1. CJM 2016 (vol 69 pp. 284)
 Chen, Xianghong; Seeger, Andreas

Convolution Powers of Salem Measures with Applications
We study the regularity of convolution powers for measures supported
on
Salem sets, and prove related results on Fourier restriction
and Fourier multipliers. In particular we show
that for $\alpha$ of the form
${d}/{n}$, $n=2,3,\dots$ there exist $\alpha$Salem measures
for which the $L^2$ Fourier restriction theorem holds in the
range $p\le \frac{2d}{2d\alpha}$.
The results rely on ideas of KÃ¶rner.
We extend some of his constructions to obtain upper regular $\alpha$Salem
measures, with sharp regularity results for $n$fold convolutions
for all $n\in \mathbb{N}$.
Keywords:convolution powers, Fourier restriction, Salem sets, Salem measures, random sparse sets, Fourier multipliers of BochnerRiesz type Categories:42A85, 42B99, 42B15, 42A61 

2. CJM 2016 (vol 68 pp. 1285)
 Ehrig, Michael; Stroppel, Catharina

2row Springer Fibres and Khovanov Diagram Algebras for Type D
We study in detail two row Springer fibres of even orthogonal
type from an algebraic as well as topological point of view.
We show that the irreducible components and their pairwise intersections
are iterated $\mathbb{P}^1$bundles. Using results of Kumar and Procesi
we compute the cohomology ring with its action of the Weyl group.
The main tool is a type $\operatorname D$ diagram calculus labelling the
irreducible components in a convenient way which relates to a
diagrammatical algebra describing the category of perverse sheaves
on isotropic Grassmannians based on work of Braden. The diagram
calculus generalizes Khovanov's arc algebra to the type
$\operatorname
D$ setting and should be seen as setting the framework for generalizing
wellknown connections of these algebras in type $\operatorname A$ to other
types.
Keywords:Springer fibers, Khovanov homology, Weyl group type D Category:1711 

3. CJM 2016 (vol 68 pp. 1334)
 Jiang, Feida; Trudinger, Neil S; Xiang, Ni

On the Neumann Problem for MongeAmpÃ¨re Type Equations
In this paper, we study the global regularity for
regular
MongeAmpÃ¨re type equations associated with semilinear Neumann
boundary conditions.
By establishing a priori estimates for second order derivatives,
the
classical solvability of the Neumann boundary value problem is
proved under natural conditions.
The techniques build upon the delicate and intricate treatment
of the standard MongeAmpÃ¨re case
by Lions, Trudinger and Urbas in 1986 and the recent barrier
constructions and second derivative bounds
by Jiang, Trudinger and Yang for the Dirichlet problem. We also
consider more general oblique boundary
value problems in the strictly regular case.
Keywords:semilinear Neumann problem, MongeAmpÃ¨re type equation, second derivative estimates Categories:35J66, 35J96 

4. CJM 2016 (vol 68 pp. 1227)
 Brasca, Riccardo

Eigenvarieties for Cuspforms over PEL Type Shimura Varieties with Dense Ordinary locus
Let $p \gt 2$ be a prime and let $X$ be a compactified PEL Shimura
variety of type (A) or (C) such that $p$ is an unramified prime
for the PEL datum and such that the ordinary locus is dense in
the reduction of $X$. Using the geometric approach of Andreatta,
Iovita, Pilloni, and Stevens we define the notion of families
of overconvergent locally analytic $p$adic modular forms of
Iwahoric level for $X$. We show that the system of eigenvalues
of any finite slope cuspidal eigenform of Iwahoric level can
be deformed to a family of systems of eigenvalues living over
an open subset of the weight space. To prove these results, we
actually construct eigenvarieties of the expected dimension that
parameterize finite slope systems of eigenvalues appearing in
the space of families of cuspidal forms.
Keywords:$p$adic modular forms, eigenvarieties, PELtype Shimura varieties Categories:11F55, 11F33 

5. CJM 2016 (vol 69 pp. 338)
 Garbagnati, Alice

On K3 Surface Quotients of K3 or Abelian Surfaces
The aim of this paper is to prove that a K3 surface is the minimal
model of the quotient of an Abelian surface by a group $G$ (respectively
of a K3 surface by an Abelian group $G$) if and only if a certain
lattice is primitively embedded in its NÃ©ronSeveri group.
This allows one to describe the coarse moduli space of the K3
surfaces which are (rationally) $G$covered by Abelian or K3
surfaces (in the latter case $G$ is an Abelian group).
If either $G$ has order 2 or $G$ is cyclic and acts on an Abelian
surface, this result was already known, so we extend it to the
other cases.
Moreover, we prove that a K3 surface $X_G$ is the minimal model
of the quotient of an Abelian surface by a group $G$ if and only
if a certain configuration of rational curves is present on $X_G$.
Again this result was known only in some special cases, in particular
if $G$ has order 2 or 3.
Keywords:K3 surfaces, Kummer surfaces, Kummer type lattice, quotient surfaces Categories:14J28, 14J50, 14J10 

6. CJM 2016 (vol 69 pp. 220)
 Zheng, Tao

The ChernRicci Flow on OeljeklausToma Manifolds
We study the ChernRicci flow, an evolution equation of Hermitian
metrics, on a family of OeljeklausToma (OT) manifolds which
are nonKÃ¤hler compact complex manifolds with negative Kodaira
dimension. We prove that, after an initial conformal change,
the flow converges, in the
GromovHausdorff sense, to a torus with a flat Riemannian metric
determined by the OTmanifolds themselves.
Keywords:ChernRicci flow, OeljeklausToma manifold, Calabitype estimate, GromovHausdorff convergence Categories:53C44, 53C55, 32W20, 32J18, 32M17 

7. CJM 2015 (vol 68 pp. 67)
8. CJM 2013 (vol 66 pp. 1287)
 Henniart, Guy; Sécherre, Vincent

Types et contragrÃ©dientes
Soit $\mathrm{G}$ un groupe rÃ©ductif $p$adique, et soit $\mathrm{R}$
un corps algÃ©briquement clos.
Soit $\pi$ une reprÃ©sentation lisse de $\mathrm{G}$ dans un espace
vectoriel $\mathrm{V}$ sur
$\mathrm{R}$.
Fixons un sousgroupe ouvert et compact $\mathrm{K}$ de $\mathrm{G}$ et une reprÃ©sentation
lisse irrÃ©ductible $\tau$ de $\mathrm{K}$ dans un espace vectoriel
$\mathrm{W}$ de dimension
finie sur $\mathrm{R}$.
Sur l'espace $\mathrm{Hom}_{\mathrm{K}(\mathrm{W},\mathrm{V})}$ agit l'algÃ¨bre
d'entrelacement $\mathscr{H}(\mathrm{G},\mathrm{K},\mathrm{W})$.
Nous examinons la compatibilitÃ© de ces constructions avec le passage aux
reprÃ©sentations contragrÃ©dientes $\mathrm{V}^Äe$ et $\mathrm{W}^Äe$, et donnons en
particulier des conditions sur $\mathrm{W}$ ou sur la caractÃ©ristique
de $\mathrm{R}$ pour que
le comportement soit semblable au cas des reprÃ©sentations complexes.
Nous prenons un point de vue abstrait, n'utilisant que des propriÃ©tÃ©s
gÃ©nÃ©rales de $\mathrm{G}$.
Nous terminons par une application Ã la thÃ©orie des types pour le groupe
$\mathrm{GL}_n$ et ses formes intÃ©rieures sur un corps local non archimÃ©dien.
Keywords:modular representations of padic reductive groups, types, contragredient, intertwining Category:22E50 

9. CJM 2013 (vol 66 pp. 1413)
 Zhang, Xi; Zhang, Xiangwen

Generalized KÃ¤hlerEinstein Metrics and Energy Functionals
In this paper, we consider a generalized
KÃ¤hlerEinstein equation on KÃ¤hler manifold $M$. Using the
twisted $\mathcal K$energy introduced by Song and Tian, we show
that the existence of generalized KÃ¤hlerEinstein metrics with
semipositive twisting $(1, 1)$form $\theta $ is also closely
related to the properness of the twisted $\mathcal K$energy
functional. Under the condition that the twisting form $\theta $ is
strictly positive at a point or $M$ admits no nontrivial Hamiltonian
holomorphic vector field, we prove that the existence of generalized
KÃ¤hlerEinstein metric implies a MoserTrudinger type inequality.
Keywords:complex MongeAmpÃ¨re equation, energy functional, generalized KÃ¤hlerEinstein metric, MoserTrudinger type inequality Categories:53C55, 32W20 

10. CJM 2013 (vol 66 pp. 284)
 Eikrem, Kjersti Solberg

Random Harmonic Functions in Growth Spaces and Blochtype Spaces
Let $h^\infty_v(\mathbf D)$ and $h^\infty_v(\mathbf B)$ be the spaces
of harmonic functions in the unit disk and multidimensional unit
ball
which admit a twosided radial majorant $v(r)$.
We consider functions $v $ that fulfill a doubling condition. In the
twodimensional case let $u (re^{i\theta},\xi) = \sum_{j=0}^\infty
(a_{j0} \xi_{j0} r^j \cos j\theta +a_{j1} \xi_{j1} r^j \sin j\theta)$
where $\xi =\{\xi_{ji}\}$ is a sequence of random
subnormal variables and $a_{ji}$ are
real; in higher dimensions we consider series of spherical harmonics.
We will obtain conditions on the coefficients $a_{ji} $ which imply
that $u$ is in $h^\infty_v(\mathbf B)$ almost surely.
Our estimate improves previous results by Bennett, Stegenga and
Timoney, and we prove that the estimate is sharp.
The results for growth spaces can easily be applied to Blochtype
spaces, and we obtain a similar characterization for these spaces,
which generalizes results by Anderson, Clunie and Pommerenke and by
Guo and Liu.
Keywords:harmonic functions, random series, growth space, Blochtype space Categories:30B20, 31B05, 30H30, 42B05 

11. CJM 2012 (vol 66 pp. 170)
 Guitart, Xavier; Quer, Jordi

Modular Abelian Varieties Over Number Fields
The main result of this paper is a characterization of the abelian
varieties $B/K$ defined over Galois number fields with the
property that the $L$function $L(B/K;s)$ is a product of
$L$functions of nonCM newforms over $\mathbb Q$ for congruence
subgroups of the form $\Gamma_1(N)$. The characterization involves the
structure of $\operatorname{End}(B)$, isogenies between the Galois conjugates of
$B$, and a Galois cohomology class attached to $B/K$.
We call the varieties having this property strongly modular.
The last section is devoted to the study of a family of abelian surfaces with quaternionic
multiplication.
As an illustration of the ways in which the general results of the paper can be applied
we prove the strong modularity of some particular abelian surfaces belonging to that family, and
we show how to find nontrivial examples of strongly modular varieties by twisting.
Keywords:Modular abelian varieties, $GL_2$type varieties, modular forms Categories:11G10, 11G18, 11F11 

12. CJM 2012 (vol 65 pp. 721)
 Adamus, Janusz; Randriambololona, Serge; Shafikov, Rasul

Tameness of Complex Dimension in a Real Analytic Set
Given a real analytic set $X$ in a complex manifold and a positive
integer $d$, denote by $\mathcal A^d$ the set of points $p$ in $X$ at which
there exists a germ of a complex analytic set of dimension $d$ contained in $X$.
It is proved that $\mathcal A^d$ is a closed semianalytic subset of $X$.
Keywords:complex dimension, finite type, semianalytic set, tameness Categories:32B10, 32B20, 32C07, 32C25, 32V15, 32V40, 14P15 

13. CJM 2012 (vol 65 pp. 195)
 Penegini, Matteo; Polizzi, Francesco

Surfaces with $p_g=q=2$, $K^2=6$, and Albanese Map of Degree $2$
We classify minimal surfaces of general type with $p_g=q=2$ and
$K^2=6$ whose Albanese map is a generically finite double cover.
We show that the corresponding moduli space is the disjoint union
of three generically smooth irreducible components
$\mathcal{M}_{Ia}$, $\mathcal{M}_{Ib}$, $\mathcal{M}_{II}$ of
dimension $4$, $4$, $3$, respectively.
Keywords:surface of general type, abelian surface, Albanese map Categories:14J29, 14J10 

14. CJM 2012 (vol 65 pp. 52)
15. CJM 2011 (vol 64 pp. 1201)
 Aistleitner, Christoph; Elsholtz, Christian

The Central Limit Theorem for Subsequences in Probabilistic Number Theory
Let $(n_k)_{k \geq 1}$ be an increasing sequence of positive integers, and let $f(x)$ be a real function satisfying
\begin{equation}
\tag{1}
f(x+1)=f(x), \qquad \int_0^1 f(x) ~dx=0,\qquad
\operatorname{Var_{[0,1]}}
f \lt \infty.
\end{equation}
If $\lim_{k \to \infty} \frac{n_{k+1}}{n_k} = \infty$
the distribution of
\begin{equation}
\tag{2}
\frac{\sum_{k=1}^N f(n_k x)}{\sqrt{N}}
\end{equation}
converges to a Gaussian distribution. In the case
$$
1 \lt \liminf_{k \to \infty} \frac{n_{k+1}}{n_k}, \qquad \limsup_{k \to \infty} \frac{n_{k+1}}{n_k} \lt \infty
$$
there is a complex interplay between the analytic properties of the
function $f$, the numbertheoretic properties of $(n_k)_{k \geq 1}$,
and the limit distribution of (2).
In this paper we prove that any sequence $(n_k)_{k \geq 1}$ satisfying
$\limsup_{k \to \infty} \frac{n_{k+1}}{n_k} = 1$ contains a nontrivial
subsequence $(m_k)_{k \geq 1}$ such that for any function satisfying
(1) the distribution of
$$
\frac{\sum_{k=1}^N f(m_k x)}{\sqrt{N}}
$$
converges to a Gaussian distribution. This result is best possible: for any
$\varepsilon\gt 0$ there exists a sequence $(n_k)_{k \geq 1}$ satisfying $\limsup_{k \to
\infty} \frac{n_{k+1}}{n_k} \leq 1 + \varepsilon$ such that for every nontrivial
subsequence $(m_k)_{k \geq 1}$ of $(n_k)_{k \geq 1}$ the distribution
of (2) does not converge to a Gaussian distribution for some $f$.
Our result can be viewed as a Ramsey type result: a sufficiently dense
increasing integer sequence contains a subsequence having a certain
requested numbertheoretic property.
Keywords:central limit theorem, lacunary sequences, linear Diophantine equations, Ramsey type theorem Categories:60F05, 42A55, 11D04, 05C55, 11K06 

16. CJM 2011 (vol 64 pp. 892)
 Hytönen, Tuomas; Liu, Suile; Yang, Dachun; Yang, Dongyong

Boundedness of CalderÃ³nZygmund Operators on Nonhomogeneous Metric Measure Spaces
Let $({\mathcal X}, d, \mu)$ be a
separable metric measure space satisfying the known upper
doubling condition, the geometrical doubling condition, and the
nonatomic condition that $\mu(\{x\})=0$ for all $x\in{\mathcal X}$.
In this paper, we show that the boundedness of a CalderÃ³nZygmund
operator $T$ on $L^2(\mu)$ is equivalent to that of $T$ on
$L^p(\mu)$ for some $p\in (1, \infty)$, and that of $T$ from $L^1(\mu)$
to $L^{1,\,\infty}(\mu).$ As an application, we prove that if $T$ is a
CalderÃ³nZygmund operator bounded on $L^2(\mu)$,
then its maximal operator is bounded on $L^p(\mu)$
for all $p\in (1, \infty)$ and from
the space of all complexvalued Borel measures on
${\mathcal X}$ to $L^{1,\,\infty}(\mu)$.
All these results generalize the corresponding results of Nazarov et al.
on metric spaces with
measures satisfying the socalled polynomial growth condition.
Keywords:upper doubling, geometrical doubling, dominating function, weak type $(1,1)$ estimate, CalderÃ³nZygmund operator, maximal operator Categories:42B20, 42B25, 30L99 

17. CJM 2011 (vol 63 pp. 500)
 Dadarlat, Marius; Elliott, George A.; Niu, Zhuang

OneParameter Continuous Fields of Kirchberg Algebras. II
Parallel to the first two authors' earlier classification of separable, unita
oneparameter, continuous fields of Kirchberg algebras with torsion free
$\mathrm{K}$groups supported in one dimension, oneparameter, separable, uni
continuous fields of AFalgebras are classified by their ordered
$\mathrm{K}_0$sheaves. EffrosHandelmanShen type theorems are pr separable
unital oneparameter continuous fields of AFalgebras and Kirchberg algebras.
Keywords:continuous fields of C$^*$algebras, $\mathrm{K}_0$presheaves, EffrosHandeen type theorem Category:46L35 

18. CJM 2010 (vol 62 pp. 961)
 Aleman, Alexandru; Duren, Peter; Martín, María J.; Vukotić, Dragan

Multiplicative Isometries and Isometric ZeroDivisors
For some Banach spaces of analytic functions in the unit disk
(weighted Bergman spaces, Bloch space, Dirichlettype spaces), the
isometric pointwise multipliers are found to be unimodular constants.
As a consequence, it is shown that none of those spaces have isometric
zerodivisors. Isometric coefficient multipliers are also
investigated.
Keywords:Banach spaces of analytic functions, Hardy spaces, Bergman spaces, Bloch space, Dirichlet space, Dirichlettype spaces, pointwise multipliers, coefficient multipliers, isometries, isometric zerodivisors Categories:30H05, 46E15 

19. CJM 2010 (vol 62 pp. 827)
 Ouyang, Caiheng; Xu, Quanhua

BMO Functions and Carleson Measures with Values in Uniformly Convex Spaces
This paper studies the relationship between vectorvalued BMO functions and the Carleson measures defined by their gradients. Let $dA$ and $dm$ denote Lebesgue measures on the unit disc $D$ and the unit circle $\mathbf{T}$, respectively. For $1< q<\infty$ and a Banach space $B$, we prove that there exists a positive constant $c$ such that $$\sup_{z_0\in D}\int_{D}(1z)^{q1}\\nabla f(z)\^q P_{z_0}(z) dA(z) \le c^q\sup_{z_0\in D}\int_{\mathbf{T}}\f(z)f(z_0)\^qP_{z_0}(z) dm(z)$$ holds for all trigonometric polynomials $f$ with coefficients in $B$ if and only if $B$ admits an equivalent norm which is $q$uniformly convex, where $$P_{z_0}(z)=\frac{1z_0^2}{1\bar{z_0}z^2} .$$ The validity of the converse inequality is equivalent to the existence of an equivalent $q$uniformly smooth norm.
Keywords:BMO, Carleson measures, Lusin type, Lusin cotype, uniformly convex spaces, uniformly smooth spaces Categories:46E40, 42B25, 46B20 

20. CJM 2010 (vol 62 pp. 1116)
 Jin, Yongyang; Zhang, Genkai

Degenerate pLaplacian Operators and Hardy Type Inequalities on
HType Groups
Let $\mathbb G$ be a steptwo nilpotent group of Htype with Lie algebra $\mathfrak G=V\oplus \mathfrak t$. We define a class of vector fields $X=\{X_j\}$ on $\mathbb G$ depending on a real parameter $k\ge 1$, and we consider the corresponding $p$Laplacian operator $L_{p,k} u= \operatorname{div}_X (\nabla_{X} u^{p2} \nabla_X u)$. For $k=1$ the vector fields $X=\{X_j\}$ are the left invariant vector fields corresponding to an orthonormal basis of $V$; for $\mathbb G$ being the Heisenberg group the vector fields are the Greiner fields. In this paper we obtain the fundamental solution for the operator $L_{p,k}$ and as an application, we get a Hardy type inequality associated with $X$.
Keywords:fundamental solutions, degenerate Laplacians, Hardy inequality, Htype groups Categories:35H30, 26D10, 22E25 

21. CJM 2008 (vol 60 pp. 1067)
 Kariyama, Kazutoshi

On Types for Unramified $p$Adic Unitary Groups
Let $F$ be a nonarchimedean local field of residue characteristic
neither 2 nor 3 equipped with a galois involution with fixed field
$F_0$, and let $G$ be a symplectic group over $F$ or an unramified
unitary group over $F_0$. Following the methods of BushnellKutzko for
$\GL(N,F)$, we define an analogue of a simple type attached to a
certain skew simple stratum, and realize a type in $G$. In
particular, we obtain an irreducible supercuspidal representation of
$G$ like $\GL(N,F)$.
Keywords:$p$adic unitary group, type, supercuspidal representation, Hecke algebra Categories:22E50, 22D99 

22. CJM 2008 (vol 60 pp. 391)
 Migliore, Juan C.

The Geometry of the Weak Lefschetz Property and Level Sets of Points
In a recent paper, F. Zanello showed that level Artinian algebras in 3
variables can fail to have the Weak Lefschetz Property (WLP), and can
even fail to have unimodal Hilbert function. We show that the same is
true for the Artinian reduction of reduced, level sets of points in
projective 3space. Our main goal is to begin an understanding of how
the geometry of a set of points can prevent its Artinian reduction
from having WLP, which in itself is a very algebraic notion. More
precisely, we produce level sets of points whose Artinian reductions
have socle types 3 and 4 and arbitrary socle degree $\geq 12$ (in the
worst case), but fail to have WLP. We also produce a level set of
points whose Artinian reduction fails to have unimodal Hilbert
function; our example is based on Zanello's example. Finally, we show
that a level set of points can have Artinian reduction that has WLP
but fails to have the Strong Lefschetz Property. While our
constructions are all based on basic double Glinkage, the
implementations use very different methods.
Keywords:Weak Lefschetz Property, Strong Lefschetz Property, basic double Glinkage, level, arithmetically Gorenstein, arithmetically CohenMacaulay, socle type, socle degree, Artinian reduction Categories:13D40, 13D02, 14C20, 13C40, 13C13, 14M05 

23. CJM 2008 (vol 60 pp. 379)
 rgensen, Peter J\o

Finite CohenMacaulay Type and Smooth NonCommutative Schemes
A commutative local CohenMacaulay ring $R$ of finite CohenMacaulay type is known to be an isolated
singularity; that is, $\Spec(R) \setminus \{ \mathfrak {m} \}$ is smooth.
This paper proves a noncommutative analogue. Namely, if $A$ is a
(noncommutative) graded ArtinSchelter \CM\ algebra which is fully
bounded Noetherian and
has finite CohenMacaulay type, then the noncommutative projective scheme determined by
$A$ is smooth.
Keywords:ArtinSchelter CohenMacaulay algebra, ArtinSchelter Gorenstein algebra, Auslander's theorem on finite CohenMacaulay type, CohenMacaulay ring, fully bounded Noetherian algebra, isolated singularity, maximal CohenMacaulay module, noncommutative Categories:14A22, 16E65, 16W50 

24. CJM 2005 (vol 57 pp. 648)
 Nevins, Monica

Branching Rules for Principal Series Representations of $SL(2)$ over a $p$adic Field
We explicitly describe the decomposition into irreducibles of
the restriction of the principal
series representations of $SL(2,k)$, for $k$ a $p$adic field,
to each of its two maximal compact subgroups (up to conjugacy).
We identify these irreducible subrepresentations in the
Kirillovtype classification
of Shalika. We go on to explicitly describe the decomposition
of the reducible principal series of $SL(2,k)$ in terms of the
restrictions of its irreducible constituents to a maximal compact
subgroup.
Keywords:representations of $p$adic groups, $p$adic integers, orbit method, $K$types Categories:20G25, 22E35, 20H25 

25. CJM 2004 (vol 56 pp. 897)
 Borwein, Jonathan M.; Borwein, David; Galway, William F.

Finding and Excluding $b$ary MachinType Individual Digit Formulae
Constants with formulae of the form treated by D.~Bailey,
P.~Borwein, and S.~Plouffe (\emph{BBP formulae} to a given base $b$) have
interesting computational properties, such as allowing single
digits in their base $b$ expansion to be independently computed,
and there are hints that they
should be \emph{normal} numbers, {\em i.e.,} that their base $b$ digits
are randomly distributed. We study a formally limited subset of BBP
formulae, which we call \emph{Machintype BBP formulae}, for which it
is relatively easy to determine whether or not a given constant
$\kappa$ has a Machintype BBP formula. In particular, given $b \in
\mathbb{N}$, $b>2$, $b$ not a proper power, a $b$ary Machintype
BBP arctangent formula for $\kappa$ is a formula of the form $\kappa
= \sum_{m} a_m \arctan(b^{m})$, $a_m \in \mathbb{Q}$, while when
$b=2$, we also allow terms of the form $a_m \arctan(1/(12^m))$. Of
particular interest, we show that $\pi$ has no Machintype BBP
arctangent formula when $b \neq 2$. To the best of our knowledge,
when there is no Machintype BBP formula for a constant then no BBP
formula of any form is known for that constant.
Keywords:BBP formulae, Machintype formulae, arctangents,, logarithms, normality, Mersenne primes, Bang's theorem,, Zsigmondy's theorem, primitive prime factors, $p$adic analysis Categories:11Y99, 11A51, 11Y50, 11K36, 33B10 
