1. CJM 2017 (vol 69 pp. 790)
 Diacu, Florin

The Classical $N$body Problem in the Context of Curved Space
We provide the differential equations that generalize the Newtonian
$N$body problem of celestial mechanics to spaces of constant
Gaussian curvature, $\kappa$, for all $\kappa\in\mathbb R$. In
previous studies, the equations of motion made sense only for
$\kappa\ne 0$. The system derived here does more than just include
the Euclidean case in the limit $\kappa\to 0$: it recovers the
classical equations for $\kappa=0$. This new expression of the
laws of motion allows the study of the $N$body problem in the
context of constant curvature spaces and thus offers a natural
generalization of the Newtonian equations that includes the classical
case. We end the paper with remarks about the bifurcations of
the first integrals.
Keywords:Nbody problem, spaces of constant curvature 

2. CJM 2016 (vol 69 pp. 54)
 Hartz, Michael

On the Isomorphism Problem for Multiplier Algebras of NevanlinnaPick Spaces
We continue the investigation of the isomorphism problem for
multiplier algebras of reproducing kernel
Hilbert spaces with the complete NevanlinnaPick property.
In contrast to previous work in this area,
we do not study these spaces by identifying them with restrictions
of a universal space, namely the DruryArveson space.
Instead, we work directly with the Hilbert spaces and their
reproducing kernels. In particular,
we show that two multiplier algebras of NevanlinnaPick spaces
on the same set are equal if and only if the Hilbert
spaces are equal. Most of the article is devoted to the study
of a special class of
complete NevanlinnaPick spaces on homogeneous varieties. We
provide a complete
answer to the question of when two multiplier algebras of spaces
of this type
are algebraically or isometrically isomorphic. This generalizes
results of Davidson, Ramsey, Shalit,
and the author.
Keywords:nonselfadjoint operator algebras, reproducing kernel Hilbert spaces, multiplier algebra, NevanlinnaPick kernels, isomorphism problem Categories:47L30, 46E22, 47A13 

3. CJM 2015 (vol 68 pp. 463)
 Sadykov, Rustam

The Weak bprinciple: Mumford Conjecture
In this note we introduce and study a new class of maps called
oriented colored broken submersions. This is the simplest class
of maps that satisfies a version of the bprinciple and in dimension
$2$ approximates the class of oriented submersions well in the
sense that
every oriented colored broken submersion of dimension $2$ to
a closed simply connected manifold is bordant to a submersion.
We show that the MadsenWeiss theorem (the standard Mumford Conjecture)
fits a general setting of the bprinciple. Namely, a version
of the bprinciple for
oriented colored broken submersions together with the Harer
stability theorem and MillerMorita theorem implies the MadsenWeiss
theorem.
Keywords:generalized cohomology theories, fold singularities, hprinciple, infinite loop spaces Categories:55N20, 53C23 

4. CJM 2015 (vol 67 pp. 961)
 Abuaf, Roland; Boralevi, Ada

Orthogonal Bundles and SkewHamiltonian Matrices
Using properties of skewHamiltonian matrices and classic
connectedness results, we prove that the moduli space
$M_{ort}^0(r,n)$ of stable rank $r$ orthogonal vector bundles
on $\mathbb{P}^2$, with Chern classes $(c_1,c_2)=(0,n)$, and trivial
splitting on the general line, is smooth irreducible of
dimension $(r2)n\binom{r}{2}$ for $r=n$ and $n \ge 4$, and
$r=n1$ and $n\ge 8$. We speculate that the result holds in
greater generality.
Keywords:orthogonal vector bundles, moduli spaces, skewHamiltonian matrices Categories:14J60, 15B99 

5. CJM 2015 (vol 67 pp. 1247)
 Barros, Carlos Braga; Rocha, Victor; Souza, Josiney

Lyapunov Stability and Attraction Under Equivariant Maps
Let $M$ and $N$ be admissible Hausdorff topological spaces endowed
with
admissible families of open coverings. Assume that $\mathcal{S}$ is a
semigroup acting on both $M$ and $N$. In this paper we study the behavior of
limit sets, prolongations, prolongational limit sets, attracting sets,
attractors and Lyapunov stable sets (all concepts defined for the action of
the semigroup $\mathcal{S}$) under equivariant maps and semiconjugations
from $M$ to $N$.
Keywords:Lyapunov stability, semigroup actions, generalized flows, equivariant maps, admissible topological spaces Categories:37B25, 37C75, 34C27, 34D05 

6. CJM 2014 (vol 66 pp. 961)
 Baird, Thomas

Moduli Spaces of Vector Bundles over a Real Curve: $\mathbb Z/2$Betti Numbers
Moduli spaces of real bundles over a real curve arise naturally
as Lagrangian submanifolds of the moduli space of semistable
bundles over a complex curve. In this paper, we adapt the methods
of AtiyahBott's ``YangMills over a Riemann Surface'' to compute
$\mathbb Z/2$Betti numbers of these spaces.
Keywords:cohomology of moduli spaces, holomorphic vector bundles Categories:32L05, 14P25 

7. CJM 2013 (vol 65 pp. 1320)
 Taniguchi, Takashi; Thorne, Frank

Orbital $L$functions for the Space of Binary Cubic Forms
We introduce the notion of orbital $L$functions
for the space of binary cubic forms
and investigate their analytic properties.
We study their functional equations and residue formulas in some detail.
Aside from their intrinsic interest,
the results from this paper are used to
prove the existence of secondary terms in counting
functions for cubic fields.
This is worked out in a companion paper.
Keywords:binary cubic forms, prehomogeneous vector spaces, Shintani zeta functions, $L$functions, cubic rings and fields Categories:11M41, 11E76 

8. CJM 2013 (vol 66 pp. 1143)
 Plevnik, Lucijan; Šemrl, Peter

Maps Preserving Complementarity of Closed Subspaces of a Hilbert Space
Let $\mathcal{H}$ and $\mathcal{K}$ be infinitedimensional separable
Hilbert spaces and ${\rm Lat}\,\mathcal{H}$ the lattice of all closed subspaces oh $\mathcal{H}$.
We describe the general form of pairs of bijective maps $\phi , \psi :
{\rm Lat}\,\mathcal{H} \to {\rm Lat}\,\mathcal{K}$ having the property that for every pair
$U,V \in {\rm Lat}\,\mathcal{H}$ we have $\mathcal{H} = U \oplus V \iff \mathcal{K} = \phi (U) \oplus \psi (V)$. Then we reformulate this theorem as a description
of bijective image equality and kernel equality preserving maps acting on bounded linear idempotent operators. Several known
structural results for maps on idempotents are easy consequences.
Keywords:Hilbert space, lattice of closed subspaces, complemented subspaces, adjacent subspaces, idempotents Categories:46B20, 47B49 

9. CJM 2013 (vol 66 pp. 1382)
 Wu, Xinfeng

Weighted Carleson Measure Spaces Associated with Different Homogeneities
In this paper, we introduce weighted Carleson measure spaces associated
with different homogeneities and prove that these spaces are the dual spaces
of weighted Hardy spaces studied in a forthcoming paper.
As an application, we establish
the boundedness of composition of two CalderÃ³nZygmund operators with
different homogeneities on the weighted Carleson measure spaces; this,
in particular, provides the weighted endpoint estimates for the operators
studied by PhongStein.
Keywords:composition of operators, weighted Carleson measure spaces, duality Categories:42B20, 42B35 

10. CJM 2013 (vol 66 pp. 400)
 Mendonça, Bruno; Tojeiro, Ruy

Umbilical Submanifolds of $\mathbb{S}^n\times \mathbb{R}$
We give a complete classification of umbilical submanifolds of arbitrary dimension and codimension of
$\mathbb{S}^n\times \mathbb{R}$, extending the classification of umbilical surfaces
in $\mathbb{S}^2\times \mathbb{R}$ by Souam and Toubiana as well as the local
description of umbilical hypersurfaces in $\mathbb{S}^n\times \mathbb{R}$ by Van der
Veken and Vrancken. We prove that, besides small spheres in a slice,
up to isometries of the ambient space they come in a twoparameter
family of rotational submanifolds
whose substantial codimension is either one or two and whose profile
is a curve in a totally geodesic $\mathbb{S}^1\times \mathbb{R}$ or $\mathbb{S}^2\times
\mathbb{R}$, respectively, the former case arising in a oneparameter
family. All of them are diffeomorphic to a sphere, except for a single
element that is diffeomorphic to Euclidean space. We obtain explicit
parametrizations of all such submanifolds. We also study more general
classes of submanifolds of $\mathbb{S}^n\times \mathbb{R}$ and $\mathbb{H}^n\times \mathbb{R}$. In
particular, we give a complete description of all submanifolds in
those product spaces
for which the tangent component of a unit vector field spanning the
factor $\mathbb{R}$ is an eigenvector of all shape operators. We show that
surfaces with parallel mean curvature vector in $\mathbb{S}^n\times \mathbb{R}$ and
$\mathbb{H}^n\times \mathbb{R}$ having this property are rotational surfaces, and use
this fact to improve some recent results by Alencar, do Carmo, and
Tribuzy.
We also obtain a Dajczertype reduction of codimension theorem for
submanifolds of $\mathbb{S}^n\times \mathbb{R}$ and $\mathbb{H}^n\times \mathbb{R}$.
Keywords:umbilical submanifolds, product spaces $\mathbb{S}^n\times \mathbb{R}$ and $\mathbb{H}^n\times \mathbb{R}$ Categories:53B25, 53C40 

11. CJM 2013 (vol 66 pp. 387)
 Mashreghi, J.; Shabankhah, M.

Composition of Inner Functions
We study the image of the model subspace $K_\theta$ under the
composition operator $C_\varphi$, where $\varphi$ and $\theta$ are
inner functions, and find the smallest model subspace which contains
the linear manifold $C_\varphi K_\theta$. Then we characterize the
case when $C_\varphi$ maps $K_\theta$ into itself. This case leads to
the study of the inner functions $\varphi$ and $\psi$ such that the
composition $\psi\circ\varphi$ is a divisor of $\psi$ in the family of
inner functions.
Keywords:composition operators, inner functions, Blaschke products, model subspaces Categories:30D55, 30D05, 47B33 

12. CJM 2013 (vol 65 pp. 1217)
 Cruz, Victor; Mateu, Joan; Orobitg, Joan

Beltrami Equation with Coefficient in Sobolev and Besov Spaces
Our goal in this work is to present some function spaces on the
complex plane $\mathbb C$, $X(\mathbb C)$, for which the quasiregular solutions of
the Beltrami equation, $\overline\partial f (z) = \mu(z) \partial f
(z)$, have first derivatives locally in $X(\mathbb C)$, provided that the
Beltrami coefficient $\mu$ belongs to $X(\mathbb C)$.
Keywords:quasiregular mappings, Beltrami equation, Sobolev spaces, CalderÃ³nZygmund operators Categories:30C62, 35J99, 42B20 

13. CJM 2012 (vol 65 pp. 510)
 Blasco de la Cruz, Oscar; Villarroya Alvarez, Paco

Transference of vectorvalued multipliers on weighted $L^p$spaces
We prove
restriction and extension of multipliers between
weighted Lebesgue spaces with
two different weights, which belong to a class more general than periodic weights, and two different exponents of integrability which can be
below one.
We also develop some adhoc methods which apply to weights
defined by the product of periodic weights with functions of power type.
Our vectorvalued approach allow us to extend results
to transference of maximal multipliers and provide transference of LittlewoodPaley inequalities.
Keywords:Fourier multipliers, restriction theorems, weighted spaces Categories:42B15, 42B35 

14. CJM 2012 (vol 65 pp. 299)
 Grafakos, Loukas; Miyachi, Akihiko; Tomita, Naohito

On Multilinear Fourier Multipliers of Limited Smoothness
In this paper,
we prove certain $L^2$estimate
for multilinear Fourier multiplier operators
with multipliers of limited smoothness.
As a result,
we extend the result of CalderÃ³n and Torchinsky
in the linear theory to the multilinear case.
The sharpness of our results and some
related estimates in Hardy spaces
are also discussed.
Keywords:multilinear Fourier multipliers, HÃ¶rmander multiplier theorem, Hardy spaces Categories:42B15, 42B20 

15. CJM 2012 (vol 65 pp. 757)
 Delanoë, Philippe; Rouvière, François

Positively Curved Riemannian Locally Symmetric Spaces are Positively Squared Distance Curved
The squared distance curvature is a kind of twopoint curvature the
sign of which turned out crucial for the smoothness of optimal
transportation maps on Riemannian manifolds. Positivity properties of
that new curvature have been established recently for all the simply
connected compact rank one symmetric spaces, except the Cayley
plane. Direct proofs were given for the sphere, an indirect one
via the Hopf fibrations) for the complex and quaternionic
projective spaces. Here, we present a direct proof of a property
implying all the preceding ones, valid on every positively curved
Riemannian locally symmetric space.
Keywords:symmetric spaces, rank one, positive curvature, almostpositive $c$curvature Categories:53C35, 53C21, 53C26, 49N60 

16. CJM 2012 (vol 65 pp. 222)
 Sauer, N. W.

Distance Sets of Urysohn Metric Spaces
A metric space $\mathrm{M}=(M;\operatorname{d})$ is {\em homogeneous} if for every
isometry $f$ of a finite subspace of $\mathrm{M}$ to a subspace of
$\mathrm{M}$ there exists an isometry of $\mathrm{M}$ onto
$\mathrm{M}$ extending $f$. The space $\mathrm{M}$ is {\em universal}
if it isometrically embeds every finite metric space $\mathrm{F}$ with
$\operatorname{dist}(\mathrm{F})\subseteq \operatorname{dist}(\mathrm{M})$. (With
$\operatorname{dist}(\mathrm{M})$ being the set of distances between points in
$\mathrm{M}$.)
A metric space $\boldsymbol{U}$ is an {\em Urysohn} metric space if
it is homogeneous, universal, separable and complete. (It is not
difficult to deduce
that an Urysohn metric space $\boldsymbol{U}$ isometrically embeds
every separable metric space $\mathrm{M}$ with
$\operatorname{dist}(\mathrm{M})\subseteq \operatorname{dist}(\boldsymbol{U})$.)
The main results are: (1) A characterization of the sets
$\operatorname{dist}(\boldsymbol{U})$ for Urysohn metric spaces $\boldsymbol{U}$.
(2) If $R$ is the distance set of an Urysohn metric space and
$\mathrm{M}$ and $\mathrm{N}$ are two metric spaces, of any
cardinality with distances in $R$, then they amalgamate disjointly to
a metric space with distances in $R$. (3) The completion of every
homogeneous, universal, separable metric space $\mathrm{M}$ is
homogeneous.
Keywords:partitions of metric spaces, Ramsey theory, metric geometry, Urysohn metric space, oscillation stability Categories:03E02, 22F05, 05C55, 05D10, 22A05, 51F99 

17. CJM 2012 (vol 65 pp. 66)
 Deng, Shaoqiang; Hu, Zhiguang

On Flag Curvature of Homogeneous Randers Spaces
In this paper we give an explicit formula for the flag curvature of
homogeneous Randers spaces of Douglas type and apply this formula to
obtain some interesting results. We first deduce an explicit formula
for the flag curvature of an arbitrary left invariant Randers metric
on a twostep nilpotent Lie group. Then we obtain a classification of
negatively curved homogeneous Randers spaces of Douglas type. This
results, in particular, in many examples of homogeneous nonRiemannian
Finsler spaces with negative flag curvature. Finally, we prove a
rigidity result that a homogeneous Randers space of Berwald type whose
flag curvature is everywhere nonzero must be Riemannian.
Keywords:homogeneous Randers manifolds, flag curvature, Douglas spaces, twostep nilpotent Lie groups Categories:22E46, 53C30 

18. CJM 2011 (vol 64 pp. 778)
 Calvaruso, Giovanni; Fino, Anna

Ricci Solitons and Geometry of Fourdimensional Nonreductive Homogeneous Spaces
We study the geometry of nonreductive $4$dimensional homogeneous
spaces. In particular, after describing their LeviCivita connection
and curvature properties, we classify homogeneous Ricci solitons on
these spaces, proving the existence of shrinking, expanding and steady
examples. For all the nontrivial examples we find, the Ricci operator
is diagonalizable.
Keywords:nonreductive homogeneous spaces, pseudoRiemannian metrics, Ricci solitons, Einsteinlike metrics Categories:53C21, 53C50, 53C25 

19. CJM 2011 (vol 64 pp. 755)
 Brown, Lawrence G.; Lee, Hyun Ho

Homotopy Classification of Projections in the Corona Algebra of a Nonsimple $C^*$algebra
We study projections in the corona algebra of $C(X)\otimes K$, where K
is the $C^*$algebra of compact operators on a separable infinite
dimensional Hilbert space and $X=[0,1],[0,\infty),(\infty,\infty)$,
or $[0,1]/\{ 0,1 \}$. Using BDF's essential codimension, we determine
conditions for a projection in the corona algebra to be liftable to a
projection in the multiplier algebra. We also determine the
conditions for two projections to be equal in $K_0$, Murrayvon
Neumann equivalent, unitarily equivalent, or homotopic. In light of
these characterizations, we construct examples showing that the
equivalence notions above are all distinct.
Keywords:essential codimension, continuous field of Hilbert spaces, Corona algebra Categories:46L05, 46L80 

20. CJM 2011 (vol 64 pp. 1329)
21. CJM 2011 (vol 64 pp. 44)
 Carvalho, T. M. M.; Moreira, H. N.; Tenenblat, K.

Surfaces of Rotation with Constant Mean Curvature in the Direction of a Unitary Normal Vector Field in a Randers Space
We consider the Randers space $(V^n,F_b)$ obtained by perturbing the Euclidean metric by a translation, $F_b=\alpha+\beta$, where $\alpha$ is the Euclidean metric and $\beta$ is a $1$form with norm $b$, $0\leq b\lt 1$. We introduce the concept of a hypersurface with constant mean curvature in the direction of a unitary normal vector field. We obtain the ordinary differential equation that characterizes the rotational surfaces $(V^3,F_b)$ of constant mean curvature (cmc) in the direction of a unitary normal vector field. These equations reduce to the classical equation of the rotational cmc surfaces in Euclidean space, when $b=0$. It also reduces to the equation that characterizes the minimal rotational surfaces in $(V^3,F_b)$ when $H=0$, obtained by M. Souza and K. Tenenblat. Although the differential equation depends on the choice of the normal direction, we show that both equations determine the same rotational surface, up to a reflection. We also show that the round cylinders are cmc surfaces in the direction of the unitary normal field. They are generated by the constant solution of the differential equation. By considering the equation as a nonlinear dynamical system, we provide a qualitative analysis, for $0\lt b\lt \frac{\sqrt{3}}{3}$. Using the concept of stability and considering the linearization around the single equilibrium point (the constant solution), we verify that the solutions are locally asymptotically stable spirals. This is proved by constructing a Lyapunov function for the dynamical system and by determining the basin of stability of the equilibrium point. The surfaces of rotation generated by such solutions tend asymptotically to one end of the cylinder.
Keywords:Finsler spaces, Randers spaces, mean curvature, Liapunov functions Category:53C20 

22. CJM 2010 (vol 62 pp. 1182)
 Yue, Hong

A Fractal Function Related to the JohnNirenberg Inequality for $Q_{\alpha}({\mathbb R^n})$
A borderline case function $f$ for $ Q_{\alpha}({\mathbb R^n})$ spaces
is defined as a Haar wavelet decomposition, with the coefficients
depending on a fixed parameter $\beta>0$. On its support $I_0=[0,
1]^n$, $f(x)$ can be expressed by the binary expansions of the
coordinates of $x$. In particular, $f=f_{\beta}\in Q_{\alpha}({\mathbb
R^n})$ if and only if $\alpha<\beta<\frac{n}{2}$, while for
$\beta=\alpha$, it was shown by Yue and Dafni that $f$ satisfies a
JohnNirenberg inequality for $ Q_{\alpha}({\mathbb R^n})$. When
$\beta\neq 1$, $f$ is a selfaffine function. It is continuous almost
everywhere and discontinuous at all dyadic points inside $I_0$. In
addition, it is not monotone along any coordinate direction in any
small cube. When the parameter $\beta\in (0, 1)$, $f$ is onto from
$I_0$ to $[\frac{1}{12^{\beta}}, \frac{1}{12^{\beta}}]$, and the
graph of $f$ has a noninteger fractal dimension $n+1\beta$.
Keywords:Haar wavelets, Q spaces, JohnNirenberg inequality, Greedy expansion, selfaffine, fractal, Box dimension Categories:42B35, 42C10, 30D50, 28A80 

23. CJM 2010 (vol 62 pp. 961)
 Aleman, Alexandru; Duren, Peter; Martín, María J.; Vukotić, Dragan

Multiplicative Isometries and Isometric ZeroDivisors
For some Banach spaces of analytic functions in the unit disk
(weighted Bergman spaces, Bloch space, Dirichlettype spaces), the
isometric pointwise multipliers are found to be unimodular constants.
As a consequence, it is shown that none of those spaces have isometric
zerodivisors. Isometric coefficient multipliers are also
investigated.
Keywords:Banach spaces of analytic functions, Hardy spaces, Bergman spaces, Bloch space, Dirichlet space, Dirichlettype spaces, pointwise multipliers, coefficient multipliers, isometries, isometric zerodivisors Categories:30H05, 46E15 

24. CJM 2010 (vol 62 pp. 1246)
 Chaput, P. E.; Manivel, L.; Perrin, N.

Quantum Cohomology of Minuscule Homogeneous Spaces III. SemiSimplicity and Consequences
We prove that the quantum cohomology ring of any minuscule or
cominuscule homogeneous space, specialized at $q=1$, is semisimple.
This implies that complex conjugation defines an algebra automorphism
of the quantum cohomology ring localized at the quantum
parameter. We check that this involution coincides with the strange
duality defined in our previous article. We deduce VafaIntriligator type
formulas for the GromovWitten invariants.
Keywords:quantum cohomology, minuscule homogeneous spaces, Schubert calculus, quantum Euler class Categories:14M15, 14N35 

25. CJM 2010 (vol 62 pp. 827)
 Ouyang, Caiheng; Xu, Quanhua

BMO Functions and Carleson Measures with Values in Uniformly Convex Spaces
This paper studies the relationship between vectorvalued BMO functions and the Carleson measures defined by their gradients. Let $dA$ and $dm$ denote Lebesgue measures on the unit disc $D$ and the unit circle $\mathbf{T}$, respectively. For $1< q<\infty$ and a Banach space $B$, we prove that there exists a positive constant $c$ such that $$\sup_{z_0\in D}\int_{D}(1z)^{q1}\\nabla f(z)\^q P_{z_0}(z) dA(z) \le c^q\sup_{z_0\in D}\int_{\mathbf{T}}\f(z)f(z_0)\^qP_{z_0}(z) dm(z)$$ holds for all trigonometric polynomials $f$ with coefficients in $B$ if and only if $B$ admits an equivalent norm which is $q$uniformly convex, where $$P_{z_0}(z)=\frac{1z_0^2}{1\bar{z_0}z^2} .$$ The validity of the converse inequality is equivalent to the existence of an equivalent $q$uniformly smooth norm.
Keywords:BMO, Carleson measures, Lusin type, Lusin cotype, uniformly convex spaces, uniformly smooth spaces Categories:46E40, 42B25, 46B20 
