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Search: All articles in the CJM digital archive with keyword harmonic

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1. CJM Online first

Bao, Guanlong; Göğüş, Nihat Gökhan; Pouliasis, Stamatis
On Dirichlet spaces with a class of superharmonic weights
In this paper, we investigate Dirichlet spaces $\mathcal{D}_\mu$ with superharmonic weights induced by positive Borel measures $\mu$ on the open unit disk. We establish the Alexander-Taylor-Ullman inequality for $\mathcal{D}_\mu$ spaces and we characterize the cases where equality occurs. We define a class of weighted Hardy spaces $H_{\mu}^{2}$ via the balayage of the measure $\mu$. We show that $\mathcal{D}_\mu$ is equal to $H_{\mu}^{2}$ if and only if $\mu$ is a Carleson measure for $\mathcal{D}_\mu$. As an application, we obtain the reproducing kernel of $\mathcal{D}_\mu$ when $\mu$ is an infinite sum of point mass measures. We consider the boundary behavior and inner-outer factorization of functions in $\mathcal{D}_\mu$. We also characterize the boundedness and compactness of composition operators on $\mathcal{D}_\mu$.

Keywords:Dirichlet space, Hardy space, superharmonic weight
Categories:30H10, 31C25, 46E15

2. CJM 2013 (vol 66 pp. 284)

Eikrem, Kjersti Solberg
Random Harmonic Functions in Growth Spaces and Bloch-type Spaces
Let $h^\infty_v(\mathbf D)$ and $h^\infty_v(\mathbf B)$ be the spaces of harmonic functions in the unit disk and multi-dimensional unit ball which admit a two-sided radial majorant $v(r)$. We consider functions $v $ that fulfill a doubling condition. In the two-dimensional case let $u (re^{i\theta},\xi) = \sum_{j=0}^\infty (a_{j0} \xi_{j0} r^j \cos j\theta +a_{j1} \xi_{j1} r^j \sin j\theta)$ where $\xi =\{\xi_{ji}\}$ is a sequence of random subnormal variables and $a_{ji}$ are real; in higher dimensions we consider series of spherical harmonics. We will obtain conditions on the coefficients $a_{ji} $ which imply that $u$ is in $h^\infty_v(\mathbf B)$ almost surely. Our estimate improves previous results by Bennett, Stegenga and Timoney, and we prove that the estimate is sharp. The results for growth spaces can easily be applied to Bloch-type spaces, and we obtain a similar characterization for these spaces, which generalizes results by Anderson, Clunie and Pommerenke and by Guo and Liu.

Keywords:harmonic functions, random series, growth space, Bloch-type space
Categories:30B20, 31B05, 30H30, 42B05

3. CJM 2012 (vol 65 pp. 879)

Kawabe, Hiroko
A Space of Harmonic Maps from the Sphere into the Complex Projective Space
Guest-Ohnita and Crawford have shown the path-connectedness of the space of harmonic maps from $S^2$ to $\mathbf{C} P^n$ of a fixed degree and energy.It is well-known that the $\partial$ transform is defined on this space. In this paper,we will show that the space is decomposed into mutually disjoint connected subspaces on which $\partial$ is homeomorphic.

Keywords:harmonic maps, harmonic sequences, gluing
Categories:58E20, 58D15

4. CJM 2012 (vol 66 pp. 197)

Harris, Adam; Kolář, Martin
On Hyperbolicity of Domains with Strictly Pseudoconvex Ends
This article establishes a sufficient condition for Kobayashi hyperbolicity of unbounded domains in terms of curvature. Specifically, when $\Omega\subset{\mathbb C}^{n}$ corresponds to a sub-level set of a smooth, real-valued function $\Psi$, such that the form $\omega = {\bf i}\partial\bar{\partial}\Psi$ is Kähler and has bounded curvature outside a bounded subset, then this domain admits a hermitian metric of strictly negative holomorphic sectional curvature.

Keywords:Kobayashi-hyperbolicity, Kähler metric, plurisubharmonic function
Categories:32Q45, 32Q35

5. CJM 2011 (vol 64 pp. 183)

Nowak, Adam; Stempak, Krzysztof
Negative Powers of Laguerre Operators
We study negative powers of Laguerre differential operators in $\mathbb{R}^d$, $d\ge1$. For these operators we prove two-weight $L^p-L^q$ estimates with ranges of $q$ depending on $p$. The case of the harmonic oscillator (Hermite operator) has recently been treated by Bongioanni and Torrea by using a straightforward approach of kernel estimates. Here these results are applied in certain Laguerre settings. The procedure is fairly direct for Laguerre function expansions of Hermite type, due to some monotonicity properties of the kernels involved. The case of Laguerre function expansions of convolution type is less straightforward. For half-integer type indices $\alpha$ we transfer the desired results from the Hermite setting and then apply an interpolation argument based on a device we call the convexity principle to cover the continuous range of $\alpha\in[-1/2,\infty)^d$. Finally, we investigate negative powers of the Dunkl harmonic oscillator in the context of a finite reflection group acting on $\mathbb{R}^d$ and isomorphic to $\mathbb Z^d_2$. The two weight $L^p-L^q$ estimates we obtain in this setting are essentially consequences of those for Laguerre function expansions of convolution type.

Keywords:potential operator, fractional integral, Riesz potential, negative power, harmonic oscillator, Laguerre operator, Dunkl harmonic oscillator
Categories:47G40, 31C15, 26A33

6. CJM 2008 (vol 60 pp. 822)

Kuwae, Kazuhiro
Maximum Principles for Subharmonic Functions Via Local Semi-Dirichlet Forms
Maximum principles for subharmonic functions in the framework of quasi-regular local semi-Dirichlet forms admitting lower bounds are presented. As applications, we give weak and strong maximum principles for (local) subsolutions of a second order elliptic differential operator on the domain of Euclidean space under conditions on coefficients, which partially generalize the results by Stampacchia.

Keywords:positivity preserving form, semi-Dirichlet form, Dirichlet form, subharmonic functions, superharmonic functions, harmonic functions, weak maximum principle, strong maximum principle, irreducibility, absolute continuity condition
Categories:31C25, 35B50, 60J45, 35J, 53C, 58

7. CJM 2007 (vol 59 pp. 1135)

Björn, Anders; Björn, Jana; Shanmugalingam, Nageswari
Sobolev Extensions of Hölder Continuous and Characteristic Functions on Metric Spaces
We study when characteristic and H\"older continuous functions are traces of Sobolev functions on doubling metric measure spaces. We provide analytic and geometric conditions sufficient for extending characteristic and H\"older continuous functions into globally defined Sobolev functions.

Keywords:characteristic function, Newtonian function, metric space, resolutivity, Hölder continuous, Perron solution, $p$-harmonic, Sobolev extension, Whitney covering
Categories:46E35, 31C45

8. CJM 2007 (vol 59 pp. 225)

Baker, Matt; Rumely, Robert
Harmonic Analysis on Metrized Graphs
This paper studies the Laplacian operator on a metrized graph, and its spectral theory.

Keywords:metrized graph, harmonic analysis, eigenfunction
Categories:43A99, 58C40, 05C99

9. CJM 2005 (vol 57 pp. 506)

Gross, Leonard; Grothaus, Martin
Reverse Hypercontractivity for Subharmonic Functions
Contractivity and hypercontractivity properties of semigroups are now well understood when the generator, $A$, is a Dirichlet form operator. It has been shown that in some holomorphic function spaces the semigroup operators, $e^{-tA}$, can be bounded {\it below} from $L^p$ to $L^q$ when $p,q$ and $t$ are suitably related. We will show that such lower boundedness occurs also in spaces of subharmonic functions.

Keywords:Reverse hypercontractivity, subharmonic
Categories:58J35, 47D03, 47D07, 32Q99, 60J35

10. CJM 2004 (vol 56 pp. 225)

Blower, Gordon; Ransford, Thomas
Complex Uniform Convexity and Riesz Measure
The norm on a Banach space gives rise to a subharmonic function on the complex plane for which the distributional Laplacian gives a Riesz measure. This measure is calculated explicitly here for Lebesgue $L^p$ spaces and the von~Neumann-Schatten trace ideals. Banach spaces that are $q$-uniformly $\PL$-convex in the sense of Davis, Garling and Tomczak-Jaegermann are characterized in terms of the mass distribution of this measure. This gives a new proof that the trace ideals $c^p$ are $2$-uniformly $\PL$-convex for $1\leq p\leq 2$.

Keywords:subharmonic functions, Banach spaces, Schatten trace ideals
Categories:46B20, 46L52

11. CJM 1999 (vol 51 pp. 673)

Barlow, Martin T.; Bass, Richard F.
Brownian Motion and Harmonic Analysis on Sierpinski Carpets
We consider a class of fractal subsets of $\R^d$ formed in a manner analogous to the construction of the Sierpinski carpet. We prove a uniform Harnack inequality for positive harmonic functions; study the heat equation, and obtain upper and lower bounds on the heat kernel which are, up to constants, the best possible; construct a locally isotropic diffusion $X$ and determine its basic properties; and extend some classical Sobolev and Poincar\'e inequalities to this setting.

Keywords:Sierpinski carpet, fractal, Hausdorff dimension, spectral dimension, Brownian motion, heat equation, harmonic functions, potentials, reflecting Brownian motion, coupling, Harnack inequality, transition densities, fundamental solutions
Categories:60J60, 60B05, 60J35

12. CJM 1999 (vol 51 pp. 470)

Bshouty, D.; Hengartner, W.
Exterior Univalent Harmonic Mappings With Finite Blaschke Dilatations
In this article we characterize the univalent harmonic mappings from the exterior of the unit disk, $\Delta$, onto a simply connected domain $\Omega$ containing infinity and which are solutions of the system of elliptic partial differential equations $\fzbb = a(z)f_z(z)$ where the second dilatation function $a(z)$ is a finite Blaschke product. At the end of this article, we apply our results to nonparametric minimal surfaces having the property that the image of its Gauss map is the upper half-sphere covered once or twice.

Keywords:harmonic mappings, minimal surfaces
Categories:30C55, 30C62, 49Q05

13. CJM 1998 (vol 50 pp. 1119)

Anand, Christopher Kumar
Ward's solitons II: exact solutions
In a previous paper, we gave a correspondence between certain exact solutions to a \((2+1)\)-dimensional integrable Chiral Model and holomorphic bundles on a compact surface. In this paper, we use algebraic geometry to derive a closed-form expression for those solutions and show by way of examples how the algebraic data which parametrise the solution space dictates the behaviour of the solutions. Dans un article pr\'{e}c\'{e}dent, nous avons d\'{e}montr\'{e} que les solutions d'un mod\`{e}le chiral int\'{e}grable en dimension \( (2+1) \) correspondent aux fibr\'{e}s vectoriels holomorphes sur une surface compacte. Ici, nous employons la g\'{e}om\'{e}trie alg\'{e}brique dans une construction explicite des solutions. Nous donnons une formule matricielle et illustrons avec trois exemples la signification des invariants alg\'{e}briques pour le comportement physique des solutions.

Keywords:integrable system, chiral field, sigma model, soliton, monad, uniton, harmonic map

14. CJM 1998 (vol 50 pp. 547)

Gauthier, Paul M.
Mittag-Leffler theorems on Riemann surfaces and Riemannian manifolds
Cauchy and Poisson integrals over {\it unbounded\/} sets are employed to prove Mittag-Leffler type theorems with massive singularities as well as approximation theorems for holomorphic and harmonic functions.

Keywords:holomorphic, harmonic, Mittag-Leffler, Runge
Categories:30F99, 31C12

15. CJM 1998 (vol 50 pp. 193)

Xu, Yuan
Intertwining operator and $h$-harmonics associated with reflection groups
We study the intertwining operator and $h$-harmonics in Dunkl's theory on $h$-harmonics associated with reflection groups. Based on a biorthogonality between the ordinary harmonics and the action of the intertwining operator $V$ on the harmonics, the main result provides a method to compute the action of the intertwining operator $V$ on polynomials and to construct an orthonormal basis for the space of $h$-harmonics.

Keywords:$h$-harmonics, intertwining operator, reflection group
Categories:33C50, 33C45

16. CJM 1997 (vol 49 pp. 175)

Xu, Yuan
Orthogonal Polynomials for a Family of Product Weight Functions on the Spheres
Based on the theory of spherical harmonics for measures invariant under a finite reflection group developed by Dunkl recently, we study orthogonal polynomials with respect to the weight functions $|x_1|^{\alpha_1}\cdots |x_d|^{\alpha_d}$ on the unit sphere $S^{d-1}$ in $\RR^d$. The results include explicit formulae for orthonormal polynomials, reproducing and Poisson kernel, as well as intertwining operator.

Keywords:Orthogonal polynomials in several variables, sphere, h-harmonics
Categories:33C50, 33C45, 42C10

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