1. CJM 2013 (vol 66 pp. 400)
 Mendonça, Bruno; Tojeiro, Ruy

Umbilical Submanifolds of $\mathbb{S}^n\times \mathbb{R}$
We give a complete classification of umbilical submanifolds of arbitrary dimension and codimension of
$\mathbb{S}^n\times \mathbb{R}$, extending the classification of umbilical surfaces
in $\mathbb{S}^2\times \mathbb{R}$ by Souam and Toubiana as well as the local
description of umbilical hypersurfaces in $\mathbb{S}^n\times \mathbb{R}$ by Van der
Veken and Vrancken. We prove that, besides small spheres in a slice,
up to isometries of the ambient space they come in a twoparameter
family of rotational submanifolds
whose substantial codimension is either one or two and whose profile
is a curve in a totally geodesic $\mathbb{S}^1\times \mathbb{R}$ or $\mathbb{S}^2\times
\mathbb{R}$, respectively, the former case arising in a oneparameter
family. All of them are diffeomorphic to a sphere, except for a single
element that is diffeomorphic to Euclidean space. We obtain explicit
parametrizations of all such submanifolds. We also study more general
classes of submanifolds of $\mathbb{S}^n\times \mathbb{R}$ and $\mathbb{H}^n\times \mathbb{R}$. In
particular, we give a complete description of all submanifolds in
those product spaces
for which the tangent component of a unit vector field spanning the
factor $\mathbb{R}$ is an eigenvector of all shape operators. We show that
surfaces with parallel mean curvature vector in $\mathbb{S}^n\times \mathbb{R}$ and
$\mathbb{H}^n\times \mathbb{R}$ having this property are rotational surfaces, and use
this fact to improve some recent results by Alencar, do Carmo, and
Tribuzy.
We also obtain a Dajczertype reduction of codimension theorem for
submanifolds of $\mathbb{S}^n\times \mathbb{R}$ and $\mathbb{H}^n\times \mathbb{R}$.
Keywords:umbilical submanifolds, product spaces $\mathbb{S}^n\times \mathbb{R}$ and $\mathbb{H}^n\times \mathbb{R}$ Categories:53B25, 53C40 

2. CJM 2007 (vol 59 pp. 1245)
 Chen, Qun; Zhou, ZhenRong

On Gap Properties and Instabilities of $p$YangMills Fields
We consider the
$p$YangMills functional
$(p\geq 2)$
defined as
$\YM_p(\nabla):=\frac 1 p \int_M \\rn\^p$.
We call critical points of $\YM_p(\cdot)$ the $p$YangMills
connections, and the associated curvature $\rn$ the $p$YangMills
fields. In this paper, we prove gap properties and instability theorems for $p$YangMills
fields over submanifolds in $\mathbb{R}^{n+k}$ and $\mathbb{S}^{n+k}$.
Keywords:$p$YangMills field, gap property, instability, submanifold Categories:58E15, 53C05 

3. CJM 2007 (vol 59 pp. 845)
 Schaffhauser, Florent

Representations of the Fundamental Group of an $L$Punctured Sphere Generated by Products of Lagrangian Involutions
In this paper, we characterize unitary representations of $\pi:=\piS$ whose
generators $u_1, \dots, u_l$ (lying in conjugacy classes fixed initially)
can be decomposed as products of two Lagrangian involutions
$u_j=\s_j\s_{j+1}$ with $\s_{l+1}=\s_1$. Our main result is that such
representations are exactly the elements of the fixedpoint set of an
antisymplectic involution defined on the moduli space
$\Mod:=\Hom_{\mathcal C}(\pi,U(n))/U(n)$. Consequently, as this fixedpoint set is
nonempty, it is a Lagrangian submanifold of $\Mod$. To prove this, we use
the quasiHamiltonian description of the symplectic structure of $\Mod$ and
give conditions on an involution defined on a quasiHamiltonian $U$space
$(M, \w, \mu\from M \to U)$ for it to induce an antisymplectic involution on
the reduced space $M/\!/U := \mu^{1}(\{1\})/U$.
Keywords:momentum maps, moduli spaces, Lagrangian submanifolds, antisymplectic involutions, quasiHamiltonian Categories:53D20, 53D30 

4. CJM 2004 (vol 56 pp. 776)
 Lim, Yongdo

Best Approximation in Riemannian Geodesic Submanifolds of Positive Definite Matrices
We explicitly describe
the best approximation in
geodesic submanifolds of positive definite matrices
obtained from involutive
congruence transformations on the
CartanHadamard manifold ${\mathrm{Sym}}(n,{\Bbb R})^{++}$ of
positive definite matrices.
An explicit calculation for the minimal distance
function from the geodesic submanifold
${\mathrm{Sym}}(p,{\mathbb R})^{++}\times
{\mathrm{Sym}}(q,{\mathbb R})^{++}$ block diagonally embedded in
${\mathrm{Sym}}(n,{\mathbb R})^{++}$ is
given in terms of metric and
spectral geometric means, Cayley transform, and Schur
complements of positive definite matrices when $p\leq 2$ or $q\leq 2.$
Keywords:Matrix approximation, positive, definite matrix, geodesic submanifold, CartanHadamard manifold,, best approximation, minimal distance function, global tubular, neighborhood theorem, Schur complement, metric and spectral, geometric mean, Cayley transform Categories:15A48, 49R50, 15A18, 53C3 
