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1. CJM Online first

Dow, Alan; Tall, Franklin D.
Normality versus paracompactness in locally compact spaces
This note provides a correct proof of the result claimed by the second author that locally compact normal spaces are collectionwise Hausdorff in certain models obtained by forcing with a coherent Souslin tree. A novel feature of the proof is the use of saturation of the non-stationary ideal on $\omega_1$, as well as of a strong form of Chang's Conjecture. Together with other improvements, this enables the consistent characterization of locally compact hereditarily paracompact spaces as those locally compact, hereditarily normal spaces that do not include a copy of $\omega_1$.

Keywords:normal, paracompact, locally compact, countably tight, collectionwise Hausdorff, forcing with a coherent Souslin tree, Martin's Maximum, PFA(S)[S], Axiom R, moving off property
Categories:54A35, 54D20, 54D45, 03E35, 03E50, 03E55, 03E57

2. CJM 2006 (vol 58 pp. 768)

Hu, Zhiguo; Neufang, Matthias
Decomposability of von Neumann Algebras and the Mazur Property of Higher Level
The decomposability number of a von Neumann algebra $\m$ (denoted by $\dec(\m)$) is the greatest cardinality of a family of pairwise orthogonal non-zero projections in $\m$. In this paper, we explore the close connection between $\dec(\m)$ and the cardinal level of the Mazur property for the predual $\m_*$ of $\m$, the study of which was initiated by the second author. Here, our main focus is on those von Neumann algebras whose preduals constitute such important Banach algebras on a locally compact group $G$ as the group algebra $\lone$, the Fourier algebra $A(G)$, the measure algebra $M(G)$, the algebra $\luc^*$, etc. We show that for any of these von Neumann algebras, say $\m$, the cardinal number $\dec(\m)$ and a certain cardinal level of the Mazur property of $\m_*$ are completely encoded in the underlying group structure. In fact, they can be expressed precisely by two dual cardinal invariants of $G$: the compact covering number $\kg$ of $G$ and the least cardinality $\bg$ of an open basis at the identity of $G$. We also present an application of the Mazur property of higher level to the topological centre problem for the Banach algebra $\ag^{**}$.

Keywords:Mazur property, predual of a von Neumann algebra, locally compact group and its cardinal invariants, group algebra, Fourier algebra, topological centre
Categories:22D05, 43A20, 43A30, 03E55, 46L10

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