
The geometry of such covers exhibits some unexpectedly pleasant
behaviors; building on work of Katz, we demonstrate some of these.
These include a criterion for when a morphism induces an isomorphism of
the $p$\nobreakdashtypi\cal quotients of the \'etale fundamental groups,
and a decomposition theorem for $p$typical covers of polynomial rings
over an algebraically closed field.
Category:14F35 

103. CJM 2008 (vol 60 pp. 64)
104. CJM 2007 (vol 59 pp. 1069)
 Reydy, Carine

Quotients jacobiens : une approche algÃ©brique
Le diagramme d'Eisenbud et Neumann d'un germe est un arbre qui
repr\'esente ce germe et permet d'en calculer les invariants. On donne
une d\'emonstration alg\'ebrique d'un r\'esultat caract\'erisant
l'ensemble des quotients jacobiens d'un germe d'application $(f,g)$
\`a partir du diagramme d'Eisenbud et Neumann de $fg$.
Keywords:SingularitÃ©, jacobien, quotient jacobien, polygone de Newton Categories:14B05, 32S05, 32S50 

105. CJM 2007 (vol 59 pp. 1098)
 Rodrigues, B.

Ruled Exceptional Surfaces and the Poles of Motivic Zeta Functions
In this paper we study ruled surfaces which appear as an exceptional
surface in a succession of blowingups. In particular we prove
that the $e$invariant of such a ruled exceptional surface $E$ is
strictly positive whenever its intersection with the other
exceptional surfaces does not contain a fiber (of $E$). This fact
immediately enables us to resolve an open problem concerning an
intersection configuration on such a ruled exceptional surface
consisting of three nonintersecting sections. In the second part
of the paper we apply the nonvanishing of $e$ to the study of the
poles of the wellknown topological, Hodge and motivic zeta
functions.
Categories:14E15, 14J26, 14B05, 14J17, 32S45 

106. CJM 2007 (vol 59 pp. 981)
 Jiang, Yunfeng

The ChenRuan Cohomology of Weighted Projective Spaces
In this paper we study the ChenRuan cohomology ring of weighted
projective spaces. Given a weighted projective space ${\bf
P}^{n}_{q_{0}, \dots, q_{n}}$, we determine all of its twisted
sectors and the corresponding degree shifting numbers. The main
result of this paper is that the obstruction bundle over any
3\nobreakdashmulti\sector is a direct sum of line bundles which we use to
compute the orbifold cup product. Finally we compute the
ChenRuan cohomology ring of weighted projective space ${\bf
P}^{5}_{1,2,2,3,3,3}$.
Keywords:ChenRuan cohomology, twisted sectors, toric varieties, weighted projective space, localization Categories:14N35, 53D45 

107. CJM 2007 (vol 59 pp. 742)
 Gil, Juan B.; Krainer, Thomas; Mendoza, Gerardo A.

Geometry and Spectra of Closed Extensions of Elliptic Cone Operators
We study the geometry of the set of closed extensions of index $0$ of
an elliptic differential cone operator and its model operator in
connection with the spectra of the extensions, and we give a necessary
and sufficient condition for the existence of rays of minimal growth
for such operators.
Keywords:resolvents, manifolds with conical singularities, spectral theor, boundary value problems, Grassmannians Categories:58J50, 35J70, 14M15 

108. CJM 2007 (vol 59 pp. 488)
 Bernardi, A.; Catalisano, M. V.; Gimigliano, A.; Idà, M.

Osculating Varieties of Veronese Varieties and Their Higher Secant Varieties
We consider the $k$osculating varieties
$O_{k,n.d}$ to the (Veronese) $d$uple embeddings of $\PP^n$. We
study the dimension of their higher secant varieties via inverse
systems (apolarity). By associating certain 0dimensional schemes
$Y\subset \PP^n$ to $O^s_{k,n,d}$ and by studying their Hilbert
functions, we are able, in several cases, to determine whether those
secant varieties are defective or not.
Categories:14N15, 15A69 

109. CJM 2007 (vol 59 pp. 372)
 Maisner, Daniel; Nart, Enric

Zeta Functions of Supersingular Curves of Genus 2
We determine which isogeny classes of supersingular abelian
surfaces over a finite field $k$ of characteristic $2$ contain
jacobians. We deal with this problem in a direct way by computing
explicitly the zeta function of all supersingular curves of genus
$2$. Our procedure is constructive, so that we are able to exhibit
curves with prescribed zeta function and find formulas for the
number of curves, up to $k$isomorphism, leading to the same zeta
function.
Categories:11G20, 14G15, 11G10 

110. CJM 2007 (vol 59 pp. 36)
 Develin, Mike; Martin, Jeremy L.; Reiner, Victor

Classification of Ding's Schubert Varieties: Finer Rook Equivalence
K.~Ding studied a class of Schubert varieties $X_\lambda$
in type A partial
flag manifolds, indexed by
integer partitions $\lambda$ and in bijection
with dominant permutations. He observed that the
Schubert cell structure of $X_\lambda$ is indexed by maximal rook
placements on the Ferrers board $B_\lambda$, and that the
integral cohomology groups $H^*(X_\lambda;\:\Zz)$, $H^*(X_\mu;\:\Zz)$ are
additively isomorphic exactly when the Ferrers boards $B_\lambda, B_\mu$
satisfy the combinatorial condition of \emph{rookequivalence}.
We classify the varieties $X_\lambda$ up to isomorphism, distinguishing them
by their graded cohomology rings with integer coefficients. The crux of our approach
is studying the nilpotence orders of linear forms in
the cohomology ring.
Keywords:Schubert variety, rook placement, Ferrers board, flag manifold, cohomology ring, nilpotence Categories:14M15, 05E05 

111. CJM 2006 (vol 58 pp. 1000)
 Dhillon, Ajneet

On the Cohomology of Moduli of Vector Bundles and the Tamagawa Number of $\operatorname{SL}_n$
We compute some Hodge and Betti numbers of the moduli space of stable rank $r$,
degree $d$ vector bundles on a smooth projective curve. We
do not assume $r$ and $d$ are coprime.
In the process we equip the cohomology of an arbitrary algebraic stack with a
functorial mixed Hodge structure. This Hodge structure is
computed in the case of the moduli stack of rank $r$, degree
$d$ vector bundles on a curve. Our methods also yield a formula
for the Poincar\'e
polynomial of the moduli stack that is valid over any
ground field. In the last section we use the previous sections
to give a proof that the Tamagawa number of $\sln$ is one.
Categories:14H, 14L 

112. CJM 2006 (vol 58 pp. 476)
 Chipalkatti, Jaydeep

Apolar Schemes of Algebraic Forms
This is a note on the classical Waring's problem for algebraic forms.
Fix integers $(n,d,r,s)$, and let $\Lambda$ be a general $r$dimensional
subspace of degree $d$ homogeneous polynomials in $n+1$ variables. Let
$\mathcal{A}$ denote the variety of $s$sided polar polyhedra of $\Lambda$.
We carry out a casebycase study of the structure of $\mathcal{A}$ for several
specific values of $(n,d,r,s)$. In the first batch of examples, $\mathcal{A}$ is
shown to be a rational variety. In the second batch, $\mathcal{A}$ is a
finite set of which we calculate the cardinality.}
Keywords:Waring's problem, apolarity, polar polyhedron Categories:14N05, 14N15 

113. CJM 2006 (vol 58 pp. 262)
114. CJM 2006 (vol 58 pp. 93)
 Gordon, Julia

Motivic Haar Measure on Reductive Groups
We define a motivic analogue of the Haar measure for groups of the form
$G(k\llp t\rrp)$, where~$k$ is an algebraically closed field
of characteristic zero, and $G$ is a reductive algebraic group defined over
$k$.
A classical Haar measure on such groups does not
exist since they are not locally compact.
We use the theory of motivic integration introduced by M.~Kontsevich to
define an additive function on a certain natural Boolean algebra of subsets of
$G(k\llp t\rrp)$. This function takes values in the socalled dimensional
completion of
the Grothendieck ring of the category of varieties over the base
field. It is invariant under translations by all elements of $G(k\llp t\rrp)$,
and therefore we call it a motivic analogue of Haar measure.
We give an explicit construction of the motivic Haar measure, and then prove
that the result is independent of all the choices that are made in the process.
Keywords:motivic integration, reductive group Categories:14A15, 14L15 

115. CJM 2005 (vol 57 pp. 1314)
 Zhitomirskii, M.

Relative Darboux Theorem for Singular Manifolds and Local Contact Algebra
In 1999 V. Arnol'd introduced the local contact algebra: studying the
problem of classification of singular curves in a contact space, he
showed the existence of the ghost of the contact structure (invariants
which are not related to the induced structure on the curve). Our
main result implies that the only reason for existence of the local
contact algebra and the ghost is the difference between the geometric
and (defined in this paper) algebraic restriction of a $1$form to a
singular submanifold. We prove that a germ of any subset $N$ of a
contact manifold is well defined, up to contactomorphisms, by the
algebraic restriction to $N$ of the contact structure. This is a
generalization of the DarbouxGivental' theorem for smooth
submanifolds of a contact manifold. Studying the difference between
the geometric and the algebraic restrictions gives a powerful tool for
classification of stratified submanifolds of a contact manifold. This
is illustrated by complete solution of three classification problems,
including a simple explanation of V.~Arnold's results and further
classification results for singular curves in a contact space. We
also prove several results on the external geometry of a singular
submanifold $N$ in terms of the algebraic restriction of the contact
structure to $N$. In particular, the algebraic restriction is zero if
and only if $N$ is contained in a smooth Legendrian submanifold of
$M$.
Keywords:contact manifold, local contact algebra,, relative Darboux theorem, integral curves Categories:53D10, 14B05, 58K50 

116. CJM 2005 (vol 57 pp. 1178)
 Cutkosky, Steven Dale; Hà, Huy Tài; Srinivasan, Hema; Theodorescu, Emanoil

Asymptotic Behavior of the Length of Local Cohomology
Let $k$ be a field of characteristic 0, $R=k[x_1, \ldots, x_d]$ be a polynomial ring,
and $\mm$ its maximal homogeneous ideal. Let $I \subset R$ be a homogeneous ideal in
$R$. Let $\lambda(M)$ denote the length of an $R$module $M$. In this paper, we show
that
$$
\lim_{n \to \infty} \frac{\l\bigl(H^0_{\mathfrak{m}}(R/I^n)\bigr)}{n^d}
=\lim_{n \to \infty} \frac{\l\bigl(\Ext^d_R\bigl(R/I^n,R(d)\bigr)\bigr)}{n^d}
$$
always exists. This limit has been shown to be ${e(I)}/{d!}$ for $m$primary ideals
$I$ in a local CohenMacaulay ring, where $e(I)$ denotes the multiplicity
of $I$. But we find that this limit may not be rational in general. We give an example
for which the limit is an irrational number thereby showing that the lengths of these
extention modules may not have polynomial growth.
Keywords:powers of ideals, local cohomology, Hilbert function, linear growth Categories:13D40, 14B15, 13D45 

117. CJM 2005 (vol 57 pp. 724)
 Purnaprajna, B. P.

Some Results on Surfaces of General Type
In this article we prove some new results on projective normality, normal
presentation and higher syzygies for surfaces of general type, not
necessarily smooth, embedded by adjoint linear series. Some of the
corollaries of more general results include: results on property $N_p$
associated to $K_S \otimes B^{\otimes n}$ where $B$ is basepoint free and
ample divisor with $B\otimes K^*$ {\it nef}, results for pluricanonical
linear systems and results giving effective bounds for adjoint linear series
associated to ample bundles. Examples in the last section show that the results
are optimal.
Categories:13D02, 14C20, 14J29 

118. CJM 2005 (vol 57 pp. 338)
 Lange, Tanja; Shparlinski, Igor E.

Certain Exponential Sums and Random Walks on Elliptic Curves
For a given elliptic curve $\E$, we obtain an upper bound
on the discrepancy of sets of
multiples $z_sG$ where $z_s$ runs through a sequence
$\cZ=\(z_1, \dots, z_T\)$
such that $k z_1,\dots, kz_T $ is a permutation of
$z_1, \dots, z_T$, both sequences taken modulo $t$, for
sufficiently many distinct values of $k$ modulo $t$.
We apply this result to studying an analogue of the power generator
over an elliptic curve. These results are elliptic curve analogues
of those obtained for multiplicative groups of finite fields and
residue rings.
Categories:11L07, 11T23, 11T71, 14H52, 94A60 

119. CJM 2005 (vol 57 pp. 400)
 Sabourin, Sindi

Generalized $k$Configurations
In this paper, we find configurations of points in $n$dimensional
projective space ($\proj ^n$) which simultaneously generalize both
$k$configurations and reduced 0dimensional complete intersections.
Recall that $k$configurations in $\proj ^2$ are disjoint unions of
distinct points on lines and in $\proj ^n$ are inductively disjoint
unions of $k$configurations on hyperplanes, subject to certain
conditions. Furthermore, the Hilbert function of a $k$configuration
is determined from those of the smaller $k$configurations. We call
our generalized constructions $k_D$configurations, where $D=\{ d_1,
\ldots ,d_r\}$ (a set of $r$ positive integers with repetition
allowed) is the type of a given complete intersection in $\proj ^n$.
We show that the Hilbert function of any $k_D$configuration can be
obtained from those of smaller $k_D$configurations. We then provide
applications of this result in two different directions, both of which
are motivated by corresponding results about $k$configurations.
Categories:13D40, 14M10 

120. CJM 2005 (vol 57 pp. 3)
 AlberichCarramiñana, Maria; Roé, Joaquim

Enriques Diagrams and Adjacency of Planar Curve Singularities
We study adjacency of equisingularity types of planar complex
curve singularities
in terms of their Enriques diagrams. The goal is, given two equisingularity
types, to determine whether one of them is adjacent to the other. For linear
adjacency a complete answer is obtained, whereas for arbitrary (analytic)
adjacency a necessary condition and a sufficient condition are
proved. We also obtain new examples of exceptional deformations,
{\em i.e.,} singular curves of type
$\mathcal{D}'$ that can be deformed to a curve of type $\mathcal{D}$ without
$\mathcal{D}'$ being adjacent to $\mathcal{D}$.


121. CJM 2004 (vol 56 pp. 1308)
 Zhao, Jianqiang

Variations of Mixed Hodge Structures of Multiple Polylogarithms
It is well known that multiple polylogarithms give rise to
good unipotent variations of mixed HodgeTate structures.
In this paper we shall {\em explicitly} determine these structures
related to multiple logarithms and some other multiple polylogarithms
of lower weights. The purpose of this explicit construction
is to give some important applications: First we study the limit of
mixed HodgeTate structures and make a conjecture relating the variations
of mixed HodgeTate structures of multiple logarithms to those of
general multiple {\em poly}\/logarithms. Then following
Deligne and Beilinson we describe an
approach to defining the singlevalued
real analytic version of the multiple polylogarithms which
generalizes the wellknown result of Zagier on
classical polylogarithms. In the process we find some interesting
identities relating singlevalued multiple polylogarithms of the
same weight $k$ when $k=2$ and 3. At the end of this paper,
motivated by Zagier's conjecture we pose
a problem which relates the special values of multiple
Dedekind zeta functions of a number field to the singlevalued
version of multiple polylogarithms.
Categories:14D07, 14D05, 33B30 

122. CJM 2004 (vol 56 pp. 1145)
123. CJM 2004 (vol 56 pp. 1094)
 Thomas, Hugh

CycleLevel Intersection Theory for Toric Varieties
This paper addresses the problem of constructing a
cyclelevel intersection theory for toric varieties.
We show that by making one global choice,
we can determine a cycle representative
for the intersection of an equivariant Cartier divisor with an invariant
cycle on a toric variety. For a toric variety
defined by a fan in $N$, the choice consists of giving an
inner product or a complete flag for $M_\Q=
\Qt \Hom(N,\mathbb{Z})$, or more
generally giving for each cone $\s$ in the fan a linear subspace of
$M_\Q$ complementary to $\s^\perp$, satisfying certain compatibility
conditions.
We show that these intersection cycles have properties analogous to the
usual intersections modulo rational equivalence.
If $X$ is simplicial (for instance, if $X$ is nonsingular),
we obtain a commutative ring structure
to the invariant cycles of $X$ with rational
coefficients. This ring structure determines cycles representing
certain characteristic classes of the toric variety.
We also discuss
how to define intersection cycles that require no choices,
at the expense of increasing
the size of the coefficient field.
Keywords:toric varieties, intersection theory Categories:14M25, 14C17 

124. CJM 2004 (vol 56 pp. 716)
 Guardo, Elena; Van Tuyl, Adam

Fat Points in $\mathbb{P}^1 \times \mathbb{P}^1$ and Their Hilbert Functions
We study the Hilbert functions of fat points in $\popo$.
If $Z \subseteq \popo$ is an arbitrary fat point scheme, then
it can be shown that for every $i$ and $j$ the values of the Hilbert
function $_{Z}(l,j)$ and $H_{Z}(i,l)$ eventually become constant for
$l \gg 0$. We show how to determine these eventual values
by using only the multiplicities of the points, and the
relative positions of the points in $\popo$. This enables
us to compute all but a finite number values of $H_{Z}$
without using the coordinates of points.
We also characterize the ACM fat point schemes
sing our description of the eventual behaviour. In fact,
n the case that $Z \subseteq \popo$ is ACM, then
the entire Hilbert function and its minimal free resolution
depend solely on knowing the eventual values of the Hilbert function.
Keywords:Hilbert function, points, fat points, CohenMacaulay, multiprojective space Categories:13D40, 13D02, 13H10, 14A15 

125. CJM 2004 (vol 56 pp. 495)
 Gomi, Yasushi; Nakamura, Iku; Shinoda, Kenichi

Coinvariant Algebras of Finite Subgroups of $\SL(3,C)$
For most of the finite subgroups of $\SL(3,\mathbf{C})$, we give explicit formulae for
the Molien series of the coinvariant algebras, generalizing McKay's formulae
\cite{M99} for subgroups of $\SU(2)$. We also study the $G$orbit Hilbert scheme
$\Hilb^G(\mathbf{C}^3)$ for any finite subgroup $G$ of $\SO(3)$, which is known to be a
minimal (crepant) resolution of the orbit space $\mathbf{C}^3/G$. In this case the fiber
over the origin of the HilbertChow morphism from $\Hilb^G(\mathbf{C}^3)$ to $\mathbf{C}^3/G$
consists of finitely many smooth rational curves, whose planar dual graph is
identified with a certain subgraph of the representation graph of $G$. This is
an $\SO(3)$ version of the McKay correspondence in the $\SU(2)$ case.
Keywords:Hilbert scheme, Invariant theory, Coinvariant algebra,, McKay quiver, McKay correspondence Categories:14J30, 14J17 
