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Search: MSC category 11B05 ( Density, gaps, topology )

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1. CJM Online first

Xiao, Stanley Yao
Square-free values of decomposable forms
In this paper we prove that decomposable forms, or homogeneous polynomials $F(x_1, \cdots, x_n)$ with integer coefficients which split completely into linear factors over $\mathbb{C}$, take on infinitely many square-free values subject to simple necessary conditions and $\deg f \leq 2n + 2$ for all irreducible factors $f$ of $F$. This work generalizes a theorem of Greaves.

Keywords:square-free value, decomposable form, Selberg sieve

2. CJM 2014 (vol 67 pp. 795)

Di Nasso, Mauro; Goldbring, Isaac; Jin, Renling; Leth, Steven; Lupini, Martino; Mahlburg, Karl
On a Sumset Conjecture of Erdős
Erdős conjectured that for any set $A\subseteq \mathbb{N}$ with positive lower asymptotic density, there are infinite sets $B,C\subseteq \mathbb{N}$ such that $B+C\subseteq A$. We verify Erdős' conjecture in the case that $A$ has Banach density exceeding $\frac{1}{2}$. As a consequence, we prove that, for $A\subseteq \mathbb{N}$ with positive Banach density (a much weaker assumption than positive lower density), we can find infinite $B,C\subseteq \mathbb{N}$ such that $B+C$ is contained in the union of $A$ and a translate of $A$. Both of the aforementioned results are generalized to arbitrary countable amenable groups. We also provide a positive solution to Erdős' conjecture for subsets of the natural numbers that are pseudorandom.

Keywords:sumsets of integers, asymptotic density, amenable groups, nonstandard analysis
Categories:11B05, 11B13, 11P70, 28D15, 37A45

3. CJM 2003 (vol 55 pp. 711)

Broughan, Kevin A.
Adic Topologies for the Rational Integers
A topology on $\mathbb{Z}$, which gives a nice proof that the set of prime integers is infinite, is characterised and examined. It is found to be homeomorphic to $\mathbb{Q}$, with a compact completion homeomorphic to the Cantor set. It has a natural place in a family of topologies on $\mathbb{Z}$, which includes the $p$-adics, and one in which the set of rational primes $\mathbb{P}$ is dense. Examples from number theory are given, including the primes and squares, Fermat numbers, Fibonacci numbers and $k$-free numbers.

Keywords:$p$-adic, metrizable, quasi-valuation, topological ring,, completion, inverse limit, diophantine equation, prime integers,, Fermat numbers, Fibonacci numbers
Categories:11B05, 11B25, 11B50, 13J10, 13B35

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