
Eigenfunctions of the Schrodinger operator on the real line with a polynomial potential are associated with certain properly embedded infinite planar trees. The braid group action on the trees helps to understand the dependence of the eigenfunctions and the corresponding eigenvalues on the coefficients of the potential. For several classes of potentials, including the even quartic potential known as anharmonic oscillator, the action of the braid group is computed and irreducibility of the spectral determinant is derived from the transitivity of that action.
Filtrations, or equivalently, integer valued `degreelike functions' on the ring of regular functions of an affine algebraic variety X (defined over an algebraically closed field K) defines a projective completion of X. We study the degreelike functions which are `finite type', i.e., are determined by the maximum of a finite number of `semidegrees', by which we mean degreelike functions that send products into sums. We characterize the latter type completions as the ones for which ideal I of the `hypersurface at infinity' is radical. We prove that these completions are also `nonsingular at codimension one' at infinity, i.e., the local rings along the components of the hypersurface at infinity are regular and hence discrete valuation rings. Moreover, we establish a onetoone correspondence between the collection of minimal associated primes of I and the unique minimal collection of semidegrees needed to define the corresponding degreelike function. Completions corresponding to the finite type degreelike functions generalize in a natural way toric varieties corresponding to polytopes. We present an `iterated' procedure of constructing semidegrees (which induce nontoric completions) and finish with an application involving an explicit affine Bezouttype theorem.
Given a smooth family of complex univariate polynomials (resp. normal matrices), it is natural to study the regularity of its roots (resp. its eigenvalues and eigenvectors). Using resolution of singularities, considerable progress was recently made for quasianalytic multiparameter families of polynomials (resp. matrices). Similar perturbation results can be obtained for quasianalytic families of unbounded normal operators with compact resolvent and common domain of definition. This requires a differential calculus for quasianalytic mappings beyond Banach spaces, which we recently developed for some quasianalytic DenjoyCarleman classes.
Joint work with A. Kriegl and P. Michor.
A central problem in local dynamics is the equivalence problem: when are two systems locally equivalent under a change of coordinates? In the neighborhood of a singular point, representatives of equivalence classes could be given by normal forms. But, very often, the changes of coordinates to normal form diverge. In this talk, we will discuss the case of singularities for which the normalizing transformation is 1summable, thus allowing to provide moduli spaces. We will explain the common geometric features of these singularities, and how the study of the unfolding of these singularities allows understanding the singularities themselves. We will also present examples of moduli spaces for generic 1parameter families unfolding such families.
Given a real analytic (or, more generally, semianalytic) set R in the ndimensional complex space, there is, for every point p in the closure of R, a unique smallest complex analytic germ X_{p} that contains the germ R_{p}. We call the complex dimension of X_{p} the holomorphic closure dimension of R at p. We show that the holomorphic closure dimension of an irreducible R is constant on the complement of a closed proper analytic subset of R, and discuss the relationship between this dimension and the CR dimension of R.
This is joint work with J. Adamus.
A version of Haefliger's Theorem due to Moussu and Roche states that if M is an analytic, simplyconnected manifold and d is an analytic and integrable distribution on M of codimension 1, then there is no closed, differentiable curve in M that is transverse to d. It follows that every leaf of d is a socalled Rolle leaf, which are the basic building blocks in pfaffian geometry. Haefliger's Theorem is false without the analyticity assumption, but a weaker form of his theorem remains true if "analytic" is replaced by "definable in an ominimal structure". I will state (and give an idea of the proof of) this weaker theorem and discuss the relevance (or lack thereof) of both theorems to pfaffian geometry.
Joint work with JeanMarie Lion.
In this talk we shall present some recent work on the problem of local uniformization in arbitrary (equal) characteristic. Our methods are mainly commutativealgebraic: valuation theory, and, more specifically, the recently developed theory of key polynomials.
We discuss the basic ideas of the Hironaka algorithm for the resolution of singularities of algebraic varieties in characteristic zero and its extension in positive characteristic.